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  • 51. Lindberg, Anna
    Modernization and Effeminization in India: Kerala Cashew Workers Since 19302005Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The South Indian state of Kerala is well known for its progressive policy, high social indicators, and comparatively high women’s status. Processes of modernization, however, have had an ambiguous impact on women. This study of female cashew factory workers in Kerala combines meticulous historical investigation with anthropological research, including a wealth of in-depth interviews.

    The author traces changes since the 1930s in gender relations among low-caste men and women by examining processes of modernization in the organization of work, trade union activities, and ideologies regarding marriage and family life. Her main conclusion is that, although women have obtained better absolute conditions at work and in society, the power discrepancy between low-caste men and women has increased in favour of men because low-caste women have gone through a process of effeminization; they are now seen as weaker and more dependent on men than in earlier decades.

  • 52. Lundström, Håkan
    I Will Send My Song: Kammu Vocal Genres in the Singing of Kam Raw2010Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An ethnomusical presentation of one person’s vocal performance of rather highly varied sets of words, manners of performance, and the use of these competences in communication with other singers. Although this orally transmitted form of singing is unique to the Kammu of northern Laos, it is related to a much larger complex in Southeast Asia and thus will be of interest to a wide group of musicologists.

  • 53. Lundström, Håkan
    et al.
    Tayanin, Damrong
    Kammu Songs: The Songs of Kam Raw2006Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Builds on the book ’I Will Send My Song’ by the same author. This volume contains Kam Raw’s repertoire of social adult songs in the Kammu language, with English translations, interpretations and commentary.

  • 54. M. Seekins, Donald
    Burma and Japan Since 1940: From ’Co-Prosperity’ to ’Quiet Dialogue’2007Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern Myanmar/Burma is very much a creation of World War II, when the British colony was occupied by the Japanese, and its immediate aftermath. These years saw the rise of Aung San and his assassination, as well as the establishment of military forces by the Japanese (subsequently evolving into today's ruling junta) and a sharp escalation of inter-ethnic antagonism and violence. Today the military regime continues to survive despite strong opposition at home and abroad. Its resilience is often explained in human rights terms or by reference to close military engagement with drug-dealing war-lords.

    What is less recognized, however, is that not everywhere is Burma an international pariah state. By its inclusion within their fold, the ASEAN states have worked hard to 'normalise' Burma, and China has provided strong backing for the military regime. The Japanese government, which gave massive amounts of development aid to Burma before 1988, has pursued a policy of 'quiet dialogue' as a non-confrontational way of promoting economic and political reform. Tracing Burma-Japan relations since 1940, this volume will be of value not only for an understanding of post-war Japanese diplomacy and aid programmes, but also because it offers new material and insights on the ongoing story of Burma itself.

  • 55. Masalin, Heikki
    Mapping of Nordic Creative and Cultural Industries: Financial Environment2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The creative and cultural industries (CCIs) have recently been debated widely, and access to finance has been at the forefront. This KreaNord report, created in 2012, maps the Nordic CCIs’ financial environment, and shows that the environment is facilitating the same access to corporate finance for CCIs as for other sectors. However, the supply of project finance requested by CCIs, is rare/non-existing, and mostly provided as debt. This report concludes the findings as market failure in supply of debt instruments for CCIs, and recommends a development process be initiated.

    Republished in 2015 following the end of KreaNord, the Nordic Council of Ministers’ initiative on cultural and creative industries (2008–2015).

  • 56. McVey, Ruth
    Redesigning the Cosmos: Belief Systems and State Power in Indonesia1993Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Uses examples from historical and modern Indonesian societies and from various religions of the archipelago to illuminate the relationship between religion and political power.

  • 57. Milwertz, Cecilia
    et al.
    Iwanaga, KazukiWang, QiBurghoorn, Wil
    Gender Politics in Asia: Women Manoeuvring with Dominant Gender Orders2008Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book demonstrates the great diversity in gender politics and women’s strategies to negotiate and change gender relations individually or collectively. It examines cultural complexities of gender by focusing on gender politics in Asia, with case studis from China, Japan, Singapore, the Philippines, Thailand and Malaysia. It examines multiple aspects of gender politics (dress, healing, religious ordination, NGO activism, etc.), bringing to bear interdisciplinary approaches of inquiry based on in-depth empirical data.

