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  • 1. Aalbu, Hallgeir
    et al.
    Böhme, Kai
    Uhlin, Åke
    Administrative reform – Arguments and Values2008Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Internationalisation of regional development policies – Needs and demands in the Nordic countries. All eight Nordic countries and self-governing areas have recently discussed or are currently discussing their administrative structures, i.e. how many municipalities or regions there should be and what responsibilities they should have. Denmark has already implemented a reform, Finland has begun to do so and, Greenland will soon follow. The experience has however been rather less successful in Norway and Sweden where many years of study and discussion now seem to have been more or less wasted.This report describes the processes and the discourse of administrative reform with a particular focus on the arguments used and the values that lie behind these arguments. The discourses are mainly concerned with four types of arguments relating to democracy, efficiency, regional development and the reform process itself. The arguments used, it is argued here, are mainly prophesies about the future. This forward-looking political logic is rather different from the work undertaken by research-based inquiries where future direction is sought in past experiences. The current report is part of Nordregio's research programme, Internationalisation of regional development policies – needs and demands in the Nordic countries. The analysis of events and developments has been updated to June 2008.

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  • 2. Aalbu, Hallgeir
    et al.
    Yuill, Douglas
    Regionalpolitikken og EØS-avtalen2004Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [no]

    Muligheter och begrensninger.

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  • 3. Aarsæther, Nils
    Innovations in the Nordic Periphery2004Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this project is to study the relationship between the municipal institution and recent innovations in the Nordic periphery. The reasons for undertaking such a study are fairly obvious: nowadays, it has become the norm to highlight a region's innovative capacities as a crucial element in strategies for its development. In the Nordic periphery, local government has acquired a strong position in society, so there is a definite interest in studying the relation between innovative processes and the operation of the municipal institution. A total of 21 Nordic municipalities have been studied in this project. In many respects, the area covered by the municipalities in this study may be characterized as part of the extreme periphery of Finland, Sweden, Norway, the Faroe Islands and Iceland, respectively.

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  • 4.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    de Jesus, Ana
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    SiEUGreen White Paper with best practices2024Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report explores the potential of Urban Agriculture (UA) to enhance food security, improve resource efficiency, and promote smart, resilient, and circular cities.

    The discussion is framed within the scope of the Horizon 2020 project ‘Sino-European Innovative Green and Smart Cities’ (SiEUGreen) which explored different pathways to turn waste into resources for growing food in cities through the combination of different technologies. These technologies were tested in five showcases: Campus Ås, in Ås, Norway; World Gardens and Brabrand Fællesgartneriet community gardens in Aarhus, Denmark; Turunçlu greenhouse in Atakya, Turkey; Sanyuan Farm, in Beijing, and Futiancangjun residential area in Changsha, China. 

    The insights and knowledge gained with these showcases were the basis to discuss the barriers and drivers of UA in the transition to more sustainable and resilient circular cities, across five aspects (1) environmental, (2) technological, (3) economic, (4) social and cultural and (5) regulatory and institutional issues. The results suggest that city food provision and UA systems can be designed considering circular economy regenerative cycles, but it is important to promote local research that can highlight policy solutions to address context-related barriers and limitations.

    Among the main lessons learned across the different aspects, we highlight:

    • The need for more evidence-based research, clear monitoring tools and evaluation/assessment of the different UA typologies and their impact on the environment, society and economy;
    • The implementation of innovative technological developments that support and promote UA for reduce; reuse, recycle/recover resources require more experimentation, large-scale tests and validation both concerning their efficiency, positive environmental impacts, as well as economic viability;
    • The need for high investments, difficulties accessing financial support, underdeveloped business case for circular resource models, and limited recognition of the positive and indirect economic, environmental benefits of UA are among the main barriers that limit the uptake of agriculture in cities;
    • Despite the significant role UA can play in advancing a circular economy (e.g., by supporting sustainable local food systems, promoting community resilience and reducing waste), behaviour and cultural barriers were found to have a deep impact when fostering a closed-loop approach to UA, especially concerning overcoming prejudice against waste as a resource,
    • Local governance and public policy play a central role in framing and supporting UA (e.g., incentives, funding, regulatory frameworks) as a pathway that enables close loops in cities.
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  • 5.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Matthiesen, Hannah
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Urban Agriculture for a Resilient Future2024Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is the outcome of the project Urban Agriculture for a Resilient Future (FutureUA) financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers and implemented in 2023. In this final report, we discuss the future of urban agriculture across different themes, namely (1) cultivating change in connection with innovation and legislation, (2) cultivating community in connection with culture, and (3) cultivating knowledge in connection with education and science.  

    While the first theme reflects the potential of agriculture to occupy more space in cities and to be perceived as a desirable urban function through innovation and legislative support, the second theme focuses on the known benefits of urban agriculture for building community and fostering social inclusion. The third theme reflects the momentum urban agriculture is gaining in institutional education through the implementation of programmes that respond to the growing demand for systematic knowledge of urban agriculture at different qualification levels.  

    This report is primarily a presentation of seven urban agriculture initiatives that tell stories about how different actors have engaged with or support the practice of growing food in cities. The description of the cases was based on webinar discussions, interviews with the main stakeholders of each case, and study visits. These cases provide the context to show how different actors can engage in urban agriculture and food systems, as well as to discuss their challenges and opportunities and to draw lessons from their practices.   

