Provision and financial burden of TB services in a financially decentralized system: a case study from Shandong, China.
2004 (English)In: International Journal of Health Planning and Management, ISSN 0749-6753, E-ISSN 1099-1751, Vol. 19 Suppl 1, S45-62 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Both challenges and opportunities have been created by health sector reforms for TB control programmes in developing countries. China has initiated radical economic and health reforms since the late 1970s and is among the highest TB endemic countries in the world. This paper examines the operation of TB control programmes in a decentralized financial system. A case study was conducted in four counties of Shandong Province and data were collected from document reviews, and key informant and TB patient interviews. The main findings include: direct government support to TB control weakened in poorer counties after its decentralization to township and county governments; DOTS programmes in poorer counties was not implemented as well as in more affluent ones; and TB patients, especially the low-income patients, suffered heavy financial burdens. Financial decentralization negatively affects the public health programmes and may have contributed to the more rapid increase in the number of TB cases seen over the past decade in the poorer areas of China compared with the richer ones. Establishing a financial transfer system at central and provincial levels, correcting financial incentives for health providers, and initiating pro-poor projects for the TB patients, are recommended.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 19 Suppl 1, S45-62 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-3788DOI: 10.1002/hpm.774PubMedID: 15686060OAI: oai:DiVA.org:norden-3788DiVA: diva2:787367