  • 58. Nathansen Milwertz, Cecilia
    Beijing Women Organizing for Change: A New Wave of the Chinese Women's Movement2002Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Independent and quasi-independent organizing in China really began earliest in the women’s community but the importance of this 15-year experience has not been documented adequately. The book first introduces the emergence since the mid-1980s of new types of women’s organization in China from the earlier situation of the All-China Women’s Federation ‘monopoly’. It then focuses on selected organizations and networks (such as the Women’s Research Institute and the Jinglun Family Centre) and for the first time provides detailed descriptions of their history, organizational structure and work.

    The book concludes by discussing these organizations’ representation of gender interests and the role they play in the establishment of civil society. The stories to be told in this study – profoundly moving stories of commitment, frustration and creativity – have implications for civil society theory. They will also provide a wonderfully grounding empirical study for those in the woman’s movement who have sometimes strayed far from the practical results to which theories are supposed to lead.

  • 59. Nielsen, Kenneth Bo
    et al.
    Standal, Karina
    Waldrop, Anne
    Wilhite, Harold
    Editors’ Introduction2016In: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, no Special Issue, p. 2-4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 60. Nilsson, Heidi
    et al.
    Robertson, Erik
    Entreprenörskap i högre konstnärlig och kreativ utbildning i Norden2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport, utfört av Nordic Game Resources för KreaNord i 2010, består av tre delar. Det första området är en kartläggning av förekomsten av entreprenörskapsutbildning som är tillgänglig för studenter vid högre konstnärliga och kreativa utbildningar i Norden. Det andra området innebär att hitta goda exempel på entreprenörskapsutbildningar och diskutera dessa i jämförelse med det övriga utbudet. Studiens tredje område består av rekommendationer som kan användas i arbetet med att skapa policies för entreprenörskap inom högre konstnärlig och kreativ utbildning.

    Återpublicerad 2015 i samband med avvecklingen av KreaNord, Nordiska ministerrådets initiativ för kulturella och kreativa näringar (2008-2015).

  • 61. Nilsson Hoadley, Anna-Greta
    Indonesian Literature vs New Order Orthodoxy: The Aftermath of 1965-19662011Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Perhaps we shall never know the truth about Indonesia’s failed (supposedly Communist) coup of 1965. But the consequences were clear: the fall of President Sukarno and rise to power of General Suharto plus violent suppression of all ’Communist’ organizations. In the process a half million lives were lost. Open discussion of these events - especially the killings - was impossible during the period of Suharto’s rule except in one area, Indonesian literature. Here it was possible to portray the events in fictional form at the human level. As a result, a number of Indonesia’s best-known authors wrote on the subject. This book analyses Indonesian literature produced during the New Order period dealing with the events of 1965-1966 and its consequences. It examines the political coercion that people were subjected to and how the authors deal with the taboo subject of the killings; it also considers how the Communist Party was seen and discusses the underlying reasons for why the fictional characters act as they do. Crucial here is the influence of Javanese culture and the significance of President Sukarno’s political concept of Nasakom.

  • 62. Olivová, Lucie
    et al.
    Børdahl, Vibeke
    Lifestyle and Entertainment in Yangzhou2009Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Yangzhou, once the central place of literati and urban culture, is still one of the most important centres of traditional culture in China today. Over the years particular regional forms of art and entertainment have arisen here, some surviving into the present time.

    This beautifully illustrated volume celebrates Yangzhou’s rich cultural tradition through a well-balanced spectrum of topics spanning the period from the late 17th century to modern times. These are grouped into four thematic parts: Yangzhou’s cultural heritage during historic downfalls and revivals; regional literature and book production; local theatre and storytelling; and various artists of the 18th-century Yangzhou School of Painting. Within each thematic part, descriptions and evaluations of cultural phenomena are supplemented with reflections on lifestyle and customs, weaving a virtual dialogue that binds the topical diversity of the collection tightly together.

  • 63. Ovesen, Jan
    et al.
    Trankell, Ing-Britt
    Cambodians and Their Doctors: A Medical Anthropology of Colonial and Post-Colonial Cambodia2010Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At face value, this book is about medicine in Cambodia over the last hundred years. At the same time, however, by using ‘medicine’ (in the sense of ideas, practices and institutions relating to health and illness) as a prism through which to view colonial and post-colonial Cambodian society more generally, it offers an historical and contemporary anthropology of the nation ofCambodia.

