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  • 1. Aalbu, Hallgeir
    et al.
    Böhme, Kai
    Uhlin, Åke
    Administrative reform – Arguments and Values2008Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Internationalisation of regional development policies – Needs and demands in the Nordic countries. All eight Nordic countries and self-governing areas have recently discussed or are currently discussing their administrative structures, i.e. how many municipalities or regions there should be and what responsibilities they should have. Denmark has already implemented a reform, Finland has begun to do so and, Greenland will soon follow. The experience has however been rather less successful in Norway and Sweden where many years of study and discussion now seem to have been more or less wasted.This report describes the processes and the discourse of administrative reform with a particular focus on the arguments used and the values that lie behind these arguments. The discourses are mainly concerned with four types of arguments relating to democracy, efficiency, regional development and the reform process itself. The arguments used, it is argued here, are mainly prophesies about the future. This forward-looking political logic is rather different from the work undertaken by research-based inquiries where future direction is sought in past experiences. The current report is part of Nordregio's research programme, Internationalisation of regional development policies – needs and demands in the Nordic countries. The analysis of events and developments has been updated to June 2008.

  • 2. Aalbu, Hallgeir
    et al.
    Yuill, Douglas
    Regionalpolitikken og EØS-avtalen2004Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [no]

    Muligheter och begrensninger.

  • 3. Aarsæther, Nils
    Innovations in the Nordic Periphery2004Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this project is to study the relationship between the municipal institution and recent innovations in the Nordic periphery. The reasons for undertaking such a study are fairly obvious: nowadays, it has become the norm to highlight a region's innovative capacities as a crucial element in strategies for its development. In the Nordic periphery, local government has acquired a strong position in society, so there is a definite interest in studying the relation between innovative processes and the operation of the municipal institution. A total of 21 Nordic municipalities have been studied in this project. In many respects, the area covered by the municipalities in this study may be characterized as part of the extreme periphery of Finland, Sweden, Norway, the Faroe Islands and Iceland, respectively.

  • 4.
    Annala, Kaisu
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordic working group for green growth – innovation and entrepreneurship 2013-2016 Synthesis report2017 (oppl. 2)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis report summarizes the work done by the Nordic Working Group during their four-year mandate period and puts it in a broader European and international context. The report focuses on the role and relevance of the regional level and regional players in promoting green growth in the Nordic countries and internationally and gives policy recommendations on how the Nordic regions can benefit from enhanced cooperation on green growth activities. The report focuses on two central areas of green growth: bioeconomy and industrial symbiosis. It analyses the key global drivers for green growth in these areas and positions the Nordic regional green growth - its strengths and weaknesses - against these global drivers.

  • 5. Asheim, Bjørn Terje
    et al.
    Mariussen, Åge
    Innovations, Regions and Projects2003Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies in new forms of knowledge governance. This report analyzes new forms of knowledge governance in the global economy, using comparative studies of European industries and regions. We discuss how new organisational forms are affected by corporate governance, company culture and institutional constraints. The three core ideas of the report are: • Firms, industries, and clusters who know how to use temporary organisations, in particular projects, for new knowledge generation, and utlization are able to access, transform, and exploit knowledge for economic useful purposes better and faster than those who do not. • Successful utilization of temporary organizations (projects) depends on the knowledge base of firms, industries, and clusters, but also, more importantly, on institutional context (business system), spatial system, and development coalitions within which projects and project ecologies are embedded. • Temporary organizations (projects) are used in increasingly new ways across different industries and clusters, as they become more deeply integrated into the learning processes, transforming the way business systems and their innovation systems operates.

  • 6. Baldersheim, Harald
    et al.
    Haug, Are Vegard
    Øgård, Morten
    The rise of the networking region2009Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The challenges of regional collaboration in a globalized world. Internationalisation of regional development policies – Needs and demands in the Nordic countries. Regions are now moving beyond "the new regionalism" into network regionalism. The new regionalism began emerging in the late 1980s stimulated by the accellerating pace of European integration, the spread of the endogenous paradigm of development and was spearheaded by strong identity regions such as Catalonia, Scotland or Flanders. Network regionalism is also developmental and internationalist in its orientation but it is collaborative rather than competitive in its modus operandi and relies to a large extent on network modes of governance for eveloping and implementing its policies. The thesis guiding the project that is reported here is that the challenges of regional governance today are closely related to the capacity of regions to organize and run network activities. The project focuses in particular on Nordic and European networking activities of regions. The project builds on and updates a data base established 1997/98 covering all Nordic regions and larger cities. Thus, a central aim of the project is to chart the changes in networking activities and related development initiatives that have taken place over the last ten years.

