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  • 1. Boshier, Carol-Anne
    Mapping Cultural Nationalism: The Scholars of the Burma Society, 1910-19352018 (ed. 1st)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the proscription of public political debates under colonial rule in Burma, boundary-crossing ventures like the Burma Research Society (founded in 1910) allowed those from different racial and cultural backgrounds to engage in debates about national belonging and identity. At the same time their scholarship generated new historical and cultural knowledge. Such social and intellectual interactions sowed the seeds of nascent nationalism in Burma, not least a unifying Burmano-Buddhist hegemony as promoted by BRS members like J.S. Furnivall and his circle. This was contested by the regional nationalism of San Shwe Bu, with Leslie Fernandes Taylor also warning of the consequences of neglecting the ethnic and linguistic diversity of Burma’s many races. With the rise of Rangoon University and popular culture and militant nationalism coming to dominate the social and political landscape by the mid-1930s, the influence of the BRS began to wane. This detailed study of the BRS and its membership, together with an analysis of its published output, contextualizes the Society within its metropolitan and regional setting, as well as drawing on a broader, transnational intellectual landscape. This timely work on the Society’s intellectual legacy has the potential to inform current debates in Myanmar at a time when the activities of ultra-nationalist groups threaten other religions and ethnicities’ rights as citizens.

  • 2. Charney, Michael
    et al.
    Wellen, Kathryn
    Warring Societies of Pre-Colonial Southeast Asia: Local Cultures of Conflict Within a Regional Context2018 (ed. 1st)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Why is it that warfare in Southeast Asian history is depicted so differently in various historical sources and representations? Why have scholars looking at different countries found so many exceptions to regional overviews of warfare? The present volume seeks to present a new approach to the study of warfare in the region by abandoning the generalizations made in the conventional literature. The contributors offer a range of new studies of warfare in local areas within the region, looking at warfare on its own, local terms rather than for what it says about warfare in the region as a whole.   This approach for the first time submits Southeast Asia to comparative analysis in a way that avoids artificial and misleading regional attributes. The varied case studies, researched and written by a number of experts of local warfare within the region include naval warfare eighteenth century Vietnam, civil war in South Sulawesi during the Pénéki War, the art and texts of war in Burmese warfare, modes of warfare in precolonial Bali, war captive taking in Thailand, and kinship, religion, and war in late eighteenth century Maguindanao, and preparations for war in the Pacific rimlands. The volume makes an important contribution to the new literature emerging on the culture of indigenous warfare in North and South America, Africa, South Asia, the Middle East, and the Pacific Islands, by offering a new and robust Southeast Asian entry on the one hand while adding to a new approach to the growing literature on early modern Southeast Asia warfare.

  • 3. Eklöf, Stefan
    Pirates in Paradise: A Modern History of Southeast Asia’s Maritime Marauders2011Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tracing the development of piracy in Southeast Asia from the eighteenth century until today, this book provides profound insights into contemporary terrorism, piracy and transnational organized crime in the region.

    Since the late twentieth century, piracy has returned to the world's oceans with a vengeance. Worst hit is Southeast Asia where thousands of people have lost their lives at the hands of pirates in the last 25 years. Here, oil tankers, cargo ships, passenger vessels, fishing boats and pleasure yachts all have been targets of ruthless attacks.

    But who are these modern sea robbers who continue to infest the waters of Southeast Asia? Why have they not been suppressed by the security forces of the region? How serious is the problem for international shipping, for fishermen and for governments? This book is the first attempt to address these questions in a comprehensive and integrated manner.

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    fulltext
  • 4. Goscha, Christopher E.
    Historical Dictionary of the Indochina War (1945-1954): An International and Interdisciplinary Approach2011Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This first historical dictionary in English of the Indochina War (1945–54) provides the most comprehensive account to date of one of the most important conflicts of the twentieth century. Using over 1,600 personally researched and crafted entries, Goscha provides in-depth, expert coverage of the Indochina War in all its dimensions.

    A succinct historical introduction frames the dictionary. Rather than settling for a strictly politico-military account of the war, the author adopts a path-breaking dual international and interdisciplinary approach. Thus, readers will not only find information on politics and military campaigns; they will also discover the remarkable impact this war had on intellectual, social, cultural, economic and artistic domains in France, Indochina and elsewhere. Indeed, rather than limiting the dictionary to the French and their Vietnamese adversaries, Goscha explores the internationalization of this conflict from its beginning in September 1945 at Ba Dinh square in Hanoi to its end around the Cold War conference table in Geneva in July 1954. Similarly, while most authors focus on the French Fourth Republic and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the two main protagonists in this conflict, Goscha makes it clear that a myriad of other non-communist Vietnamese, Lao and Cambodian nationalists were deeply involved in this war and its outcome.

