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HYGIENE, EATING HABITS AND ORAL HEALTH AMONG CHILDREN IN THREE NEPALESE PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS
Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
2006 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesisAlternative title
HYGIEN, MATVANOR OCH TANDHÄLSA BLAND BARN I TRE STATLIGA GRUNDSKOLOR I NEPAL (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Currently, many developing countries are experiencing rising prevalences of caries associated with changes in lifestyle and living conditions.

Objectives: To describe the hygiene, eating habits, and oral health status of Nepalese children.

Materials and Methods: A stratifiedsample of 231 children 5–7, 11–13, and 15–16 years of age (53% boys, 47% girls) who attended public high schools in the rural area of the Lalitpur District, Nepal was selected. The study was a field study combining a clinical examination (plaque, gingivitis, calculus, and caries) and a questionnaire. The questions concerned sanitary conditions, health support, personal hygiene, tooth cleaning, and eating habits.

Results: During the school day, half of the children ate nothing at all. General personal hygiene was associated with tooth-cleaning frequency.Four out of five children in the entire sample cleaned their teeth once/day or more, using their own toothbrush. The use of fluoride toothpaste was rare.More frequent tooth cleaning and lower plaque indices were seen among girls and older children. More plaque was found on the occlusal surfaces of erupting permanent molars than on fully occluded permanent molars. Most children had a low prevalence of manifest caries in the primary and the permanent dentitions. However, every fifth 5–7-yr-old had manifest caries in three or more primary teeth. The occlusal surfaces of molars accounted for almost all registered caries in both dentitions.

Conclusion: Although the prevalence of manifest caries was low, the low level of preventive activities may cause an increase in the prevalence of caries, as in other developing countries. The presumed risk scenario needs to be met by comprehensive and systematic health promotion and preventive measures.

Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning: I många utvecklingsländer sker förändringar av livsstil och levnadsförhållanden med samtidig ökad förekomst av karies.

Mål: Att beskriva hygien, matvanor och munhälsa hos nepalesiska barn.

Material och Metod: Ett stratifierat urval av 231 barn, som i åldrarna 5-7, 11-13 och 15-16 år (53% pojkar, 47% flickor), elever i statliga grundskolor på landsbygden, Lalitpur distriktet Nepal, användes. Studien utformades som en fältstudie med klinisk undersökning (plack, gingivit, tandsten och karies) kombinerad med en enkätstudie. Frågorna rörde sanitära förhållanden, hälsostöd från hemmet, personlig hygien, tandrengörings- och matvanor.

Resultat: Under skoldagen åt hälften av barnen ingenting alls. Allmän personlig hygien var associerad med tandrengörings frekvens. Av alla barn, som användande sin egen tandborste, borstade fyra av fem, en gång om dagen eller mer. Äldre barn och flickor rengjorde tänderna oftare och hade ett lägre plackindex. Mer plack fanns på erupterande molarers occlusalytor jämfört med molarer i full ocklusion. De flesta barnen hade en låg frekvens manifest karies i primära och permanenta bettet. Dock hade en femtedel av 5-7 åringarna tre eller fler manifesta kariesangrepp i primära bettet. Ocklusal karies på molarerna utgjorde nästan all registrerad karies i båda dentitionerna.

Slutsats: Låg frekvens av manifest karies, men en låg grad av förebyggande aktiviteter, kan medföra en ökad kariesfrekvens liknande den i andra utvecklingsländer. Den förmodande risken måste bemötas med behovsinriktade och systematiska hälsobefrämjande och preventiva åtgärder.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. , 39 p.
Series
Master of Public Health, MPH, ISSN 1104-5701 ; MPH 2006:18
Keyword [en]
Nepal, Eating Habits, Personal Hygiene, Tooth Cleaning Requency, Eruption Stage, Dental Plaque, Occlusal Caries
Keyword [sv]
Nepal, matvanor, personlig hygien, tandrengörings frekvens, eruptionsstadier, dentalt plack, ocklusal karies
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:norden-3254DiVA: diva2:731414
Presentation
2006-04-28, Nordic School of Public Health NHV, P.O. Box 12133,, SE-402 42 Göteborg, Sweden, 13:00 (English)
Supervisors
Note

ISBN 91-7997-151-2

Available from: 2014-07-03 Created: 2014-07-01 Last updated: 2015-01-30Bibliographically approved

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