    The report targets a broad and heterogeneous audience, including planners, entrepreneurs, academics, and the general public, who are interested and believe in the potential of urban agriculture to tackle many of the challenges we face today, such as the climate crises. After reading this report, the reader is expected to gain: 

    • A glimpse of the literature on the benefits and drawbacks of growing food in cities. 
    • An understanding of urban agriculture from different perspectives (e.g., municipalities, entrepreneurs, communities, educational institutions). 
    • An overview of opportunities and challenges for implementing agriculture in cities.  
    • Inspiration for alternative urban futures as the stories told in this report carry seeds for change that can assist transitioning our cities to more functional ecosystems. 
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  • 6.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nilsson, Kjell
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tunström, Moa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Asli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Oliveira e Costa, Sandra
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Johnsen, Ingrid H G
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Grunfelder, Julien
    Kristensen, Iryna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Randall, Linda
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Smas, Lukas
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Weber, Ryan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    White Paper on Nordic Sustainable Cities2017Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid urbanisation is one of today’s biggest global challenges. Nordic Sustainable Cities is a flagship project under the Nordic Prime Ministers’ initiative Nordic Solutions to Global Challenges that seeks to shed light on this challenge from a Nordic perspective.

    The White Paper on Nordic Sustainable Cities develops a narrative to describe the “Nordic Sustainable City”. It forms a basis for the knowledge sharing effort that will be carried out by Nordic Innovation, Nordregio’s sister institution under the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2018. This work aims to export Nordic stories as a means of branding the Nordic Region and contributing to global efforts towards urban sustainability.

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  • 7.
    Aguiar Borges, Luciane
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Rohrer, Lisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nilsson, Kjell
    Green and healthy Nordic cities: How to plan, design, and manage health-promoting urban green space2024Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This handbook is the culmination of the NORDGREEN project, which develops and implements smart planning and management solutions for well-designed, high-quality green spaces that promote health and well-being. Researchers and practitioners worked alongside one another in six Nordic cities: Aarhus (Denmark), Espoo and Ii (Finland), Stavanger (Norway), and Täby and Vilhelmina (Sweden). Together, the researchers and practitioners applied methods including GIS data analysis, statistical analysis, PPGIS surveys and analysis, policy document analysis, interviews, and evidence-based design models.

    The handbook uses an innovative framework based on the multi-disciplinary approach of the project, using epidemiological studies, environmental psychology, policy and management, and citizen participation. These fields of study and their respective methodologies are divided into the four so-called NORD components—NUMBERING, OBSERVING, REGULATING, and DESIGNING—which, accompanied by a BACKGROUND section reviewing the evidence linking green space and human health, form the bulk of the handbook.

    Some key take-away messages from these chapters include:

    • There is a fairly broad consensus that access to, and use of, natural and green areas have a positive influence on people’s health and well-being.
    • Both perceived and objective indicators for access to green space and for health are needed for making a more comprehensive evaluation for how people’s health is influenced by green space.
    • Citizens’ experiential, local knowledge is a vital component of urban planning, and PPGIS can offer practitioners the opportunity to gather map-based experiential knowledge to provide insights for planning, designing, and managing green spaces.
    • Alignment, both vertically across the political, tactical, and operational levels, as well as horizontally across departments, is critical for municipal organisations to foster health-promoting green spaces.
    • Evidence-based design models can provide important categories and qualities for diagnosing the gaps in existing green spaces and designing green spaces with different scales and scopes that respond to the various health and well-being needs of different people.

    Based on the research and lessons learned from the six case study cities, the handbook provides practitioners with a TOOLBOX of adaptable methods, models, and guidelines for delivering health-promoting green spaces to consider in their own contexts. By reading this handbook, planners and policymakers can expect to gain (1) a background on the evidence linking green spaces and health, practical tools for planning, designing, and managing green spaces, (2) tips from researchers regarding the challenges of using various methods, models, and guidelines for delivering health-promoting green space, and (3) inspiration on some success stories emerging from the Nordic Region in this area of study. The handbook covers a wide range of health and urban green space topics. Landscape architects will find evidence-based design models for enhancing existing green space design processes. Planners will find methods and guidelines for identifying, collecting, and analysing both qualitative and quantitative green space and health data from statistical databases, national citizen surveys, and map-based participatory surveys. And all practitioners will find guidelines for achieving programmatic alignment in their work for delivering health-promoting green space.

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  • 8.
    Annala, Kaisu
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordic working group for green growth – innovation and entrepreneurship 2013-2016 Synthesis report2017 (uppl. 2)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis report summarizes the work done by the Nordic Working Group during their four-year mandate period and puts it in a broader European and international context. The report focuses on the role and relevance of the regional level and regional players in promoting green growth in the Nordic countries and internationally and gives policy recommendations on how the Nordic regions can benefit from enhanced cooperation on green growth activities. The report focuses on two central areas of green growth: bioeconomy and industrial symbiosis. It analyses the key global drivers for green growth in these areas and positions the Nordic regional green growth - its strengths and weaknesses - against these global drivers.

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    Synthesis report on Nordic Green Growth: Innovation and Entrepreneurship
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  • 9. Asheim, Bjørn Terje
    et al.
    Mariussen, Åge
    Innovations, Regions and Projects2003Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies in new forms of knowledge governance. This report analyzes new forms of knowledge governance in the global economy, using comparative studies of European industries and regions. We discuss how new organisational forms are affected by corporate governance, company culture and institutional constraints. The three core ideas of the report are: • Firms, industries, and clusters who know how to use temporary organisations, in particular projects, for new knowledge generation, and utlization are able to access, transform, and exploit knowledge for economic useful purposes better and faster than those who do not. • Successful utilization of temporary organizations (projects) depends on the knowledge base of firms, industries, and clusters, but also, more importantly, on institutional context (business system), spatial system, and development coalitions within which projects and project ecologies are embedded. • Temporary organizations (projects) are used in increasingly new ways across different industries and clusters, as they become more deeply integrated into the learning processes, transforming the way business systems and their innovation systems operates.

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  • 10. Baldersheim, Harald
    et al.
    Haug, Are Vegard
    Øgård, Morten
    The rise of the networking region2009Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The challenges of regional collaboration in a globalized world. Internationalisation of regional development policies – Needs and demands in the Nordic countries. Regions are now moving beyond "the new regionalism" into network regionalism. The new regionalism began emerging in the late 1980s stimulated by the accellerating pace of European integration, the spread of the endogenous paradigm of development and was spearheaded by strong identity regions such as Catalonia, Scotland or Flanders. Network regionalism is also developmental and internationalist in its orientation but it is collaborative rather than competitive in its modus operandi and relies to a large extent on network modes of governance for eveloping and implementing its policies. The thesis guiding the project that is reported here is that the challenges of regional governance today are closely related to the capacity of regions to organize and run network activities. The project focuses in particular on Nordic and European networking activities of regions. The project builds on and updates a data base established 1997/98 covering all Nordic regions and larger cities. Thus, a central aim of the project is to chart the changes in networking activities and related development initiatives that have taken place over the last ten years.

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  • 11. Benediktsson, Karl
    et al.
    Skaptadóttir, Unnur Dís
    Coping Strategies and Regional Policies - Social Capital in the Nordic Peripheries : Country report Iceland2002Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 12. Berger, Sune
    et al.
    Tryselius, Kristina
    De perifera regionernas roll i de nordiska ländernas IT-stragegier2000Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 13. Berlina, Anna
    Youth as partners inthe green transition: Building sustainable communities2023Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This policy brief is based on one of Nordregio’s Localising Agenda 2030 webinars. It highlights specific tools and processes employed by Nordic municipalities and NGOs to ensure systematic youth engagement and follow-up at the local level. During the webinar, municipal representatives from Gladsaxe in Denmark, Hafnarfjörður in Iceland, Tierp inSweden and Korsholm in Finland presented their tested tools and insights, along with two Swedish NGOs:Future Minds and Youth 2030 Movement. The examples in this policy brief on how to involve young people inlocal development generally target children and young people aged 0-25, and in some cases up to 29 years ofage.

    Two central questions were addressed during Nordregio's webinar: how to ensure that young people cangenuinely influence decisions that affect them; and how to conduct inclusive follow-up work.

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  • 14.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Ole Rasmussen, Rasmus
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Wang, Shinan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Norlén, Gustaf
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordic-Baltic Demographic Vulnerability Assessment at municipal level2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Across the world people are moving nationally from rural areas to bigger towns and cities, and within the European Union, people are also increasingly moving between countries. While migration in the Nordic countries has exceeded natural population increase as the most prominent driver of population growth, the Baltic countries have experienced significant out-migration in the latest decades. However, migration is only one of several demographic challenges that affect the demographic structure in municipalities and regions. Ageing of the population is another key challenge; in some places emphasised by out-migration of people in age groups being active in the labour force. Life-expectancy has steadily increased and together with the decrease in birth and death rates, people are living longer while the number of children is declining. Retirement age, the age when people exit the labour force, has not changed parallel with the increasing life expectancy and thus adds to the increased proportion of non-productive elderly citizens. These changes in the composition of the population will increasingly affect vital societal parameters such as the labour supply and the dependency burden, and eventually the ability to provide sufficient social services at municipal level.

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  • 15.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perspectives on labour mobility in the Nordic-Baltic region: Mobility trends between the Baltic and Nordic states and different national policy approaches to the increased mobility in the macro-region2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication is one outcome of a project on labour mobility between the Nordic-Baltic countries: “Enhanced Nordic-Baltic co-operation on challenges of labour mobility in the Nordic-Baltic region” that the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Offi ce in Lithuania led during 2014-2016 in co-operation with the the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Offi ces in Estonia and Latvia, and Nordregio in Sweden. Th e overall objective of the project was to facilitate understanding and strengthen co-operation within the Nordic-Baltic region on labour mobility and demographic development across Nordic and Baltic municipalities and regions. Th e project is a follow-up of the initiative “Challenges of Migration in the Nordic-Baltic Region: Impact on National Labour Markets, Welfare State and Demographic Situation” implemented by the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Offi ces in the Baltic States in 2013. Among other activities realized within the framework of this 2014-2016 initiative are the following conferences: • Family and Migration in the Baltic-Nordic Region: Challenges and Solutions, Vilnius, 21 November 2014 • Labour Migration in the Nordic-Baltic Region: Trends of Labour Migration - Ready for Changes? Tallinn, 27 March 2015 For a full overview of the project and related publications, please see Nordregio’s website: www.nordregio.se/BLAM

