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  • 1.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    Stockholm University.
    Active labour-market policies and newly arrived immigrants2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    All of the Nordic countries have similar introduction programmes for newly arrived refugees and family migrants. Greater attention is now being paid to the question of which type of activities works best for this group. The programmes typically include language training, courses in civic orientation and activities related to the labour market. Previous research indicates that subsidised private-sector employment is the most effective form of labour-market programme and that there is potential for increasing its use among immigrants. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

  • 2. Bakken, Børge
    Migration in China1998Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic reform in China has led to an internal migration of people within the world's most populous nation on a scale never seen before. Since China's new industrial revolution began in the late 1970s, there has been a flow of tens of millions (perhaps even hundreds of millions) of surplus labour and their families moving from rural to urban areas. This phenomenon has been described in terms of both a blessing for China's economic growth and a threat against its social order.

    Contributors to this edited volume look at the different aspects of internal Chinese migration. The volume also briefly introduces current research and gives pointers to methodological traps and misunderstandings that can occur in the field.

  • 3. Benediktsson, Karl
    Harvesting Development: The Construction of Fresh Food Markets in Papua New Guinea2002Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book addresses the global–local tension evident in much work on development issues, through the example of fresh food markets in Papua New Guinea. A key feature is the author’s skilful and inventive interweaving of theoretical constructs with a detailed ethnography of marketing networks, at the rural village and the urban market-place, as well as in the ‘spaces in between’.

    The work shows the rural community not as an isolated universe, but as consisting of dynamic linkages and networks which extend way beyond the locality. At the same time, local actors with their own agendas and interpretations of the metanarrative of ‘development’ are shown to be crucially important for shaping the outcome of the market integration process.

    This book is of relevance to geographers, anthropologists, sociologists and economists dealing with development issues. It is also an important read for Oceanianists/Melanesianists as it tackles processes and problems, which few ethnographers, who have worked in Papua New Guinea, have made their central concern. It is suitable for courses in development studies, geography and human ecology, and Oceanic studies, at advanced undergraduate or postgraduate level. While it deals with complex theoretical issues, it is written in a clear and accessible language. This makes the book a worthwhile read also for those outside of academia, for instance in government or international agencies, who work with rural development issues and design and monitor development projects.

  • 4.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Norlén, Gustaf
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Social service innovation in rural areas – a user involvement guide2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    High-quality service provision in rural areas is becoming increasingly difficult due to social and demographic challenges, exacerbated by welfare cuts. Members of disadvantaged groups, such as the long-term unemployed, migrants and people with disabilities, may be particularly affected by shrinking social services as they often lack the resources to influence or compensate for this loss. How can user involvement in service design and delivery contribute to addressing these challenges? What is needed to make service-user involvement work? This policy brief, based on the learnings from the SEMPRE project financed by the Interreg BalticSea Region Programme, gives an introduction to a user guide that has been developed to empower disadvantaged groups in rural areas.

  • 5.
    Bratsberg, Bernt
    et al.
    Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research.
    Raaum, Oddbjørn
    Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research.
    Røed, Knut
    Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research.
    Immigration and social insurance design2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    We point out two reasons why policy-makers may consider redesigning social insurance systems in the light of increasing migration flows. First, immigrant labour supply is particularly sensitive to social insurance parameters. Second, employers and migrants may benefit from the creation of low-paying jobs, which means that generous benefits may affect both the level of immigration and its composition. Still, we do not recommend a reduction in the level of benefits or the imposition of tighter regulations on migration. Instead, we call for a more activity-oriented social insurance policy. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

  • 6.
    Böhlmark, Anders
    Stockholm University.
    Education policies for adolescent immigrants2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescent immigrants in Nordic school systems face particular challenges that may negatively influence their labour-market prospects. There has been little research into the effectiveness of interventions targeting this group. Nonetheless, there is convincing evidence that certain educational practices benefit disadvantaged students, and it is likely that some of these findings are also applicable to immigrant students. Important measures in this area include study support and guidance. Alternative paths to employment are further suggested for individuals who have difficulties qualifying for and finishing regular high school study programmes. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

  • 7.
    Calmfors, Lars
    Stockholm University.
    Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets: An Overall Perspective2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The four large Nordic countries face similar problems when it comes to integrating large groups of immigrants into their labour markets, especially non-EU immigrants with low levels of education. The report Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets analyses how to promote the integration of such groups. Here we present the background to the volume, summarise the main findings and offer policy recommendations. One key conclusion is that no single policy will suffice. A combination of education policies, active labour-market measures, social benefit and wage policies is needed. The precise policy mix must be based on an evaluation of the trade-offs with other policy objectives. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

  • 8. Cornet, Candice
    et al.
    Blumenfield, Tami
    Doing Fieldwork in China ... with Kids!: The Dynamics of Accompanied Fieldwork in the People’s Republic2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    • Explores methodological issues related to accompanied fieldwork.• Points not just to pitfalls but also unexpected insights from having children present during the fieldwork process.