    Rich in ethnographic detail derived from both contemporary anthropological fieldwork and colonial archival material, the study is an account of the simultaneous presence in Cambodia of two medical traditions: the modern, biomedical one first introduced by the French colonial power at the turn of the twentieth century, and the indigenous Khmer health cosmology. In their reliance on one or the other of the two traditions, to a large extent the Khmer people have been concerned to find efficient medical treatment that also adheres to social norms (not least the emphasis on the morality of social relations). This concern is also evident in the prevailing medical pluralism in Cambodia today.

    The authors trace the interaction (and lack thereof) between these two traditions from the French colonial period via the political upheavals of the 1970s through to the present day. The result is more than a medical anthropology; this is a key text that also makes a significant contribution to the anthropological study of Cambodian society at large and will be an important resource for development planners and aid workers in medical and related fields.

  • 64. Paoli, Donatella De
    et al.
    Foss, Lene
    Effects of Network Funding: An Evaluation2019Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Network funding forms part of the Nordic-Baltic Mobility Programme for Culture, which aims to enhance cultural and artistic collaboration in the Nordic and Baltic countries by funding travel, networking, and residential activities. Network funding provides a platform for co-operation and thus the exchange of ideas and knowledge between professional artists and cultural practitioners in the Nordic and Baltic regions.

    This study on the effects of Network funding was commissioned by Nordic Culture Point in the spring of 2018 in order to gain insight into the long-term effects of funding and to examine its results for professional artists and cultural practitioners in the Nordic and Baltic countries. Data for the analysis was obtained through both qualitative and quantitative methods.

    The results show that networking is beneficial not only for its own sake, but also for the professional development of the recipients and the entire artistic or cultural field that they represent. Network funding is perceived as valuable amongst professional artists and cultural practitioners.  

  • 65. Paul, Erik
    Australia in Southeast Asia: Regionalisation and Democracy1998Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Australia’s place in the global economy is more than ever linked to Southeast Asia. The relationship has become more complex because of the eurasianization of the Australian continent and increased conflict between the two areas. Australian-bashing by Southeast Asian regimes has become common, much of this sparked by criticism by important segments of Australia's civil society of abuse of human rights in Southeast Asia. Australia's response has been subdued and apologetic.

    Conflicts with Southeast Asia highlights a clash between countries who do not share common values about individuals' political and civil rights. Changes in the role of the Australian state and its response to Asia question the sustainability of Australia's open society.

  • 66. Pedersen, Merete
    Catalogue of Japanese Manuscripts and Rare Books2015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This catalogue explores the entire collection of early Japanese woodblock-printed books, maps and single-sheet prints held in the Royal Library, Copenhagen, these appearing for the first time in print. The collection spans the whole of the Edo period (1603–1867). Items from the latter part of the Edo period are best represented with many literary genres including Japanese editions of Chinese classical works. The woodblock-printed books and single-sheet prints of the Meiji period (1868–1912) are also included. The catalogue comprises 152 entries covering multi-volume works and series of woodblock prints and provides both concise bibliographical data and additional material gathered from various sources. It furthermore provides reproductions of pages of each of the books and a representative selection of the woodblock prints for a visual appreciation of the works. The introduction outlines the history of the collection, identifying some of the more important items and explains the bibliographical principles on which the catalogue has been compiled. Indexes and a comprehensive list of references are also included.

  • 67. Perho, Irmeli
    Catalogue of Arabic Manuscripts: Codices Arabici Arthur Christenseniani2003Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a comprehensive listing of the holdings of the Royal Library, Copenhagen, on a series of Arabic manuscripts.It is the second volume cataloguing the Islamic material of the Royal Library, Copenhagen, and describes 94 manuscripts and 3 lithographed prints acquired early last century. Most of these items date from the 19th century, with the oldest dated to 910 AH (1504 CE). The vast majority of the texts deal with Twelver Shi'i (Imami) law and legal theory. Arabic grammars and books on rhetoric also form major subject categories. Among the other items are a number of Sunni and Shi'i theological texts.

  • 68. Perho, Irmeli
    Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts [Volume 1]: Codices Persici Arthur Christenseniani, Codices Simonseniani Persici, Codices Persici Additamenta2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This two-volume work describes three collections of Persian manuscripts and lithographic prints at the Royal Library, Copenhagen: 155 manuscripts and lithographs acquired by Arthur Christensen in Iran, 10 manuscripts collected by David Simonsen and 102 manuscripts acquired by the Library. All items have been included in the holdings of the Library after the publication of the previous catalogue in 1857.