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  • 16.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Huerta Morales, Alberto
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Bioenergy Development in Finland and Sweden: The cases of North Karelia, Jämtland, and Västernorrland2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This working paper looks into rural bioenergy development in Finland and Sweden.The first chapter provides insight into bioenergy development in North Karelia in Finland. It aims at identifying the enabling factors behind the relatively successful local bioenergy development and considers how the bioenergy development has impacted sustainable local and regional development in North Karelia. The working paper is based on desk studies and interviews conducted with stakeholders in North Karelia in 2016.The second chapter provides insight into bioenergy development in Jämtland region, Sweden. It highlights the key drivers as well as factors impeding bioenergy development, the key actors involved and bioenergy embeddedness in the community. The chapter is based on desk studies and interviews conducted in 2015.The third chapter provides insight into bioenergy development in Västernorrland region, Sweden. It highlights the key drivers as well as factors impeding bioenergy development, the key actors involved and bioenergy embeddedness in the community. The chapter is based on desk studies and interviews conducted in 2015–2016.This working paper is one of the outputs of the TRIBORN project: Triple Bottom Line Outcomes for Bioenergy Development and Innovation in Rural Norway. The project investigates how to increase the production of bioenergy in ways that promote sustainable rural development understood as positive economic, social and environmental outcomes. The Working Paper provided valuable input into the development of the Policy recommendations on Bioenergy and rural development in Europe (Nord­regio Policy Brief 2017:3).The TRIBORN (Securing triple bottom line outcomes from bioenergy development and innovation in rural Norway, project no 233640/E50) is a research project funded by the Research Council of Norway (2014-2017). Read more about the TRIBORN Project here: http://www.nibio.no/prosjekter/triborn

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  • 17.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Industrial Symbiosis: A key driver of Green Growth in Nordic Regions?2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial symbiosis (IS) is all about saving money and reducing consumption by working together to maximise the outputs that can be generated from resources. It is one approach to realising a circular economy and achieving green growth. Through symbiotic activities between organisations, IS promotes sustainable resource use, minimises the input of materials and simultaneously eliminates waste. This policy brief presents five IS case studies from across the Nordic Region followed by a series of policy recommendations based on good practice in Nordic countries.

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  • 18.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Norlén, Gustaf
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Social service innovation in rural areas – a user involvement guide2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    High-quality service provision in rural areas is becoming increasingly difficult due to social and demographic challenges, exacerbated by welfare cuts. Members of disadvantaged groups, such as the long-term unemployed, migrants and people with disabilities, may be particularly affected by shrinking social services as they often lack the resources to influence or compensate for this loss. How can user involvement in service design and delivery contribute to addressing these challenges? What is needed to make service-user involvement work? This policy brief, based on the learnings from the SEMPRE project financed by the Interreg BalticSea Region Programme, gives an introduction to a user guide that has been developed to empower disadvantaged groups in rural areas.

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    Nordregio PB 2019:2
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  • 19.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Randall, Linda
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Governing the Digital Transition in the Nordic Regions2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic countries are often positioned as digital front-runners in the European and global contexts. Digitalisation is changing the nature of business, jobs and provision of public services. Rapid digitalisation and technological change require governments and organisations to introduce proactive measures to embrace new digitalisation opportunities. How to create an enabling environment for digital transformation at the local, regional, national and Nordic levels?

    This policy brief explores the local and regional dimension of digital transformation. It examines the opportunities and challenges that Nordic regions are facing related to digitalisation and highlights some lessons learned from five Nordic regions implementing digitalisation agendas. It also sets out key recommendations for creating an enabling environment for digitalisation work at different governance levels. This research is part of the work of the Nordic Thematic Group on Innovative and Resilient Regions established by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

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    Nordregio PB 2018 8 digitalisation
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  • 20.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Refsgaard, Karen
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Randbøll Wolff, Mads
    Transition to a bioeconomy in Northwest Russia: current potential and challenges2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The development of a bioeconomy is at the forefront of the national and regional agendas of many European countries. Yet, little is known about the status and the institutional and policy frameworks for bioeconomy development in Northwest Russia. This policy brief aims at increasing the understanding of the opportunities and challenges for bioeconomy development in Northwest Russia by drawing upon lessons learned from bioeconomy case studies in the Republic of Karelia, Murmansk and Arkhangelsk oblasts.

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    Nordregio PB 2019:11 bioeconomy
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  • 21.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Asli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    LOCAL FOOD SYSTEMS FORMATION: The potential of local food initiatives in the Baltic Sea Region2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This working paper describes the state of play of local food initiatives in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) by examining EU and national policy contexts and by highlighting good practices of local food initiatives in Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Sweden and Belarus. The working paper investigates the key drivers and factors impeding the development of these initiatives. The working paper is based on desk studies, input received during meetings with stakeholders and researchers from the BSR, and interviews with good practice initiators in 2016–17. This working paper is one output of the Local food: Formation of local food markets project financed by the Swedish Institute. The overall aim of the project was to strengthen co-operation and to build knowledge of local food system formation by various actors working on rural development issues in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR). Another objective of the project was to investigate and share good practices in building, shaping, reproducing and promoting alternative food networks and markets over time and space in the BSR countries (Sweden, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Belarus).

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  • 22. Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Trubin, Alexey
    Bioeconomy in Northwest Russian region: Forest- and waste-based bioeconomy in the Arkhangelsk region, Russia2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is one of the outcomes of the project ‘Nordic-Russian bioeconomy pre-study’ financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2017. This study provides an overview of the current status and support framework for a bioeconomy in the Arkhangelsk region, Russia. It presents some key institutions and stakeholders in driving bioeconomy development in the region, and analyzes challenges and opportunities in transition to a bioeconomy. Finally, it highlights some topics of interest for the Nordic-Russian business and research collaboration in the field of forest- and waste-based bioeconomy based on the discussions with the Russian and Nordic stakeholders.

