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  • 1.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nilsson, Kjell
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tunström, Moa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Asli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Oliveira e Costa, Sandra
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Johnsen, Ingrid H G
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Grunfelder, Julien
    Kristensen, Iryna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Randall, Linda
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Smas, Lukas
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Weber, Ryan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    White Paper on Nordic Sustainable Cities2017Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid urbanisation is one of today’s biggest global challenges. Nordic Sustainable Cities is a flagship project under the Nordic Prime Ministers’ initiative Nordic Solutions to Global Challenges that seeks to shed light on this challenge from a Nordic perspective.

    The White Paper on Nordic Sustainable Cities develops a narrative to describe the “Nordic Sustainable City”. It forms a basis for the knowledge sharing effort that will be carried out by Nordic Innovation, Nordregio’s sister institution under the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2018. This work aims to export Nordic stories as a means of branding the Nordic Region and contributing to global efforts towards urban sustainability.

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  • 2.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    Stockholm University.
    Active labour-market policies and newly arrived immigrants2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    All of the Nordic countries have similar introduction programmes for newly arrived refugees and family migrants. Greater attention is now being paid to the question of which type of activities works best for this group. The programmes typically include language training, courses in civic orientation and activities related to the labour market. Previous research indicates that subsidised private-sector employment is the most effective form of labour-market programme and that there is potential for increasing its use among immigrants. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

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  • 3.
    Annala, Kaisu
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordic working group for green growth – innovation and entrepreneurship 2013-2016 Synthesis report2017 (uppl. 2)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis report summarizes the work done by the Nordic Working Group during their four-year mandate period and puts it in a broader European and international context. The report focuses on the role and relevance of the regional level and regional players in promoting green growth in the Nordic countries and internationally and gives policy recommendations on how the Nordic regions can benefit from enhanced cooperation on green growth activities. The report focuses on two central areas of green growth: bioeconomy and industrial symbiosis. It analyses the key global drivers for green growth in these areas and positions the Nordic regional green growth - its strengths and weaknesses - against these global drivers.

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    Synthesis report on Nordic Green Growth: Innovation and Entrepreneurship
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  • 4.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Ole Rasmussen, Rasmus
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Wang, Shinan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Norlén, Gustaf
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordic-Baltic Demographic Vulnerability Assessment at municipal level2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Across the world people are moving nationally from rural areas to bigger towns and cities, and within the European Union, people are also increasingly moving between countries. While migration in the Nordic countries has exceeded natural population increase as the most prominent driver of population growth, the Baltic countries have experienced significant out-migration in the latest decades. However, migration is only one of several demographic challenges that affect the demographic structure in municipalities and regions. Ageing of the population is another key challenge; in some places emphasised by out-migration of people in age groups being active in the labour force. Life-expectancy has steadily increased and together with the decrease in birth and death rates, people are living longer while the number of children is declining. Retirement age, the age when people exit the labour force, has not changed parallel with the increasing life expectancy and thus adds to the increased proportion of non-productive elderly citizens. These changes in the composition of the population will increasingly affect vital societal parameters such as the labour supply and the dependency burden, and eventually the ability to provide sufficient social services at municipal level.

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  • 5.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perspectives on labour mobility in the Nordic-Baltic region: Mobility trends between the Baltic and Nordic states and different national policy approaches to the increased mobility in the macro-region2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication is one outcome of a project on labour mobility between the Nordic-Baltic countries: “Enhanced Nordic-Baltic co-operation on challenges of labour mobility in the Nordic-Baltic region” that the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Offi ce in Lithuania led during 2014-2016 in co-operation with the the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Offi ces in Estonia and Latvia, and Nordregio in Sweden. Th e overall objective of the project was to facilitate understanding and strengthen co-operation within the Nordic-Baltic region on labour mobility and demographic development across Nordic and Baltic municipalities and regions. Th e project is a follow-up of the initiative “Challenges of Migration in the Nordic-Baltic Region: Impact on National Labour Markets, Welfare State and Demographic Situation” implemented by the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Offi ces in the Baltic States in 2013. Among other activities realized within the framework of this 2014-2016 initiative are the following conferences: • Family and Migration in the Baltic-Nordic Region: Challenges and Solutions, Vilnius, 21 November 2014 • Labour Migration in the Nordic-Baltic Region: Trends of Labour Migration - Ready for Changes? Tallinn, 27 March 2015 For a full overview of the project and related publications, please see Nordregio’s website: www.nordregio.se/BLAM