              The Persian manuscripts included in the three collections cover a variety of topics, the major fields being poetry and history. The oldest date from the 9th H/15th CE century and the most recent from the 14th H/20th CE century. Among the items described, there is a substantial number of Qāğār-period lithographs, many of them illustrated. A special group of lithographs is formed by four diaries written by the Qāğār ruler Nāṣer al-Dīn Šāh (ruled 1264–1313 H [1848–1896 CE]). In the diaries, the Nāṣer al-Dīn Šāh describes his travels in Iran, Iraq and Europe.

              Designed especially as an essential source of reference for scholars working in all aspects of manuscript studies, the catalogue includes over 500 full-page illustrations (some in colour) that help identify each of the manuscripts.

     

  • 69. Perho, Irmeli
    Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts [Volume 2]: Codices Persici Arthur Christenseniani, Codices Simonseniani Persici, Codices Persici Additamenta2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This two-volume work describes three collections of Persian manuscripts and lithographic prints at the Royal Library, Copenhagen: 155 manuscripts and lithographs acquired by Arthur Christensen in Iran, 10 manuscripts collected by David Simonsen and 102 manuscripts acquired by the Library. All items have been included in the holdings of the Library after the publication of the previous catalogue in 1857.

              The Persian manuscripts included in the three collections cover a variety of topics, the major fields being poetry and history. The oldest date from the 9th H/15th CE century and the most recent from the 14th H/20th CE century. Among the items described, there is a substantial number of Qāğār-period lithographs, many of them illustrated. A special group of lithographs is formed by four diaries written by the Qāğār ruler Nāṣer al-Dīn Šāh (ruled 1264–1313 H [1848–1896 CE]). In the diaries, the Nāṣer al-Dīn Šāh describes his travels in Iran, Iraq and Europe.

              Designed especially as an essential source of reference for scholars working in all aspects of manuscript studies, the catalogue includes over 500 full-page illustrations (some in colour) that help identify each of the manuscripts.

     

  • 70. Petersen, Troels Kjems
    Beyond Historical Humiliations: New ways of understanding the significant role of historical conflicts in Chinese history education2016In: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, no 3, p. 14-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, various studies have taken on the task of examining history education in Mainland China. However, within this field of study there has been a tendency not to include classroom observations as empirical data on the grounds that history classes in China are so heavily dictated by curriculum stipulations that it is sufficient to analyze the textbook material in order to understand Chinese history education. In this article, I present research results which refute this statement and show that there are differences to be found between the content of the textbook and the reality of classroom sessions in China. Based on four months of classroom observations in China, I present how historical conflicts play a much larger and more profound role in the narration of the Chinese past in the classroom than in the textbook. Furthermore, I demonstrate how my observations show that conflicts other than the struggle with Western imperialism are emphasized in class – most notably the Cultural Revolution – which indicates that the narration of the past in Chinese history classes is about more than promoting anti-Western sentiment and presenting a grand narrative of ‘national humiliation’ to the students.

  • 71. Phatharathananunth, Somchai
    Civil Society and Democratization: Social Movements in Northeast Thailand2011Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is for anyone wondering whatever happened to Thailands vanished Marxist insurgents or interested in understanding the forces behind the mass demonstrations of peasants that periodically descend on Bangkok. Specifically, the book investigates the struggle of an important social movement in Thailand, the Small Scale Farmers’ Assembly of Isan (SSFAI), and examines the role of civil society in the process of democratization.

    This first major work on the SSFAI demonstrates how civil society organizations in the form of social movements contribute to the democratization process in the key areas of citizenship rights. Moreover, the book also addresses two important themes in social movements research: the impacts of strategies and tactics on the outcomes of social movements, and the effect of organizational structure on movements’ goals and activities.

  • 72. Poulsen, Anders
    Childbirth and Tradition in Northeast Thailand: Forty Years of Development and Cultural Change2011Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anders Poulsens term as a UNESCO expert terminated in 1962, but he has returned to the same area of Northeast Thailand many times since, most recently in 2005. As such, this beautifully illustrated volume offers a rare study of Isan-Thai customs and belief associated with pregnancy and birth and how they have changed over almost half a century.