  • 7. Benediktsson, Karl
    et al.
    Skaptadóttir, Unnur Dís
    Coping Strategies and Regional Policies - Social Capital in the Nordic Peripheries : Country report Iceland2002Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8. Berger, Sune
    et al.
    Tryselius, Kristina
    De perifera regionernas roll i de nordiska ländernas IT-stragegier2000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Ole Rasmussen, Rasmus
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Wang, Shinan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Norlén, Gustaf
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordic-Baltic Demographic Vulnerability Assessment at municipal level2016Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Across the world people are moving nationally from rural areas to bigger towns and cities, and within the European Union, people are also increasingly moving between countries. While migration in the Nordic countries has exceeded natural population increase as the most prominent driver of population growth, the Baltic countries have experienced significant out-migration in the latest decades. However, migration is only one of several demographic challenges that affect the demographic structure in municipalities and regions. Ageing of the population is another key challenge; in some places emphasised by out-migration of people in age groups being active in the labour force. Life-expectancy has steadily increased and together with the decrease in birth and death rates, people are living longer while the number of children is declining. Retirement age, the age when people exit the labour force, has not changed parallel with the increasing life expectancy and thus adds to the increased proportion of non-productive elderly citizens. These changes in the composition of the population will increasingly affect vital societal parameters such as the labour supply and the dependency burden, and eventually the ability to provide sufficient social services at municipal level.

  • 10.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perspectives on labour mobility in the Nordic-Baltic region: Mobility trends between the Baltic and Nordic states and different national policy approaches to the increased mobility in the macro-region2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication is one outcome of a project on labour mobility between the Nordic-Baltic countries: “Enhanced Nordic-Baltic co-operation on challenges of labour mobility in the Nordic-Baltic region” that the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Offi ce in Lithuania led during 2014-2016 in co-operation with the the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Offi ces in Estonia and Latvia, and Nordregio in Sweden. Th e overall objective of the project was to facilitate understanding and strengthen co-operation within the Nordic-Baltic region on labour mobility and demographic development across Nordic and Baltic municipalities and regions. Th e project is a follow-up of the initiative “Challenges of Migration in the Nordic-Baltic Region: Impact on National Labour Markets, Welfare State and Demographic Situation” implemented by the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Offi ces in the Baltic States in 2013. Among other activities realized within the framework of this 2014-2016 initiative are the following conferences: • Family and Migration in the Baltic-Nordic Region: Challenges and Solutions, Vilnius, 21 November 2014 • Labour Migration in the Nordic-Baltic Region: Trends of Labour Migration - Ready for Changes? Tallinn, 27 March 2015 For a full overview of the project and related publications, please see Nordregio’s website: www.nordregio.se/BLAM

  • 11.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Huerta Morales, Alberto
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Bioenergy Development in Finland and Sweden: The cases of North Karelia, Jämtland, and Västernorrland2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This working paper looks into rural bioenergy development in Finland and Sweden.The first chapter provides insight into bioenergy development in North Karelia in Finland. It aims at identifying the enabling factors behind the relatively successful local bioenergy development and considers how the bioenergy development has impacted sustainable local and regional development in North Karelia. The working paper is based on desk studies and interviews conducted with stakeholders in North Karelia in 2016.The second chapter provides insight into bioenergy development in Jämtland region, Sweden. It highlights the key drivers as well as factors impeding bioenergy development, the key actors involved and bioenergy embeddedness in the community. The chapter is based on desk studies and interviews conducted in 2015.The third chapter provides insight into bioenergy development in Västernorrland region, Sweden. It highlights the key drivers as well as factors impeding bioenergy development, the key actors involved and bioenergy embeddedness in the community. The chapter is based on desk studies and interviews conducted in 2015–2016.This working paper is one of the outputs of the TRIBORN project: Triple Bottom Line Outcomes for Bioenergy Development and Innovation in Rural Norway. The project investigates how to increase the production of bioenergy in ways that promote sustainable rural development understood as positive economic, social and environmental outcomes. The Working Paper provided valuable input into the development of the Policy recommendations on Bioenergy and rural development in Europe (Nord­regio Policy Brief 2017:3).The TRIBORN (Securing triple bottom line outcomes from bioenergy development and innovation in rural Norway, project no 233640/E50) is a research project funded by the Research Council of Norway (2014-2017). Read more about the TRIBORN Project here: http://www.nibio.no/prosjekter/triborn

  • 12.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Industrial Symbiosis: A key driver of Green Growth in Nordic Regions?2016Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial symbiosis (IS) is all about saving money and reducing consumption by working together to maximise the outputs that can be generated from resources. It is one approach to realising a circular economy and achieving green growth. Through symbiotic activities between organisations, IS promotes sustainable resource use, minimises the input of materials and simultaneously eliminates waste. This policy brief presents five IS case studies from across the Nordic Region followed by a series of policy recommendations based on good practice in Nordic countries.

  • 13.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Asli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    LOCAL FOOD SYSTEMS FORMATION: The potential of local food initiatives in the Baltic Sea Region2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This working paper describes the state of play of local food initiatives in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) by examining EU and national policy contexts and by highlighting good practices of local food initiatives in Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Sweden and Belarus. The working paper investigates the key drivers and factors impeding the development of these initiatives. The working paper is based on desk studies, input received during meetings with stakeholders and researchers from the BSR, and interviews with good practice initiators in 2016–17. This working paper is one output of the Local food: Formation of local food markets project financed by the Swedish Institute. The overall aim of the project was to strengthen co-operation and to build knowledge of local food system formation by various actors working on rural development issues in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR). Another objective of the project was to investigate and share good practices in building, shaping, reproducing and promoting alternative food networks and markets over time and space in the BSR countries (Sweden, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Belarus).

