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Next Nordic Green Transport Wave – Large Vehicles: Available By-product Hydrogen in the Nordic Countries
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Hydrogen Sweden.
Hydrogen Sweden.
Hydrogen Sweden.
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2020 (English)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

An overview for the availability of by-product hydrogen in Finland, Sweden and Norway was prepared. Significant amounts of by-product hydrogen are produced in Finland, Sweden and Norway by chlor-alkali or sodium chlorate industry. However, it seems that utilisation of this hydrogen is currently very high in Sweden and Norway. Only in Finland there are sites (Äetsä, Joutseno) where significant amounts of hydrogen are vented or utilised only in heat production. Either Iceland or Denmark has any by-product hydrogen production.

Electrification of the transport sector already began and the Nordic countries, specifically Norway and Iceland, have taken major steps resulting in battery electric vehicles (BEVs) already accounting for a substantial percentage of the total sales. The world is looking towards the Nordics as they are providing global examples for success. However, little is happening regarding larger vehicles as battery solution still are not able to provide heavy-duty users (e.g., buses, trucks and lorries) the mobility they need.

Fuel cell electric vehicles using hydrogen as a fuel can solve this. The project focuses on providing infrastructure for a large-scale deployment of trucks, buses and lorries. The goal is to further stimulate the global technological lead, which the Nordic countries have by stimulating the very first hydrogen infrastructure roll-out for larger vehicles while at the same time map how the infrastructure build-up needs to be done, so that the transition to hydrogen vehicles can happen smoothly. Such roll-out will also benefit the use of hydrogen for trains and the maritime sector.

Furthermore, in addition of sourcing the hydrogen as a by-product from the industry, in the Nordic region we have the unique opportunity to produce the hydrogen in a green manner exploiting renewable electricity production.

Already, Nordic industries have taken international lead in the field of hydrogen and fuel cells and a unique cooperation exists between “hydrogen companies” via the Scandinavian Hydrogen Highway Partnership (SHHP) cooperation. Jointly they have marketed the Nordic platform for hydrogen and, at the same time, paved the way for vehicle manufacturers to deploy such vehicles in the Nordic countries. When it comes to hydrogen, the Nordics have globally leading companies both within the infrastructure and the fuel cell business. The project therefore sets forward four key activities in a unique project where technical innovation and deployment strategies are intertwined.

The project will deliver an analysis on large-scale transport of hydrogen with mobile pipeline, a description of the innovation and business potential for a roll-out of FC-buses in the Nordic region, as well as a coordinated action plan for stimulating the FC truck demand and a prospect for utilising hydrogen in heavy-duty equipment. Finally, the project will contribute to national and Nordic hydrogen strategy processes even providing input to a possible Nordic hydrogen strategy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo, 2020. , p. 24
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-12130OAI: oai:DiVA.org:norden-12130DiVA, id: diva2:1559950
Available from: 2020-09-01 Created: 2021-06-03 Last updated: 2023-01-23

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Next Wave - Available By-product Hydrogen in the Nordic Countries(5072 kB)1119 downloads
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https://pub.nordicinnovation.org/Next-Nordic-Green-Transport-Wave-Large-Vehicles/
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