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  • 1. Jordal-Jørgensen, Jørgen
    et al.
    Kveiborg, Ole
    Friis-Jensen, Sandra
    CO2 emissions and economic incentives: Recent developments in CO2 emissions from passenger cars in the Nordic countries and potential economic incentives to regulate them2017Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The CO₂ emissions from passenger cars is declining. Some changes are due to ever improved technology provided by car manufacturers and others induced by political regulation. The report investigates the recent changes in CO₂ intensity in the car fleets in the Nordic countries. The trends in the car sales are presented and the impacts on overall CO₂ intensity are outlined. All Nordic countries have in the past ten years changed the national regulation of passenger cars through different economic incentives and various schemes making low emissions vehicles more favourable. The report describes these changes and complement with an overview of international empirical findings concerning the main tax instruments (purchase-, annual-, fuel tax and road user charges). The potential impact of these taxes are reviewed and recommendations for future uses of the various instruments are provided.

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  • 2. Lindroos, Tomi J.
    et al.
    Lehtilä, Antti
    Koljonen, Tiina
    Kofoed-Wiuff, Anders
    Hethey, János
    Dupont, Nina
    Vītiņa, Aisma
    Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 20182018Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 (BENTE) is a scenario-based energy system analysis that explores the changes in the Baltic countries’ energy systems. What are the drivers and their impacts in the following decades? What would be required for the Baltic countries to meet their climate and energy targets in 2030, and what development would lead the Baltics towards a 2°C pathway? The report finds that the Baltic countries’ proposed renewable energy (RE) targets can be achieved using domestic resources. More renewable energy (electricity, heat and fuels) lets energy demanding sectors reduce GHG emissions and increase the RE share. However, the Baltic countries still do not reach their Effort Sharing Sector’s 2030 targets in the 4°C Scenario (4DS). Without policies to stimulate local renewable energy generation, the Baltics are likely to become large net importers of electricity.

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  • 3.
    Lindseth, Liv Randi
    LinKon AS, www.linkon.no, email: Liv@linkon.no.
    EPC in the Nordic Countries: EPC Nordic2016Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy Performance Contracting (EPC) is a contract model where an energy service provider – ESCO – map and implement profitable energy efficiency measures in buildings or installations. The ESCO guarantees reduction in energy use, and the reduced costs will finance the investments.

    The report describes the EPC markets in the Nordic countries, their characteristics, similarities and differences as well as the success factors and barriers. Many successful EPC projects have been implemented and positive experiences have been made. However, there is a large potential for further development of the EPC model with resulting energy savings and CO2 reductions in the Nordic countries.

    The report aim to provide recommendations for action for the successful development of the EPC market in Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland and Iceland and possible cooperation to promote EPC in and between these countries.

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  • 4. Merrill, Laura
    et al.
    Harris, Melissa
    Casier, Liesbeth
    Bassi, Andrea M.
    Fossil-Fuel Subsidies and Climate Change: Options for policy-makers within their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Every year governments spend $543 billion subsidising fossil-fuels. This report finds that removing these subsidies could lead to global GHG emissions reductions of between 6-13% by 2050. With potential domestic savings to government of between 5-30% of expenditures, and in the context of the low oil price many governments are removing subsidies. This report shows how to include national emissions reduction estimates within country contributions towards the UNFCCC using the Global Subsidies Initiative – Integrated Fiscal (GSI-IF) model.

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  • 5.
    Moodie, John
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Randall, Linda
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Building Effective Transnational Partnerships: The Case of Smart Lighting2018Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This policy brief examines the requirements for building effective transnational partnerships in different policy fields, based on the lessons learned from the recent Lighting Metropolis project – a cross-border innovation venture between Denmark and Sweden that sought to develop smart lighting solutions in urban environments. The brief begins with an overview of this new technology area, before outlining the main opportunities and challenges in the implementation of smart lighting throughout Europe. This is followed by a review of the key findings from Lighting Metropolis, with a focus on assessing the experiences of transnational co-operation identified during the project. Finally, the concluding section outlines a number of recommendations for enhancing transnational collaboration. The policy brief has been prepared by Nordregio as part of the BSR Stars S3 project. It is based on a literature review and interviews conducted with partners involved in Lighting Metropolis.