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  • 6.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Huerta Morales, Alberto
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Bioenergy Development in Finland and Sweden: The cases of North Karelia, Jämtland, and Västernorrland2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This working paper looks into rural bioenergy development in Finland and Sweden.The first chapter provides insight into bioenergy development in North Karelia in Finland. It aims at identifying the enabling factors behind the relatively successful local bioenergy development and considers how the bioenergy development has impacted sustainable local and regional development in North Karelia. The working paper is based on desk studies and interviews conducted with stakeholders in North Karelia in 2016.The second chapter provides insight into bioenergy development in Jämtland region, Sweden. It highlights the key drivers as well as factors impeding bioenergy development, the key actors involved and bioenergy embeddedness in the community. The chapter is based on desk studies and interviews conducted in 2015.The third chapter provides insight into bioenergy development in Västernorrland region, Sweden. It highlights the key drivers as well as factors impeding bioenergy development, the key actors involved and bioenergy embeddedness in the community. The chapter is based on desk studies and interviews conducted in 2015–2016.This working paper is one of the outputs of the TRIBORN project: Triple Bottom Line Outcomes for Bioenergy Development and Innovation in Rural Norway. The project investigates how to increase the production of bioenergy in ways that promote sustainable rural development understood as positive economic, social and environmental outcomes. The Working Paper provided valuable input into the development of the Policy recommendations on Bioenergy and rural development in Europe (Nord­regio Policy Brief 2017:3).The TRIBORN (Securing triple bottom line outcomes from bioenergy development and innovation in rural Norway, project no 233640/E50) is a research project funded by the Research Council of Norway (2014-2017). Read more about the TRIBORN Project here: http://www.nibio.no/prosjekter/triborn

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  • 7.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Industrial Symbiosis: A key driver of Green Growth in Nordic Regions?2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial symbiosis (IS) is all about saving money and reducing consumption by working together to maximise the outputs that can be generated from resources. It is one approach to realising a circular economy and achieving green growth. Through symbiotic activities between organisations, IS promotes sustainable resource use, minimises the input of materials and simultaneously eliminates waste. This policy brief presents five IS case studies from across the Nordic Region followed by a series of policy recommendations based on good practice in Nordic countries.

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  • 8.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Norlén, Gustaf
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Social service innovation in rural areas – a user involvement guide2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    High-quality service provision in rural areas is becoming increasingly difficult due to social and demographic challenges, exacerbated by welfare cuts. Members of disadvantaged groups, such as the long-term unemployed, migrants and people with disabilities, may be particularly affected by shrinking social services as they often lack the resources to influence or compensate for this loss. How can user involvement in service design and delivery contribute to addressing these challenges? What is needed to make service-user involvement work? This policy brief, based on the learnings from the SEMPRE project financed by the Interreg BalticSea Region Programme, gives an introduction to a user guide that has been developed to empower disadvantaged groups in rural areas.

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    Nordregio PB 2019:2
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  • 9.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Randall, Linda
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Governing the Digital Transition in the Nordic Regions2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic countries are often positioned as digital front-runners in the European and global contexts. Digitalisation is changing the nature of business, jobs and provision of public services. Rapid digitalisation and technological change require governments and organisations to introduce proactive measures to embrace new digitalisation opportunities. How to create an enabling environment for digital transformation at the local, regional, national and Nordic levels?

    This policy brief explores the local and regional dimension of digital transformation. It examines the opportunities and challenges that Nordic regions are facing related to digitalisation and highlights some lessons learned from five Nordic regions implementing digitalisation agendas. It also sets out key recommendations for creating an enabling environment for digitalisation work at different governance levels. This research is part of the work of the Nordic Thematic Group on Innovative and Resilient Regions established by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

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    Nordregio PB 2018 8 digitalisation
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  • 10.
    Bratsberg, Bernt
    et al.
    Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research.
    Raaum, Oddbjørn
    Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research.
    Røed, Knut
    Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research.
    Immigration and social insurance design2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    We point out two reasons why policy-makers may consider redesigning social insurance systems in the light of increasing migration flows. First, immigrant labour supply is particularly sensitive to social insurance parameters. Second, employers and migrants may benefit from the creation of low-paying jobs, which means that generous benefits may affect both the level of immigration and its composition. Still, we do not recommend a reduction in the level of benefits or the imposition of tighter regulations on migration. Instead, we call for a more activity-oriented social insurance policy. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

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  • 11.
    Böhlmark, Anders
    Stockholm University.
    Education policies for adolescent immigrants2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescent immigrants in Nordic school systems face particular challenges that may negatively influence their labour-market prospects. There has been little research into the effectiveness of interventions targeting this group. Nonetheless, there is convincing evidence that certain educational practices benefit disadvantaged students, and it is likely that some of these findings are also applicable to immigrant students. Important measures in this area include study support and guidance. Alternative paths to employment are further suggested for individuals who have difficulties qualifying for and finishing regular high school study programmes. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

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  • 12.
    Calmfors, Lars
    Stockholm University.
    Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets: An Overall Perspective2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The four large Nordic countries face similar problems when it comes to integrating large groups of immigrants into their labour markets, especially non-EU immigrants with low levels of education. The report Integrating Immigrants into the Nordic Labour Markets analyses how to promote the integration of such groups. Here we present the background to the volume, summarise the main findings and offer policy recommendations. One key conclusion is that no single policy will suffice. A combination of education policies, active labour-market measures, social benefit and wage policies is needed. The precise policy mix must be based on an evaluation of the trade-offs with other policy objectives. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

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  • 13.
    Copus, Andrew
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Randall, Linda
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Social innovation in local development: Lessons from the Nordic countries and Scotland2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents background research on the work carried out by Nordregio in the project “Social Innovation in Local Development in the Nordic Countries and Scotland”, which was commissioned by the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Working Group on Demography and Welfare. The main objectives of the project were to investigate the concept of social innovation in relation to local and rural development, study the governance context in social innovation in rural areas in the Nordics and Scotland, conduct case studies in rural areas in all the Nordic countries and Scotland, as well as study the existing support systems for social innovation in particular in rural areas. The case studies are summarised in a separate document and on the project’s website.