    In addition to its 1,600 entries, the dictionary contains a succinct historical introduction, selected bibliography, maps, illustrations, and tables. A massive work of outstanding scholarly quality and lasting value, this is a reference tool that will be invaluable for researchers, students and anyone else interested to better understand the complexity of this tragic conflict.

     

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    fulltext
  • 5. Goscha, Christopher E.
    et al.
    Ivarsson, Søren
    Contesting Visions of the Lao Past: Lao Historiography at the Crossroads2003Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While the birth of any nation is always more complicated than official historiographies purport, the complex positioning of Laos at the crossroads of a wide range of historical, geographical and cultural currents makes this particularly true. It is well known that Laos’ emergence as a modern nation-state in the 20th century owed much to a complex interplay of internal and external forces.

    This book argues that the historiography of Laos needs also to be understood in this wider context. Not only do the contributors to this volume consider how the Lao have written their own nationalist and revolutionary history ‘on the inside’, they also examine how others – the French, Vietnamese, and Thais – have tried to write the history of Laos ‘from the outside’ for their own political ends. Rather than divorcing these two trends, this book demonstrates that they were inter-linked. Nationalist historiography, like the formation of the nation-state, did not emerge within a nationalist vacuum but was rather contested from the inside and the outside. The volume’s approach has applications and implications far beyond Laos and shows that studying small countries counts.

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    Goscha & Ivarsson - Contesting Visions - NIAS Press
  • 6. Ivarsson, Søren
    Creating Laos: The Making of a Lao Space between Indochina and Siam, 1860-19452011Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The existence of Laos today is taken for granted. But the crystallization of a Lao national idea and ultimate independence for the country was a long and uncertain process.

    This book examines the process through which Laos came into existence under French colonial rule through to the end of World War II. Rather than assuming that the Laos we see today was an historical given, the book looks at how Laos’s position at the intersection of two conflicting spatial layouts of ‘Thailand’ and ‘Indochina’ made its national form a particularly contested process.

    This, however, is not an analysis of nation-building from the perspec-tive of administrative and political structures. Rather, the book charts the emergence of a notion of a specifically Lao cultural identity that served to buttress Laos as a separate ‘Lao space’, both in relation to Siam/Thailand and within French Indochina.

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    fulltext
  • 7. Lidin, Olof G.
    Tanegashima: The Arrival of Europe in Japan2002Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The year 1543 marked the beginning of a new global consciousness in Japan with the arrival of shipwrecked Portuguese merchants on Tanegashima Island in southern Japan. Other Portuguese rapidly followed and Japan became aware of a world beyond India. The Portuguese brought with them the musket, which was quickly copied and began to change Japanese warfare and influence their unification process. After the merchants had opened the way, the first missionary, Francis Xavier, arrived in 1549 and the Christian century began.

    This is not a new story but it is the first time that Japanese, Portuguese and other European accounts have been brought together and presented in English. The arrival of the Portuguese was recorded by the Japanese in the Tanegashima Kafu, the Teppoki and the Kunitomo teppoki which are here translated and presented together with European reports. Special attention is given to the role of Tanegashima Island and of Mendes Pinto, author of a famous picaresque account of Japan. An index lists pertinent words and names in roman and Chinese or Japanese script.

    This story of Japan’s first encounter with the West – augmented with maps and a beautiful blending of Portuguese and Japanese illustrations – will be of interest to a wide audience.

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    Lidin - Tanegashima - NIAS Press
  • 8. Rinakit, Sukardi
    The Indonesian Military After the New Order2005Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Because the military is an integral part of Indonesia's power structure, it is of interest to anyone studying Indonesian affairs. This volume is the first study to address the role of the military in Indonesia all the way from the struggle for independence through to the start of the new presidency of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.

    The author is a former ghostwriter at the Indonesian Ministries of Home Affairs and Defence. He is privy to the internal dynamics of the military and has personally interviewed such untouchable figures as former President Soeharto. As such, this is an up-to-date, well-informed study providing a useful contribution to the literature, not least with regard to the prospects and ambitions of the younger generation of the military.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Rinakit - The Indonesian Military - NIAS Press
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