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  • 1.
    Annala, Kaisu
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Nordic working group for green growth – innovation and entrepreneurship 2013-2016 Synthesis report2017 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis report summarizes the work done by the Nordic Working Group during their four-year mandate period and puts it in a broader European and international context. The report focuses on the role and relevance of the regional level and regional players in promoting green growth in the Nordic countries and internationally and gives policy recommendations on how the Nordic regions can benefit from enhanced cooperation on green growth activities. The report focuses on two central areas of green growth: bioeconomy and industrial symbiosis. It analyses the key global drivers for green growth in these areas and positions the Nordic regional green growth - its strengths and weaknesses - against these global drivers.

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    Synthesis report on Nordic Green Growth: Innovation and Entrepreneurship
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  • 2.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Reardon, Mitchell
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Supporting Inclusion: Steps to Resolve Poverty and Social Exclusion in one of Stockholm’s Most Diverse Municipalities2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Europe is currently dealing with a major influx of migrants and refugees. Every week, thousands of people are risking their lives for the opportunity to create a better future in Europe, notably in Germany and Sweden. Immigration is only the first challenge however. Once basic needs have been addressed, the arguably greater challenge of integration begins. This Nordregio policy brief presents a new way of measuring segregation – the diversity index – and outlines key steps that Botkyrka, a highly diverse municipality in the Stockholm County, has taken to alleviate Poverty and Social Exclusion, which could be instructive to municipalities across Europe, as they work to integrate new residents.

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  • 3.
    Giacometti, Alberto
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Salonen, Hilma
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Championing Sustainable Construction Using Timber In The Baltic Sea Region2023Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Timber construction can radically cut carbon emissions. The construction sector is accountable for c. 40% of global emissions, a third of which comes from the production of building materials. Replacing concrete and steel with timber offers a huge opportunity to reach the carbon neutrality goals. Nordic and Baltic countries have a unique advantage in leading the way, given the vast forest resources available, a long legacy of the forestry industry and wood building, the in-built industrial capacity, and the well-functioning and interlinked supply chains across the Baltic Sea Region (BSR). Yet, decisive policy measures are needed to overcome technical, regulatory, and cultural obstacles. Challenging the status quo and creating a market shift demands holistic and collaborative approaches that can enable systemic change, as well as targeted measures to navigate through country-specific obstacles. 

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  • 4.
    Giacometti, Alberto
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Regional Economic and Social Resilience: An Exploratory In-Depth Study in the Nordic Countries2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How capable are local and regional economies of recovering from global and local shocks and threats and ensure resilient long-term development paths?

    Answering this question was the challenge of the Nordic Thematic Group on Innovative and Resilient regions, set by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

    Thus, from 2017 to 2018, an exploratory in-depth study was conducted on economic and social resilience in the Nordic regions.

    The empirical research included a close examination of a variety of threats as well as factors driving resilience in regions in all five Nordic Countries.

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    Nordregio Report 2019:2 Resilience
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  • 5.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Sanchez Gassen, Nora
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    The Nordic Population 2040: – Analysis of past and future demographic trends2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is one output of the 2017 to 2020 NordicThematic Group for Sustainable Rural Development. The purpose of this project is to provide policy makers at the national, regional, and municipallevels an idea of what the size, composition, andgeographic distribution of the rural populations inthe Nordic countries might look like in 2040. It doesthis by compiling the population projections doneby the national statistical offices of the Nordiccountries to examine the size, regional concentration, age distribution, and other characteristics ofthe rural populations in the Nordic countries in thefuture. The future size of the both the urban andrural populations are examined to provide contextfor the expected population trends in rural areas.A separate policy brief is available which summarizes the key findings.

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  • 6.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Sánchez Gassen, Nora
    THE NORDIC POPULATION IN 2040: Executive Summary2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is one output of the 2017 to 2020 Nordic Thematic Group for Sustainable Rural Development. The purpose of this project is to provide policy makers at the national, regional, and municipal levels an idea of what the size, composition, and geographic distribution of the rural populations in the Nordic countries might look like in 2040. It does this by compiling the population projections done by the national statistical offices of the Nordic countries to examine the size, regional concentration, age distribution, and other characteristics of the rural populations in the Nordic countries in the future. The future size of the both the urban and rural populations are examined to provide context for the expected population trends in rural areas.