    While many anthropologists and other scholars relocate with their families in some way or another during fieldwork periods, this detail is often missing from their writings even though undoubtedly children can have had a major impact on their work. Recognizing that researcher-parents have many choices regarding their children’s presence during fieldwork, this volume explores the many issues of conducting fieldwork with children, generally, and with children in China, specifically. Contributors include well-established scholars who have undertaken fieldwork in China for decades as well as more junior researchers. The book presents the voices of mothers and of fathers, with two particularly innovative pieces that are written by parent–child pairs. The collection as a whole offers a wide range of experiences that question and reflect on methodological issues related to fieldwork, including objectivity, cultural relativism, relationships in the field and positionality. The chapters also recount how accompanied fieldwork can offer unexpected ethnographic insights. An appendix alerts future fieldworking parents to particular pitfalls of accompanied fieldwork and suggests ways to avoid these.

  • 9.
    Ek, Simon
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Skedinger, Per
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) and Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies, Linnaeus University Växjö.
    Wage policies and the integration of immigrants2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Most Nordic countries struggle to integrate low-skilled immigrants. High wage floors increase the risk of adverse employment effects for this group, as employers may not find it profitable to hire them. Reductions to the minimum wage could improve labour market prospects for low-skilled immigrants, but in order to have discernible effects, such cuts would need to be significant in scale. Targeted reductions in the minimum wage for new, previously non-existing jobs, along with increased differentiation of minimum wages, may provide an appropriate balance between the conflicting goals of high employment and low wage inequality. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

  • 10.
    Hultqvist, Sara
    et al.
    Ph.D, lektor, Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Nørup,, Iben
    Post doc, Ph.D., Institut for Sociologi og Socialt Arbejde, Aalborg Universitet.
    Sjukskrivning och genus i Norden: Vad vi vet och vad vi inte vet2016Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Nordens välfärdscenter projekt Sjukskrivning och genus i Norden - vad vi vet och vad vi inte vet ärett uppdrag från Nordiska ministerrådet för social- och hälsopolitik. Projektets huvudsakliga syfteär att göra en nordisk forskningssammanställning om den psykiska hälsan utifrån ett genusperspektiv.

    Könsskillnader i sjukfrånvaron förekommer, om än i varierande grad, i samtliga nordiska länder.Avsikten med forskningsgenomgången är att få till stånd en bättre jämförande översikt över politikenpå området. Detta kan underlätta erfarenhetsutbyte om effekter av politik samt främjaytterligare samarbete på området. Det är vår förhoppning att rapporten ska bidra till en ökadkunskap om sambanden mellan psykisk ohälsa, arbetsliv och sjukfrånvaro i Norden och i vad månförekomsten av skillnader i sjukskrivningar på grund av psykisk ohälsa skiljer sig åt mellan ländernasamt huruvida det finns könsskillnader som i detta avseende bör beaktas.

    Vi hoppas att kartläggningen kan leda till fördjupade nordiska studier och insatser, både på gemensamnordisk nivå och i respektive land.

  • 11.
    Ilpala, Aleksi
    University of Helsinki.
    Six years without constitution: The dampened expectations for Nepalese democracy2015In: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, no 1, p. 39-44Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article peers into the anxieties of the democratic process in post-conflict Nepal. Today, while the recent elections gave Nepal’s politicians a new mandate to finish the constitution-drafting process, the negotiations surrounding the troubled issue continue. Despite the established formal democratic institutions and procedures, authoritarian legacies and pre-democratic political practices, values and attitudes co-exist with the new democratic establishment with negative consequences for governmental stability. The article shows how the existing Nepalese political culture reflects a contradictory mix of deference to senior leaders, but also distrust of their authority, and a culture of confrontation rather than compromise.