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  • 23.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Trubin, Alexey
    Transition to a bioeconomy in Northwest Russia: regional cases of the Republic of Karelia and Murmansk oblast2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of a bioeconomy is at the forefront of the national and regional agendas of many European countries given not only its potential to counter climate change through replacing goods and services currently produced using fossil fuels and other non-renewable resources, but also the new economic activities in and around the rural regions it stimulates (Refsgaard et al., 2018). However, there is relatively little known about the status and institutional and policy frameworks for bioeconomy development in Northwest Russia.

    The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive overview of the status of and institutional framework for a bioeconomy in the Republic of Karelia and Murmansk oblast. The study identifies some of the main support mechanisms and incentives, as well as the potential and challenges, for bioeconomy development in these regions today and in the future. This study, which was financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2018–2019, Kicking off the Bioeconomy in the North, draws upon the lessons learned from the study financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2018, ‘Forest and Waste-based Bioeconomy in the Arkhangelsk region’ (Berlina and Trubin, 2018).

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Nordregio R 2019 10 bioeconomy
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  • 24.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Vuithier, Alix
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Svensk-norskt samarbete: viktiga utmaningar och framtida möjligheter2024Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport, beställd av Region Värmland, analyserar gränshinder inom den statliga regionalpolitiken mellan Sverige och Norge, med målet att belysa integrationen av gränsperspektivet och diskutera utmaningar samt möjligheter för gränsöverskridande samarbete.

    Gränsen mellan Sverige och Norge beskrivs som “mjuk” med omfattande flöden, där historien av samarbete erbjuder betydande potential. Starka sociala band och ‘den mjuka gränsen’ främjar arbetskraftens rörlighet och affärssamarbeten, vilket bidrar till ökad konkurrenskraft och större marknader. Rapporten identifierar även gränshinder som påverkar individer, pendlare, och företag i gränsområdet. Den betonar vikten av dialog och samverkan för att ta tillvara möjligheter och hitta lösningar på gemensamma utmaningar. Rapporten framhåller att den regionala politiken i båda länderna ger regionerna ansvar för utveckling, men pekar på skillnader i hur gränsöverskridande aspekter hanteras. Den understryker vikten av gränsöverskridande samarbete för att skapa en integrerad arbetsmarknad och främja ekonomisk utveckling, trots att dessa aspekter har fått minskad uppmärksamhet i de nuvarande nationella strategierna. Rapporten uppmanar till en ökad inriktning på gränsöverskridande samarbete och bättre utnyttjande av regionernas potential för att överbrygga gränshinder och främja en hållbar utveckling i gränsregionerna.

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  • 25. Bjarnadóttir, Hólmfrídur
    et al.
    Bradley, Karin
    Ny kurs för Norden - planering och hållbar utveckling2003Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att ge en översikt över hur fysisk och rumslig planering i de nordiska länderna kan bidra till en hållbar utveckling och även att visa hur planering kan stödja åtgärder i den nordiska hållbarhetsstrategin från år 2000. I rapporten återfinns exempel på planering för hållbar utveckling från nationell, regional och kommunal nivå i de fem nordiska länderna samt en sammanställning av återkommande angreppssätt. Avslutningsvis tecknas förslag på områden för fortsatt nordisk samverkan inom planering för en hållbar utveckling.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 26. Bjarnadóttir, Hólmfríður
    et al.
    Hilding-Rydevik, Tuija
    Final disposal of spent nuclear fuel in Sweden2001Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Some unresolved issues and challenges in the design and implementation of the forthcoming planning and EIA processes.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 27. Björklund, Hanna
    et al.
    Damsgaard, Ole
    Knudsen, Jon P.
    Nordiske prioriteringer og satsninger i Østersjøregionen2005Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [da]

    Denne rapporten er skrevet som et underlag til arbeidet med fjerde generasjons interregprogram som vil løpe av stabelen fra 2007 av. Nordisk ministerråd ved NERP har ønsket innspill til dette arbeidet for Østersjøregionen. Rapporten tar utgangspunkt i allerede etablerte samarbeidsmønstre i regionen og gir en kortfattet gjennomgang av hovedtendenser og utviklingstrekk i dette arbeidet. Generelt har det vært en tendens til å bevege seg fra et bistands- til et samarbeidsperspektiv i de årene østersjøsamarbeidet har eksistert. Det har også skjedd en tematisk utvikling ved at allment demokratiarbeid og generell erfaringsutveksling er tonet ned til fordel for et bredere samarbeid innenfor en rekke sektorer. De enkelte landenes interesser og temaønsker gjennomgås. Det er betydelige nyanser landene i mellom, men dette bør ikke fremstå som noe hinder for å kunne utvikle relativt entydige prioriteringer rundt et knippe oppgaver for videre arbeid.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 28.
    Bogason, Ágúst
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Brynteson, Maja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Salonen, Hilma
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Remote Work in Rural Areas: Possibilities and uncertainties2024Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the role of remote work in enhancing the resilience of rural and remote municipalities in the Nordic countries, highlighting the shift towards hybrid work models. The report presents six case studies, each detailing the context, challenges and opportunities associated with remote work. The study found that many public authorities lack formal remote work policies, relying on pre-existing or pandemic-developed frameworks aimed at work-life balance.