  • 14. Bjarnadóttir, Hólmfrídur
    et al.
    Bradley, Karin
    Ny kurs för Norden - planering och hållbar utveckling2003Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att ge en översikt över hur fysisk och rumslig planering i de nordiska länderna kan bidra till en hållbar utveckling och även att visa hur planering kan stödja åtgärder i den nordiska hållbarhetsstrategin från år 2000. I rapporten återfinns exempel på planering för hållbar utveckling från nationell, regional och kommunal nivå i de fem nordiska länderna samt en sammanställning av återkommande angreppssätt. Avslutningsvis tecknas förslag på områden för fortsatt nordisk samverkan inom planering för en hållbar utveckling.

  • 15. Bjarnadóttir, Hólmfríður
    et al.
    Hilding-Rydevik, Tuija
    Final disposal of spent nuclear fuel in Sweden2001Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Some unresolved issues and challenges in the design and implementation of the forthcoming planning and EIA processes.

  • 16. Björklund, Hanna
    et al.
    Damsgaard, Ole
    Knudsen, Jon P.
    Nordiske prioriteringer og satsninger i Østersjøregionen2005Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [da]

    Denne rapporten er skrevet som et underlag til arbeidet med fjerde generasjons interregprogram som vil løpe av stabelen fra 2007 av. Nordisk ministerråd ved NERP har ønsket innspill til dette arbeidet for Østersjøregionen. Rapporten tar utgangspunkt i allerede etablerte samarbeidsmønstre i regionen og gir en kortfattet gjennomgang av hovedtendenser og utviklingstrekk i dette arbeidet. Generelt har det vært en tendens til å bevege seg fra et bistands- til et samarbeidsperspektiv i de årene østersjøsamarbeidet har eksistert. Det har også skjedd en tematisk utvikling ved at allment demokratiarbeid og generell erfaringsutveksling er tonet ned til fordel for et bredere samarbeid innenfor en rekke sektorer. De enkelte landenes interesser og temaønsker gjennomgås. Det er betydelige nyanser landene i mellom, men dette bør ikke fremstå som noe hinder for å kunne utvikle relativt entydige prioriteringer rundt et knippe oppgaver for videre arbeid.

  • 17. Brockett, Susan
    et al.
    Dahlström, Margareta
    Spatial Development Trends: Nordic Countries in a European Context2004Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book, an introduction to some of the current trends that are affecting spatial development, came about as a result of a course offered by Nordregio. It is intended as a companion to similar courses in the future, but more as an introduction to themes that often are less than accessible to busy, but interested, practitioners.

  • 18. Bærenholdt, Jørgen Ole
    Coping Strategies and Regional Policies - Social Capital in the Nordic Peripheries 2002Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This comparative report is the sixth report, complementing the five country reports (Nordregio working papers) of the research project "Coping Strategies and Regional Policies, Social Capital in Nordic Peripheries". The research includes fieldwork during 2001 in Greenland, Iceland, the Faroe Islands, Sweden and Finland, two localities per country, two projects per locality. The project was co-operatively conducted by researchers from the University of Iceland (Reykjavik), the Research Centre on Local and Regional Development (Klaksvík, Faroes), the Swedish Agricultural University (Uppsala), the University of Joensuu (Finland) and Roskilde University (Denmark).

  • 19. Bærenholdt, Jørgen Ole
    Coping Strategies and Regional Policies - Social Capital in the Nordic Peripheries : Country report Greenland2002Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20. Böhme, Kai
    Nationella rumsliga planer i fem länder 2003Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Nationell horisontal och vertikal integration och europeisk samordning.

  • 21. Böhme, Kai
    et al.
    Josserand, François
    Haraldsson, Pétur Ingi
    Bachtler, John
    Polverari, Laura
    Trans-national Nordic-Scottish Co-operation2003Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Lessons for Policy and Practice. In co-operation with the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC) Nordregio has analysed experiences from inter-regional co-operation projects under the previous North Sea and Northern Periphery programmes, to disseminate learning from the projects, to highlight the practical results achieved and to identify policy lessons with regard to effective project co-operation for the new programmes.

  • 22. Böhme, Kai
    et al.
    Lange, Burkhard
    Hansen, Malin
    Property Development and Land-Use Planning around the Baltic Sea2000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 23.
    Carter, Helen
    et al.
    Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University.
    Gutzon Larsen, Henrik
    Department of Human Geography, Lund University.
    Olesen, Kristian
    Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University.
    A Planning Palimpsest: Neoliberal Planning in a Welfare State Tradition2015Inngår i: European Journal of Spatial Development, ISSN 1650-9544, nr 58Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we analyse the evolution and transformation of Danish spatial planning from its tentative origins in liberalist politics, through its rise as a central feature of the welfare state project, to its more recent entrepreneurial forms in a context of neoliberalisation. The article demonstrates how transformations of Danish spatial planning discourses and practices must be understood in context of previous discourses and practices sedimented as layers of meaning and materiality through time and over space. These layers do not completely overlay one another, but present a palimpsest saturated with contradictions as well as possibilities. We propose the notion of the ‘planning palimpsest’ as a helpful metaphor for drawing attention to the historical-geographical characteristics of planning discourses and practices.

