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Hvordan oppdager og formidler helsesøstrene et godt samspill mellom foreldre og barn ialderen 0-3 år?
Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
2005 (Norwegian)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesisAlternative title
How do health visitors discover and affect a happyinterplay between parents and children in the ageof 0-3 years? (English)
Abstract [no]

Hensikten med denne studien er å få innsikt i hvordan helsesøstrene oppdager og formidler et godt samspill mellom foreldre og barn i alderen 0-3 år. Dessuten er det et mål å få kjennskap til helsesøstrers interesse, kompetanse og muligheter for å gå inn i vanskelige situasjoner i arbeid med foreldre-barn-relasjon. Det kvalitative forskningsintervju er valgt for å samle inn data og det ble gjennomført ti intervjuer av helsesøstrer som representerer fire forskjellige kommuner, og fra åtte forskjellige helsestasjoner i Norge. Alle informanter unntatt en har tatt sin helsesøsterutdanning for mer enn ti år siden. Etter at de tok utdanningen har de stort sett arbeidet som helsesøstrer. Metoden for å analysere datamaterialet er innholdsanalyse i kombinasjon med Kvales tre tolkningsnivåer. Funnene i studien viser at foreldre-barn-samhandling påvirker tilknytningens kvalitet. Barn som opplever en god tilknytning til sine nære omsorgspersoner utvikler en god modell for relasjoner til andre mennesker. God tilknytning betraktes som en viktig faktor for den sosiale, emosjonelle og kognitive utvikling. Samfunnet har i løpet av de ti siste årene vært gjennom store forandringer. Disse forandringene har også påvirket familiemønstrene.Helsetjenesten må i større grad tilpasse seg de nye helsekrav. En konklusjon i studien sier at helsesøstrer kan være viktige omsorgspersoner i situasjoner hvor det er en emosjonell brist i tilknytningen mellom foreldre og barn. Trass i dette viser studiens funn at dette arbeidet lett blir underprioritert p.g.a. alle andre krav og gjøremål som må utføres i løpet av en arbeidsdag. Det er derfor mye som tyder på at denne oppgaven for helsesøstrer med fordel kan styrkes.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to gain knowledge of how health visitors discover and affect a happyinterplay between parents and children in the age of 0-3 years. Besides, its goal is also to get insight into health visitors' interest, competence, and possibilities to enter into difficult situations in their work with parent-child-interaction. The qualitative research interview is chosen to collect data. Interviews were undertaken with ten health visitors, who worked in eight different health stations, fromfour different urban districts in Norway. All informants, but one, finished their healthvisitor education for tenyears ago. They have mainly worked as health visitors since they finished their education. The method used to analyze the collected data is content analysis combined with Steinar Kvale’s three levels of interpretation. The study shows that the parent-child-interaction affects the quality of attachment of the latter to the former. The children, who are experiencing a good attachment to the caregivers, care providers close to them, develop a good rolemodel in relations towards other people. A good attachment is considered important to the child’s social, emotional and cognitive development. Norwegian societyhas during the last ten years been through many great changes. These changes have also influenced family patterns. Health services have to adjust in a larger scale to these new demands for health care. One conclusion of the study is that health visitors can be important caregivers in situations, in which there is an emotional flaw in the attachment between parents and children. Another conclusion drawn from the study is that the health visitors’ task or felt duty to improve the child-mother attachment is easily put aside, due to plenty of other duties that have to be done byhealth visitors during a days work. There is however sufficient reason to believe that this particular task for health visitors should be strengthened, since as researches show, a good child-mother attachment plays a fundamental role in the child development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. , 54 p.
Series
Master of Public Health, MPH, ISSN 1104-5701 ; MPH 2005:16
Keyword [en]
Parent-child-interaction, Attachment, Heal Thvisitors, Competence, Public Health
Keyword [no]
Foreldre-barn-samhandling, tilknytning, helsesøster, kompetanse, folkehelsearbeid.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3292OAI: oai:DiVA.org:norden-3292DiVA: diva2:733190
Presentation
2005-06-01, Nordic School of Public Health NHV, Box 12133, 402 42 Göteborg, Sweden, 13:00 (Norwegian)
Supervisors
Note

ISBN 91-7997-103-2

Available from: 2014-07-08 Created: 2014-07-08 Last updated: 2014-07-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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