    The research points to remote work's potential for attracting and retaining residents and skilled workers, crucial for rural development, despite challenges like the need for improved digital infrastructure and the absence of formal policies. Initiatives like co-working spaces and the focus on enhancing regional attractiveness through quality of life and infrastructure investments are seen as key to leveraging remote work for sustainable regional development. However, the study also notes obstacles such as legislative issues and the need for comprehensive strategies to fully realise the benefits of remote work for rural revitalisation.

    Remote work offers a pathway to sustainable development in Nordic regions by introducing new skills, enhancing business innovation, and improving public services, which helps combat out-migration and boosts quality of life. For maximum impact, investments in digital infrastructure, supportive work environments, and regional attractiveness are crucial, paving the way for a more vibrant and sustainable future.

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  • 29.
    Bogason, Ágúst
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Karlsdóttir, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Brandt Broegaard, Rikke
    Jokinen, Johanna Carolina
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Planning for Sustainable Tourism in the Nordic Rural Regions: Cruise Tourism, the Right to Roam and Other Examples of Identified Challenges in a Place-Specific Context2021Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the newly published Nordregio report ‘Planning for sustainable tourism in the Nordic region’ , over 100 tourism development plans (TDPs) from rural areas of the Nordic countries were collected, coded and analysed. The mapping of these documents – which are formulated at the lowest geographical level – provide an insight into how the regions and define themselves in relation to tourism, what their strengths and focuses are, where they see opportunities, what they consider their main challenges, and how sustainability concerns are – or are not – integrated into the tourism plans. The process of thoroughly mapping, coding and analysing the TDPs revealed some common challenges in tourism development and tourism planning which are shared among many Nordic regions while other challenges are more place specific.

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  • 30.
    Bogason, Ágúst
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Slätmo, Elin
    Nordregio.
    Essential Service Provision and Access to Services in Nordic Rural Areas: Policy brief 2023:12023Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    "Essential Service Provision and Access to Services in Nordic Rural Areas" explores the challenges facing service provision in Nordic rural areas due to societal and demographic changes, climate change, and globalization, and highlights the need for adapted approaches to service provisions. The policy brief shows that demographic and societal changes have a wider impact on service provision in rural regions than just traditional welfare services.

    The publication also analyses essential service needs and solutions to rural service provision challenges in the Nordic region through case studies and workshops.

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    Essential Service Provision and Access to Services in Nordic Rural Areas
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  • 31.
    Borges, Luciane
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Transport for Regional Integration: Insights from three Nordic cross-border regions2020Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Acknowledging that cross-border transport infrastructure is paramount for the Nordic Region to reach the vision of becoming the most sustainable and integrated region by 2030 (Nordic Council of Ministers, 2020), this report discusses the challenges of planning and developing transport connections across national borders. 

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  • 32.
    Borges, Luciane Aguar
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nilsson, Kjell
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tunström, Moa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Dis, Asli Tepecik
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Oliveira e Costa, Sandra
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Grunfelder, Julien
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Johnsen, Ingrid
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Kristensen, Iryna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Randall, Linda
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Smas, Lukas
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Weber, Ryan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    What Makes a Sustainable City?2018Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Find inspirationin the Nordic cities

    This booklet showcases the Nordic Sustainable Cities – giving you an insight into the shared practices that Nordic cities are using towards sustainable urban futures. The challenges that Nordic cities face – unsustainable resource consumption, pollution, homelessness, segregation, to name a few – are not unique to the region, but found all over the world.

    The Nordic region and its cities are on a journey towards sustainability, and we invite you to join us. 

    This booklet is based on the White Paper on Nordic Sustainable Cities made by Nordregio. The booklet and the white paper has been made as part of the Nordic Sustainable Cities project. Nordic Sustainable Cities is one of six flagship projects under the Nordic prime ministers’ initiative Nordic Solutions to Global Challenges, which is coordinated by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

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    What Makes a Sustainable City
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    What Makes a Sustainable City (Chinese version)
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  • 33.
    Boussauw, Kobe
    et al.
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
    Van Meeteren, Michiel
    Loughborough University.
    Sansen, Joren
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
    Meijers, Evert
    Delft University of Technology.
    Storme, Tom
    Ghent University.
    Louw, Erik
    Delft University of Technology.
    Derudder, Ben
    Ghent University.
    Witlox, Frank
    Ghent University.
    Planning for agglomeration economies in a polycentric region: Envisioning an efficient metropolitan core area in Flanders2018Ingår i: European Journal of Spatial Development, E-ISSN 1650-9544, Vol. 69, s. 1-26Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To some degree, metropolitan regions owe their existence to the ability to valorize agglomeration economies. The general perception is that agglomeration economies increase with city size, which is why economists tend to propagate urbanization, in this case in the form of metropolization. Contrarily, spatial planners traditionally emphasize the negative consequences of urban growth in terms of liveability, environmental quality, and congestion. Polycentric development models have been proposed as a specific form of metropolization that allow for both agglomeration economies and higher levels of liveability and sustainability. This paper addresses the challenge of how such polycentric development can be achieved in planning practice. We introduce ‘agglomeration potential maps’ that visualize potential locations in a polycentric metropolitan area where positive agglomeration externalities can be optimized. These maps are utilized in the process of developing a new spatial vision for Flanders’ polycentric ‘metropolitan core area’, commonly known as the Flemish Diamond. The spatial vision aspires to determine where predicted future population growth in the metropolitan core area could best be located, while both optimizing positive agglomeration externalities and maintaining its small-scale morphological character. Based on a literature review of optimum urban-size thresholds and our agglomeration potential maps, we document how such maps contributed to developing this spatial vision for the Flemish metropolitan core area.