  • 12. Janowski, Monica
    et al.
    Kerlogue, Fiona
    Kinship and Food in South East Asia2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Food has an important role in establishing and structuring social and kin relations in Southeast Asian societies. For this reason, there is growing interest within anthropology in understanding how the production, processing and consumption of food is one important basis for the construction of ties of relatedness, so-called ‘kin’ ties. These are often based at least partly on ‘shared substance’. In this respect, a book on Southeast Asia is especially interesting in understanding kinship since the region is generally taken to include a number of distinct types of kin structure.

    This book offers eleven chapters covering a range of societies in different parts of Southeast Asia. It examines ways in which food is used to think about and bring about ties between generations and within generations - including between the living and the dead - in particular through the feeding relationship. Significant parallels emerge between the societies covered: in the role of rice especially; in gender complementarity in relation to different foods; in the belief that food and drink carry fertility, ‘blessings’ or ‘life force’ from ascending to descending generations; and in the use of the feeding relationship to generate hierarchy. These parallels suggest that there may be underlying similarities in cosmology between these widely varying societies.

  • 13.
    King, Victor T.
    Institute of Asian Studies, Universiti Brunei Darussalam.
    UNESCO in Southeast Asia: World Heritage Sites in Comparative Perspective2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]
    • First study to provide a region-wide multidisciplinary analysis of many major cultural and natural World Heritage Sites in SE Asia.

    • Examines the local, national and global pressures (including tourism development) being exerted on these often fragile sites and the interaction between different stakeholders and interest groups.

    • Presents findings and recommendations to feed into policy, management and decision-making on these sites.

    Southeast Asia’s 36 UNESCO World Heritage Sites make a significant contribution to their respective country’s national prestige and identity, international profile and tourism development plans. Yet, although much is known about some individual sites like Angkor and Borobudur, we know very little about all sites in comparative terms. This wide-ranging study explores how both cultural and natural sites are being managed, how they are coping with the conflicting pressures from the global, national and local levels, and points to best practices for their future conservation and development. The first volume to address issues raised by world heritage in Southeast Asia, it will be a key resource for academic researchers and for policy- and decision-makers in this field of studies.

  • 14.
    Lohenoja, Camilla
    University of Helsinki.
    From subordination to “own work”: Perceived life changes of former Haliya bonded labourers after their liberation2015In: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, no 1, p. 31-38Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses the perceived life changes of former Haliya bonded labourers in Nepal after their liberation. It concentrates on the subjective perceptions of the labourers, a field that has had little attention in literature to date. Nineteen semi-structured, in-depth interviews of former Haliyas, were conducted in a rural village in Baitadi, Far-Western Nepal in the summer of 2013. These were then analysed, using qualitative content analysis. The paper is constructed on the concept of social status, more precisely subordination, and it suggests that diminishing subordination, such as caste discrimination, dependency and forcing, is more important in former bonded labourers’ lives than the lack of improvement in material benefits. Therefore it can be argued that the literature on bonded labour stresses too much the quantitative data and the meaning of material conditions, and fails to see the importance of the personal experience and improved social status as the most important change in their lives. This suggests that it might be useful to examine the importance of social status when tackling inequality questions as well.

  • 15.
    Montefusco, Maria
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues.
    The Nordic region for all: Nordic co-operation on universal design and accessibility2016Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]
    • Start
    • A Nordic region for all

    Alla publikationer

    A Nordic region for all

    • Funktionshinder

    The Nordic countries, including the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Åland islands, want to work together as effectively as possible to make society more accessible. The Nordic Council of Ministers has commissioned a report with proposals for areas of co-operation with regard to universal design and accessibility. The work is funded by the Council of Ministers’ Sustainable Development Strategy. Since the report was commissioned, the UN has adopted sustainability goals as part of Agenda 2030.

    The report is primarily aimed to policy makersat the Nordic level. It may also be of interest topeople who work with sustainable developmentas well as universal design and accessibility atthe national, regional or local level. Differencesin the conditions for participation and equalopportunities between women and men orgirls and boys, respectively, were also describedwhere such information exists. The project andthe panel were coordinated by the Secretariatfor the Council for Nordic Co-operation onDisability at the Nordic Centre for Welfare.5Introduction

  • 16.
    Nielsen Arendt, Jacob
    et al.
    The ROCKWOOL Foundation.
    Schultz-Nielsen, Marie Louise
    The ROCKWOOL Foundation.
    Policies promoting higher employment for non-Western immigrant women2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In the main, active labour-market and social benefit policies have positive effects on employment among immigrant women. They are less effective for women than men, whereas the reverse appears to be the case in the long term for policies aimed at skills enhancement (language and formal education). The results may explain why reforms of introduction programmes have had no effect in the short term. Subsidies for child care in the home reduce women’s participation in the labour market, whereas subsidies for out-of-home child-care do not affect employment. The evidence suggests that a broader view of family circumstances may be needed in order to improve levels of employment among immigrant women. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

  • 17. Parker, Lyn
    From Subjects to Citizens: Balinese Villagers in the Indonesian Nation-State2003Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Broadens the discussion on the expansion of the Indonesian state into the local community. Significant because it shows how we can understand Indonesia in its efforts to become a nation-state. Unusual in showing that the experience of many Indonesian citizens was not of a menacing and coercive state but of a modernizing and developmentalist nation-state.

    This book analyses the processes by which conservative and introverted Balinese villagers have been incorporated into the Indonesian nation-state. It explores the changing social relations of villagers in their transformation from being subjects of their local "king" to anonymous citizens of the Republic of Indonesia.

    Although the national unity of Indonesia is now hotly contested, the Suharto regime was long-lived and a development success-story. This book is significant because it shows how we can understand Indonesia in its efforts to become a nation-state. While not in any way attempting to apologize for or glorify the Suharto regime, this study is unusual in showing that the experience of many Indonesian citizens was not of a menacing and coercive state but of a modernizing and developmentalist nation-state.

  • 18.
    Pekkarinen, Tuomas
    VATT Institute for Economic Research.
    Education efforts and the integration of immigrants2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The employment gaps between natives and immigrants in the Nordic labour markets reflect major skills gaps between the two groups. Employment gaps are smaller or non-existent when comparing natives and immigrants with similar skills. Research stresses the importance of access to pre-school education for immigrant children and of allocating resources to remedial education for adult immigrants. Participation in pre-school and adult education is associated with narrower skills gaps. The Nordic countries’ current education policies are in line with these recommendations. However, there is room for improvement, in the form of increasing the number of immigrant children enrolled in pre-school education. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

  • 19. Thelle, Hatla
    Better to Rely on Ourselves: Changing Social Rights in Urban China since 19792004Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses changes in the protection of social rights in China since 1979 for the middle-income level of the urban population, based on family interviews and documentary studies. It tells how conditions for employment, housing, social security and education have undergone a complete transformation as a consequence of the transition to a market economy.

    While the individual citizen has benefited from more freedom of choice and movement, there is less stable protection of the right to work, health care, housing and education. Moreover, channels of popular participation in the decision-making process remain fragile and knowledge of complaints mechanisms and legal remedies is poor.

  • 20.
    Victor T., King
    Institute of Asian Studies, Universiti Brunei Darussalam.
    The Sociology of Southeast Asia: Transformations in a Developing Region2011Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the main problems faced by teachers and students who have a scholarly interest in South-East Asia is the lack of general, user-friendly texts in the social sciences. The absence of an introduction to the sociology of South-East Asia is especially unfortunate. It is the aim of this volume to meet these needs. This is, then, the first sole-authored introductory sociology text on South-East Asia that focuses on change and development in the region, provides an overview of the important sociological and political economy writings, and considers the key concepts and themes in the field since 1945. Some multi-authored works do exist but these either are outdated or focus on specialized topics. Aimed primarily at undergraduates up to the final year, it will also be a useful reference work for postgraduates and researchers who lack such a general work.

  • 21.
    Visser, Jacco
    VU University Amsterdam.
    Rural-urban migration and redefining indigeneity in Dhaka, Bangladesh2015In: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, no 1, p. 53-58Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how students from indigenous groups from the Chittagong Hill Tracts in Southeast Bangladesh who migrated to Dhaka navigate the city. It does so by investigating how students relate to discourses of modernity and urban lifestyles while not disregarding the importance of belonging to an indigenous group. This way challenging notions of being indigenous as related to a non-industrial mode of production and essentially rooted in rural areas. In addition, by revealing the ways in which these students redefine themselves as Bangladeshi, the dominant notion of a Bangladeshi as ethnic Bengali and Muslim are challenged since indigenous migrant students are neither ethnic Bengalis nor Muslims.

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