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Escaping from worries or facing reality: A survey study of adolescent attitudes about sexist and homophobic stereotypes in mainstream US media
Wellesley Centers for Women, Wellesley College, USA.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6413-0451
National Institute on Out-of-School Time (NIOST), Wellesley Centers for Women, Wellesley College, USA.
Wellesley College, USA.
Wellesley College, USA.
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2017 (English)In: Beyond the Stereotypes?: Images of Boys and Girls, and their Consequences, Yearbook 2017 / [ed] Lemish, Dafna, & Maya Götz, Gothenburg: Nordicom, University of Gothenburg , 2017, p. 213-224Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

We examined the influences of being exposed to gender and sexual orientation stereotypes in the media on US-based adolescents aged 12-18. Departing from wishful identification theory, our study allows adolescents to report how TV characters resemble them, rather than whom they emulate, coming from a place of agency. We recruited 639 participants (85% female, 82% heterosexual) to take an online survey. Our findings demonstrated that girls and sexual minorities were less likely to see their gender and sexual orientation reflected in favorite TV characters. Girls and sexual minorities felt more personally affected by stereotypes about women and girls and were more likely to believe that sexism and homophobia needed to be addressed in the media. Across all groups, those who tend to escape their worries through watching television reported feeling more upset at TV content and being more personally affected by negative stereotypes centered on women, girls, and sexual minorities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Nordicom, University of Gothenburg , 2017. p. 213-224
National Category
Media and Communications Gender Studies
Research subject
Media; Children and young people; Gender equality
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-12009Libris ID: 22057913ISBN: 978-91-87957-76-5 ISBN: 978-91-87957-77-2 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:norden-12009DiVA, id: diva2:1535889
Note
Funding provided by Wellesley Centers for Women (WCW) 35th Anniversary Fund, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation New Connections Grant, Harold Benenson Memorial Fund, WCW Dissemination Award, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation publication support, WCW internship program, Wellesley College Sophomore Early Research Program, Mellon-Mays Undergraduate Fellows program.Available from: 2021-03-09 Created: 2021-03-09Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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