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  • 34. Brockett, Susan
    et al.
    Dahlström, Margareta
    Spatial Development Trends: Nordic Countries in a European Context2004Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This book, an introduction to some of the current trends that are affecting spatial development, came about as a result of a course offered by Nordregio. It is intended as a companion to similar courses in the future, but more as an introduction to themes that often are less than accessible to busy, but interested, practitioners.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 35. Bærenholdt, Jørgen Ole
    Coping Strategies and Regional Policies - Social Capital in the Nordic Peripheries 2002Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This comparative report is the sixth report, complementing the five country reports (Nordregio working papers) of the research project "Coping Strategies and Regional Policies, Social Capital in Nordic Peripheries". The research includes fieldwork during 2001 in Greenland, Iceland, the Faroe Islands, Sweden and Finland, two localities per country, two projects per locality. The project was co-operatively conducted by researchers from the University of Iceland (Reykjavik), the Research Centre on Local and Regional Development (Klaksvík, Faroes), the Swedish Agricultural University (Uppsala), the University of Joensuu (Finland) and Roskilde University (Denmark).

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  • 36. Bærenholdt, Jørgen Ole
    Coping Strategies and Regional Policies - Social Capital in the Nordic Peripheries : Country report Greenland2002Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 37. Böhme, Kai
    Nationella rumsliga planer i fem länder 2003Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Nationell horisontal och vertikal integration och europeisk samordning.

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  • 38. Böhme, Kai
    et al.
    Josserand, François
    Haraldsson, Pétur Ingi
    Bachtler, John
    Polverari, Laura
    Trans-national Nordic-Scottish Co-operation2003Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Lessons for Policy and Practice. In co-operation with the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC) Nordregio has analysed experiences from inter-regional co-operation projects under the previous North Sea and Northern Periphery programmes, to disseminate learning from the projects, to highlight the practical results achieved and to identify policy lessons with regard to effective project co-operation for the new programmes.

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  • 39. Böhme, Kai
    et al.
    Lange, Burkhard
    Hansen, Malin
    Property Development and Land-Use Planning around the Baltic Sea2000Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 40.
    Carter, Helen
    et al.
    Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University.
    Gutzon Larsen, Henrik
    Department of Human Geography, Lund University.
    Olesen, Kristian
    Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University.
    A Planning Palimpsest: Neoliberal Planning in a Welfare State Tradition2015Ingår i: European Journal of Spatial Development, E-ISSN 1650-9544, nr 58Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we analyse the evolution and transformation of Danish spatial planning from its tentative origins in liberalist politics, through its rise as a central feature of the welfare state project, to its more recent entrepreneurial forms in a context of neoliberalisation. The article demonstrates how transformations of Danish spatial planning discourses and practices must be understood in context of previous discourses and practices sedimented as layers of meaning and materiality through time and over space. These layers do not completely overlay one another, but present a palimpsest saturated with contradictions as well as possibilities. We propose the notion of the ‘planning palimpsest’ as a helpful metaphor for drawing attention to the historical-geographical characteristics of planning discourses and practices.

  • 41.
    Cavicchia, Rebecca
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tybjerg, Jonas Kačkus
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Salonen, Hilma
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Brynteson, Maja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Wendt-Lucas, Nicola
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Gísladóttir, Sæunn
    University of Akureyri Research Centre.
    Jóhannesson, Hjalti
    University of Akureyri Research Centre.
    Ten-year Regional Outlook: Future Perspectives for Electric Aviation in the Nordic Region2024Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Electric aviation has gained momentum in the Nordic region in recent years. Given its unique geographical features and strong commitment to climate-neutral transport, the Nordic region represents an ideal testing ground for electric aviation. In five to ten years from now, electric aviation has the potential to become reality, so it is crucial to explore which factors may affect its implementation and how regional development may be impacted.

    The “Electric Aviation and the Effects on the Nordic Region” project presents a ten-year future scenario for electric aviation in the Nordic region. In this report, we explore future scenarios for five selected Nordic routes and identify the key driving forces behind that transformative shift, as well as the positive and negative impacts of electric aviation. The scenarios were developed through focus group discussions conducted with key stakeholders from each of the five Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden).

    The main findings of the study show that electric aviation is generally perceived positively in the various Nordic countries. However, there are also certain contextual differences relating to whether electric aviation is viewed as a pathway to achieving climate targets and removing emissions, stimulating regional development and accessibility of remote areas, or as a new travel option compared to conventional flights.

    Even though the general attitude towards electric aviation seems to be positive, scepticism and questions regarding the social acceptance of the new technology emerged, as well as the uncertainty around who will be the investors to kick-off the new technology. Furthermore, the future scenarios suggest that a high level of support from local and national governing bodies is required in order to make electric aviation a viable air transport mode in the Nordic region.

    The insights of this report are intended both to inform decision-makers and to provide nuanced observations from each Nordic country and explore future pathways towards a sustainable and more integrated Nordic region in line with the 2030 vision of the Nordic Council of Ministers.