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  • 7.
    Hörnström, Lisa
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Adapting to, or mitigating demographic change? National policies addressing demographic challenges in the Nordic countries2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic countries continue to experience the impact of the long term demographic trend of migration from rural areas and smaller communities to larger towns and cities. In addition, the share of the Nordic population aged over 65 is increasing. Ageing population is especially pronounced in areas outside the largest city-regions. Depopulation and having relatively fewer people in working age is expected to have a severe impact on many Nordic municipalities causing additional problems with the future provision of welfare services. In addition, these municipalities face challenges when it comes to accessing the labour force especially in the welfare sector. Moreover, while population decrease imposes particular challenges to rural and peripheral areas, the large city-regions in the Nordic countries are experiencing significant population growth, bringing an altogether different set of challenges.

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  • 8.
    Hörnström, Lisa
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Nordic ways of dealing with depopulation and ageing in rural and peripheral areas2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 9.
    Johnsen, Ingrid H.G.
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Berlina, AnnaNordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.Lindberg, GunnarTeräs, JukkaNordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.Smed Olsen, LiseNordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.Mikkola, NelliNordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    The potential of industrial symbiosis as a key driver of green growth in Nordic regions2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study shows that there are differences in approaches to industrial symbiosis in the Nordic countries. In Finland and Denmark, there is generally a strong top-down approach to industrial symbiosis, accompaniedby a clear vision and comprehensive strategies for a CE/industrial symbiosis at the national and regional levels. Industrial symbiosis exchanges have been actively facilitated by municipal and regional actors and networks in combination with key private companies. In Iceland, Sweden and Norway, industrial symbiosis initiatives are often characterized by a bottom-up approach, where private companies and business parks are driving the development, while industrial symbiosis is largely missing from the national-level policy agenda. In the Icelandic and Swedish regional case studies, there are no local policy instruments that directly support industrial symbiosis or a CE, and industrial symbiosis activities are not explicitly a part of regional and municipal development strategies. In order to utilize the full dynamic and regional potential of industrial symbiosis in these regions, there is a need to develop coherent policies and support schemes for industrial symbiosis activities to fill this gap. According to the study, a key motivation for companies to engage in industrial symbiosis activities has been the desire to increase profitability and competitiveness. Business opportunities are the major driving force behind the development of industrial symbiosis. Among the main hindrances to industrial symbiosis development identified in the regional case studies has been companies’ lack of time and resources to implement new business models such as industrial symbiosis, as well as a lack of industrial symbiosis expertise in the region and low awareness about the opportunities provided by industrial symbiosis. In this regard, the presence of a cluster, network or other co-ordinating body that can facilitate collaboration helps to organize exchanges across companies. Disseminating information about industrial symbiosis solutions has played an important role in the Danish, Finnish and Norwegian cases. Overall, the regional cases showed similarities and differences with regard to the organization of industrial symbiosis networks, the type of support instruments in place to stimulate industrial symbiosis activities, adoption of the term industrial symbiosis and the potential for economic growth. Regarding the potential for new businesses and jobs to arise from industrial symbiosis activities in Nordic regions, exact numbers or quantitative estimates are difficult to obtain. It can be stated, however, that there is significant future potential to expand industrial symbiosis activities and develop new industrial symbiosis-related businesses in Nordic regions.