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    PB 2018:1 smart lighting
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  • 6.
    Demand response in the Nordic electricity market: Input to strategy on demand flexibility2014Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Consumer flexibility is often mentioned as a solution that can contribute to improved price formation in spot markets, increase supply of system services and potentially reduce local grid investments and operation costs. This report provides input to a Nordic strategy on how to address the potential need for consumer flexibility in a cost-efficient manner. The main recommendation is to focus on increased market efficiency in general, and not to promote specific measures on the demand side unless market failures are identified. However, it is recommended that standard data formats on price signals to small consumers should be further assessed.

    The report is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers’ overall green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leadingin green growth” – read more in the web magazine “Green Growth the Nordic Way” at www.nordicway.org or at www.norden.org/greengrowth

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  • 7.
    Energy and Transport: Key results and recommendations2014Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Energy and Transport programme’s overall objective was to contribute to making the Nordic region a leading region in Europe for developing, demonstrating and using new, sustainable energy technologies for transportation. The main activity of the programme has been to fund Nordic cross-border projects covering sustainable transportation aspects. Calls for projects were released in 2010 (Electric Transportation) and in 2011 (Sustainable Freight Transportation). The programme’s results point to a successful outcome with novel project ideas, new Nordic partnerships and combined research efforts. The Nordic countries are, though having a lot in common, different in many aspects. It is when combining these differences to achieve mutually beneficial results that the Nordic region can really become a leading region of new, innovative technology developments in sustainable transportation.

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  • 8.
    Flexible demand for electricity and power: Barriers and opportunities2017Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Demand side flexibility is the ability of power consumers to reduce their demand in periods of peak load, possibly shifting demand to other periods. The organisation for the Nordic energy regulators, NordREG, has ordered this study to explore demand side flexibility in a Nordic perspective. The study contains a literature survey of demand side flexibility and assess the potential for, and benefit of demand side flexibility. Based on the survey, the report highlights implementation barriers and possible contributions from to reducing these barriers. Existing barriers are e.g lack of ICT, automation services, smart meters and real-time prices. The greatest potential for demand side flexibility in the Nordics is within residential space heating. The value of demand side flexibility is uncertain, but may be 1–2 billion SEK per year.

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  • 9.
    Nordic Energy Technology Perspectives2013Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The report identifies five central challenges that the Nordic countries face in  achieving a carbon-neutral energy system. Other countries seeking to radically transform their energy systems should take note.

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  • 10.
    Nordsyn  - ecodesign and energy labelling requirements for electric heat pump water heaters and electric conventional water heaters2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Nordsyn is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' overall green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth” - read more at www.norden.org/greengrowth

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
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  • 11.
    Nordsyn - ecodesign and energy labelling requirements for electric heat pumps and electric boilers2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Nordsyn is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' overall green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth” - read more at www.norden.org/greengrowth

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
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  • 12.
    Nordsyn - ecodesign and energy labelling requirements for hot water storage tanks2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Nordsyn is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' overall green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth” - read more at www.norden.org/greengrowth

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    preview image
  • 13.
    Nordsyn - ecodesign and energy labelling requirements for oil- or gas-fired boilers2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Nordsyn is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' overall green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth” - read more at www.norden.org/greengrowth

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    preview image
  • 14.
    Nordsyn  - energy labelling requirements for packages of water heater and solar device2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Nordsyn is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' overall green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth” - read more at www.norden.org/greengrowth

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    preview image
  • 15.
    Nordsyn - energy labelling requirements of packages of space heaters/combination heaters, temperature controls and solar devices2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Nordsyn is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' overall green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth” - read more at www.norden.org/greengrowth

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    preview image
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