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  • 42. Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    Persson, Lars Olof
    Westholm, Erik
    Forskning om och för landsbygds-och glesbygdsutveckling2000Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    På uppdrag av Kungliga Skogs- och Lantbruksakademien, SIR och Glesbygdsverket. Nordregio Electronic Paper 2000

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  • 43.
    Cedergren, Elin
    et al.
    Nordregio.
    Huynh, Diana
    Nordregio.
    Kull, Michael
    Nordregio.
    Moodie, John
    Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordregio.
    Wøien Meijer, Mari
    Nordregio.
    Public service delivery in the Nordic Region: An exercise in collaborative governance2021Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Now, more than ever, is Nordic collaboration required across all levels of governance to help overcome the devastating socio-economic impacts of the pandemic and to solve the shared challenges posed by climate change and growing urban-rural divides. This policy brief examines six good practice examples of collaborative public service delivery from across the Nordic Region, highlighting the main drivers, challenges and enablers of collaboration and the replication potential of these Nordic collaborative examples. The policy brief finds that new and innovative models of Nordic collaboration are constantly emerging thanks to rapid technological developments that are helping to bring stakeholders together to solve common societal challenges. The high levels of cooperation outlined indicate that collaborative governance is continually evolving within the Nordic context.

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  • 44.
    Cedergren, Elin
    et al.
    Nordregio.
    Huynh, Diana
    Nordregio.
    Kull, Michael
    Nordregio.
    Moodie, John
    Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordregio.
    Wøien Meijer, Mari
    Nordregio.
    Public service delivery in the Nordic Region: An exercise in collaborative governance2021Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Nordic welfare states are world renowned for providing high quality public services. Nordic municipal and regional authorities, in particular, play a central role in the delivery of key public services in areas, such as, health, education, and social care. However, in recent years, public authorities have faced several challenges which have reduced capacity and resources, including long periods of austerity following the 2008 financial crash, rapid demographic changes caused by an ageing population, and the COVID-19 health crisis. In response to these challenges many public authorities have looked to inter-regional, inter-municipal and cross-border collaborations to improve the quality and effectiveness of public service delivery (OECD 2017; ESPON 2019). Indeed, collaborative public service delivery is becoming increasingly prominent in the Nordic Region due to a highly decentralized systems of governance (Nordregio 20015; Eythorsson 2018).

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  • 45.
    Cedergren, Elin
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Huynh, Diana
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Morf, Andrea
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Moodie, John
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Strengthening regional resilience through adaptive collaboration: A case study on the fisheries co-management Northern Bohuslän2020Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This policy brief examines how co-management arrangements within small-scale fisheries can play a key role in enhancing sectoral and regional resilience. Despite major challenges, “multi-stakeholder collaborations” - such as co-management - demonstrate the potential for innovative knowledge transfer and strategic adaptation processes within the fisheries sector. The focus here is on Co-management Northern Bohuslän (Samförvaltning Norra Bohuslän), which promotes sustainable local fisheries and blue growth on Sweden’s west coast. The case illustrates how, under appropriate conditions, participatory local efforts can significantlycontribute to sustainability and resilience. The policy brief presents findings on related challenges and opportunities, including recommendations on future directions for the co-management initiative itself, and more general suggestions for co-management as a means to promote sectoral and regional resilience in the Nordic region.

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    PB 2020:5
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  • 46.
    Cedergren, Elin
    et al.
    Nordregio.
    Tapia, Carlos
    Nordregio.
    Sánchez Gassen, Nora
    Nordregio.
    Lundgren, Anna
    Nordregio.
    Just Green Transition – key concepts and implications in the Nordic Region2022Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This discussion paper is a based on a literature review of the just green transition in a Nordic, European and OECD setting, via the lens of three interrelated dimensions within this concept: transition, green economy and social justice. The discussion paper starts by outlining the aim and the guiding questions. There then follows a section presenting the research methods and sources of material. Section 4 presents a review of the concepts transition, green economy and social justice, along with an overview of the overarching concept of the just green transition. This is followed by a discussion of its key implications in the Nordic Region. The section concludes with proposals for working definitions of concepts for the NJUST project.

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  • 47. Clement, Keith
    et al.
    Bradley, Karin
    Hansen, Malin
    Environment and Sustainable Development Integration in the Nordic Structural Funds2004Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    An Appraisal of Programming Documents. The horizontal themes of environment and sustainable development feature increasingly in the Structural Funds, especially in the three distinct stages of programme design, implementation and evaluation. Methods to accommodate these themes vary between programmes, but also between countries, as does the level of success in efforts to realise their integration.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 48. Clement, Keith
    et al.
    Hansen, Malin
    Environmental Incentives for Nordic SMEs2002Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play a significant role in Nordic economic development through creating employment, stimulating competition and developing new technologies and products. However, these companies are often disadvantaged by internal and external constraints that prevent them from realising their full potential. Nordicgovernments acknowledge that environmental management forms one of these constraints, and accordingly its integration into working practices is supported by a range of public sector financial assistance schemes. However, to date, there has been no exploration of the extent of this provision, nor is there any comparative knowledge of the impact that these "environmental incentives" have on the environmental performance or the economic competitiveness of Nordic SMEs. This report presents the first cross-national overview of the main environmental incentives available for SMEs in the Nordic countries.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 49. Clement, Keith
    et al.
    Hansen, Malin
    Sustainable regional development in the Nordic countries2001Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 50. Clement, Keith
    et al.
    Hansen, Malin
    Bradley, Karin
    Sustainable Regional Development: Learning from Nordic Experience2003Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this research project was to progress from a broad overview of Nordic sustainable regional development (SRD), as outlined in a previous report (2001:8), to an in-depth investigation through case studies. The project's three objectives included deriving a detailed knowledge of factors impacting on SRD realisation, identifying and highlighting best practice in Nordic SRD, and facilitating a Nordic network for SRD information exchange.

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