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  • 101. Arason, Sigurjon
    et al.
    Karlsdottir, Magnea
    Valsdottir, Thora
    Slizyte, Rasa
    Rustad, Turid
    Falch, Eva
    Eysturskard, Jonhard
    Jakobsen, Greta
    Maximum resource utilisation - Value added fish by-products2010Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Both existing and improved ingredients from rest raw materials in the fish processing industry was evaluated for utilization in processing lines of whitefish fillets and emulsion based foods. In addition to general raw material properties and application, special emphasis was put on properties and production of fish protein isolates (FPI), fish protein hydrolysate (FPH), homogenized fish protein (HFP) and gelatin.

  • 102. Arbelaez, Maria Patricia
    et al.
    Gaviria, Marta Beatriz
    Franco, Alvaro
    Restrepo, Roman
    Hincapié, Doracelly
    Blas, Erik
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV. UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), The World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH-1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.
    Tuberculosis control and managed competition in Colombia.2004In: International Journal of Health Planning and Management, ISSN 0749-6753, E-ISSN 1099-1751, Vol. 19 Suppl 1, p. S25-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Law 100 introduced the Health Sector Reform in Colombia, a model of managed competition. This article addresses the effects of this model in terms of output and outcomes of TB control. Trends in main TB control indicators were analysed using secondary data sources, and 25 interviews were done with key informants from public and private insurers and provider institutions, and from the health directorate level. We found a deterioration in the performance of TB control: a decreasing number of BCG vaccine doses applied, a reduction in case finding and contacts identification, low cure rates and an increasing loss of follow up, which mainly affects poor people. Fragmentation occurred as the atomization and discontinuity of the technical processes took place, there was a lack of coordination, as well as a breakdown between individual and collective interventions, and the health information system began to disintegrate. The introduction of the Managed Competition (MC) in Colombia appeared to have adverse effects on TB control due to the dominance of the economic rationality in the health system and the weak state stewardship. Our recommendations are to restructure the reform's public health component, strengthen the technical capacity in public health of the state, mainly at the local and departmental levels, and to improve the health information system by reorienting its objectives to public health goals.

  • 103. Arinder, Pernilla
    et al.
    Borch, Elisabeth
    CRAN - Company risk assessment network2007Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The project has provided opportunities for both the industry and its scientific partners in the Nordic countries to increase and share knowledge of quantitative hazard analysis during workshops organized within the project. Tools demonstrating a methodology for decision-making and microbial hazard analysis were developed and evaluated during the project. Demonstrations of these tools are available at the project website and by contacting the project partners.

  • 104. Arm, Maria
    et al.
    Wik, Ola
    Engelse, Christian J.
    Erlandsson, Martin
    Sundqvist, Jan-Olov
    Oberender, Anke
    Hjelmar, Ole
    Wahlström, Margareta
    ENCORT-CDW: Evaluation of the European recovery target for construction and demolition waste2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present EU target for recovery of construction and demolition waste does not promote sustainability. Interpretations of waste and recovery definitions rather than resource efficiency and safe handling affect the monitoring. The general weight-based target has to be altered to favour recycling of resource-rich materials, not only of high weight materials. High grade recycling should be distinguished and prioritized to ensure safe recovery. This requires improved knowledge on waste generation and handling as well as on emissions of dangerous substances. A common Nordic approach is advocated.

  • 105.
    Arnardóttir, Jóhanna Rósa
    Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Mental health among youth in Iceland: Who is responsible? What is being done?2016Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    All children and young people are a huge resource. We have never had such well-educated and competent youngsters in the Nordic countries as we do today. At the sametime there are all the more young persons who claim to be suffering from mental illness, and young persons who, for various reasons, risk ending up in vulnerable situations.

    Growing mental illness amongst young people is one of the most serious public health challenges facing our Nordic society.

    The project Youth in the Nordic Region focuses on young persons who suffer from or are at risk of suffering from mental illness, as well as their situation at school and their later transition to work and providing for themselves. A further important topic of the project is early retirement and retirement on mental health grounds amongst young adults.

    As part of the project we have produced reports which shed light on various aspects of these areas. The report you are holding in front of you aims to give a quick, clear overview of who does what in Sweden in matters concerning young persons who suffer from or risk suffering from mental illness, and end up in long-term unemployment and with no meaningful purpose in life.

    We have produced summaries of all the Nordic countries plus Greenland, the Faroe Islands and Åland. We would like to point out to our readers that the summaries do not include everything that is done and that important and useful contributions may be lacking.

  • 106. Arnason, Thorolfur
    et al.
    Blomqvist, Ulf
    Forsström, Pirjo-Leena
    Gustafsson, Anders
    Myhre, Ingvild
    Nordling, Thomas
    Erik Skouby, Knud
    Ahlgren, Kajsa
    Bandhold, Hans
    The IT-based Services of the Future: Report by the Nordic Council of Ministers IT-policy Expert Group2010Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As part of the stimulation and development of co-operation in the IT field, MR-U set up a group of eminent external experts to advise the Nordic Council of Ministers on IT issues. The group devised four future scenarios based on forces for change in the world a large. The scenarios are presented in this report, along with analyses and recommendations. The scenario method is a tried and tested tool in both public policy and in strategic business contexts. It is well suited to making forward-looking strategic observations in a changing world. Globalisation, climate change, the financial crisis, servicification and other external factors influence the nature of Nordic co-operation and help our countries to continue to develop as prosperous, knowledgeable and innovative societies in the face of fierce competition and specific framework conditions. The report focuses on identifying priorities that will underpin the development of ICT-based services. The report can be used as an inventory of potential areas, to identify and develop candidates for Nordic co-operation and, above all else, to stimulate discussion on potential areas for Nordic IT co-operation.

  • 107. Arnason, Thorolfur
    et al.
    Blomqvist, Ulf
    Forsström, Pirjo-Leena
    Gustafsson, Anders
    Myhre, Ingvild
    Nordling, Thomas
    Erik Skouby Processtöd och Red. Kairos Future (Kajsa Ahlgren, Knud
    Bandhold) Sekretariat: NMRS (Kim Bärlund), Hans
    Framtidens IT-baserade tjänster: Rapport från Nordiska ministerrådets expertgrupp inom IT2010Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Som ett led i stimulering och utveckling av samarbete på IT-området har MR-U beslutat att etablera en grupp bestående av framstående externa experter som kan rådge Nordisk Ministerråd på IT-området. Expertgruppen har tagit fram fyra framtidsscenarier vilka är baserade i omvärldens förändringskrafter. Framtidsscenarierna är presenterade i denna rapport med analys och rekommendationer. Scenariemetodik är ett prövat verktyg såväl inom offentlig policy som i företagsstrategiska sammanhang. Metodiken är väl lämpad för framåtriktade strategiska betraktningar i en värld i förändring. Globalisering, klimatförändring, finanskrisen, tjänstefiering och andra drivkrafter från den yttre världen påverkar i stor omfattning hur det nordiska samarbetet kan gestaltas så att det bidrar till att våra samhällen fortsatt kan utvecklas som välmående, kunniga och innovativa i en verklighet präglad av hårdnande konkurrens och ramvillkor. Rapporten fokuserar på att identifiera satsningar med vilka man kan stödja en utveckling av IKT-stödda tjänster. Rapporten kan användas som en inventering av potentiella områden, till att identifiera och vidareutveckla kandidater till nordiskt samarbete och framförallt till att stimulera en diskussion om möjliga områden för nordiskt IT-samarbete.

