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Seksuel orienteringsdiskrimination i Danmark: et studie af seks homoseksuelle mænds oplevelser og erfaringer i det danske forsvar
Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
2009 (Danish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesisAlternative title
Sexual Orientation Discrimination in Denmark : a study of the experiences and perceptions of six homosexual men in the Danish Armed Forces (English)
Abstract [da]

Formål: Formålet med denne undersøgelse er at få viden om, og belyse fænomenet seksuel orienterings diskrimination (SOD), og få indsigt i hvordan homoseksuelle mænd, på en mandsdomineret arbejdsplads som det danske Forsvar, oplever SOD og hvilken betydning det har for dem. Desuden er hensigten at få viden om og indsigt i hvordan problematikker vedrørende SOD på en mandsdomineret arbejdsplads, som Forsvaret i Danmark kan imødegås og håndteres.

Metode: Transskriberede semi-strukturede dybde interviews er anvendt som undersøgelsesredskab. Teoretisk udvælgelse, kodning, komparation og konceptualisering som beskrevet i ”Grounded Theory” er anvendt som analyseinstrument.

Resultater: Ud fra analysen af data voksede en kernekategori og fire hovedkategorier frem, som tilsammen udgør kerneprocessen. Minoritetsstyrkeblev studiets kernekategori, som har sit udspring fra de fire hovedkategorier: Stressorer, Identifikation, Mestring og Miljø. Ud fra resultaterne voksede en Minoritesstyrkemodelfrem.

Konklussion: Homoseksuelle mænd håndterer et komplekst udvalg af mestringsstrategier, som anvendes i forskellige situationer hvor diskriminering på baggrund af seksuel orientering finder sted. På trods af de negative minoritetsstressorer, som homoseksuelle mænd i den danske Forsvar erfarer, så udviser informanterne en unik Oplevelse af sammenhæng; Meningsfuldhed; Begribelighedog Håndterbarhed, hvilket leder til Minoritetsstyrke. For at forskningen skal være til gavn for hele befolkningen, så gøres i denne undersøgelse opmærksom på nødvendigheden af at inkludere spørgsmål om seksuel orientering i folkesundhedsvidenskabelig forskning. En inkluderende personale politik, undervisning vedrørende HBT personers vilkår og rekrutteringskampagner specielt rettet mod homoseksuelle, medføre større kompetence blandt alle på arbejdspladsen. Studiet har vist at arbejdet, med at forebygge diskriminering på baggrund af seksuel orientering, kræver en multistrategisk indsats på tværfagligt, intersektorielt niveau og et salutogent perspektiv uden at placere alt ansvar på det enkelte individ

Abstract [en]

Aim: This study aimed to improve knowledge about and illuminate the phenomenon of sexual orientation discrimination (SOD), particularly as perceived by homosexual men in a male-dominated workplace such as the Danish Armed Forces. We also sought to increase understanding of how such discrimination affects those individuals. Moreover, wesought to increase knowledge about and highlight the challenges and problems regarding SOD in the context of coping strategies.

Method: We used transcribed semi-structured in-depth interviews as our survey tool. To analyze our results, we used open, axial, and selective coding, as described in grounded theory.

Results: Data analysis allowed us to identify minority power (MP) as a core variable. Further, MP is sourced in the four main categories: stressors, coping, environment, and identity, which are elements of the core process. The MP model that emerged from our results illustrates the core process.

Conclusion: The study shows that homosexual men use a complex range of coping strategies in different situations where SOD occurs. Despite the negative minority stressors experienced by homosexual men in the Danish Armed Forces, the subjects showed a unique sense of coherence—meaningfulness, comprehension, and manageability—that leads to MP. To benefit the entire population, this study emphasized the need to include questions about sexual orientation in public health research. The study shows that training about the special social conditions for the LGBT population, a diversity policy, and recruitment campaigns aimed at homosexuals result in greater competence among all individuals in the workplace. Preventing discrimination based on sexual orientation requires a salutogen perspective and multifactorial strategy on an intersectorial and interdisciplinary level without placing all responsibility on the individual

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 57 p.
Series
Master of Public Health, MPH, ISSN 1104-5701 ; MPH 2009:5
Keyword [en]
Grounded Theory, Heterosexism, Human Rights, LGBT Public Health, Sexual Orientation Discrimination, Working Environment
Keyword [da]
arbejdsmiljø, HBT kompetence, menneskerettigheder, folkesund hed, ground ed theory, seksuel orienterings diskrimination
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3161OAI: oai:DiVA.org:norden-3161DiVA: diva2:722033
Presentation
2009-08-28, Nordic School of Public Health NHV, Box 12133, 402 42 Göteborg, Sweden, 00:00 (Danish)
Supervisors
Note

ISBN 978-91-85721-72-6

Available from: 2014-06-05 Created: 2014-06-05 Last updated: 2015-01-22Bibliographically approved

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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