  • 24. Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    Persson, Lars Olof
    Westholm, Erik
    Forskning om och för landsbygds-och glesbygdsutveckling2000Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    På uppdrag av Kungliga Skogs- och Lantbruksakademien, SIR och Glesbygdsverket. Nordregio Electronic Paper 2000

  • 25. Clement, Keith
    et al.
    Bradley, Karin
    Hansen, Malin
    Environment and Sustainable Development Integration in the Nordic Structural Funds2004Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    An Appraisal of Programming Documents. The horizontal themes of environment and sustainable development feature increasingly in the Structural Funds, especially in the three distinct stages of programme design, implementation and evaluation. Methods to accommodate these themes vary between programmes, but also between countries, as does the level of success in efforts to realise their integration.

  • 26. Clement, Keith
    et al.
    Hansen, Malin
    Environmental Incentives for Nordic SMEs2002Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play a significant role in Nordic economic development through creating employment, stimulating competition and developing new technologies and products. However, these companies are often disadvantaged by internal and external constraints that prevent them from realising their full potential. Nordicgovernments acknowledge that environmental management forms one of these constraints, and accordingly its integration into working practices is supported by a range of public sector financial assistance schemes. However, to date, there has been no exploration of the extent of this provision, nor is there any comparative knowledge of the impact that these "environmental incentives" have on the environmental performance or the economic competitiveness of Nordic SMEs. This report presents the first cross-national overview of the main environmental incentives available for SMEs in the Nordic countries.

  • 27. Clement, Keith
    et al.
    Hansen, Malin
    Sustainable regional development in the Nordic countries2001Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28. Clement, Keith
    et al.
    Hansen, Malin
    Bradley, Karin
    Sustainable Regional Development: Learning from Nordic Experience2003Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this research project was to progress from a broad overview of Nordic sustainable regional development (SRD), as outlined in a previous report (2001:8), to an in-depth investigation through case studies. The project's three objectives included deriving a detailed knowledge of factors impacting on SRD realisation, identifying and highlighting best practice in Nordic SRD, and facilitating a Nordic network for SRD information exchange.

  • 29. Copus, Andrew
    Continuity or Transformation? Perspectives on Rural Development in the Nordic Countries2007Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Proceedings of a 2 day Workshop hosted by Nordregio, Stockholm, October 10th and 11th 2006. The papers in this volume, and the workshop at which they were presented, attempt to summarise the range of policy interventions which benefit rural residents and firms in the Nordic countries.

  • 30. Copus, Andrew
    et al.
    Hanell, Tomas
    Petrie, Scott
    Mapping Patterns of Economic Vitality in the Northern Periphery Area2000Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Nordregio Electronic Paper 2000

  • 31. Copus, Andrew
    et al.
    Hörnström, Lisa
    The New Rural Europe: Towards Rural Cohesion Policy2011Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Much of rural Europe is steadily shifting away from our twentieth century conceptions. However, rural policy has been slow to adjust. There is an urgent need for a fresh approach, more attuned to contemporary realities and issues, which we shall term "Rural Cohesion Policy". Rural Europe has in many senses been transformed in recent years, particularly by the arrival of broadband internet, together with all the changes in business practice, consumer preferences, working conditions, education, service delivery, and other aspects of daily life. Transport infrastructure has been extended and improved in many parts of Europe. A large swathe of rural areas in the Centre and East of Europe has experienced the effects of accession to the Single Market. This report is based on findings from the EDORA (European Development Opportunities in Rural Areas) project. The overarching aim of EDORA was to examine the process of differentiation in rural areas, in order to better understand how EU, national and regional policy can enable these areas to build upon their specific potentials to achieve (in the words of the EU 2020 strategy) "smart, sustainable and inclusive growth." EDORA was a project funded under the ESPON 2013 programme. It began in September 2008 and was completed in March 2011. This project was coordinated by the University of the Highlands and Islands, supported by a large consortium representing twelve EU Member States.

  • 32.
    Copus, Andrew
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Randall, Linda
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Social innovation in local development: Lessons from the Nordic countries and Scotland2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents background research on the work carried out by Nordregio in the project “Social Innovation in Local Development in the Nordic Countries and Scotland”, which was commissioned by the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Working Group on Demography and Welfare. The main objectives of the project were to investigate the concept of social innovation in relation to local and rural development, study the governance context in social innovation in rural areas in the Nordics and Scotland, conduct case studies in rural areas in all the Nordic countries and Scotland, as well as study the existing support systems for social innovation in particular in rural areas. The case studies are summarised in a separate document and on the project’s website.