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  • 14.
    Davidse, Bart Jan
    et al.
    HafenCity University Hamburg.
    Othengrafen, Meike
    HafenCity University Hamburg.
    Deppisch, Sonja
    HafenCity University Hamburg.
    Spatial planning practices of adapting to climate change2015Ingår i: European Journal of Spatial Development, ISSN 1650-9544, nr 57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although spatial planning is considered as crucial for climate change adaption, e.g. in the EU White Paper on Adaptation, there are uncertainties regarding the role of adaptation strategies in spatial planning practices. In this paper the potential role of spatial planning for climate change adaption is investigated by distinguishing between two adaptation strategies: avoidance and minimisation. A case study in Stockholm, Sweden, serves to analyse the implementation of these ways of adaptation in the strategic and detailed planning stages. Spatial planning documents reveal a mix of avoidance and minimisation strategies. Expert interviews were used for further analyses of the spatial planning processes around these documents. It was found that minimisation measures prevail, and that only under extraordinary circumstances, avoidance measures could be implemented. A conclusion is that a more prominent focus on avoidance measures is needed to utilise the full potential of spatial planning and to ensure more robust adaptation measures. In order to achieve this, a normative adaption hierarchy is proposed as a guiding spatial planning principle in decision making about adaptation to the effects of climate change.

  • 15.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Aslı
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Langlais, Richard
    Larsson, Veronique
    City-region planning for everyday life: Experiences from four Nordic city-regions2015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Whether cities can provide a high quality of life for their inhabitants is an increasingly pressing question, especially in the light of rapid urbanization and climate change. However, recent research from four Nordic city-regions —which include Malmö, Stavanger, Aalborg and Tampere, and the areas around them—shows that detailed knowledge about inhabitants—permanent, temporary, new, multi-generational, or otherwise—in every part and subset of the city-region is lacking in spatial planning. If knowledge about the lives of those living in the city-regions is insufficient, then, how can specific spatial structures for a city-region be proposed as responses to different sustainability chal­lenges?

    As a response, this policy brief proposes that, city-region planners should adopt Everyday Life Theory, (1) to influence everyday life practices in support of city-region sustainability; and (2) to better connect spatial structure/ urban form with existing sustainability challenges. By adopting Everyday Life Theory, we mean that planning should be based on empirical knowledge about the needs and experiences of different groups of people in relation to four different dimensions: employment, housing provision, mobility and social reproduction.

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  • 16.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Reardon, Mitchell
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Supporting Inclusion: Steps to Resolve Poverty and Social Exclusion in one of Stockholm’s Most Diverse Municipalities2015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Europe is currently dealing with a major influx of migrants and refugees. Every week, thousands of people are risking their lives for the opportunity to create a better future in Europe, notably in Germany and Sweden. Immigration is only the first challenge however. Once basic needs have been addressed, the arguably greater challenge of integration begins. This Nordregio policy brief presents a new way of measuring segregation – the diversity index – and outlines key steps that Botkyrka, a highly diverse municipality in the Stockholm County, has taken to alleviate Poverty and Social Exclusion, which could be instructive to municipalities across Europe, as they work to integrate new residents.

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  • 17.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Aslı
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Weber, Ryan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Smas, Lukas
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Larsson, Veronique
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Green growth and spatial planning in the Nordic city regions2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 18.
    Ek, Simon
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Skedinger, Per
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) and Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies, Linnaeus University Växjö.
    Wage policies and the integration of immigrants2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Most Nordic countries struggle to integrate low-skilled immigrants. High wage floors increase the risk of adverse employment effects for this group, as employers may not find it profitable to hire them. Reductions to the minimum wage could improve labour market prospects for low-skilled immigrants, but in order to have discernible effects, such cuts would need to be significant in scale. Targeted reductions in the minimum wage for new, previously non-existing jobs, along with increased differentiation of minimum wages, may provide an appropriate balance between the conflicting goals of high employment and low wage inequality. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

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  • 19.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Smas, Lukas
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordregio News 2 2015: Tensions in Nordic urban planning2015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Urbanisation is strong in the Nordic countries, with people and capital being concentrated into growing, expanding city regions. These urbanisation processes of concentration and expansion, and explosion and implosion are challenging traditional forms of planning and creating tensions within current planning systems and procedures, along with new forms of urban governance and policies in a number of ways. In the current age of austerity, there is an increased interest and need in finding new solutions and alternatives to provide housing, offices and other services to the new citizens. In addition and in parallel to this, in postpolitical Europe, there is also an increased emphasis on citizen engagement and public participation because of the perceived gap between politics and people’s everyday lives. 

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    Nordregio news 2015 2
  • 20.
    Geissler, Jean-Baptiste
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Vecchio, Giovanni
    Politecnico di Milano.
    The construction of a tradingzone as political strategy: a review of London Infrastructure Plan 20502017Ingår i: European Journal of Spatial Development, ISSN 1650-9544, E-ISSN 1650-9544, Vol. 64, s. 1-22Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent London Infrastructure Plan 2050 appears as an attempt for coming up with innovative answers to infrastructure issues, aiming at providing new spaces where different actors can collaborate, defining adequate visions and governance bodies. Our hypothesis is that the plan can be interpreted through the relevant and yet ambiguous concept of ‘trading zone’, which highlights the setting up of new spaces for confrontation but also shows their use as political vehicles to advocate for increased powers and resources. To investigate the issue, the paper reviews the literature on the concept of trading zone in order to discuss in this perspective the London Infrastructure Plan planning process. The analysis is developed as follows: after a theoretical discussion of trading zones and their relationship with infrastructure planning processes, two significant aspects of the London Infrastructure Plan are examined: the stakeholders’ engagement required by strategic planning processes, and the ongoing planning processes of London, influenced by the Localism agenda. Consequently, the London Infrastructure Plan 2050 is described and reviewed in the light of its political strategic meaning, providing a discussion of its vision, contents and planning process. The analysis uses and rediscusses the concept of trading zone by observing how local authorities may use planning processes to strategically position themselves and influence the complex governance of infrastructure planning.

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    Refereed_64_Geissler(2017)
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  • 21.
    Giacometti, Alberto
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Regional Economic and Social Resilience: An Exploratory In-Depth Study in the Nordic Countries2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    How capable are local and regional economies of recovering from global and local shocks and threats and ensure resilient long-term development paths?

    Answering this question was the challenge of the Nordic Thematic Group on Innovative and Resilient regions, set by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

    Thus, from 2017 to 2018, an exploratory in-depth study was conducted on economic and social resilience in the Nordic regions.

    The empirical research included a close examination of a variety of threats as well as factors driving resilience in regions in all five Nordic Countries.

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    Nordregio Report 2019:2 Resilience
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  • 22.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Ström Hildestrand, Åsa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Oliveira e Costa, Sandra
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Huerta Morales, Alberto
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    From migrants to workers: Regional and local practices on integration of labour migrants and refugees in rural areas in the Nordic countries2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The increase in immigration has been especially large since 2000 driven in part by several expansions of the European Union. At the same time, some of the Nordic countries have been the destination of large numbers of asylum seekers and refugees. While there has been increased immigration into the Nordic countries, there has been also population decline and rapid population ageing in the remote rural regions, outside of the large urban centres. This publication reports on the outcomes of a project which addresses regional and local practices on integration of labour migrants and refugees in six rural areas across the Nordic countries. The project was commissioned by the Nordic Working Group on Demography and Welfare under the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Committee of Senior Officials for Regional Policy, and carried out by Nordregio.

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  • 23.
    Grunfelder, Julien
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Norlén, Gustaf
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Wøien, Mari
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    The value of high-speed trains in intermediate regions: a cross-border perspective along the Oslo-Stockholm corridor2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This policy brief examines how small and medium-sized (SMS) cities can benefit from the introduction of a high-speed train connection. Our results indicate that such transport infrastructure projects might not be the best fit for all SMS cities, even though they can contribute to local urban developments, especially in medium-sized cities.

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  • 24.
    Gärdegård, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Hadnagy, JuditNordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    School - a basis for successful inclusion: Newly arrived children and young people in the Nordic countries2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Between 2011 and 2016, nearly 200 000 children and young people arrived in the Nordic countries as asylum seekers, either unaccompanied or with their families. The most important platform for inclusion and integration of newly arrived children and young people is school.

    We know from research that completing primary education is the single most important protective factor for a number of social problems, regardless of a family’s socioeconomic background. There are many young people in the Nordic countries today who have not completed secondary education or vocational training; their employment prospects are significantly impaired, and they are at greater risk of social exclusion.

    Newly arrived children and young people must have the same opportunities as their peers to become established in the employment market in the future, to earn a steady income and play an active part in society. There is every reason, therefore, to mobilise and to study what has been learned from research and practical experience to see how we can create suitable conditions for learning and inclusion in school.

    In this publication we have interviewed researchers and practitioners with extensive experience and knowledge of this field. We hope that their experiences will provide inspiration and ideas to advance the important work that is being done now and in the future.

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  • 25.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    From Migrants to Workers: International migration trends in the Nordic countries2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is one of several outputs of a project called From Migrants to Workers: Immigrants’ Role in Local Labour Markets in the Nordic Region for the 2013–2016 Nordic Working Group on Demography and Welfare (Nordregio, 2016). This paper analyses data on recent migration flows into the Nordic countries. Another working paper analysed case studies of the process of integration in selected Nordic regions (Harbo, Heleniak, & Hildestrand, 2017). The paper also provides additional detail for the chapter on migration in the State of the Nordic Region 2018 report.

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  • 26.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordregio News 3 2016: Migration and integration2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The old age dependency rate is a ticking time bomb that threatens to blow the Nordic welfare model into pieces. Old age dependency rates are rising across the Nordic countries as in most parts of Europe. Due to a selective outmigration of young people towards the cities, the dependency rates are particularly high in rural municipalities, where access to healthcare services is one of the major issues. This issue of Nordregio News focuses on recent migration flows and the Nordic societies’ readiness to welcome the newcomers.

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  • 27.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Polar Peoples in the Future: Projections of the Arctic Population2020Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This executive summary examines the projected size, composition and geographic distribution of the population of the Arctic in the future, by examining the population projections carried out by the national and regional statistical offices in each of the Arctic regions.

     

    The executive summary is based on the Nordregio Working Paper, Polar Peoples in the Future: Projections of the Arctic Populations.

     

    Population projections are an input into population policy and are used by policymakers for a variety of planning purposes. Policymakers operating at different levels in the Arctic region should be aware of these population trends and able to plan for them.

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  • 28.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Polar Peoples in the Future: Projections of the Arctic Populations2020Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Projections of the future size, composition and distribution of the populations of the Arctic states and regions are useful for policymakers for planning purposes. This paper presents and analyses the most recent population projections undertaken for the Arctic states and regions. Global population growth is projected to continue rising, from the current total of 7.4 billion to 10 billion in 2055. The population of the Arctic, as defined here, is predicted to change little, with a projected population increase of just 1%. However, there will be considerable variation in growth rates among the Arctic regions. Among the Arctic regions of Alaska, Yukon, Nunavut, Iceland, Troms, Khanty-Mansiy okrug and Chukotka, substantial population increases are projected, amounting to more than 10% over the projection period specified for each. Nordland, Finnmark, Pohjoil-Pohjanmaa (North Ostrobothnia) and Nenets autonomous okrug are projected to experience a more modest rate of growth of between 5% and 10%. The population of the Northwest Territories, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, Västerbotten, Norrbotten, Lappi, Yamal-Nenets okrug, Yakutia and Kamchatka oblast are projected to remain roughly the same, neither growing nor declining by more than 5%. Kainuu in Finland, Karelia, Komi, Arkhangel'sk, Murmansk, and Magadan in Russia are projected to undergo reductions in population of more than 5% each. Common trends identified for nearly all Arctic regions in the future are aging populations, more balanced gender ratios between men and women, increased concentrations of population within larger urban settlements, and the depopulation of smaller settlements.

    Research for this article is part of a project entitled Polar Peoples: Past, Present, and Future. This is supported by a grant from the U. S. National Science Foundation, Arctic Social Sciences Program (award number PLR-1418272). I would like to thank Olivia Napper, graduate student in the Department of Geography at George Washington University, for creating the maps in this paper and for other research assistance. This project also received funding from the Nunataryuk project which was funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 773421.

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  • 29.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Oliveira e Costa, Sandra
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    From migrants to workers: Immigration and integration at the local level in the Nordic countries2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1990, the population of the Nordic countries has grown by 15 percent up to 26.5 million people, mainly due to immigration from abroad. Still many Nordic municipalities struggle with declining and ageing populations, and labour shortages. In this extended policy brief, Nordregio compares the process of integration of labour migrants and refugees into local communities and labour markets in five rural and rather remote Nordic regions, and the Faroe Islands. The aim has been to identify both good practices and barriers to successful integration, and to understand the roles of labour migrants and refugees in these local labour markets. Nordregio has conducted the research on commission by the Nordic Working Group on Demography and Welfare.

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  • 30.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Sanchez Gassen, Nora
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Scenarios for 2015-2080: The impact of migration on population and ageing2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    One possible policy option for countries concernedabout declining or aging populations is replacementmigration – allowing or even encouraginginternational migration in order to counteract declineand aging of native populations. In the pasttwo decades, net international migration into theNordic region has been a much larger contributorto population growth than natural increase. Thispolicy brief explores the likely demographic contributionof migration to population growth in theNordic countries in the future and the extent that itcould compensate for population decline or aging.

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  • 31.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Sanchez Gassen, Nora
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    The Nordic Population 2040: – Analysis of past and future demographic trends2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is one output of the 2017 to 2020 NordicThematic Group for Sustainable Rural Development. The purpose of this project is to provide policy makers at the national, regional, and municipallevels an idea of what the size, composition, andgeographic distribution of the rural populations inthe Nordic countries might look like in 2040. It doesthis by compiling the population projections doneby the national statistical offices of the Nordiccountries to examine the size, regional concentration, age distribution, and other characteristics ofthe rural populations in the Nordic countries in thefuture. The future size of the both the urban andrural populations are examined to provide contextfor the expected population trends in rural areas.A separate policy brief is available which summarizes the key findings.

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  • 32.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Sanchez Gaussen, Nora
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    The impact of migration on projected population trends in Denmark, Finland,Iceland, Norway and Sweden: 2015–20802016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    One possible policy option for countries concerned about declining or aging populations is replacement migration – allowing or even encouraging international migration in order to counteract decline and aging of native populations. In the past two decades, net international migration into the Nordic region has been a much larger contributor to population growth than natural increase. This policy brief explores the likely demographic contribution of migration to population growth in the Nordic countries in the future and the extent that it could compensate for population decline or aging.

    The population of a country grows or declines as a result of thecombination of two trends. One is natural increase, the difference between the number of births and deaths. A number of European countries have been experiencing ‘negative naturalincrease’ (i.e. more deaths than births) because women havehad fertility rates well below two children per woman and olderage structures. In recent decades, the Nordic countries have had positive natural increase as a result of having relatively higher fertility rates of just below two children per woman and relatively younger age structures.

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  • 33.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Sánchez Gassen, Nora
    THE NORDIC POPULATION IN 2040: Executive Summary2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is one output of the 2017 to 2020 Nordic Thematic Group for Sustainable Rural Development. The purpose of this project is to provide policy makers at the national, regional, and municipal levels an idea of what the size, composition, and geographic distribution of the rural populations in the Nordic countries might look like in 2040. It does this by compiling the population projections done by the national statistical offices of the Nordic countries to examine the size, regional concentration, age distribution, and other characteristics of the rural populations in the Nordic countries in the future. The future size of the both the urban and rural populations are examined to provide context for the expected population trends in rural areas.

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  • 34.
    Hörnström, Lisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Adapting to, or mitigating demographic change? National policies addressing demographic challenges in the Nordic countries2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic countries continue to experience the impact of the long term demographic trend of migration from rural areas and smaller communities to larger towns and cities. In addition, the share of the Nordic population aged over 65 is increasing. Ageing population is especially pronounced in areas outside the largest city-regions. Depopulation and having relatively fewer people in working age is expected to have a severe impact on many Nordic municipalities causing additional problems with the future provision of welfare services. In addition, these municipalities face challenges when it comes to accessing the labour force especially in the welfare sector. Moreover, while population decrease imposes particular challenges to rural and peripheral areas, the large city-regions in the Nordic countries are experiencing significant population growth, bringing an altogether different set of challenges.

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  • 35.
    Hörnström, Lisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Local development initiatives2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Urbanisering, rörlighet och åldrande befolkning präglar den demografiska utvecklingen i de nordiska länderna. Många kommuner och samhällen – särskilt de som ligger långt från större städer – påverkas starkt av dessa förändringar och står inför stora utmaningar när det gäller till exempel kompetensförsörjning och tillgång till både offentlig och privat service. De nordiska länderna delar dessa utmaningar och därför finns det ett stort intresse av att lära av varandra i Norden när det gäller hur utmaningarna ska hanteras.

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  • 36.
    Hörnström, Lisa
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordic ways of dealing with depopulation and ageing in rural and peripheral areas2015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
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  • 37.
    Hörnström, Lisa
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Aslı
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Schwenke Fors, Bjarge
    Scott, James
    Cross-border co-operation: - still an undeveloped potential? Nordregio News Issue 1 20152015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    In this issue of Nordregio News, we focus on cross-border co-operation and its impact on regional development in Nordicand European border regions. We have studied how crossborder co-operation is structured and managed, and whether its full potential for sustainable growth has been realized. Theadded value of cross-border  co-operation can be defined and measured in various ways, including improvement of crossborder infrastructure and increasing flows of tourists.

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  • 38.
    Jakobsen, Vibeke
    et al.
    The Danish Center for Social Science Research.
    Tranæs, Torben
    The Danish Center for Social Science Research.
    How should the integration effort be organised?2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    How should labour-market integration for immigrants be organised in order to make it successful? We compare what contract theory suggests with the empirical research on the topic. We compensate for the scarce empirical literature by looking at the larger group of hard-to-place unemployed persons, as well as at employment services more generally. We find that for-profit private service providers are not more effective than public ones when it comes to improving employment outcomes and they are often more costly to use. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

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  • 39.
    Johnsen, Ingrid H G
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Local and regional approaches to demographic change2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    As a follow-up to the Handbook on Demographic Challenges in the Nordic countries, the Nordregio Working Paper Local and Regional Approaches to Demographic Change looks closer at examples of how to meet demographic challenges at local and regional levels.

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  • 40.
    Johnsen, Ingrid H.G.
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Berlina, AnnaNordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.Lindberg, GunnarTeräs, JukkaNordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.Smed Olsen, LiseNordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.Mikkola, NelliNordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    The potential of industrial symbiosis as a key driver of green growth in Nordic regions2015Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study shows that there are differences in approaches to industrial symbiosis in the Nordic countries. In Finland and Denmark, there is generally a strong top-down approach to industrial symbiosis, accompaniedby a clear vision and comprehensive strategies for a CE/industrial symbiosis at the national and regional levels. Industrial symbiosis exchanges have been actively facilitated by municipal and regional actors and networks in combination with key private companies. In Iceland, Sweden and Norway, industrial symbiosis initiatives are often characterized by a bottom-up approach, where private companies and business parks are driving the development, while industrial symbiosis is largely missing from the national-level policy agenda. In the Icelandic and Swedish regional case studies, there are no local policy instruments that directly support industrial symbiosis or a CE, and industrial symbiosis activities are not explicitly a part of regional and municipal development strategies. In order to utilize the full dynamic and regional potential of industrial symbiosis in these regions, there is a need to develop coherent policies and support schemes for industrial symbiosis activities to fill this gap. According to the study, a key motivation for companies to engage in industrial symbiosis activities has been the desire to increase profitability and competitiveness. Business opportunities are the major driving force behind the development of industrial symbiosis. Among the main hindrances to industrial symbiosis development identified in the regional case studies has been companies’ lack of time and resources to implement new business models such as industrial symbiosis, as well as a lack of industrial symbiosis expertise in the region and low awareness about the opportunities provided by industrial symbiosis. In this regard, the presence of a cluster, network or other co-ordinating body that can facilitate collaboration helps to organize exchanges across companies. Disseminating information about industrial symbiosis solutions has played an important role in the Danish, Finnish and Norwegian cases. Overall, the regional cases showed similarities and differences with regard to the organization of industrial symbiosis networks, the type of support instruments in place to stimulate industrial symbiosis activities, adoption of the term industrial symbiosis and the potential for economic growth. Regarding the potential for new businesses and jobs to arise from industrial symbiosis activities in Nordic regions, exact numbers or quantitative estimates are difficult to obtain. It can be stated, however, that there is significant future potential to expand industrial symbiosis activities and develop new industrial symbiosis-related businesses in Nordic regions.

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  • 41. Jokinen, Johanna
    et al.
    Nilsson, Kjell
    Karlsdóttir, Anna
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Kull, Michael
    Stjernberg, Mats
    Borges, Luciane Aguiar
    Norlén, Gustaf
    Randall, Linda
    Grunfelder, Julien
    Teräs, Jukka
    Meijer, Mari Wøien
    Refsgaard, Karen
    Slätmo, Elin
    Lundgren, Anna
    Cuadrado, Alex
    Weber, Ryan
    Norlén, Gustaf (Redaktör)
    Randall, Linda (Redaktör)
    Gassen, Nora Sánchez (Redaktör)
    State of the Nordic Region 20202020Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    State of the Nordic Region 2020 gives you a unique look behind the scenes of the world’s most integrated region, comprised of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, along with the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Åland. The report presents a series of facts and figures showing the current state of play within core socioeconomic sectors, including demography, labour market and economy. In addition, you can read about wellbeing and energy pathways towards a carbon neutral Nordic Region. State of the Nordic Region 2020 is published by the Nordic Council of Ministers and produced by Nordregio, an international research center for regional development and planning established by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

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    Appendix
  • 42.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Youth perspectives on their future in the Nordic Arctic2015Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The questions of how to retain and attract young populations are central issues for regional policy development in the Nordic Arctic. Nordregio and the Nordic working group on sustainable regional development in the Arctic have carried out an analysis to uncover young people's own perspectives of their future possibilities in Arctic communities. This policy brief summarises the main findings of a number of qualitative case studies about young people living in remote locations. The aim is to voice the ambitions and future expectations of the young generation.

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  • 43.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Karlsdóttir, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordregio News 2 2016: Community involvement in the Nordic Arctic2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This issue of Nordregio News focuses on the Nordic Arctic. The area shares a number of common features, such as low population density, low accessibility, low economic diversity and abundant natural resources. It is also an area of increasing international attention, due to the effects of climate change and expectations about future exploitation of raw materials and the opening of new sea routes.

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  • 44.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Turunen, Eeva
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Wang, Shinan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Ramage, Justine
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Roto, Johanna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Atlas of population, society and economy in the Arctic2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the Atlas of Population, Society and Economy in the Arctic is to provide an in-depth overview of the changes that are affecting populations in the circumpolar North. Continuous environmental, economic and social changes are currently underway in the Arctic regions. Global warming, for example, is challenging traditional livelihoods, accessibility and economic activities. The atlas presents a collection of standardised indicators that illustrate the state of the Arctic regions focusing on demography, society, economy, production, accessibility and infrastructure as well as physical conditions and resources in the Arctic. As part of Nunataryuk’s research, this working paper examines the environmental challenges related to permafrost by combining geographical data with demographic data in order to describe coastal and inland settlements. Permafrost thaw is a challenge for many Arctic communities, as it has an impact on infrastructure, economy and the health of Arctic populations.

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  • 45.
    Karlsdóttir, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Cuadrado, Alex
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Young people not thriving in rural areas2018Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Despite relatively high standards of living, several indicators show that large groups of young people in the Nordic countries are not thriving. In addition, regional variations in the situation of young people across the Nordic countries are striking. Some attempts have been made to map the unhappiness among young people in the Nordic region. But so far, none have focused on regional variations within national boundaries or have taken the comparative Nordic perspective you will find in this policy brief. 

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  • 46.
    Karlsdóttir, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Cuadrado, Alex
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Gaini, Firouz
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Ormstrup Vestergård, Louise
    Enabling vulnerable youth in rural areas not in education, employment or training2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report concludes work within the Nordic ThematicGroup on Sustainable Rural Regional Developmentas part of the Nordic Co-operation Programmeon Regional Development 2017–2021. Theworking title of the project is “A rural perspectiveon spatial disparities of education and employmentoutcomes”. Part of the curiosity that drovethis project was to understand better the situationof vulnerable and marginalized youth in ruralareas of Norden, which arose from the Nordic ArcticWorking Group 2013–2017 where we identifiedsome local and regional processes with seriousmismatch problems relating to youth educationand validity in the local and regional labour market.Placing YOUTH IN FOCUS is a response to theNordic Council of Minister’s cross-sectional strategyon Children and Youth 2016–2022 as well asthe Nordic Co-operation Programme for RegionalDevelopment and Planning 2017–2021. It stressesthe importance of promoting social sustainabilityin relation to regional development. The Icelandicchair in 2019 has young people as one of three mainpriorities. It relates to SDG4, the fourth UN sustainabledevelopment goal, in that young people shouldhave a key role in achieving the goal, they should beencouraged to actively participate in society andshould have access to important decisions shapingthe future (Norræna ráðherranefndin, 2018). Furthermore,the project also relates strongly to bothEuropean, Nordic and in some cases national policyemphasis on inclusive labour markets for youthwith reduced functional capacities.

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  • 47.
    Karlsdóttir, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordic Arctic Strategies in Overview2017Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade, all Nordic countries have drawn up strategies for their Artic regions, with several countries even revising these Arctic strategies within this short period of time. It shows that the Arctic region has become a matter of higher political interest; not only at national level, where the focus has shifted from seeing the individual Arctic regions as general development areas to regions with geographic specificities that deserve particular attention at this point in time. The interest does not only lie in the Nordic countries but they are reflecting on other actors’ increased interest in the Arctic region; such as strategies drawn up by other circumpolar countries as well as the reason EU attention towards the Arctic regions. What are the goals and priorities in the Nordic national Arctic strategies?

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  • 48.
    Karlsdóttir, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordic Arctic Youth Future Perspectives2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The questions of how to retain and attract young populations are central issues for regional policy development in the Nordic Arctic. Nordregio and the Nordic working group on sustainable regional development in the Arctic have carried out an analysis to uncover young people's own perspectives of their future possibilities in Arctic communities.

    A group of scholars from Iceland, Norway, Faroe Islands, Greenland, Sweden and Finland were asked to contribute to a study of Arctic Youth Future Perspectives in the rural areas of the Nordic Arctic regions. The study is part of a Foresight analysis about future visions for arctic communities in the Nordic Countries.

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  • 49.
    Karlsdóttir, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Smeds, Lise
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Future Regional Development Policy for the Nordic Arctic: Foresight Analysis 2013–20162017 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report concludes a three-year foresight process on the topic of future sustainable regional development in the Nordic Arctic (2013–2016), based on the mandate given by the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Committee of Senior Officials for Regional Policy to the Nordic Working Group for Sustainable Regional Development in the Arctic. The mandate has been “to provide input to the further development of the NCM Arctic Co-operation Programme by collecting, reviewing and analysing existing information, assessing different preconditions for future development in the area and developing future scenarios. This will contribute to the political debate and give a more holistic overview of the scientific knowledge in the field.” The Nordic Working Group decided to implement this task by conducting a foresight analysis. To guide the work of the three-year project, three overarching questions were defined for the foresight analysis. 1. What social and resource conditions can be expected to have a decisive influence on regional development in the Arctic over the next 10, 20 and 30 years? 2. How will the management of these conditions affect the living standards and future prospects for the regions? 3. What are the implications of the identified challenges and opportunities for future planning and regional policy? Previous foresight analyses have been carried out for the North Calotte region as part of the broader geographical area of the Northern Sparsely Populated Areas (Gløersen et al. 2009) and for the West Nordic countries (Gløersen, 2012). However, this is the first foresight analysis that covers the Nordic Arctic region as a whole. It has been essential for this study to adopt a bottom-up perspective in the process with participation from citizens of local communities across the Nordic Arctic in the initial vision phase. As part of the process, specific attention has also been paid to youth participation and local and regional business development potential. As a supple- 1. Introduction ment to the foresight analysis, Working Papers have been produced on the topics of youth perspectives on future development (Karlsdóttir and Jungsberg, 2015) and challenges and opportunities for sustainable business development (Olsen et al. 2016).

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  • 50.
    Karlsdóttir, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Ström Hildestrand, Åsa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Fler flyktingar fortare i arbete: Åtgärder för snabbare etablering på arbetsmarknaden2017Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna policy brief sammanfattar den kunskapsöversiktsom Nordregio tagit fram hösten 2017 på detta tema, för publicering i december 2017: Policies and measures to speed up labour market integration of refugees inthe Nordic region - A knowledge Overview, baserad på aktuell forskning och utvärderingar från samtliganordiska länder utom Island p.g.a. landets relativtsett begränsade flyktingmottagande. Läs mer på www.integrationnorden.org

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