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  • 10.
    Karlsdóttir, Anna
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Cuadrado, Alex
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Gaini, Firouz
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Ormstrup Vestergård, Louise
    Enabling vulnerable youth in rural areas not in education, employment or training2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report concludes work within the Nordic ThematicGroup on Sustainable Rural Regional Developmentas part of the Nordic Co-operation Programmeon Regional Development 2017–2021. Theworking title of the project is “A rural perspectiveon spatial disparities of education and employmentoutcomes”. Part of the curiosity that drovethis project was to understand better the situationof vulnerable and marginalized youth in ruralareas of Norden, which arose from the Nordic ArcticWorking Group 2013–2017 where we identifiedsome local and regional processes with seriousmismatch problems relating to youth educationand validity in the local and regional labour market.Placing YOUTH IN FOCUS is a response to theNordic Council of Minister’s cross-sectional strategyon Children and Youth 2016–2022 as well asthe Nordic Co-operation Programme for RegionalDevelopment and Planning 2017–2021. It stressesthe importance of promoting social sustainabilityin relation to regional development. The Icelandicchair in 2019 has young people as one of three mainpriorities. It relates to SDG4, the fourth UN sustainabledevelopment goal, in that young people shouldhave a key role in achieving the goal, they should beencouraged to actively participate in society andshould have access to important decisions shapingthe future (Norræna ráðherranefndin, 2018). Furthermore,the project also relates strongly to bothEuropean, Nordic and in some cases national policyemphasis on inclusive labour markets for youthwith reduced functional capacities.

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  • 11.
    Karlsdóttir, Anna
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Nordic Arctic Strategies in Overview2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade, all Nordic countries have drawn up strategies for their Artic regions, with several countries even revising these Arctic strategies within this short period of time. It shows that the Arctic region has become a matter of higher political interest; not only at national level, where the focus has shifted from seeing the individual Arctic regions as general development areas to regions with geographic specificities that deserve particular attention at this point in time. The interest does not only lie in the Nordic countries but they are reflecting on other actors’ increased interest in the Arctic region; such as strategies drawn up by other circumpolar countries as well as the reason EU attention towards the Arctic regions. What are the goals and priorities in the Nordic national Arctic strategies?

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  • 12.
    Nilsson, Kjell
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Slätmo, Elin
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Turunen, Eeva
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE - strategic land use for well-being, business and biodiversity2019Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic countries are known for their green cities, full of accessible green and blue spaces and surrounded by agricultural land, vast forests and lakes. These green and blue non-built up environments have the potential to offer a wide variety of supporting, regulating, provisioning ecosystem services and preserving cultural heritage. More precisely, Green Infrastructure is a multifunctional network that facilitates the adaptation to and mitigation of climate change, promotes human health and wellbeing, and enhances biodiversity. Strategic planning of land and water areas is necessary to ensure a coherent Green Infrastructure beyond the urban/rural divides. How do we achieve that?

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  • 13.
    Norlen, Gustaf
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Penje, Oskar
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Arledal Thunell, Pontus
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Statistikhäfte för Gränsregionen Innlandet-Dalarna2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [no]

    Det regionale samarbeidet mellom Hedmark og Dalarna ble innledet i 2007 med et forprosjekt og deretter med Interregprosjektet TRUST Hedmark-Dalarna som ble avsluttet i 2012. Statistikkheftet beskriver ulike aspekter ved denne store grenseregionen og gjennom statis-tikken kan man også få kunnskap som kan være til nytte i plan- og utviklingsarbeidet over nas-jonsgrensen.  Vi håper at denne fakta- og forskn-ingsbaserte kunnskap kan bidra til et intensivert samarbeide over grensen innenfor samfunns- og næringsutvikling med vekt på de områder der grenseoverskridende samarbeid vil skape en stor merverdi.  Vi håper at statistikkheftet kan brukes av aktører som er opptatt av utviklingsarbeid og arbeid med å skape forutsetninger for tilvekst og regional utvikling.  Dette kan være regionale myn-digheter og kommunene i grenseregionen, men også næringslivet og interesserte innbyggere. 

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  • 14.
    Penje, Oskar
    et al.
    Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordregio.
    Recruitment and retention in the welfare sector: Nordic good practice2021Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic welfare sector is facing significant challenges when it comes to providing effective social care services. While the demand for services for a rapidly growing elderly population is constantly increasing, the workforce delivering social care services is shrinking, with many workers reaching retirement age. Tackling the challenges related to recruitment and retention of qualified staff – and developing innovative approaches to the delivery of social care services – is becoming increasingly urgent, particularly in rural and sparsely populated areas (SPAs).