  • 33. Dahlström, Margareta
    et al.
    Aldea-Partanen, Andra
    Fellman, Katarina
    Hedin, Sigrid
    Javakhishvili Larsen, Nino
    Jóhannesson, Hjalti
    Manniche, Jesper
    Olsen, Grethe Mattland
    Petersen, Tage
    How to Make a Living in Insular Areas - Six Nordic Cases2006Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the following six insular areas in the Nordic countries: Bornholm in Denmark The Eyjafjörður region in Iceland Gotland in Sweden The Kainuu region in Finland The Ulstein region in Norway Åland &nbsp Insular areas do not have to be islands surrounded by water they can be insular due to the sheer distances involved, or due to difficult terrain. The concept insular means that it is not realistic to commute on a daily basis to a neighbouring labour market and therefore the areas are insulated in terms of opportunities for the population to make a living there. Because these labour markets are insular, they cannot fully operate as markets. There are often other types of processes matching the labour supply and demand. It is moreover, also often necessary to take special steps to recruit key professionals to these areas, e.g. within the medical profession. Over a year, and a working life, individuals who live in these insular areas are likely to move between the labour market, i.e. having a job or being self-employed, and other parts of the income system. These other parts of the system may be education and training, unemployment or parts of the social insurance system.

  • 34. Dahlström, Margareta
    et al.
    Hedin, Sigrid
    Olsen, Lise Smed
    Östberg, Sara
    Dymén, Christian
    Henriksson, Anu
    Knowledge dynamics in moving media in Skåne : Cross-sectoral innovations in game development and film tourism2010Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is a result of the project Regional Trajectories to the Knowledge Economy: A Dynamic Model (EURODITE). The main objective of the EURODITE project was to investigate knowledge dynamics that is, how knowledge is generated, developed and transferred within and among firms or organisations, and their regional contexts. Empirical research on knowledge dynamics has been based on the building blocks of region, sector, and both territorial and firm-level knowledge. Territorial knowledge dynamics concern knowledge exchange, networks and interactions among actors across territories, both internal and extraregional. Firm-level knowledge dynamics contributes a deeper understanding of knowledge dynamics by studying the interactions within a firm or organisation and between firms or organisations that result in an innovation for instance, a new or improved product. This report includes the description and analysis of two sets of territorial knowledge dynamics with accompanying firm-level knowledge dynamics in the moving media sector in the Skåne region of Sweden. The first case study looks at knowledge dynamics within computer game development and a micro-level study of the development of the serious game 'Agent O'. The second case study elaborates on the knowledge dynamics related to film production and tourism with a micro-level study of the marketing collaboration 'The Film Track'. In addition, these case studies have been placed in a wider European perspective by comparing them with the other case studies performed within the project. It is clear from the project's case studies that knowledge dynamics are multiscalar and include important interactions at great distances. We conclude that cross-sectoral knowledge interactions are seed-beds for innovation and drive product development. Finally, knowledge interactions include many types of actors conducting a variety of knowledge interactions. In any region, there is a vast amount of intertwined evolution of knowledge dynamics. A multitude of strategies and actions is utilised by firms, higher education institutions and other actors to seek out and to utilise the knowledge needed wherever it is located. Tailor-made and progressive policy support of such processes is needed to avoid lock-ins and promote innovative regional development. The report aims at policymakers and practitioners within economic development work, business organisations, chambers of commerce, the higher education sector, and researchers of knowledge dynamics, innovation, regional development and policy.

  • 35. Damsgaard, Ole
    The role of urban areas in regional development : European and Nordic perspectives2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Proceedings of the Nordic Working Group on Cities and Regions. This working paper is the outcome of a Nordic working group established by NÄRP (Nordic Committee of Senior Officials for Regional Policy) in 2005. The task was to look into the various urban and regional development strategies currently utilised in the Nordic countries. Important aspects were related to systems, structures, and the physical and functional aspects of city development in a regional development context, based on threes city levels major, medium-sized and small cities/regional centres.

  • 36. Damsgaard, Ole
    et al.
    Dubois, Alexandre
    Gløersen, Erik
    Hedin, Sigrid
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Roto, Johanna
    Schmitt, Peter
    Steineke, Jon Moxnes
    Nordic inputs to the EU Green paper on Territorial Cohesion2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the project was to provide input for Nordic stakeholders in the wake of the finalisation of the Green paper on European Territorial Cohesion, which is to be drafted by the European Commission. Nordic inputs to the EU Green paper on Territorial Cohesion.&nbsp

  • 37. Damsgaard, Ole
    et al.
    Lindqvist, Maria
    Olsson, Anders
    Spjuth, Håkan
    Olsen, Lise Smed
    Universities: Drivers of Regional Development?2012Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    In this issue of Nordregio News we take a closer look at discussions on the role of universities and their impact on regional development.

  • 38. Damsgaard, Ole
    et al.
    Lindqvist, Maria
    Roto, Johanna
    Sterling, José
    Territorial potentials in the European Union2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper which was commissioned by the Swedish Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications during the current Swedish EU presidency aims to identify and discuss some of the most important territorial potentials in the European Union. According to the EU Green Paper on Territorial Cohesion, the territorial diversity of European regions is a vital asset in economic development and competitiveness. The purpose of EU Cohesion Policy at the European level is to contribute to the Lisbon and Gothenburg objectives for growth, jobs and sustainable development. More specifically, the Cohesion Policy should promote the cohesion of the EU-territory by improving the use of all available resources in Europe's regions. The concept of territorial potential relates to numerous factors. These factors can be divided into tangible assets, such as natural and human resources, and intangible assets, like organisation, culture, social issues and governance. Un-mobilised territorial assets constitute territorial potentials that may be realised through policies and actions at various administrative levels. Seen against the backdrop of the deepest global economic slowdown in generations the identification of regional potentials and, furthermore, the elaboration of strategies and policies that might enable and facilitate the European regions to fully exploit these potentials, is more important than ever. To strengthen competitiveness one of the main challenges facing policy-makers and other concerned actors across the regions of Europe is to identify and mobilise the territorial potentials necessary for the creation of new jobs and sustainable economic growth. Understanding the nature of territorial potentials requires a process of analysing access to different types of resources in order to gain a more detailed knowledge of the economic base of the region. However, it also requires a regional process for prioritising and coordinating relevant stakeholders and policy-fields in order to implement the necessary policy initiatives.

  • 39. Damsgaard, Ole
    et al.
    Reardon, Mitchell
    Renewable Energy and Clean Technology Tools for Regional Development2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Conclusions from the Mid Sweden Conference 20 – 21 July 2009 on renewable energy, clean technologies and regional development. The conference was organised in connection with the Swedish EU presidency by the county administrative boards and county councils of Jämtland and Västernorrland in Sweden. An overall message from the conference is that climate policy and cohesion policy are interrelated. Increased use of renewable energy and clean technology will help the shift from the recent development model to a future low carbon economy and decouple economic growth from energy consumption. Investment in these sectors will at the same time be vital for the future competitiveness of Europe. In order to successfully implement this strategy, the inclusion of the regional level in the implementation process is imperative because regions and municipalities are well placed to translate the EU- and national policy into practice and also to foster innovative practices and influence consumer behaviour as well.

  • 40. Damsgaard, Ole
    et al.
    Schmitt, Peter
    Gløersen, Erik
    Böhme, Kai
    Lindblad, Sverker
    Europe's strive for Territorial Cohesion2011Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    In this first issue of Nordregio News we aim to provide a better understanding of the ongoing discussion on the future European Territorial Cohesion policy and specifically the role of the Territorial Agenda of the European Union 2020 (TA 2020).

  • 41. Damsgaard, Ole
    et al.
    Tepecik Diş, Aslı
    Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth : How Renewable Energy and Clean Tech can contribute to the Europe 2020 Strategy.2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Main messages from the Mid Sweden Conference 14 – 15 June 2011. The County Administrative Boards and County Councils of Jämtland and Västernorrland in Sweden organized the second Regional Development Conference aimed at addressing the objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy in the context of renewable energy and clean technologies. The conference was held in Östersund on the 14th and 15th of June, 2011 with participants from different levels of governmental units, public and private sector, academia and NGOs in Europe as well as Canada. Main messages from the conference emphasized synergies between the clean technologies and renewable energy sectors that will help regional development strategies promote the EU 2020 strategy 'Smart, sustainable and inclusive Europe'. To reach the ambitious objectives set in the EU 2020 strategy, it is essential to have a bottom up approach while the objectives, strategies and measures need to be deeply rooted in strong communication among the local, regional and national levels. The role of regional and local authorities in this regard, is imperative to make use of the regional and local conditions and to establish innovative methods for integrating and utilizing local strengths and possibilities.

  • 42.
    Davidse, Bart Jan
    et al.
    HafenCity University Hamburg.
    Othengrafen, Meike
    HafenCity University Hamburg.
    Deppisch, Sonja
    HafenCity University Hamburg.
    Spatial planning practices of adapting to climate change2015Inngår i: European Journal of Spatial Development, ISSN 1650-9544, nr 57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although spatial planning is considered as crucial for climate change adaption, e.g. in the EU White Paper on Adaptation, there are uncertainties regarding the role of adaptation strategies in spatial planning practices. In this paper the potential role of spatial planning for climate change adaption is investigated by distinguishing between two adaptation strategies: avoidance and minimisation. A case study in Stockholm, Sweden, serves to analyse the implementation of these ways of adaptation in the strategic and detailed planning stages. Spatial planning documents reveal a mix of avoidance and minimisation strategies. Expert interviews were used for further analyses of the spatial planning processes around these documents. It was found that minimisation measures prevail, and that only under extraordinary circumstances, avoidance measures could be implemented. A conclusion is that a more prominent focus on avoidance measures is needed to utilise the full potential of spatial planning and to ensure more robust adaptation measures. In order to achieve this, a normative adaption hierarchy is proposed as a guiding spatial planning principle in decision making about adaptation to the effects of climate change.

  • 43. Dubois, Alexandre
    et al.
    Hedin, Sigrid
    Schmitt, Peter
    Sterling, José
    EU macro-regions and macro-regional strategies2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A scoping study discusses the understanding of the macro-regional approach now being developed within the context of EU cooperation from a territorial development perspective and particularly in relation to transnational cooperation and territorial cohesion. The process of regional integration has implied that a broader scope of themes is included in EU transnational cooperation. The macro-regional approach includes several types of actors, state and non-state, public and private all of whom are equally interested in the process of regional integration and cooperation. Macro-regional cooperation can be based on heterogeneous structures where shared challenges are the common denominator. In brief, macro-regional strategies may be seen as a tool of European integration and increased territorial cohesion. A certain amount of added-value can be foreseen from the development and implementation of macro-regional strategies. The message from the Commission that work must take place within the existing structural framework as regards the development and application of the strategy, moreover, implies that three fundamental questions must be posed in order to develop a successful strategy. On what themes can added-value be gauged in the development of macro-regional actions? What are the instruments at hand for implementing these actions (how)? What organisational capacity (who) is available for driving the process within the macro-region concerned? A macro-regional strategy thus needs a multi-sectoral, multi-instrumental and multi-actor approach in order to ensure that the novel use of existing structures helps to release undeveloped potential within a macro-region.

  • 44. Dubois, Alexandre
    et al.
    Roto, Johanna
    Making the best of Europe’s Sparsely Populated Areas2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    On making geographic specificity a driver for territorial development in Europe. As part of the ESPON project Geospecs delving deeper into the issue of geographic specificities and development potentials in Europe, this Working Paper presents analytical material and conclusions aiming at feeding the policy debate on local development challenges and opportunities in Europe's sparsely populated areas. After characterizing Sparsely Populated Areas in Europe in terms of demographic and socio-economic structures and trends, the authors propose a discussion that aims at inspiring the elaboration and implementation of local and regional development strategies in these territories. As a basis for dialogue, the authors developed a specific Nexus Model for Sparsely Populated Areas that illustrate how the spatial effects of sparsity impact 'soft' and 'hard' development factor in those areas leading to the identification of specific challenges and opportunities. An important conclusion of the report is that regional policies should more proactively promote the more efficient use of these areas' assets to grasp new development opportunities, for instance via reinforced Territorial Cooperation and expanded Business Networks, instead of excessively focusing on 'overcoming' their permanent locational disadvantage through 'hard' infrastructure.

  • 45. Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Brockett, Susan
    Damsgaard, Ole
    Framtidens Nordiska Stad2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Som ett svar på den rådande debatten om global uppvärmning och förändringar i klimatet har det nordiska samarbetsprojektet Framtidens Nordiska Stad bedrivits under 2007 och 2008. Städerna kommer att spela en viktig roll i den globala konkurrensen samtidigt som städernas fysiska och miljömässiga utveckling spelar en viktig roll i klimat politiken. De stora utmaningarna för framtidens stad är att hantera klimatförändringar i relation till fysisk stadsutveckling på ett konkurrens- och miljömässigt bra sätt. I arbetet med att påverka stadsstruktur, energianvändning och utsläpp från transporter samt medborgares värderingar och livsmönster, är strategisk fysisk stadsplanering, olika typer av ekonomiska incitament, lagstiftning, samt informationsspridning hos medborgare, viktiga verktyg för stat, region och kommun. Grundläggande förutsättningar är att arbetet organiseras på ett lämpligt sätt med tvärsektoriella samarbeten och samarbeten över de organisatoriska gränserna mellan stat, region och kommun. Genomgående i rapporten lyfts exempel fram som kan inspirera kommuner, regioner och statliga myndigheter i deras stadsplanering. Det avslutande avsnittet i varje kapitel – avslutande diskussion – vänder sig framförallt till regionala och statliga myndigheter i deras strävan att skapa förutsättningar och underlätta för kommuner att jobba mot ett klimatperspektiv i stadsutvecklingen. Projektet genomförs som en del av Nordiska Ministerrådets handlingsprogram Planläggning som instrument för hållbar utveckling i Norden och finansieras av Nordiska Ministerrådet och de deltagande nordiska länderna.

  • 46. Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Claessen, Haukur
    Reardon, Mitchell
    Hinder och potentiella framgångsfaktorer i bostadsbyggnadsprocessen : – En nordisk utblick2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nordregio has been commissioned by Boverket to perform a Nordic comparative study on strengths and weaknesses in the housing development and construction process in four urban regions: Stockholm, Copenhagen, Helsinki and Oslo. The working paper presents results from the study. It is based on a desktop study as well as interviews with urban planners, construction companies and other representatives for the housing construction sector. Focus is on the urban planning process, costs related to housing development and construction, as well as financial instruments. Based on our study as well as studies performed by Boverket, the following report was presented before the Swedish Government in 2011: Analys av bostadsbyggandet i Norden

  • 47. Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Henriksson, Anu
    Spatial Planning and its contribution to climate friendly and sustainable transport solutions2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses and further elaborates on the issue of how spatial planning can contribute to the development of climate friendly and sustainable transport solutions. Focus here is placed, primarily, on climate change mitigation – reducing the emission of greenhouse gases – though the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainability are also highlighted. In order for spatial planning to properly address a sustainable approach to climate change mitigation, the other dimensions of sustainability, such as climate change adaptation, have also to be addressed. To achieve this, spatial planning, it is argued, has to create synergies between the six different toolkits presented in this paper. An understanding of the three factors of time, space and the nature of the stakeholders involved is also crucial in the search for climate friendly and sustainable transport solutions. The paper introduces a theoretical framework and then presents three cases in the regions of Stockholm, Helsinki and on the island Bornholm. The paper concludes with a discussion of the findings arising from the previous sections.

  • 48. Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Henriksson, Anu
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Att stärka tryggheten i stads- och tätortsmiljöer ur ett jämställdhetsperspektiv : En förstudie av ett antal länders arbete2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under ett par månaders tid har Nordregio genomfört föreliggande uppdrag åt Boverket, med syfte att kartlägga intressanta exempel på trygghetsprojekt i stadsplanering utifrån ett jämställdhetsperspektiv. För att på ett effektivt sätt – givet en tidsbegränsad studie - kunna identifiera intressanta projekt och/eller exempel i de nordiska länderna samt Frankrike, Nederländerna, Tyskland, Storbritannien och Kanada, har vi använt oss av den så kallade snöbollsmetoden. Vi kontaktade ett antal relevanta kontaktpersoner i de olika länderna, som i sin tur kontaktade de rätta nyckelpersonerna. Fördelen med en sådan metod är att man på ett snabbt sätt kan få tillgång till relevant information i de olika länderna. Nackdelen är att det i vårt fall med begränsad tid inte varit möjligt att gå vidare i de fall där "snöbollen inte kastats vidare". Så är tyvärr fallet framförallt när det gäller Frankrike. Snöbollsmetoden verkar ha fungerat bra framförallt i Tyskland, Storbritannien och Kanada där e-post med intressanta projekt kontinuerligt nått Nordregio. Det kan även vara så att snöbollsmetoden fungerat bra i de länder där det pågår ett stort antal intressanta projekt utifrån vår frågeställning. Resultat från föreliggande förstudie visar att framförallt Kanada, Tyskland och Storbritannien är intressanta för fortsatta studier. Tyskland visar på en bredd av projekt vad gäller framförallt jämställdhetsintegrering i stadsplaneringen, vilket inbegriper trygghetsfrågor. Kanada har varit aktiva när det gäller trygghetsfrågor i stadsplaneringen från ett jämställdhetsperspektiv. Tendensen idag verkar dock vara att trygghetsfrågan skiftar fokus från ett jämställdhetsperspektiv till andra perspektiv såsom ungdomsperspektivet. I Storbritannien finns det idag ett stort antal projekt kring trygghet i stadsmiljöer från ett jämställdhetsperspektiv.

  • 49.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Aslı
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Langlais, Richard
    Larsson, Veronique
    City-region planning for everyday life: Experiences from four Nordic city-regions2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Whether cities can provide a high quality of life for their inhabitants is an increasingly pressing question, especially in the light of rapid urbanization and climate change. However, recent research from four Nordic city-regions —which include Malmö, Stavanger, Aalborg and Tampere, and the areas around them—shows that detailed knowledge about inhabitants—permanent, temporary, new, multi-generational, or otherwise—in every part and subset of the city-region is lacking in spatial planning. If knowledge about the lives of those living in the city-regions is insufficient, then, how can specific spatial structures for a city-region be proposed as responses to different sustainability chal­lenges?

    As a response, this policy brief proposes that, city-region planners should adopt Everyday Life Theory, (1) to influence everyday life practices in support of city-region sustainability; and (2) to better connect spatial structure/ urban form with existing sustainability challenges. By adopting Everyday Life Theory, we mean that planning should be based on empirical knowledge about the needs and experiences of different groups of people in relation to four different dimensions: employment, housing provision, mobility and social reproduction.

  • 50. Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Does Renewable Energy Provide New Rural Opportunities?2012Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    In many countries, renewable energy is highly prioritized, not only as a means of addressing environmental and energy security issues, but also as a potentially significant source of new employment, especially in rural areas throughout the OECD. One of the most important questions for policymakers is whether renewable energy can assist the development of rural economies. In response, this brief presents the results of a two-year project led by the OECD. The findings indicate that policy focused on the potential for renewable energy in the process of rural development should be cross-sector and place based. This implies identifying local conditions and opportunities, and integrating and linking the potential of renewable energy with local rural economies, as well as adopting inclusive modes of governance to ensure social acceptance. The results also indicate that while renewable energy has the ability to create new jobs, we should not exaggerate its potential. Overall, renewable energy is potentially useful for all rural and low-population-density regions, but mainly in shifting a community facing structural economic downturn to a new lower economic equilibrium.

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