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Sundhed som en del af skolens hverdag: hvordan kan lærere bidrage som sundhedskoordinatorer?
Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
2013 (Danish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesisAlternative title
Health as a part of everyday school life : how can teachers as health coordinators contribute? (English)
Abstract [da]

Formålet: Formålet er, at få viden om hvordan sundhedskoordinatorfunktionen i folkeskolen opfattes ud fra ledelsens, lærerkollegernes og koordinatorernes eget perspektiv, herunder hvordan opfattes skolens ansvar for at fremme sundhed og trivsel for eleverne, og hvilke styrker og barrierer funktionen har som fremmer implementering af handleplanens mål.

Metode: Der blev gennemført 3 fokusinterviews med henholdsvis lærere og sundhedskoordinatorer og 4 individuelle interviews med ledere efter en semistruktureret interviewguide. Fænomenografi blev anvendt som analysemetode.

Resultat: Der fremkom 4 beskrivende kategorier og 12 delkategorier. De 4 beskrivende kategorier var: Skolen har en opgave; En vigtig nøgleperson; Ledelse har betydning og Det flytter sig. Der var en fælles opfattelse af, at skolen har en meningsfuld rolle i at fremme børns sundhed og trivsel. Informanterne taler udfra WHO´s positive og brede sundhedsbegreb. Indsatsen skal være flerstrenget og kræver en klar prioritering og lang implementeringsperiode.Lærerne oplever, at sundhedskoordinatoren holder fokus og støtter dem i deres arbejde, og lederne opfatter dem som understøttende i deres ledelsesfunktion. Koordinatorerne skal have de fornødne kompetencer, og rammer for deres opgaveløsning. Koordinatorerne beskriver i højere grad deres erfaringer og viden med sundhedsfremmende og sundhedspædagogiske termer.Sundhedskoordinatorerne beskriver positiv betydning af en engageret ledelsesopbakning. Der er sket en positiv holdningsændring til både sundhedskoordinatorerne, og den lange række indsatser de har bidraget til eller stået for.

Konklusion: At arbejde med at fremme sundhed og trivsel i folkeskolen opleves som en meningsfuld opgave og informanterne er bevidste om skolens rolle og ansvar. Der er brug for både en tydelig politisk og ledelsesmæssig prioritering for at komme på skolernes dagsorden og tilstrækkelig tid til implementering. Sundhedskoordinatorfunktionen opleves som en nyttig ressource af alle informanter. Setting tilgangens mange elementer genkendes af informanterne, og foreslås derfor som en hensigtsmæssig ramme for det videre arbejde.

Abstract [en]

Purpose: This study aimed to increase understanding by management, teachers and healthcoordinators regarding the role of health coordinators in schools and to investigate schools’responsibility in promoting student health and well-being. The aim was also to identify thestrengths and barriers of health coordinators regarding implementation of a program ofaction.

Methods: Based on semi-structured interview guides, three qualitative focus groupinterviews and four individual interviews were conducted with managers, teachers andhealth coordinators at a total of four schools. The method of analysis wasphenomenography.

Results: 4 categories and 12 subcategories were developed. Categoriesincluded (i) the school has a task, (ii) an important key person, (iii) management matters,and (iv) it makes a difference. All informants agreed that school plays a meaningful role inpromoting children’s health and well-being. The informants use the broad and positivehealth concept exemplified by the World Health Organization. The measure must bemultifaceted, demand a clear priority, and provide an extensive implementation period. Theteachers as health coordinators must have the right qualifications and operate within a fixedstructure. Management predominantly viewed health coordinators as supportive, andteachers expected health coordinators to maintain focus and support them in their jobs.When describing their experiences and knowledge, health coordinators frequently usedhealth promotion and education terminology. They also viewed leaders’ support as essential.The results show a positive change in attitude toward the health coordinator function anddescribe different initiatives implemented by health coordinators.

Conclusion: Promoting health and well-being in schools is a meaningful job that requiresschools to provide clear political and managerial priorities and sufficient time forimplementation. All informants recognized the usefulness of the health coordinator’s role.Informants recognized that the setting approach includes many elements that provide asuitable frame for continued effort.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 44 p.
Series
Master of Public Health, MPH, ISSN 1104-5701 ; 2013:7
Keyword [en]
Health Promotion, School, Setting, Health Promotion Coordinator, Teachers
Keyword [da]
sundhedsfremme, skole, setting, sundhedskoordinator, lærer
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3108OAI: oai:DiVA.org:norden-3108DiVA: diva2:717266
Presentation
2013-12-13, 00:00 (Danish)
Supervisors
Note

ISBN 978-91-86739-63-8

Available from: 2014-05-16 Created: 2014-05-14 Last updated: 2015-01-22Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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More styles
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Output format
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