    This policy brief gives an overview of examples across the Nordic Region aimed at tackling these resource challenges and exploring innovative ways of organising and delivering social care services in rural areas and SPAs. It is based on a desk study funded by the Nordic Welfare Centre (see more about this on the last page).

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  • 15.
    Perjo, Liisa
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Redeveloping brownfields in the Central Baltic region2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    There is a high demand for redeveloping brownfield areas to make European cities grow in a more sustainable manner. As brownfield areas are often located within the urban structure, redeveloping them reduces the need to use green areas for new developments, and creates more compact cities. Remediating contaminated land in former industrial sites or harbour areas will also reduce environmental risks. This policy brief gives an overview of challenges for brownfield redevelopment in the Central Baltic region and is published as part of the Central Baltic INTERREG Baltic Urban Lab project.There is a high demand for redeveloping brownfield areas to make European cities grow in a more sustainable manner. As brownfield areas are often located within the urban structure, redeveloping them reduces the need to use green areas for new developments, and creates more compact cities. Remediating contaminated land in former industrial sites or harbour areas will also reduce environmental risks. This policy brief gives an overview of challenges for brownfield redevelopment in the Central Baltic region and is published as part of the Central Baltic INTERREG Baltic Urban Lab project.

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  • 16.
    Randall, Linda
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Ormstrup Vestergård, Louise
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Wøien Meijer, Mari
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Rural perspectives on digital innovation: Experiences from small enterprises in the Nordic countries and Latvia2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalisation holds considerable potential for rural areas. It offers thepromise of overcoming geographical distance, ensuring equal access toopportunity regardless of where people live. At the same time, rural andsparsely populated areas are thought to lag behind their urban counterpartswhen it comes to the provision of digital infrastructure and the developmentof digital knowledge and skills. These urban-rural disparities areoften referred to as the digital divide and can prevent rural communitiesfrom unlocking the opportunities associated with digitalisation.

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  • 17.
    Randall, Linda
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Ormstrup Vestergård, Louise
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Wøien Meijer, Mari
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Rural perspectives on digital innovation: Experiences from small enterprises in the Nordic countries and Latvia2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic countries are already at theforefront of digitalisation in Europe.The Baltic States show a more mixed performance,but still score around or above average on theEuropean Commission’s annual measure of digitalprogress, the Digital Economy and Society Index(DESI).Despite this positive development overall,disparities remain with respect to digital developmentwithin countries; with rural and sparselypopulated areas often lagging behind on theFigure 1: Digital Economy and Society Index, 2019.Data source: European Commission, 2019f.availability of digital infrastructure and theadoption of digital technologies. As such, thisproject sought to provide a rural perspective on thesecond goal: Strengthening the competitiveness ofour enterprises through digitalisation. Specifically,it aimed to demonstrate how smart, sustainableand inclusive approaches to digitalisation can beused as a tool to increase the competitivenessand attractiveness of rural areas by exploring thechallenges and opportunities for small enterprisesin rural and sparsely populated areas. The projectwas funded by the Nordic Council of Ministers forDigitalisation (MR-Digital), the Nordic ThematicGroup for Innovative and Resilient Regions 2017-2020 and the North Atlantic Cooperation (NORA)and included a baseline study, local workshopsand a webinar series. Its primary focus was theNordic countries and Latvia; however, data is alsoprovided for Estonia and Lithuania where possible.

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  • 18.
    Smeds, Lise
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Karlsdóttir, Anna
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Sustainable Business Development in the Nordic Arctic2016Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication has been produced as part of the project Foresight Analysis for Sustainable Regional Development in the Nordic Arctic, commissioned by the Nordic Working Group for Sustainable Regional Development in the Arctic. The Working Paper contributes with insight into the key areas of private business activities in the Nordic Arctic of large-scale industries, the bioeconomy, tourism, and the field of creative industries in an Arctic context.

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1 - 18 of 18
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