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Intake of caffeine and other methylxanthines during pregnancy and risk for adverse effects in pregnant women and their foetuses
Responsible organisation
2005 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The first part of the report deals with occurrence of methylxanthines in foods, beverages, and medicines, and estimates of caffeine intake. In addition, a short review of the pharmacological and toxicological actions of caffeine is given. The second and main part of the report reviews available information from epidemiological studies on the potential health hazards to the human foetus associated with parental intake during pregnancy of caffeine and related methylxanthines in foods, beverages and medicines. The studied adverse effects are influence on fertility, spontaneous abortion, congenital malformation, pre-term delivery, foetal growth retardation, foetal behaviour and effects on neonates, infants and young children. The conclusion of the report demonstrates the need for limiting caffeine exposure during pregnancy. The Nordic Working Group on Food Toxicology and Risk Evaluation (NNT) recognizes that the human exposure to caffeine and related compounds causes a spectrum of pharmacological effects, for instance cardiovascular, renal, neurological and behavioural effects. The increasing use of caffeine and related methylxanthines in various foods and beverages consumed by children and adolescents cause concern. NNT recommends that a full hazard characterization of caffeine and related methylxanthines should be performed with the aim to reach a conclusion about the upper safe level of intake of these compounds.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers , 2005. , 387 p.
Series
TemaNord, ISSN 0908-6692 ; 2004:565
Keyword [fi]
elintarvikkeet
Keyword [da]
Fødevarer
Keyword [is]
Matvæli
Keyword [no]
Næringsmidler
Research subject
Food
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-1860DOI: 10.6027/TN2004-565ISBN: 92-893-1098-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:norden-1860DiVA: diva2:702226
Available from: 2014-03-04 Created: 2014-03-04 Last updated: 2014-06-30

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf