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  • 1.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    de Jesus, Ana
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    SiEUGreen White Paper with best practices2024Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report explores the potential of Urban Agriculture (UA) to enhance food security, improve resource efficiency, and promote smart, resilient, and circular cities.

    The discussion is framed within the scope of the Horizon 2020 project ‘Sino-European Innovative Green and Smart Cities’ (SiEUGreen) which explored different pathways to turn waste into resources for growing food in cities through the combination of different technologies. These technologies were tested in five showcases: Campus Ås, in Ås, Norway; World Gardens and Brabrand Fællesgartneriet community gardens in Aarhus, Denmark; Turunçlu greenhouse in Atakya, Turkey; Sanyuan Farm, in Beijing, and Futiancangjun residential area in Changsha, China. 

    The insights and knowledge gained with these showcases were the basis to discuss the barriers and drivers of UA in the transition to more sustainable and resilient circular cities, across five aspects (1) environmental, (2) technological, (3) economic, (4) social and cultural and (5) regulatory and institutional issues. The results suggest that city food provision and UA systems can be designed considering circular economy regenerative cycles, but it is important to promote local research that can highlight policy solutions to address context-related barriers and limitations.

    Among the main lessons learned across the different aspects, we highlight:

    • The need for more evidence-based research, clear monitoring tools and evaluation/assessment of the different UA typologies and their impact on the environment, society and economy;
    • The implementation of innovative technological developments that support and promote UA for reduce; reuse, recycle/recover resources require more experimentation, large-scale tests and validation both concerning their efficiency, positive environmental impacts, as well as economic viability;
    • The need for high investments, difficulties accessing financial support, underdeveloped business case for circular resource models, and limited recognition of the positive and indirect economic, environmental benefits of UA are among the main barriers that limit the uptake of agriculture in cities;
    • Despite the significant role UA can play in advancing a circular economy (e.g., by supporting sustainable local food systems, promoting community resilience and reducing waste), behaviour and cultural barriers were found to have a deep impact when fostering a closed-loop approach to UA, especially concerning overcoming prejudice against waste as a resource,
    • Local governance and public policy play a central role in framing and supporting UA (e.g., incentives, funding, regulatory frameworks) as a pathway that enables close loops in cities.
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  • 2.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nilsson, Kjell
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tunström, Moa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Asli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Oliveira e Costa, Sandra
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Johnsen, Ingrid H G
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Grunfelder, Julien
    Kristensen, Iryna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Randall, Linda
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Smas, Lukas
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Weber, Ryan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    White Paper on Nordic Sustainable Cities2017Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid urbanisation is one of today’s biggest global challenges. Nordic Sustainable Cities is a flagship project under the Nordic Prime Ministers’ initiative Nordic Solutions to Global Challenges that seeks to shed light on this challenge from a Nordic perspective.

    The White Paper on Nordic Sustainable Cities develops a narrative to describe the “Nordic Sustainable City”. It forms a basis for the knowledge sharing effort that will be carried out by Nordic Innovation, Nordregio’s sister institution under the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2018. This work aims to export Nordic stories as a means of branding the Nordic Region and contributing to global efforts towards urban sustainability.

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  • 3.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    Stockholm University.
    Active labour-market policies and newly arrived immigrants2019Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    All of the Nordic countries have similar introduction programmes for newly arrived refugees and family migrants. Greater attention is now being paid to the question of which type of activities works best for this group. The programmes typically include language training, courses in civic orientation and activities related to the labour market. Previous research indicates that subsidised private-sector employment is the most effective form of labour-market programme and that there is potential for increasing its use among immigrants. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

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  • 4.
    Annala, Kaisu
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordic working group for green growth – innovation and entrepreneurship 2013-2016 Synthesis report2017 (oppl. 2)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis report summarizes the work done by the Nordic Working Group during their four-year mandate period and puts it in a broader European and international context. The report focuses on the role and relevance of the regional level and regional players in promoting green growth in the Nordic countries and internationally and gives policy recommendations on how the Nordic regions can benefit from enhanced cooperation on green growth activities. The report focuses on two central areas of green growth: bioeconomy and industrial symbiosis. It analyses the key global drivers for green growth in these areas and positions the Nordic regional green growth - its strengths and weaknesses - against these global drivers.

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    Synthesis report on Nordic Green Growth: Innovation and Entrepreneurship
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  • 5.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Ole Rasmussen, Rasmus
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Wang, Shinan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Norlén, Gustaf
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordic-Baltic Demographic Vulnerability Assessment at municipal level2016Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Across the world people are moving nationally from rural areas to bigger towns and cities, and within the European Union, people are also increasingly moving between countries. While migration in the Nordic countries has exceeded natural population increase as the most prominent driver of population growth, the Baltic countries have experienced significant out-migration in the latest decades. However, migration is only one of several demographic challenges that affect the demographic structure in municipalities and regions. Ageing of the population is another key challenge; in some places emphasised by out-migration of people in age groups being active in the labour force. Life-expectancy has steadily increased and together with the decrease in birth and death rates, people are living longer while the number of children is declining. Retirement age, the age when people exit the labour force, has not changed parallel with the increasing life expectancy and thus adds to the increased proportion of non-productive elderly citizens. These changes in the composition of the population will increasingly affect vital societal parameters such as the labour supply and the dependency burden, and eventually the ability to provide sufficient social services at municipal level.

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  • 6.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perspectives on labour mobility in the Nordic-Baltic region: Mobility trends between the Baltic and Nordic states and different national policy approaches to the increased mobility in the macro-region2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication is one outcome of a project on labour mobility between the Nordic-Baltic countries: “Enhanced Nordic-Baltic co-operation on challenges of labour mobility in the Nordic-Baltic region” that the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Offi ce in Lithuania led during 2014-2016 in co-operation with the the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Offi ces in Estonia and Latvia, and Nordregio in Sweden. Th e overall objective of the project was to facilitate understanding and strengthen co-operation within the Nordic-Baltic region on labour mobility and demographic development across Nordic and Baltic municipalities and regions. Th e project is a follow-up of the initiative “Challenges of Migration in the Nordic-Baltic Region: Impact on National Labour Markets, Welfare State and Demographic Situation” implemented by the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Offi ces in the Baltic States in 2013. Among other activities realized within the framework of this 2014-2016 initiative are the following conferences: • Family and Migration in the Baltic-Nordic Region: Challenges and Solutions, Vilnius, 21 November 2014 • Labour Migration in the Nordic-Baltic Region: Trends of Labour Migration - Ready for Changes? Tallinn, 27 March 2015 For a full overview of the project and related publications, please see Nordregio’s website: www.nordregio.se/BLAM

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  • 7.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Huerta Morales, Alberto
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Bioenergy Development in Finland and Sweden: The cases of North Karelia, Jämtland, and Västernorrland2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This working paper looks into rural bioenergy development in Finland and Sweden.The first chapter provides insight into bioenergy development in North Karelia in Finland. It aims at identifying the enabling factors behind the relatively successful local bioenergy development and considers how the bioenergy development has impacted sustainable local and regional development in North Karelia. The working paper is based on desk studies and interviews conducted with stakeholders in North Karelia in 2016.The second chapter provides insight into bioenergy development in Jämtland region, Sweden. It highlights the key drivers as well as factors impeding bioenergy development, the key actors involved and bioenergy embeddedness in the community. The chapter is based on desk studies and interviews conducted in 2015.The third chapter provides insight into bioenergy development in Västernorrland region, Sweden. It highlights the key drivers as well as factors impeding bioenergy development, the key actors involved and bioenergy embeddedness in the community. The chapter is based on desk studies and interviews conducted in 2015–2016.This working paper is one of the outputs of the TRIBORN project: Triple Bottom Line Outcomes for Bioenergy Development and Innovation in Rural Norway. The project investigates how to increase the production of bioenergy in ways that promote sustainable rural development understood as positive economic, social and environmental outcomes. The Working Paper provided valuable input into the development of the Policy recommendations on Bioenergy and rural development in Europe (Nord­regio Policy Brief 2017:3).The TRIBORN (Securing triple bottom line outcomes from bioenergy development and innovation in rural Norway, project no 233640/E50) is a research project funded by the Research Council of Norway (2014-2017). Read more about the TRIBORN Project here: http://www.nibio.no/prosjekter/triborn

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    WP_TRIBORN_2017_6
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  • 8.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Industrial Symbiosis: A key driver of Green Growth in Nordic Regions?2016Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial symbiosis (IS) is all about saving money and reducing consumption by working together to maximise the outputs that can be generated from resources. It is one approach to realising a circular economy and achieving green growth. Through symbiotic activities between organisations, IS promotes sustainable resource use, minimises the input of materials and simultaneously eliminates waste. This policy brief presents five IS case studies from across the Nordic Region followed by a series of policy recommendations based on good practice in Nordic countries.

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  • 9.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Norlén, Gustaf
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Social service innovation in rural areas – a user involvement guide2019Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    High-quality service provision in rural areas is becoming increasingly difficult due to social and demographic challenges, exacerbated by welfare cuts. Members of disadvantaged groups, such as the long-term unemployed, migrants and people with disabilities, may be particularly affected by shrinking social services as they often lack the resources to influence or compensate for this loss. How can user involvement in service design and delivery contribute to addressing these challenges? What is needed to make service-user involvement work? This policy brief, based on the learnings from the SEMPRE project financed by the Interreg BalticSea Region Programme, gives an introduction to a user guide that has been developed to empower disadvantaged groups in rural areas.

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    Nordregio PB 2019:2
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  • 10.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Randall, Linda
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Governing the Digital Transition in the Nordic Regions2019Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic countries are often positioned as digital front-runners in the European and global contexts. Digitalisation is changing the nature of business, jobs and provision of public services. Rapid digitalisation and technological change require governments and organisations to introduce proactive measures to embrace new digitalisation opportunities. How to create an enabling environment for digital transformation at the local, regional, national and Nordic levels?

    This policy brief explores the local and regional dimension of digital transformation. It examines the opportunities and challenges that Nordic regions are facing related to digitalisation and highlights some lessons learned from five Nordic regions implementing digitalisation agendas. It also sets out key recommendations for creating an enabling environment for digitalisation work at different governance levels. This research is part of the work of the Nordic Thematic Group on Innovative and Resilient Regions established by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

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    Nordregio PB 2018 8 digitalisation
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  • 11.
    Bogason, Ágúst
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Brynteson, Maja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Salonen, Hilma
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Remote Work in Rural Areas: Possibilities and uncertainties2024Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the role of remote work in enhancing the resilience of rural and remote municipalities in the Nordic countries, highlighting the shift towards hybrid work models. The report presents six case studies, each detailing the context, challenges and opportunities associated with remote work. The study found that many public authorities lack formal remote work policies, relying on pre-existing or pandemic-developed frameworks aimed at work-life balance.

    The research points to remote work's potential for attracting and retaining residents and skilled workers, crucial for rural development, despite challenges like the need for improved digital infrastructure and the absence of formal policies. Initiatives like co-working spaces and the focus on enhancing regional attractiveness through quality of life and infrastructure investments are seen as key to leveraging remote work for sustainable regional development. However, the study also notes obstacles such as legislative issues and the need for comprehensive strategies to fully realise the benefits of remote work for rural revitalisation.

    Remote work offers a pathway to sustainable development in Nordic regions by introducing new skills, enhancing business innovation, and improving public services, which helps combat out-migration and boosts quality of life. For maximum impact, investments in digital infrastructure, supportive work environments, and regional attractiveness are crucial, paving the way for a more vibrant and sustainable future.

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  • 12.
    Bogason, Ágúst
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Karlsdóttir, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Brandt Broegaard, Rikke
    Jokinen, Johanna Carolina
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Planning for Sustainable Tourism in the Nordic Rural Regions: Cruise Tourism, the Right to Roam and Other Examples of Identified Challenges in a Place-Specific Context2021Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the newly published Nordregio report ‘Planning for sustainable tourism in the Nordic region’ , over 100 tourism development plans (TDPs) from rural areas of the Nordic countries were collected, coded and analysed. The mapping of these documents – which are formulated at the lowest geographical level – provide an insight into how the regions and define themselves in relation to tourism, what their strengths and focuses are, where they see opportunities, what they consider their main challenges, and how sustainability concerns are – or are not – integrated into the tourism plans. The process of thoroughly mapping, coding and analysing the TDPs revealed some common challenges in tourism development and tourism planning which are shared among many Nordic regions while other challenges are more place specific.

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  • 13.
    Bogason, Ágúst
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Slätmo, Elin
    Nordregio.
    Essential Service Provision and Access to Services in Nordic Rural Areas: Policy brief 2023:12023Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    "Essential Service Provision and Access to Services in Nordic Rural Areas" explores the challenges facing service provision in Nordic rural areas due to societal and demographic changes, climate change, and globalization, and highlights the need for adapted approaches to service provisions. The policy brief shows that demographic and societal changes have a wider impact on service provision in rural regions than just traditional welfare services.

    The publication also analyses essential service needs and solutions to rural service provision challenges in the Nordic region through case studies and workshops.

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    Essential Service Provision and Access to Services in Nordic Rural Areas
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  • 14.
    Borges, Luciane
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Transport for Regional Integration: Insights from three Nordic cross-border regions2020Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Acknowledging that cross-border transport infrastructure is paramount for the Nordic Region to reach the vision of becoming the most sustainable and integrated region by 2030 (Nordic Council of Ministers, 2020), this report discusses the challenges of planning and developing transport connections across national borders. 

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  • 15.
    Bratsberg, Bernt
    et al.
    Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research.
    Raaum, Oddbjørn
    Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research.
    Røed, Knut
    Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research.
    Immigration and social insurance design2019Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    We point out two reasons why policy-makers may consider redesigning social insurance systems in the light of increasing migration flows. First, immigrant labour supply is particularly sensitive to social insurance parameters. Second, employers and migrants may benefit from the creation of low-paying jobs, which means that generous benefits may affect both the level of immigration and its composition. Still, we do not recommend a reduction in the level of benefits or the imposition of tighter regulations on migration. Instead, we call for a more activity-oriented social insurance policy. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

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  • 16.
    Böhlmark, Anders
    Stockholm University.
    Education policies for adolescent immigrants2019Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescent immigrants in Nordic school systems face particular challenges that may negatively influence their labour-market prospects. There has been little research into the effectiveness of interventions targeting this group. Nonetheless, there is convincing evidence that certain educational practices benefit disadvantaged students, and it is likely that some of these findings are also applicable to immigrant students. Important measures in this area include study support and guidance. Alternative paths to employment are further suggested for individuals who have difficulties qualifying for and finishing regular high school study programmes. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

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  • 17.
    Calmfors, Lars
    Stockholm University.
    Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets: An Overall Perspective2019Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The four large Nordic countries face similar problems when it comes to integrating large groups of immigrants into their labour markets, especially non-EU immigrants with low levels of education. The report Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets analyses how to promote the integration of such groups. Here we present the background to the volume, summarise the main findings and offer policy recommendations. One key conclusion is that no single policy will suffice. A combination of education policies, active labour-market measures, social benefit and wage policies is needed. The precise policy mix must be based on an evaluation of the trade-offs with other policy objectives. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

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  • 18.
    Cavicchia, Rebecca
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tybjerg, Jonas Kačkus
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Salonen, Hilma
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Brynteson, Maja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Wendt-Lucas, Nicola
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Gísladóttir, Sæunn
    University of Akureyri Research Centre.
    Jóhannesson, Hjalti
    University of Akureyri Research Centre.
    Ten-year Regional Outlook: Future Perspectives for Electric Aviation in the Nordic Region2024Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Electric aviation has gained momentum in the Nordic region in recent years. Given its unique geographical features and strong commitment to climate-neutral transport, the Nordic region represents an ideal testing ground for electric aviation. In five to ten years from now, electric aviation has the potential to become reality, so it is crucial to explore which factors may affect its implementation and how regional development may be impacted.

    The “Electric Aviation and the Effects on the Nordic Region” project presents a ten-year future scenario for electric aviation in the Nordic region. In this report, we explore future scenarios for five selected Nordic routes and identify the key driving forces behind that transformative shift, as well as the positive and negative impacts of electric aviation. The scenarios were developed through focus group discussions conducted with key stakeholders from each of the five Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden).

    The main findings of the study show that electric aviation is generally perceived positively in the various Nordic countries. However, there are also certain contextual differences relating to whether electric aviation is viewed as a pathway to achieving climate targets and removing emissions, stimulating regional development and accessibility of remote areas, or as a new travel option compared to conventional flights.

    Even though the general attitude towards electric aviation seems to be positive, scepticism and questions regarding the social acceptance of the new technology emerged, as well as the uncertainty around who will be the investors to kick-off the new technology. Furthermore, the future scenarios suggest that a high level of support from local and national governing bodies is required in order to make electric aviation a viable air transport mode in the Nordic region.

    The insights of this report are intended both to inform decision-makers and to provide nuanced observations from each Nordic country and explore future pathways towards a sustainable and more integrated Nordic region in line with the 2030 vision of the Nordic Council of Ministers.

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  • 19.
    Cedergren, Elin
    et al.
    Nordregio.
    Huynh, Diana
    Nordregio.
    Kull, Michael
    Nordregio.
    Moodie, John
    Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordregio.
    Wøien Meijer, Mari
    Nordregio.
    Public service delivery in the Nordic Region: An exercise in collaborative governance2021Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Now, more than ever, is Nordic collaboration required across all levels of governance to help overcome the devastating socio-economic impacts of the pandemic and to solve the shared challenges posed by climate change and growing urban-rural divides. This policy brief examines six good practice examples of collaborative public service delivery from across the Nordic Region, highlighting the main drivers, challenges and enablers of collaboration and the replication potential of these Nordic collaborative examples. The policy brief finds that new and innovative models of Nordic collaboration are constantly emerging thanks to rapid technological developments that are helping to bring stakeholders together to solve common societal challenges. The high levels of cooperation outlined indicate that collaborative governance is continually evolving within the Nordic context.

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  • 20.
    Cedergren, Elin
    et al.
    Nordregio.
    Huynh, Diana
    Nordregio.
    Kull, Michael
    Nordregio.
    Moodie, John
    Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordregio.
    Wøien Meijer, Mari
    Nordregio.
    Public service delivery in the Nordic Region: An exercise in collaborative governance2021Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Nordic welfare states are world renowned for providing high quality public services. Nordic municipal and regional authorities, in particular, play a central role in the delivery of key public services in areas, such as, health, education, and social care. However, in recent years, public authorities have faced several challenges which have reduced capacity and resources, including long periods of austerity following the 2008 financial crash, rapid demographic changes caused by an ageing population, and the COVID-19 health crisis. In response to these challenges many public authorities have looked to inter-regional, inter-municipal and cross-border collaborations to improve the quality and effectiveness of public service delivery (OECD 2017; ESPON 2019). Indeed, collaborative public service delivery is becoming increasingly prominent in the Nordic Region due to a highly decentralized systems of governance (Nordregio 20015; Eythorsson 2018).

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  • 21.
    Cedergren, Elin
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Huynh, Diana
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Morf, Andrea
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Moodie, John
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Strengthening regional resilience through adaptive collaboration: A case study on the fisheries co-management Northern Bohuslän2020Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This policy brief examines how co-management arrangements within small-scale fisheries can play a key role in enhancing sectoral and regional resilience. Despite major challenges, “multi-stakeholder collaborations” - such as co-management - demonstrate the potential for innovative knowledge transfer and strategic adaptation processes within the fisheries sector. The focus here is on Co-management Northern Bohuslän (Samförvaltning Norra Bohuslän), which promotes sustainable local fisheries and blue growth on Sweden’s west coast. The case illustrates how, under appropriate conditions, participatory local efforts can significantlycontribute to sustainability and resilience. The policy brief presents findings on related challenges and opportunities, including recommendations on future directions for the co-management initiative itself, and more general suggestions for co-management as a means to promote sectoral and regional resilience in the Nordic region.

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    PB 2020:5
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  • 22.
    Cedergren, Elin
    et al.
    Nordregio.
    Tapia, Carlos
    Nordregio.
    Sánchez Gassen, Nora
    Nordregio.
    Lundgren, Anna
    Nordregio.
    Just Green Transition – key concepts and implications in the Nordic Region2022Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This discussion paper is a based on a literature review of the just green transition in a Nordic, European and OECD setting, via the lens of three interrelated dimensions within this concept: transition, green economy and social justice. The discussion paper starts by outlining the aim and the guiding questions. There then follows a section presenting the research methods and sources of material. Section 4 presents a review of the concepts transition, green economy and social justice, along with an overview of the overarching concept of the just green transition. This is followed by a discussion of its key implications in the Nordic Region. The section concludes with proposals for working definitions of concepts for the NJUST project.

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  • 23.
    Copus, Andrew
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Randall, Linda
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Social innovation in local development: Lessons from the Nordic countries and Scotland2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents background research on the work carried out by Nordregio in the project “Social Innovation in Local Development in the Nordic Countries and Scotland”, which was commissioned by the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Working Group on Demography and Welfare. The main objectives of the project were to investigate the concept of social innovation in relation to local and rural development, study the governance context in social innovation in rural areas in the Nordics and Scotland, conduct case studies in rural areas in all the Nordic countries and Scotland, as well as study the existing support systems for social innovation in particular in rural areas. The case studies are summarised in a separate document and on the project’s website.

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  • 24.
    Davidse, Bart Jan
    et al.
    HafenCity University Hamburg.
    Othengrafen, Meike
    HafenCity University Hamburg.
    Deppisch, Sonja
    HafenCity University Hamburg.
    Spatial planning practices of adapting to climate change2015Inngår i: European Journal of Spatial Development, E-ISSN 1650-9544, nr 57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although spatial planning is considered as crucial for climate change adaption, e.g. in the EU White Paper on Adaptation, there are uncertainties regarding the role of adaptation strategies in spatial planning practices. In this paper the potential role of spatial planning for climate change adaption is investigated by distinguishing between two adaptation strategies: avoidance and minimisation. A case study in Stockholm, Sweden, serves to analyse the implementation of these ways of adaptation in the strategic and detailed planning stages. Spatial planning documents reveal a mix of avoidance and minimisation strategies. Expert interviews were used for further analyses of the spatial planning processes around these documents. It was found that minimisation measures prevail, and that only under extraordinary circumstances, avoidance measures could be implemented. A conclusion is that a more prominent focus on avoidance measures is needed to utilise the full potential of spatial planning and to ensure more robust adaptation measures. In order to achieve this, a normative adaption hierarchy is proposed as a guiding spatial planning principle in decision making about adaptation to the effects of climate change.

  • 25.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Aslı
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Langlais, Richard
    Larsson, Veronique
    City-region planning for everyday life: Experiences from four Nordic city-regions2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Whether cities can provide a high quality of life for their inhabitants is an increasingly pressing question, especially in the light of rapid urbanization and climate change. However, recent research from four Nordic city-regions —which include Malmö, Stavanger, Aalborg and Tampere, and the areas around them—shows that detailed knowledge about inhabitants—permanent, temporary, new, multi-generational, or otherwise—in every part and subset of the city-region is lacking in spatial planning. If knowledge about the lives of those living in the city-regions is insufficient, then, how can specific spatial structures for a city-region be proposed as responses to different sustainability chal­lenges?

    As a response, this policy brief proposes that, city-region planners should adopt Everyday Life Theory, (1) to influence everyday life practices in support of city-region sustainability; and (2) to better connect spatial structure/ urban form with existing sustainability challenges. By adopting Everyday Life Theory, we mean that planning should be based on empirical knowledge about the needs and experiences of different groups of people in relation to four different dimensions: employment, housing provision, mobility and social reproduction.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 26.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Reardon, Mitchell
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Supporting Inclusion: Steps to Resolve Poverty and Social Exclusion in one of Stockholm’s Most Diverse Municipalities2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Europe is currently dealing with a major influx of migrants and refugees. Every week, thousands of people are risking their lives for the opportunity to create a better future in Europe, notably in Germany and Sweden. Immigration is only the first challenge however. Once basic needs have been addressed, the arguably greater challenge of integration begins. This Nordregio policy brief presents a new way of measuring segregation – the diversity index – and outlines key steps that Botkyrka, a highly diverse municipality in the Stockholm County, has taken to alleviate Poverty and Social Exclusion, which could be instructive to municipalities across Europe, as they work to integrate new residents.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 27.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Aslı
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Weber, Ryan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Smas, Lukas
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Larsson, Veronique
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Green growth and spatial planning in the Nordic city regions2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
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  • 28.
    Ek, Simon
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Skedinger, Per
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) and Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies, Linnaeus University Växjö.
    Wage policies and the integration of immigrants2019Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Most Nordic countries struggle to integrate low-skilled immigrants. High wage floors increase the risk of adverse employment effects for this group, as employers may not find it profitable to hire them. Reductions to the minimum wage could improve labour market prospects for low-skilled immigrants, but in order to have discernible effects, such cuts would need to be significant in scale. Targeted reductions in the minimum wage for new, previously non-existing jobs, along with increased differentiation of minimum wages, may provide an appropriate balance between the conflicting goals of high employment and low wage inequality. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

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  • 29. Finnsson, Páll Tómas
    Housing markets and housing policy in the Nordics2021Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Economic Policy Review (NEPR) is an annual publication presenting some of the latest and cutting-edge research into selected topics of economic policy. This publication provides a short summary of the five NEPR 2021 articles, which seek to answer the following questions:André Anundsen: What is the prevalence of house price bubbles in the Nordics?Erlend Eide Bø: Do buy-to-let investments lead to higher housing prices?Mats Bergman and Sten Nyberg: What explains the large increase in the relative cost of construction?Niku Määttänen: How can housing taxation improve social welfare?Essi Eerola: How do Nordic housing policies affect affordability and integration?

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  • 30.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Smas, Lukas
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordregio News 2 2015: Tensions in Nordic urban planning2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Urbanisation is strong in the Nordic countries, with people and capital being concentrated into growing, expanding city regions. These urbanisation processes of concentration and expansion, and explosion and implosion are challenging traditional forms of planning and creating tensions within current planning systems and procedures, along with new forms of urban governance and policies in a number of ways. In the current age of austerity, there is an increased interest and need in finding new solutions and alternatives to provide housing, offices and other services to the new citizens. In addition and in parallel to this, in postpolitical Europe, there is also an increased emphasis on citizen engagement and public participation because of the perceived gap between politics and people’s everyday lives. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Nordregio news 2015 2
  • 31.
    Geissler, Jean-Baptiste
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Vecchio, Giovanni
    Politecnico di Milano.
    The construction of a tradingzone as political strategy: a review of London Infrastructure Plan 20502017Inngår i: European Journal of Spatial Development, E-ISSN 1650-9544, Vol. 64, s. 1-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent London Infrastructure Plan 2050 appears as an attempt for coming up with innovative answers to infrastructure issues, aiming at providing new spaces where different actors can collaborate, defining adequate visions and governance bodies. Our hypothesis is that the plan can be interpreted through the relevant and yet ambiguous concept of ‘trading zone’, which highlights the setting up of new spaces for confrontation but also shows their use as political vehicles to advocate for increased powers and resources. To investigate the issue, the paper reviews the literature on the concept of trading zone in order to discuss in this perspective the London Infrastructure Plan planning process. The analysis is developed as follows: after a theoretical discussion of trading zones and their relationship with infrastructure planning processes, two significant aspects of the London Infrastructure Plan are examined: the stakeholders’ engagement required by strategic planning processes, and the ongoing planning processes of London, influenced by the Localism agenda. Consequently, the London Infrastructure Plan 2050 is described and reviewed in the light of its political strategic meaning, providing a discussion of its vision, contents and planning process. The analysis uses and rediscusses the concept of trading zone by observing how local authorities may use planning processes to strategically position themselves and influence the complex governance of infrastructure planning.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Refereed_64_Geissler(2017)
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  • 32.
    Giacometti, Alberto
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Cuadrado, Alex
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Skills supply and governance in the Bothnian Arc cross-border region2020Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the state of play of skills supply and demand in the Bothnian Arc cross-border region. Empirical evidence is gathered to shed light on some of the reasons behind the present and future challenges in meeting the demand for skills supply. The empirical evidence also pinpoints key types of mismatch between supply and demand and in which areas. The research investigates the different roles of education providers, employers, and a range of other regional actors in skills development and governance. Finally, specific attention was put on analysing the potential for cross-border labour mobility in closing some of the skills gaps in the labour markets across the Finnish-Swedish border.

    This study builds on previous research carried out by Nordic Thematic Group on Innovative and Resilient Regions 2017 - 2020 established by the Nordic Council of Ministers. 

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  • 33.
    Giacometti, Alberto
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Salonen, Hilma
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Championing Sustainable Construction Using Timber In The Baltic Sea Region2023Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Timber construction can radically cut carbon emissions. The construction sector is accountable for c. 40% of global emissions, a third of which comes from the production of building materials. Replacing concrete and steel with timber offers a huge opportunity to reach the carbon neutrality goals. Nordic and Baltic countries have a unique advantage in leading the way, given the vast forest resources available, a long legacy of the forestry industry and wood building, the in-built industrial capacity, and the well-functioning and interlinked supply chains across the Baltic Sea Region (BSR). Yet, decisive policy measures are needed to overcome technical, regulatory, and cultural obstacles. Challenging the status quo and creating a market shift demands holistic and collaborative approaches that can enable systemic change, as well as targeted measures to navigate through country-specific obstacles. 

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  • 34.
    Giacometti, Alberto
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Salonen, Hilma
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Innovation Dynamics in Multi-storey-Wood Construction in Sweden and Finland2023Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid developments in wood-construction and the huge expectation built around the potential of ‘greening’ the construction sector by replacing concrete and steel with wood provide our empirical ground to study the drivers of innovation.

    This publication provides the results of a case study on the construction sector transformation process triggered by the emergence of wood-based construction in Sweden and Finland, particularly of multi-storey buildings. We especially aim at reconstructing the micro-processes leading to innovations and breakthroughs in the market. Interviews with a variety of stakeholders have contributed to a reconstruction of a historical overview of some of the main events and drivers decisive for the industry’s development, from far past industrial and policy-driven steppingstones to more recent developments. In our analysis, we zoom into the more granular microprocesses that become evident when examining the interactions between actors within and beyond their formal roles.

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  • 35.
    Giacometti, Alberto
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Regional Economic and Social Resilience: An Exploratory In-Depth Study in the Nordic Countries2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    How capable are local and regional economies of recovering from global and local shocks and threats and ensure resilient long-term development paths?

    Answering this question was the challenge of the Nordic Thematic Group on Innovative and Resilient regions, set by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

    Thus, from 2017 to 2018, an exploratory in-depth study was conducted on economic and social resilience in the Nordic regions.

    The empirical research included a close examination of a variety of threats as well as factors driving resilience in regions in all five Nordic Countries.

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    Nordregio Report 2019:2 Resilience
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  • 36.
    Giacometti, Alberto
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Wøien Meijer, Mari
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Closed borders and divided communities: status report and lessons from Covid-19 in cross-border areas2021Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The situation that has unfolded due to the COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the fragility of Nordic co-operation. In this status report, we look at the situation in border communities following the closing of the border, and what this may tell us about the state of Nordic co-operation – Vision 2030 for which includes integration.

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  • 37.
    Granath Hansson, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Guðmundsdóttir, Hjördís
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Remote Work in Smaller Towns: Possibilities and uncertainties2024Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Has remote work post-pandemic expanded the influence of Nordic capitals on surrounding towns? Through case studies in five Nordic towns, the report focused on how remote work opportunities influence small-town attractiveness, population retention, and planning strategies. It explores the effects on populations, urban-rural landscapes, and planning needs.

    The findings reveal a shift in population dynamics, with people moving from capitals to smaller towns, leveraging remote work's flexibility. This shift presents opportunities and challenges for regional development, highlighting the need for further research to navigate the complexities of remote work's long-term implications. Despite remote work becoming common, the study found little proof that remote work opportunities have made these towns more attractive. 

    Remote or hybrid work can attract new populations and highly qualified personnel, enhancing towns' attractiveness without necessarily increasing the population. Ongoing research is needed to fully understand remote work's potential and inform policy and planning to attract new residents and visitors.

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  • 38. Gravers Skygebjerg, Jan
    et al.
    Nybro Hansen, Troels
    Madsen, Peter
    von Bahr, Emelie
    Distributional Impacts of environmental and energy taxes2020Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    To support the green transition, the use of green taxation might increase in the coming years. Public support of such policy interventions will among other things depend on the distributional impacts of the regulation. Increased green taxation can result in unwanted distributional impacts in the economy at large because environmental taxation tends to make up a larger share of the disposable income of low-income families. This study investigates current guides and practices in the Nordic countries on how the distributional effects from environmental taxation are analyzed and incorporated into the policy design. This is combined with research findings on the distributional effects of environmental taxation and possible mitigating actions. The study indicates that the Nordic countries could benefit from better integration of mitigating strategies between agencies.

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  • 39.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Ström Hildestrand, Åsa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Oliveira e Costa, Sandra
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Huerta Morales, Alberto
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    From migrants to workers: Regional and local practices on integration of labour migrants and refugees in rural areas in the Nordic countries2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The increase in immigration has been especially large since 2000 driven in part by several expansions of the European Union. At the same time, some of the Nordic countries have been the destination of large numbers of asylum seekers and refugees. While there has been increased immigration into the Nordic countries, there has been also population decline and rapid population ageing in the remote rural regions, outside of the large urban centres. This publication reports on the outcomes of a project which addresses regional and local practices on integration of labour migrants and refugees in six rural areas across the Nordic countries. The project was commissioned by the Nordic Working Group on Demography and Welfare under the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Committee of Senior Officials for Regional Policy, and carried out by Nordregio.

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  • 40.
    Grunfelder, Julien
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Lidmo, Johannes
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Huynh, Diana
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Transit-oriented development in the Greater Copenhagen Region: Insights from small- and medium-sized cities2020Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    How can an enhanced understanding of transit-oriented development (TOD) characteristics and mobility planning in small- and medium-sized (SMS) cities contribute to a more integrated Greater Copenhagen Region? Also, what are the multi-functional roles and potentials for the development of areas surrounding railway stations in small- and medium-sized cities from a planning and design perspective? 

    Answering these questions is the main purpose of this study that has been conducted by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic thematic group for sustainable cities and urban development 2017– 2020 and its cross-border member Greater Copenhagen Region (GCR). It explores the concept of TOD, accessibility by train, as well as TOD-characteristics and mobility planning in the context of the GCR. This cross-border region is composed of four administrative regions: the Capital Region of Denmark (Hovedstaden) and Region Zealand on the Danish side, and Region Skåne and Region Halland on the Swedish side of the Öresund strait. 

    This study is based on desk research, accessibility mapping, and semi-structured interviews in four selected municipalities (Lejre and Ringsted in Denmark and Höör and Landskrona in Sweden). Our research describes how accessible these four cases are within a local, regional and cross-border context. A particular focus is on the past, present and future plans in the station vicinity areas in order to highlight planning and design specificities of transit-oriented developments. 

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  • 41.
    Grunfelder, Julien
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Norlén, Gustaf
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Wøien, Mari
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    The value of high-speed trains in intermediate regions: a cross-border perspective along the Oslo-Stockholm corridor2019Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This policy brief examines how small and medium-sized (SMS) cities can benefit from the introduction of a high-speed train connection. Our results indicate that such transport infrastructure projects might not be the best fit for all SMS cities, even though they can contribute to local urban developments, especially in medium-sized cities.

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  • 42.
    Guðmundsdóttir, Hjördís
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Brynteson, Maja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Jessen , Sigrid
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Should I stay or should I go? Early career mobility and migration drivers2023Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Where do young people wish to settle down, and why? Recent data show a high level of internal migration among young adults in the Nordic region, with a striking differences in migration intensities between people in their 20s compared to people in their 30s. Exploring current trends in mobility is vital for regional integration and prosperity, planning provisions and projections. The attraction of young individuals from urban areas and university towns to non-metropolitan regions is an important source of economic growth for many regions. 

    The review of young people's mobility behaviour in the early career stage in the Nordic countries highlights that migration decisions are influenced by a set of various push and pull factors, working simultaneously. It is important to understand the background of the mover, where the behavior of the mover is impacted by educational background and industrial specialisation, geographical origin, gender, income-level and civic status. 

    Learning more about current migration drivers and migration aspirations of the early career cohorts in the Nordic countries will help policymakers to shape the future of Nordic labour markets and better prepare the future labour supply and demands in rural areas. This working paper present the main findings from previous studies on migration drivers and will serve as a baseline for the data collection on migration history and migration aspirations of young people in the Nordic countries. 

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  • 43.
    Gärdegård, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens Velfærdscenter (NVC).
    Hadnagy, JuditNordiska ministerrådet, Nordens Velfærdscenter (NVC).
    School - a basis for successful inclusion: Newly arrived children and young people in the Nordic countries2018Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Between 2011 and 2016, nearly 200 000 children and young people arrived in the Nordic countries as asylum seekers, either unaccompanied or with their families. The most important platform for inclusion and integration of newly arrived children and young people is school.

    We know from research that completing primary education is the single most important protective factor for a number of social problems, regardless of a family’s socioeconomic background. There are many young people in the Nordic countries today who have not completed secondary education or vocational training; their employment prospects are significantly impaired, and they are at greater risk of social exclusion.

    Newly arrived children and young people must have the same opportunities as their peers to become established in the employment market in the future, to earn a steady income and play an active part in society. There is every reason, therefore, to mobilise and to study what has been learned from research and practical experience to see how we can create suitable conditions for learning and inclusion in school.

    In this publication we have interviewed researchers and practitioners with extensive experience and knowledge of this field. We hope that their experiences will provide inspiration and ideas to advance the important work that is being done now and in the future.

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  • 44.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    From Migrants to Workers: International migration trends in the Nordic countries2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is one of several outputs of a project called From Migrants to Workers: Immigrants’ Role in Local Labour Markets in the Nordic Region for the 2013–2016 Nordic Working Group on Demography and Welfare (Nordregio, 2016). This paper analyses data on recent migration flows into the Nordic countries. Another working paper analysed case studies of the process of integration in selected Nordic regions (Harbo, Heleniak, & Hildestrand, 2017). The paper also provides additional detail for the chapter on migration in the State of the Nordic Region 2018 report.

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  • 45.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordregio News 3 2016: Migration and integration2016Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The old age dependency rate is a ticking time bomb that threatens to blow the Nordic welfare model into pieces. Old age dependency rates are rising across the Nordic countries as in most parts of Europe. Due to a selective outmigration of young people towards the cities, the dependency rates are particularly high in rural municipalities, where access to healthcare services is one of the major issues. This issue of Nordregio News focuses on recent migration flows and the Nordic societies’ readiness to welcome the newcomers.

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  • 46.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Polar Peoples in the Future: Projections of the Arctic Population2020Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This executive summary examines the projected size, composition and geographic distribution of the population of the Arctic in the future, by examining the population projections carried out by the national and regional statistical offices in each of the Arctic regions.

     

    The executive summary is based on the Nordregio Working Paper, Polar Peoples in the Future: Projections of the Arctic Populations.

     

    Population projections are an input into population policy and are used by policymakers for a variety of planning purposes. Policymakers operating at different levels in the Arctic region should be aware of these population trends and able to plan for them.

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  • 47.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Polar Peoples in the Future: Projections of the Arctic Populations2020Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Projections of the future size, composition and distribution of the populations of the Arctic states and regions are useful for policymakers for planning purposes. This paper presents and analyses the most recent population projections undertaken for the Arctic states and regions. Global population growth is projected to continue rising, from the current total of 7.4 billion to 10 billion in 2055. The population of the Arctic, as defined here, is predicted to change little, with a projected population increase of just 1%. However, there will be considerable variation in growth rates among the Arctic regions. Among the Arctic regions of Alaska, Yukon, Nunavut, Iceland, Troms, Khanty-Mansiy okrug and Chukotka, substantial population increases are projected, amounting to more than 10% over the projection period specified for each. Nordland, Finnmark, Pohjoil-Pohjanmaa (North Ostrobothnia) and Nenets autonomous okrug are projected to experience a more modest rate of growth of between 5% and 10%. The population of the Northwest Territories, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, Västerbotten, Norrbotten, Lappi, Yamal-Nenets okrug, Yakutia and Kamchatka oblast are projected to remain roughly the same, neither growing nor declining by more than 5%. Kainuu in Finland, Karelia, Komi, Arkhangel'sk, Murmansk, and Magadan in Russia are projected to undergo reductions in population of more than 5% each. Common trends identified for nearly all Arctic regions in the future are aging populations, more balanced gender ratios between men and women, increased concentrations of population within larger urban settlements, and the depopulation of smaller settlements.

    Research for this article is part of a project entitled Polar Peoples: Past, Present, and Future. This is supported by a grant from the U. S. National Science Foundation, Arctic Social Sciences Program (award number PLR-1418272). I would like to thank Olivia Napper, graduate student in the Department of Geography at George Washington University, for creating the maps in this paper and for other research assistance. This project also received funding from the Nunataryuk project which was funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 773421.

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  • 48.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Oliveira e Costa, Sandra
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    From migrants to workers: Immigration and integration at the local level in the Nordic countries2016Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1990, the population of the Nordic countries has grown by 15 percent up to 26.5 million people, mainly due to immigration from abroad. Still many Nordic municipalities struggle with declining and ageing populations, and labour shortages. In this extended policy brief, Nordregio compares the process of integration of labour migrants and refugees into local communities and labour markets in five rural and rather remote Nordic regions, and the Faroe Islands. The aim has been to identify both good practices and barriers to successful integration, and to understand the roles of labour migrants and refugees in these local labour markets. Nordregio has conducted the research on commission by the Nordic Working Group on Demography and Welfare.

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  • 49.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Sanchez Gassen, Nora
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Scenarios for 2015-2080: The impact of migration on population and ageing2016Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    One possible policy option for countries concernedabout declining or aging populations is replacementmigration – allowing or even encouraginginternational migration in order to counteract declineand aging of native populations. In the pasttwo decades, net international migration into theNordic region has been a much larger contributorto population growth than natural increase. Thispolicy brief explores the likely demographic contributionof migration to population growth in theNordic countries in the future and the extent that itcould compensate for population decline or aging.

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  • 50.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Sanchez Gassen, Nora
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    The Nordic Population 2040: – Analysis of past and future demographic trends2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is one output of the 2017 to 2020 NordicThematic Group for Sustainable Rural Development. The purpose of this project is to provide policy makers at the national, regional, and municipallevels an idea of what the size, composition, andgeographic distribution of the rural populations inthe Nordic countries might look like in 2040. It doesthis by compiling the population projections doneby the national statistical offices of the Nordiccountries to examine the size, regional concentration, age distribution, and other characteristics ofthe rural populations in the Nordic countries in thefuture. The future size of the both the urban andrural populations are examined to provide contextfor the expected population trends in rural areas.A separate policy brief is available which summarizes the key findings.

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1234 1 - 50 of 164
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