  • 108. Arnbjörnsdóttir, Birna
    et al.
    Hafstad, Ingibjörg
    Integrasjon gjennom voksen- og videreutdanning: Landrapport Island2010Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [no]

    Dette er den islandske delrapporten fra en nordisk studie om bruken av undervisning i relasjon til integrering på arbeidsmarkedet. Raporten er resultat av et initiativ fra Nordisk ministerråd høsten 2008. Innvandringens historie på Island er annerledes enn i de andre nordiske land. Innvandringen dreier seg hovedsakelig omarbeidsinnvandring og i året 2009 var over 95% av alle innvandrere aktive på arbeidsmarkedet.  Integreringspolitikken på Island har derfor i mindre grad enn de øvrige nordiske land  konsentrert seg om å aktivisere innvandrere på arbeidsmarkedet men mere på undervisning i islandsk for utlendinger. Denne undervisningen foregikk  inntil 2009 hovedsakelig på kveldstid parallelt med beskjeftigelse på arbeidsmarkedet. Det er ingen plikt å lære islandsk men for å få ubegrenset arbeidstillatelse er det en plikt å ha gjennomgått 150 timer i islandsk som andrespråk. De som vil søke statsborgerskap må gjennomføre en test. Anbefalingene fra den nordiske studien er blant annet at: -  Det på nordisk plan arbeides videre med mer systematiske vurderinger av sammenhengen mellom effekt og ressurser.-  Det blir arbeidet med differensierte undervisningstilbud for voksne innvandrere i forhold til kompetanse, mål og behov.-  Det blir arbeidet ytterligere med å skape klare sammenhenger mellom utdanning og utdanningens mål med hensyn til videre utdanning eller på arbeid.-  Det blir fokusert på anvendelsen av IT og online-undervisning med henblikk på å öke tilgjengeligheten.-  Det blir arbeidet  mer systematisk med validering av innvandreres realkompetanse..

  • 109. Arne Hammer, Tor
    Nordic SCCNet - Nordic network for RTD on self compacting concrete2006Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The use of SCC contributes potentially to increased productivity (e.g. faster casting operation and with less workers) and improved working environment (no use of heavy, vibrating and noisy compacting tools). Some studies claim also better durability and surfaces.

  • 110.
    Arnesen, Audhild
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Eldres opplevelse av eget hjelpebehov2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Demografic development points to a significant increase in elderly people, creating challenges in how health care services are shaped in correspondence with user needs and resources. The aim of this study was to describe and analyse, how elderly people, experienced their own need for help. Qualitative research interviews were chosen as a method of collecting the material for this survey. Grounded theory was used for analysis of the gathered information. The interviews were based on the experience of nine elderly people living at home by themselves. All nine selected interviewees were dependent upon regularly daily help from the communal health care and home help services. “A user related service” was defined as a superior core category. Three categories were related to the core category: Resources and needs among the elderly people, the encounter with the “helper” and outer boundaries of the service provided. Conclusion: The major results of this study points to the lack of individual response, flexibility and predictability of the help provided. Despite of this the elderly seem to cope with their situation, and preferred to live in their own homes as long as possible.The results may lead to a closer look on the necessity of a more thorough survey related to the elderly population and their coping needs, before help and care services are provided. The focus has to be aimed on health assesment to prevent dysfunctional services from developing even further.

  • 111. Arnold, Erik
    et al.
    Eriksson, Annelie
    Faugert, Sven
    Jansson, Tommy
    Building Nordic Strength Through More Open R&D Funding – Study 3: The Next Step in NORIA2006Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research and innovation are the primary corner stones in efforts to strengthen economic competitiveness in an ever more globalised economy. This study states that the small Nordic nations face fierce challenges within research and innovation, and recommends that Nordic research cooperation be strengthened. The study points out that NORIA (Nordic Research and Innovation Area) could be strengthened at little cost by selective mutual opening of national R&D programs. Finally it is analysed what could happen to Nordic states' interests under a number of different circumstances, specifically a strong/weak ERA (European Research Area) in combination with a strong/weak NORIA. The study concludes that a strong implementation of NORIA would in all cases produce the best position for Nordic actors. The study is compiled for the Nordic Council of Ministers by Technopolis, which has been aided by a reference group with representatives from the Nordic Research Board (NordForsk), Nordic Innovation Centre, Nordic Energy Research and the Nordic Council of Ministers. This study is part of a series of four studies, bearing the common title "The Nordic Region as a Winner in the Global Innovation Economy", singling out policy areas, which are relevant for the Nordic countries in the light of globalisation and increased pressures on national economic competitiveness.

  • 112. Arvidsson, Karin
    Does the Nordic Region Speak with a FORKED Tongue?: The Queen of Denmark, the Government Minister and others give their views on the Nordic language community2012Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Why is it impossible to talk Swedish while queuing for a hamburger on a Friday night in Helsinki without getting into a fight, despite Swedish being an official language in Finland? The Queen of Denmark, the Government Minister, the Nobel Prize winner and the young editor-in-chief all have an intense relationship with language. In this book, they – along with a number of other people with a keen interest in language – talk about how language has shaped their lives, both private and professional. Language affects people – it engages and provokes. And power lies in language. Icelanders and Finns only have access to translated and interpreted material if they have not learned a Scandinavian language. Does the way we handle language in Nordic collaboration mean that we are creating a democratic deficit? How are we affected by tradition on the one hand and by the accelerating change brought about by globalisation on the other? Is it a question of generational boundaries? Would young people in Nordic countries rather speak English than Norwegian? These are some of the issues touched upon in this book. The author is a former journalist in the Swedish media world and has previously been Head of Communications at the Nordic Council of Ministers and the Nordic Council.

  • 113. Arvidsson, Karin
    Talar Norden med KLUVEN tunga?: Drottningen, ministern och alla vi andra om den nordiska språkgemenskapen2012Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Varför kan man inte prata svenska i korvkön enfredagsnatt i Helsingfors utan att få på käften, trotsatt svenskan är ett officiellt språk i Finland? Drottningen, ministern, nobelpristagaren och den ungachefredaktören har alla ett intensivt förhållande tillspråket. I den här boken berättar de – tillsammans meden rad andra språkentusiaster – om hur språket formatderas liv, både privat och yrkesmässigt. Språk berör, engagerar och provocerar. Och maktenligger i språket. I dag har islänningar och finnar enbarttillgång till översatt och tolkat material om de intelärt ett skandinaviskt språk. Innebär språkhanteringeni det nordiska samarbetet att vi får ett demokratisktunderskott? Och hur påverkas vi i dag av alla traditioner och av denaccelererande förändringen – globaliseringen? Är deten fråga om generationsgränser – vill de unga i Nordenhellre tala engelska än norska? Det är några av frågornasom denna bok kommer in på. Bokens författare har ett förflutet som journalist iden svenska medievärlden och har tidigare varitkommunikationschef vid Nordiska ministerrådet ochNordiska rådet.

  • 114. Arvidsson, Karin
    et al.
    F. Schou-Knudsen, Jesper
    Bergum Kinsten, Silje
    Holmström, Mats
    Edman, Patrik
    Sørensen, Torkil
    Zackari, Brita
    7 Nordic Tales2008Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In April, a Nordic Globalisation Forum will be held in Riksgränsen, Sweden, under the heading A Competitive Nordic Region in A Globalised World. The issue will remain high on the Nordic agenda of the future.Our countries have taken a huge step forward into a world characterised by change. The Adjacent Areas are developing and reforming, the EU is growing and countries like China and India are now major players on the world stage. Acting as one in the EU, the UN and other international organisations makes the most of our joint strengths.It is important that we work together on the issues of today and of the future, that we have clear goals in mind, and that we focus on the areas where we will have the greatest impact on actual outcomes, which is exactly how our Nordic inter-parliamentary and inter-governmental partnerships already function.But what does all this mean for Nordic citizens and companies? What does Nordic co-operation mean for a family that is about to move from one Nordic country to another and wants to transfer its child benefit entitlement? What does it mean for a Belarussian student whose university has been closed down and who has to study in exile? What does it mean for people who have money stashed in tax havens like the Isle of Man?This is just a small sample of the huge range of ideas, projects, stories, papers, meetings, initiatives and hours spent working late into the night that Nordic co-operation generated in 2007.

  • 115. Arvidsson, Karin
    et al.
    F. Schou-Knudsen, Jesper
    Bergum Kinsten, Silje
    Holmström, Mats
    Edman, Patrik
    Sørensen, Torkil
    Zackari, Brita
    7 nordiska berättelser2007Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I april genomförs ett nordiskt globaliseringsforum i Riksgränsen i Sverige med rubriken Ett konkurrenskraftigt Norden i en globaliserad värld. Dessa initiativ kommer att stå högt på den nordiska agendan framöver.De nordiska länderna har nu alltså tagit ett stort steg ut i en värld som präglas av förändring. Våra närområden utvecklas och reformeras, EU växer och länder som xempelvis Kina och Indien är viktiga medspelare på den globala arenan. Det ger oss en ännu bättre chans att använda oss av vår gemensamma styrka när de nordiska länderna agerar i EU, FN och andra internationella organisationer.Det är viktigt att vi tillsammans arbetar målinriktat och i dag och i framtiden fokuserar på de frågor och på de områden där vi gör störst nytta. Det är exakt det vi gör inom det nordiska parlamentariska arbetet och inom regeringssamarbetet.Men vad betyder detta för invånare och företag i Norden? Vad betyder det nordiska samarbetet för en familj som flyttar mellan de nordiska länderna och vill ha med sig sin föräldrapenning från ett land till ett annat? Vad betyder det för en vitrysk student som upplever att universitetet i hemlandet stängs och som därför måste studera i exil? Vad betyder det för folk som har gömt undan pengar i skatteparadis? Detta är ett litet urval av alla de nordiska idéer, projekt, historier, dokument, möten, initiativ och nattarbetstimmar som vi gärna vill berätta om från det nordiska samarbetsåret som gått.

  • 116. Arvidsson, Karin
    et al.
    F. Schou-Knudsen, Jesper
    Bergum Kinsten, Silje
    Holmström, Mats
    Edman, Patrik
    Sørensen, Torkil
    Zackari, Brita
    7 norrænar sögur2008Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [is]

    Í apríl á þessu ári fundar norræni hnattvæðingarvettvangurinn í fyrsta sinn í sænska bænum Riksgränsen undir yfirskriftinni Samkeppnishæf Norðurlönd í hnattvæddum heimi.Aðgerðir þessar munu njóta mikils forgangs í norrænu samstarfi á komandi árum. Því má segja að norrænu ríkin hafi tekið stórt skref út í heim sem er hröðum breytingum undirorpinn. Þjóðfélögin í grannríkjum Norðurlandanna þróast hratt þar sem unnið er mikið endurbótastarf, Evrópusambandið vex og stórþjóðirnar Kínverjar og Indverjar eru mættar til leiks á alþjóðavettvangi sem mikilvægir samskiptaaðilar okkar. Allt þetta gefur Norðurlandaþjóðunum enn frekar færi á að nýta sameiginlegan styrk sinn bæði á vettvangi Evrópusamstarfs, Sameinuðu þjóðanna og hjá öðrum alþjóðlegum stofnunum. Því er mikilvægt að við störfum markvisst og leggjum áfram áherslu á þau svið þar sem samstarf okkar nýtist best. Og sú er reyndar raunin í samstarfi norrænna þingmanna og ríkisstjórna.En hvaða áhrif skyldi þetta hafa á almenning og atvinnulíf á Norðurlöndum? Hvernig gagnast norrænt samstarf þeim fjölskyldum sem flytja búferlum á milli Norðurlandanna og vilja varðveita rétt sinn á fæðingarorlofsgreiðslum? Hvernig kemur það námsfólki í Hvíta-Rússlandi til góða, sem verður fyrir því að háskólanum þeirra er lokað svo unga fólkið neyðist til að halda áfram námi sínu í útlegð frá heimalandinu? Og hvaða afleiðingar hefur það fyrir skattarefi sem fela fjársjóði sína í skattaparadísum eins og Mön í Írlandshafi? Þetta eru aðeins nokkur dæmi um allar þær hugmyndir, verkefni, sögur, pappíra, fundi, aðgerðir og næturvinnutíma í norrænu samstarfi á liðnu ári sem við viljum greina frá.

  • 117.
    Arvidsson, Kjell
    Nordic Council of Ministers, NORDICOM.
    ”Musikindustrin är död,länge leve musikindustrin!”: Eller historien om (hur) musikindustrinöverlevde digitaliseringen2016In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 101-109Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den digitalisering som mediebranschen just nu genomgår har musikindustrin redanöverlevt. Denna artikel handlar därför om den svenska musikindustrins utvecklingfrån dess tillkomst 1903 fram till idag och hur man har hanterat förändringar orsakadeav bl.a. ny teknik genom åren. Nya aktörer har kommit med lösningarna och tagit enbetydande roll i branschen. När de gamla aktörerna anpassat sig har de lyckats bevakasina revir men med begränsad dominans.Eller sagt med en kunglig parafras; musikindustrin är död, länge leve musikindustrin.

  • 118. Arvidsson, TKarin
    et al.
    F. Schou-Knudsen, Jesper
    Bergum Kinsten, Silje
    Holmström, Mats
    Edman, Patrik
    Sørensen, Torkil
    Zackari, Brita
    7 pohjoismaista tarinaa2008Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [fi]

    Huhtikuussa järjestetään pohjoismainen globalisaatiofoorumi Riksgränsenissä Ruotsissa, jonka aiheena on Kilpailukykyinen Pohjola globaalissa maailmassa. lobalisaatioaloitteet ovat jatkossa keskeinen osa pohjoismaista yhteistyötä.Pohjoismaat ovat ottaneet ison askeleen muuttuvaan maailmaan. Lähialueemme kehittyvät ja uudistuvat, EU kasvaa ja esimerkiksi Kiina ja Intia ovat tärkeitä globaaleja toimijoita. Pohjoismaiden aktiivisuus EU:ssa, YK:ssa ja muissa kansainvälisissä järjestöissä tarjoaa meille entistä paremmat mahdollisuudet hyödyntää yhteistä ahvuuttamme.Saavutamme suurimman hyödyn suunnitelmallisesti ja keskitymme tulevaisuudessa kysymyksiin ja alueisiin. Juuri tämä on tavoitteemme Pohjoismaiden parlamentaarisessa ja hallitusten välisessä yhteistyössä.Mitä tämä kaikki sitten merkitsee Pohjoismaiden asukkaille ja yrityksille? Mitä pohjoismainen yhteistyö merkitsee perheelle, joka muuttaa toiseen Pohjoismaahan ja haluaa vanhempainrahan maksettavaksi sinne? Mitä se merkitsee valkovenäläiselle opiskelijalle, jonka yliopisto suljetaan kotimaassa ja jonka on opiskeltava maanpaossa? Mitä siitä seuraa ihmisille, jotka ovat kätkeneet rahoja Mansaaren kaltaisiin veroparatiiseihin? Tämän kirjan myötä haluamme esitellä pohjoismaisia ideoita, hankkeita, tarinoita, asiakirjoja, kokouksia, aloitteita ja yötyötunteja, joita kuluneeseen pohjoismaiseen yhteistyövuoteen on sisältynyt.

  • 119. Asheim, Bjørn Terje
    et al.
    Mariussen, Åge
    Innovations, Regions and Projects2003Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies in new forms of knowledge governance. This report analyzes new forms of knowledge governance in the global economy, using comparative studies of European industries and regions. We discuss how new organisational forms are affected by corporate governance, company culture and institutional constraints. The three core ideas of the report are: • Firms, industries, and clusters who know how to use temporary organisations, in particular projects, for new knowledge generation, and utlization are able to access, transform, and exploit knowledge for economic useful purposes better and faster than those who do not. • Successful utilization of temporary organizations (projects) depends on the knowledge base of firms, industries, and clusters, but also, more importantly, on institutional context (business system), spatial system, and development coalitions within which projects and project ecologies are embedded. • Temporary organizations (projects) are used in increasingly new ways across different industries and clusters, as they become more deeply integrated into the learning processes, transforming the way business systems and their innovation systems operates.

  • 120. Asikainen, Anna
    et al.
    Stadelmann, Martin
    Mobilizing private finance for climate action in the global South: Nordic experiences and the way forward2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2009, the Nordic countries have increased their efforts to support developing economies in the mobilization of private finance. It is now time to take stock of the success stories. Regardless of the progress, several barriers limit the Nordic ability to scale up private climate finance even more. This brief presents ideas for addressing some of these the barriers and increasing the ambition in mobilizing private finance, including considerations on de-risking solutions and the applicability of Article 6 under the Paris Agreement. The brief was produced as part of the Nordic Public-Private Platform on Mobilization of Climate Finance Mobilization, and ahead of the global climate conference in Katowice, December 2018. It builds on previous studies funded by the Nordic Council of Ministers, such as “Mobilizing climate finance flows – Nordic approaches and opportunities”.

  • 121. Ask, Amalie
    et al.
    Anker-Nilssen, Tycho
    Herzke, Dorte
    Trevail, Alice
    Franeker, Jan A. van
    Gabrielsen, Geir Wing
    Contaminants in northern fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis) exposed to plastic2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Northern fulmars are seabirds which feed exclusively at sea, and as such, they are useful indicators of ocean health. Marine plastic pollution is an ever-increasing and global issue that affects the northern fulmar as they are frequently found to have ingested plastic. In this report we investigate whether the amount of ingested plastic affects the concentration of certain plastic-adsorbed toxicants in their tissues. Marine plastic pollution is a field of utmost importance. It is our hope that this continues to be an area which receives increased attention in order to elucidate the potential harmful effects plastics have on the northern fulmar and ocean health, in general.

  • 122. Ask Larsen, Flemming
    et al.
    Damen, Saskia
    Frölander, Hans-Erik
    Boers, Erika
    Nicholas, Jude
    Johannessen, Anna Maria
    Tuomi, Emmi
    Varran, Anne
    Hunsperger-Ehrlich, Henriette
    Andersen, Vivi
    Okbøl, Henrik
    Ask Larsen, Flemming (Editor)
    Damen, Saskia (Editor)
    Guidelines for Assessment of Cognition in Relation to Congenital Deafblindness2014 (ed. 500)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this booklet is to discuss assessment of cognition in relation to deafblindness. Cognitive ability is manifested in moments of shared attention. Expressions reveal capacity, but also give us possibilities to estimate schematic ability and comprehension of reality.

    The Guidelines are structured in three parts. Part I gives an introduction to the theoretical foundation of the work of the network and of the guidelines in the present booklet. Part II is an analysis of textbooks and introductions to assessment in general, that aim at teasing out general guidelines that need specific CDB focus. This part ends up in a set of recommenda­tions for assessment of cognition in relation to CDB. Part III is a series of examples from our own work that present different attempts at applying the presented guidelines and theoretical foundation, in combination with more specific assessment targets and procedures.

    All authors are professionals within the deafblind-field working practically in different disciplines or with research.

  • 123. Ask Larsen, Flemming
    et al.
    Schjøll Brede, Kari
    Raahauge, Steen
    Kunst er noget vi gør2010Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 124.
    Askeland Winje, Brita
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Comparison of QuantiFERON®TB Gold with tuberculin skin test to improve diagnostics and routine screening for tuberculosis infection among newly arrived asylum seekers to Norway2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduksjon: QuantiFERON®TB Gold (QFT) er en ny blodtest for påvisning av tuberkulosesmitte, men med få data så langt fra undersøkelse av immigranter. Målet med studien var å sammenligne resultat av QFT og tuberkulin hudtest blant nyankomne asylsøkere i Norge og å vurdere hvilken rolle QFT bør ha i screening for latent tuberkulose.

    Metode: Alle asylsøkere, 18 år eller eldre, som ankom Tanum asylmottak fra september 2005 ble invitert til å delta og ble inkludert etter informert samtykke. Inkludering pågikk inntil et forhåndsbestemt antall på 1000 inkluderte ble nådd. Siste deltager ble inkludert i juni 2006. Deltagelse innebar en QFT test og standardiserte spørsmål, i tillegg til den lovpålagte tuberkulintesten og lungerøntgen.

    Resultat: Totalt 2813 asylsøkere ankom Tanum asylmottak i inkluderingsperioden (sept 05-juni 06).  Blant de 1000 deltagerne hadde 912 gyldige testresultater og ble inkludert i analysen, 29 % (264) hadde positiv QFT, mens 50 % (460) hadde positiv tuberkulintest (indurasjon > 6mm). Det indikerer en høy andel smittede personer i denne gruppen. Blant deltagere med positiv tuberkulintest hadde 50 % negativ QFT, mens 7 % av dem med negativ tuberkulintest hadde positiv QFT. Det var en signifikant sammenheng mellom økning i tuberkulinutslag og sannsynligheten for å ha positiv QFT. Samsvar mellom testene var 71-79%, avhengig av grenseverdi for tuberkulin. Det var bedre samsvar mellom testene for ikke-vaksinerte personer.

    Konklusjon: Ved å implementere QFT som rutine kan videre oppfølging avsluttes for 42% av dem som ville ha blitt henvist basert kun på tuberkulinresultat (> 6mm). Andelen som henvises vil være den samme enten QFT implementeres som erstatning for eller som supplement for å bekrefte en positiv tuberkulinreaksjon, men antallet som testes vil variere mye. Ulike tilnærminger vil identifisere samme andel (88-89%) av asylsøkere med positiv QFT og/eller sterkt positiv tuberkulinutslag (>15mm), men ulike grupper vil mistes.

  • 125. Askew, Peter
    Efficacy Assessment of Treated Articles: A guidance2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report provides guidance how to test efficacy of articles or material treated with biocides. There are two major groups: The first where the treatment is intended to protect the article itself. To prove efficacy, the material/article has to be tested against an untreated variant. In the second group, the treatment is intended to introduce new properties, e.g. to provide hygienic or insect repellency-functions. The problem which the treatment is intended to solve needs to be shown on the untreated article under normal conditions of use. This way, the benefit of the treatment can be shown.

  • 126.
    Askær, Anna
    et al.
    Konvers Kommunikation.
    Koch Dupont-Mouritzen, David
    Nordisk Råd for Detailfiskehandlere.
    Innovative Fish Counters2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose with the project ”innovative fish counters” was to create a common Nordic industry standard, create a new set of rules for the Nordic Championship in Fish and Shellfish and create new and innovative ideas/tools to make life as a fishmonger in the Nordic countries better, by ideas that could motivate a greater consumption of seafood in the Nordic region.

    The result of the project is therefore an industry standard that in relation to various topics (ex. temperature inrelation to displaying of fish) is clearly national differentiated. The purpose is of course in the long run to getan industry standard where everything is the same in all the Nordic countries, but before that can happen,the politicians in the different Nordic countries needs to interpret the EU regulations in the same way.In the short time this project has been running we have come a long way with the industry standard, and it isready for the fishmongers to use in their everyday work.

  • 127. Asselt, Harro van
    et al.
    Pauw, Pieter
    Sælen, Håkon
    Assessment and Review under a 2015 Climate Change Agreement2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2013, Parties to the UNFCCC were invited to prepare and communicate their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) under a 2015 agreement. Assessment and review of INDCs can help to ensure that these contributions are in line with internationally agreed objectives and principles, help establish and enhance transparency, trust and accountability between Parties, and raise ambition over time.

     This report analyses the existing review processes both under and outside the UNFCCC. It suggests that some form of ex ante assessment and review process of INDCs could help ensure that they are ambitious and fair. Such process can be complemented by assessments by observer organizations and informal discussions among Parties. In addition, a periodic review of collective ambition is desirable from the perspective of environmental effectiveness, and can build on existing review processes.

  • 128. Asselt, Harro van
    et al.
    Sælen, Håkon
    Pauw, Pieter
    Assessment and Review under a 2015 Climate Change Agreement: Lessons Learned and Ways Forward2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2013, Parties to the UNFCCC were invited to prepare and communicate their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) under a 2015 agreement. Assessment and review of INDCs can help to ensure that these contributions are in line with internationally agreed objectives and principles, help establish and enhance transparency, trust and accountability between Parties, and raise ambition over time.

     This report analyses the existing review processes both under and outside the UNFCCC. It suggests that some form of ex ante assessment and review process of INDCs could help ensure that they are ambitious and fair. Such process can be complemented by assessments by observer organizations and informal discussions among Parties. In addition, a periodic review of collective ambition is desirable from the perspective of environmental effectiveness, and can build on existing review processes.

  • 129. Asselt, Harro van
    et al.
    Sælen, Håkon
    Pauw, Pieter
    From Lima to Paris, and Beyond: Options for Ex Ante Assessment of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions under the UNFCCC2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A crucial question in the development of a new climate change agreement centres on the “intended nationally determined contributions” (INDCs) that parties have agreed to communicate before the COP 21 in Paris in December 2015. This paper explores options for the design, organization and timing of the ex ante assessment process of the INDCs. It identifies key choices to be made in Lima, and the implications of these choices for the road to Paris. Finally, it discusses the implications of the design, organization and timing of the assessment for future review processes under a Paris agreement.

  • 130.
    Assmundson, Åsa
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Cancersmärta – ett folkhälsoproblem?2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cancer is one of the most common diseases in the West World. Cancer is also a disease that accounts for much pain and decreases in quality of life in the suffering individuals. The assessment of dimensions of pain is very important for the individual treatment in the palliative care to increase quality of life in patients with cancer. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence and intensity, quality, location and duration of the present or “just now” and the usual or “every-day” cancer pain. An other aim was to describe the differences of factors, even deference of age and gender. Pain experiences were assessed with Pain-O-Meter (POM): The POM combines the qualities of McGill Pain Questionnaire and the Visual Analogue Scale into one tool, and is therefore useful for evaluation of different dimensions of the pain experience. POM also makes it possible to assess the location and duration of the pain. The result showed that all subjects experienced moderate to severe usual pain even though they were patients at a clinic specialized in palliative care for individuals suffering from cancer. The most interesting finding was that the patients in the assessment situation experienced their present pain to be more intensive then the usual or “every day” pain. These finding have implications for how to ask the patients about their pain. The results also indicated that the individuals experienced more intense pain during physical activities compared to the pain during rest. This will increase incidences of complications and decrease quality of life in this group of patients

  • 131.
    Atladóttir, Ósk Rebekka
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Influenza vaccination in emergency department workers: Knowledge, attitudes, and practices2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Thisstudy aimedto investigatethe knowledge and attitudes of healthcareworkers regardinginfluenza, influenza vaccination,and vaccination practicesin emergency departments in Gothenburg, Sweden.

    Method: This cross-sectional studyuseda self-administered questionnaire distributed tonurses, assistant nurses,and physiciansin three emergency departments atThe Sahlgrenska University Hospital in January–February2014.

    Results: Among214 participants, 56% were nurses, 27% assistant nurses,and 17% physicians. The response ratewas 77%. A total of 66 participants (31%)werevaccinated against influenza during the previous12 months.The highest vaccination coverage occurredin the oldestage group(56%;P<0.05).Past vaccinationstrongly predicted future vaccinationbehavior (P<0.001). Ourdata revealed nosignificant difference invaccination coverage betweenprofession, work experience, hospital,or gender. The mean knowledge score was higher among vaccinated vs. unvaccinated health care workers (17.9 ± 2.7vs.16.8 ± 2.6, respectively; P< 0.05). Moreover, influenza risk perception was higher among participants who were vaccinated during the previous12 months compared to unvaccinated participants (P< 0.001). Interestingly, more un vaccinated health care workers believed that personal behavior determines health (higher internal locus of control) compared to vaccinated workers(P< 0.05). More than half of vaccinated health care workers stated that they got vaccinated to avoid influenza. Almost half of the unvaccinated workers voiced concern about vaccine side effects. Fourteen percent of all respondents mentioned patient protection as an important factor in their decision to receive influenza vaccination.

    Conclusion:This study demonstrates a need for improved knowledge about influenza and influenza vaccinationin health care workers. Increased risk perception of influenza can increase vaccination coverage in emergency department personnel,and may reduce the incidence of healthcare-associated influenza.

  • 132. Atterbrand, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Jorde, Brita
    Kasin, Olav
    Krag, Thomas
    Silfverberg, Björn
    Skur, Johanna
    Stenvall, Maija
    Mobility Management in the Nordic Countries2005Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Council of Ministers and its working group on Sustainable Mobility have completed a survey on the current situation of Mobility Management in the Nordic Countries. Mobility Man-agement aims at promoting sustainable transportation and at reducing the demand for motorized transport by cooperation between various actors. More and more interest is taken in Mobility Management in the Nordic region. Sweden especially has launched a number of promising practical projects. Other Nordic Countries are carrying out surveys and pilot projects that bode well for this development. The Nordic Countries have the advantage of cooperation, sharing insights as well as many societal features, such as urban structure, corporate culture, and climatic conditions. Project objectives:

    • To collect, analyze and disseminate information on Nordic Mobility Management activities related to commuters.
    • To provide an overview of and make recommendations on policy instruments related to Mobility Management in the Nordic Countries.
    • To evaluate the effects of Mobility Management initiatives and to identify the most efficient ones.
    • To strengthen national as well as Nordic cooperation in Mobility Management.

    The report includes recommendations on actions to foster Mobility Management at a Nordic level. Most of these measures should be carried out at local and company level. However, the international community and national authorities also have a role to play in creating a more auspicious environment for Mobility Management.

  • 133.
    Augustsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Hagquist, Curt
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Kartläggning av studier om nordiska ungdomars psykiska hälsa2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna forskningsrapport redovisas en kartläggning av studier om nordiska ungdomars psykiska hälsa.Kartläggningen har genomförts av Centrum för forskning om barns och ungdomars psykiska hälsa vid Karlstads universitet på uppdrag av Nordiska högskolan för folkhälsovetenskap (NHV). Kartläggningen har finansierats av Nordiska ministerrådet och ingår som ett delprojekt inom ramen för ministerrådets handlingsplan för psykisk hälsa. Samtliga projekt som ingår i handlingsplanen har initierats av Nordiska Akademin för forskning om psykisk hälsa vid NHV under ledning av docent Lars Fredén.Barns och ungdomars psykiska hälsa är en viktig folkhälsofråga, såväl i de nordiska länderna som i de vidare internationella sammanhangen. Under senare år har området fått en ökad uppmärksamhet. Nordiska ministerrådets handlingsplan för psykisk hälsa är ett uttryck för detta. Ett annat exempel kan hämtas från Sverige. Inspirerade av ett projekt i Kungl. Vetenskapsakademiens regi har de statliga forskningsfinansiärerna riktat totalt 300 miljoner kronor under sex år till forskning om barns och ungdomars psykiska hälsa.Kartläggningen i denna forskningsrapport är gjord med ett systematiskt och vetenskapligt arbetssätt, men kan inte likställas med de systematiska kunskapsöversikter som Kungl. Vetenskapsakademien producerade i tidigare nämnda projekt, eller med de rapporter som Statens beredning för medicinsk utvärdering utarbetar. Föreliggande rapport är gjord med väsentligt mindre resurser och med förenklade arbetsmetoder. En preliminär version av rapporten presenterades vid konferensen Ung och utsatt som den 5-6 maj 2011 anordnades vid NHV

  • 134.
    Aune, Ingvald
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Risikovurdering for kromosomavvik: En kvalitativ studie om gravide kvinners tanker og erfaringer rundt denne problemstillingen2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This qualitative study aimed to increase understanding of how pregnant women experience early ultrasound examination that includes risk assessment for chromosomal anomalies. Moreover, this study examined how such women rationalize test results.

    Method: I conducted pre- and post-examination interviews of ten pregnant women undergoing risk assessment for chromosomal anomolies, and used grounded theory to analyze the results.

    Results: The study generated a core category (I want a choice, but I don’t want to decide) and five main categories (existential choices, feeling of safety, anxiety, guilt, and counselling and care). Factors contributing to choice difficulty included anxiety, loss of control or coping, emotional connection to the fetus, feelings of guilt, and social pressures. The core category describes the conflict between choice and decision. Since the women sought independent choices without external influence, they also felt greater responsibility. The women’s understanding of actual risk varied, and they used different logic and methods to evaluate risk and reach a decision.

    Conclusion: Pregnant women need for prenatal diagnostic information and want easy access to specialty services. This study shows the complex feelings pregnant women experience regarding early ultrasound examination that includes risk assessment for chromosomal defects. Stress, non-transparent information about actual and perceived risks, and personal moral judgments further complicate the decision-making process. Therefore, improved distribution of information and frequent contact with health professionals will help women to make informed choices in accordance with their values and beliefs.

  • 135. Ausen, Dag
    MINUT - Microtechnology for industrial Nordic business development2006Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic project MINUT demonstrate the innovation potential for the Nordic industry using microtechnology. The project goals have been to stimulate collaboration, create synergies among Nordic microsystem technology (MST) performers, and accelerate the industrial take-up of MST in the Nordic countries.

  • 136. Ausen, Dag
    et al.
    Gunnar Bergendahl, Carl
    Thun, Rabbe
    Turtola, Antti
    Willum, Ole
    Green Electronics Packaging and Environmental Data Flow Management2002Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The development in electronics has resulted in products with rapidly increasing functionality, lower weight and less volume, giving users big advantages in the use phase. With its complex composition, an increasing number of new applications, shorter product life, use of hazardous substances and lack of data on the material contents, electronic and electrical (EE) products constitute a threat to both man and the environment.

  • 137. Ausen, Dag
    et al.
    Westvik, Rita
    Svagård, Ingrid
    Österlund, Lars
    Gustafson, Inga
    Vikholm-Lundin, Inger
    Winquist, Fredrik
    Lading, Lars
    Gran, Jens
    FOBIS - Foresight Biomedical Sensors2007Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The foresight study on biomedical sensors has addressed different approaches with future use of biomedical sensors in the health care sector, like: How will biomedical sensors shape the healthcare systems of the future? How can they impact the quality and cost of healthcare and what are the business opportunities in the Nordic region?

  • 138.
    Austberg, Sissel
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Skolens oppfatning av tverrprofesjonelt samarbeid: en utforskende studie innen en norsk ungdomsskole2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aimed to increase knowledge about teachers' and management's perceptions of, and experiences with, the concept of interprofessional collaboration. The study also sought to determine perceptions about the need and opportunity for implementing interprofessional collaboration in their work environment. Finally, the studie investigated whether past experiences influence motivation for structured cooperation.

    Method: This study used a fenomenografic approach and interviewed 15 employees of a Norwegian junior high school. Study participants were divided into three focus groups; participants from the management, teachers with experience from structured interprofessional collaboration and teachers without such experience.

    Results: Data analysis identified three categories and six subcategories. All participants described interprofessional collaboration as not well known and collaboration with other professions is described as rare, sometimes difficult, and random. They perceived the school's role in committed cooperation as difficult because it increases demands on the school. The study participants find prioritization between vocational training and topics that fall under the social skills difficult. Motivation for cooperation is based on a need for increased knowledge about the factors that influence students' individual and overall experience of school. Focus groups having greater experience with a structured interprofessional collaboratio, showed a more positive attitude toward cooperate with other professions. Participants perceived formal frameworks as a limiting factor for collaboration.

    Conclusions: This study showed a need to clarify the meaning of the term interprofessional collaboration. The school should work to develop a good psychosocial environment in an interprofessional perspective. A positive experience with structured interprofessional collaboration, increases motivation for further cooperation.

  • 139. Autti-Rämö, Ilona
    et al.
    Holmila, Marja
    Raitasalo, Kirsimarja
    Kosola, Mikko
    Ask Torvik, Fartein
    Laslett, Anne-Marie
    Kronbæk, Mette
    Asmussen Frank, Vibeke
    Skårner, Anette
    Svenson, Bengt
    Kuuluvainen, Venla
    Isotalus, Pekka
    Purshouse, Robin C
    Angus, Colin
    Holmes, John
    Mäkelä, Klaus
    Rosén, Måns
    Järvinen-Tassopoulos, Johanna
    Tigerstedt, Christoffer
    Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs NAD 5/13 Volume 302013Book (Refereed)
  • 140. Avellán, Lars
    et al.
    Westermark, Anders
    Helge Lillebo, Jan
    Blikö, Ivar
    Kanerva, Jukka
    Jay and Geir Gudmundsson, Olivier
    Medical Imaging & Computer Games - How to bring cutting edge 3D-graphics to surgeons2006Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    By researching the current synergy possibilities between medical imaging and the gaming industries, we identified that direct cooperation was not advantageous at present. For the medical imaging industry to take advantage of technical 3D-animation expertise, other options of collaboration should be identified in order to benefit from the potential synergy perceived.

  • 141.
    Averlid, Getrud
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic School of Public Health NHV.
    Helsefremmende samarbeid – en viktig triveselfaktor i anestesisykepleierfaget.: En kvalitativ studie av anestesisykepleieres opplevelse av sitt arbeidsmiljø2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The 2006 employee survey from Anaesthesia Unit 2, at Oslo’s Rikshospital, revealedlow scores regarding anaesthesia nurses` opportunity to influence their own work situation.

    Purpose: This study aimed to examine work factors that anaesthesia nurses perceive health promoting and to analyze how hospital leadership could initiate a healthier work environment. The value of this assessment is that factors that promote a healthy work environment for anaesthesia nurses will become visible to department management.

    Method: A qualitative method was used, which included interviews with fourteen anaesthesianurses, working in six different departments. A modified Grounded Theory was applied as a methodfor analysis.

    Result: Analysis of the interviews yielded a core category: Cooperation for Better or Worse-Anaesthesia Nurses` “Ticket” in the Workplace, and three categories: Leadership, An Organizer of Conditions; Well-being in an Operations Environment and Clarity of Roles.The core category illustrates the coordinated entirety that anaesthesia nurses consider a safeguard inrelation to the patients and other professions. Nurses described great satisfaction in their work aswell as an inkling that differences can occur. Leadership was crystallized as an important factor infacilitating a healthy working environment that satisfies basic personal and professional needs. The respondents perceived production pressure and communication difficulties with close collaborators,as demotivators that sometimes caused lack of trust. Collegial support was a crucial factor in creatingthe perception of a good working environment. A model was developed, which illustrates the basic conditions of practicing the profession, obstacles and restrictions, how nurses experience optimal patient care and fundamental and potential influence of department leadership on both positive and negative factors.

    Conclusions: The study shows that several important factors contribute to a healthy working environment for the anaesthesia nurses. Leadership should work more actively toward developing ajustifiable framework of management and initiating health promoting efforts that motivate better cooperation between team members. Other important factors for well-being in the workplace included independent work and interdisciplinary collaboration around patient care.

  • 142.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Nordic Council of Ministers, NORDICOM.
    Vernacular Meaning Making: Examples of Narrative Impact in Fiction FilmQuestioning the ‘Banal’ Notion in Mediatizationof Religion Theory2015In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 143-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The outcome of an audience study supports theories stating that stories are a primarymeans by which we make sense of our experiences over time. Empirical examples ofnarrative impact are presented in which specific fiction film scenes condense spectators’lives, identities, and beliefs. One conclusion is that spectators test the emotional realismof the narrative for greater significance, connecting diegetic fiction experiences with theirextra-diegetic world in their quest for meaning, self and identity. The ‘banal’ notion of themediatization of religion theory is questioned as unsatisfactory in the theoretical context ofindividualized meaning-making processes. As a semantically negatively charged concept, itis problematic when analyzing empirical examples of spectators’ use of fictional narratives,especially when trying to characterize the idiosyncratic and complex interplay betweenspectators’ fiction emotions and their testing of mediated narratives in an exercise to findmoral significance in extra-filmic life. Instead, vernacular meaning-making is proposed.

  • 143. Axelson, Tomas
    Vernacular Meaning Making: Examples of Narrative Impact in Fiction FilmQuestioning the ‘Banal’ Notion in Mediatizationof Religion Theory2015In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 143-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The outcome of an audience study supports theories stating that stories are a primarymeans by which we make sense of our experiences over time. Empirical examples ofnarrative impact are presented in which specific fiction film scenes condense spectators’lives, identities, and beliefs. One conclusion is that spectators test the emotional realismof the narrative for greater significance, connecting diegetic fiction experiences with theirextra-diegetic world in their quest for meaning, self and identity. The ‘banal’ notion of themediatization of religion theory is questioned as unsatisfactory in the theoretical context ofindividualized meaning-making processes. As a semantically negatively charged concept, itis problematic when analyzing empirical examples of spectators’ use of fictional narratives,especially when trying to characterize the idiosyncratic and complex interplay betweenspectators’ fiction emotions and their testing of mediated narratives in an exercise to findmoral significance in extra-filmic life. Instead, vernacular meaning-making is proposed.

  • 144. B. Hansen, Asger
    et al.
    Lassen, Pia
    Bügel Mogensen, Betty
    Boutrup, Susanne
    Dam, Maria
    Screening of phenolic substances in the Nordic environments2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this Nordic study was to investigate the occurrence of different phenolic substances in the Nordic environment. The phenolic substances include both long and short chain alkylphenols, some bisphenols and monoetoxylates of octyl- and nonylphenols. Most of the selected substances are so-called high production volume (HPV) chemicals and are considered being more or less persistent in the environment and/or hazardous to aquatic organisms. Some are of even greater concern due to endocrine effects.

  • 145. B. Kristmundsson, Gudmundur
    Læsning og skrivning i læreruddannelsen i Norden2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [da]

    Formålet med denne kortlægning er at samle oplysninger om undervisningen i læse- og skrivefærdigheder ved læreruddannelserne i Norden og derigennem give et overblik over, hvordan de nordiske lande i sine læreruddannelser gennemfører de seneste forskningsresultater vedrørende læse- og skriveindlæring.Læse- og skrivefærdigheder er afgørende faktorer for fremgang i skolen og senere i arbejdslivet og dermed også afgørende for Nordens muligheder for at møde fremtidens udfordringer og styrke Nordens konkurrencekraft. Nutidens børn og unge har tilegnet sig læsevaner, som adskiller sig fra tidligere generationers, og som er helt anderledes end de traditioner, som skolerne og lærerne er vant til. Digitale tekster er ikke længere lineære, læseren bestemmer hvor teksten begynder og hvor den slutter. Også skrivevanerne har ændret sig som følge af udviklingen inden for informationsteknologien. Kortlægningen belyser, i hvilket omfang disse nye læse- og skrivevaner har ført til ændringer i læreruddannelsen vedrørende læse- og skriveundervisningen i de nordiske skoler.

  • 146. B. Møller, Henrik
    et al.
    M. Nielsen, Anders
    Murto, Marika
    Christensson, Kjell
    Rintala, Jukka
    Svensson, Mattias
    Seppälä, Mari
    Paavola, Teija
    Angelidaki, Irini
    L. Kaparaju, Prasad
    Manure and energy crops for biogas production: Status and barriers2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study has evaluated the development of biogas technology in three Nordic countries and analysed the effects of using nine model energy crops in biogas plants. The study compares the global warming impacts and the energy balance for the nine crops used for heat and power production. The energy balances and impacts on greenhouse gases of the studied crops differ between the countries. In Sweden and Denmark, the same crops turned out to be the most promising in terms of energy yield and impact on greenhouse gases. In general, the same crops that score high in terms of energy yield also score high in reducing the amount of greenhouse gases. Based on the examined parameters, it can be concluded that the most promising crops are Jerusalem artichoke, beets, maize, and, in Finland, reed canary grass as well.

  • 147. B. Rasmussen, Nina
    et al.
    Aalvik, Lars
    Breien, Thor
    Ahl, Per
    Erik Swendgaard, Hans
    Clean Nordic and Baltic sky - Feasibility study2011Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Background Demand for air travel is growing rapidly. Shortfalls in capacity and other constraints on the efficiency of airports and aircraft operations have negatively impacted the environment. The need to enhance efficiency without increase in emissions, within finite airspace and airport resources while still ensuring high levels of safety, has grown considerably. This feasibility study is the first initiative for co-operation between air navigation service providers (ANSP), airports, airline companies and industry.

  • 148. B. Svinddal, Siri
    Allergen labelling and use of advisory labelling "May contain traces of [allergen]"2013Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2010-2012, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland collaborated in a Nordic inspection campaign about labelling of allergens and use of advisory labelling (“May contain traces of [allergen]”). The background to the project was that accurate labelling of allergens is crucial for the health of people who suffer from allergies. If allergens listed in Annex IIIa of the EC Directive (2000/13/EC with amendments) are not presented on a product label, this can present a serious health risk for people with allergies. Furthermore, increased use of the advisory labelling “May contain traces of [allergen]” is making it harder for people with allergies to choose products.One aim of the project was to encourage food companies to take responsibility for accurate labelling of allergens on their products. The project also aimed to increase awareness and knowledge in food companies about allergy safety, and thereby improve procedures for advisory labelling about allergens. Other aims were to develop a common standpoint on the use of advisory labelling and to promote the Nordic co-operation.

  • 149. B. Svinddal, Siri
    Märkning av allergener och ”kan innehålla spår av” allergener2012Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Norge, Sverige, Danmark och Finland har under 2010-2012 samarbetat inom ett projekt i form av en Nordisk kontrollkampanj om allergenmärkning- och varningsmärkning av allergener (kan innehålla spår av). Bakgrunden till projektet var att korrekt märkning av allergener är avgörande för allergikers hälsa. Avsaknad av märkning av allergener som finns upptagna i den sk. allergilistan (bilaga IV 2000/13 EG) kan utgöra en allvarlig hälsorisk för en allergiker. Vidare kommer ett utbrett användande av varningsmärkning innebära att det blir svårare för allergikerna att välja produkter.Målet för projektet var att företagen tar sitt ansvar för att märkningen av allergener är korrekt på sina produkter. Dessutom hade projektet som mål att öka företagarnas kunskaper i allergisäkerhet så att företagarna har bra rutiner för användandet av varningsmärkning. En målsättning var också att utarbeta en gemensam hållning för användandet av varningsmärkning samt att främja det nordiska samarbetet.

  • 150. Badhwar, Ingvild
    The Elephant-shaped Hole in the Universe:: A literary analysis of Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things2016In: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, no 3, p. 4-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, I read Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things as a melodrama in order to explore the relationship between the subaltern and the world of everyday life. I draw upon Spivak’s conception of the subaltern, her lack of voice and location within both everyday life and the narrative of history. I argue that the main character, Ammu—not speaking the language of everyday life, yet desperately desiring to express herself—is forced to resort to melodramatics, bolstering her incomprehensibility and leaving her even more isolated. I discuss the relationship between post-colonial studies, melodrama, everyday language, skepticism, innocence and knowledge, representations, and the subaltern’s opportunity to regain her voice in order to tell her own story.

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