    Using a psychological and socio-therapeutic framework, Anders Poulsen discusses the function of various birth rites as well as giving an unmatched description of all traditions specifically connected to pregnancy and birth. He includes an interesting description of the tradition of confinement by fire (yuu-fai) and documents that it is still widely practiced, contrary to what has been reported. He also puts forward a theory of why some traditions maintain their importance while others fade away.

    The findings of this study are supported by the transcription in Isan (and translated into English) of the ritual texts that are used in these rites.

  • 73. Pyrhönen, Niko
    et al.
    Leinonen, Johanna
    Martikainen, Tuomas
    Nordic migration and integration research: Overview and future prospects2017Report (Other academic)
  • 74. Reader, Ian
    A Poisonous Cocktail?: Aum Shinrikyo’s Path to Violence1996Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This highly acclaimed study describes Aum Shinrikyo’s history, examines the various conflicts it was involved in, and discusses the contents of Asahara’s sermons and prophecies.

    The March 1995 gas attack on the Tokyo subway system killed 12 people and injured thousands. Massive police raids and the subsequent investigation linked this attack (plus a variety of other criminal activities including murders) to Aum Shinrikyo, a small religious movement whose leader, Asahara Shoko, had prophesied that Armageddon was at hand.

    Many questions have been raised by the Aum affair. What were Aum's spiritual roots and the focus of Asahara's teaching? Why did a religious movement ostensibly focused on yoga, meditation, asceticism and the pursuit of enlightenment become involved in violent activities? What factors brought Aum into conflict with society at large, caused it to believe it was the victim of a huge conspiracy to destroy it, and impelled it to experiment with making nerve gasses, build weapons and form its own 'alternative government'?

    Ian Reader examines these questions by describing Aum's history, examining the various conflicts it was involved in, and discussing the contents of Asahara's sermons and prophesies. In so doing, he points to a combination of factors which together took Aum down a path of violence. Suggesting that the Aum case is not unique, he shows how it displays similarities with other cases of violence and conflict among religious and political movements in Japan and elsewhere.

  • 75. Reuter, Mikael
    et al.
    Grünbaum, Catharina
    Att förstå varandra i Norden2013 (ed. 4)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 76. Rinakit, Sukardi
    The Indonesian Military After the New Order2005Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Because the military is an integral part of Indonesia's power structure, it is of interest to anyone studying Indonesian affairs. This volume is the first study to address the role of the military in Indonesia all the way from the struggle for independence through to the start of the new presidency of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.

    The author is a former ghostwriter at the Indonesian Ministries of Home Affairs and Defence. He is privy to the internal dynamics of the military and has personally interviewed such untouchable figures as former President Soeharto. As such, this is an up-to-date, well-informed study providing a useful contribution to the literature, not least with regard to the prospects and ambitions of the younger generation of the military.

  • 77. Romero-Frias, Xavier
    Folk Tales of the Maldives2012Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Maldives are mainly known as an equatorial tourist paradise to the south of India but some will know the archipelago risks drowning owing to global warming. Far less is known about the people, who have occupied these islands for millennia but whose deep indigenous culture is today under threat from a multitude of external forces.

    This volume is a collection of 80 traditional short stories and legends selected from the large corpus of stories in the local oral tradition, and translated and illustrated by the author who is the foremost authority on the language and anthropology of the Maldives. These folk tales offer keen insights both into the history, culture and beliefs of the people of the Maldives and into the world they live in. The close relationship the Maldivians have with their environment is clear, likewise the syncretic nature of their Islamic faith, the tales bustling with spirits, sorcerers and monsters as well as local people, seabirds, etc.

    Would-be travellers to the Maldives will find this a unique insight into the real country behind the tourist brochures. For scholars, the folk tales and analytical material offer a wonderful literary/folklore resource as well as fresh perspectives on the effects of globalization.

  • 78. Rydstrøm, Helle
    Gendered Inequalities in Asia: Configuring, Contesting and Recognizing Women and Men2010Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global processes with flows in money, commodities and people have made it increasingly varied and blurred what it means to be a female or male in Asia today. Socio-economic and cultural patterns in Asia intersect with one another and, in doing so, they translate into power relations that create both possibilities and constraints for women and men.

    By focusing on unequal access to political and religious power, occupation and health facilities, as well as different options when it comes to family life and sexuality, the recognition of women and men are explored in this volume as manifestations of ideas about femininity and masculinity. Readers will find insightful and enriching contributions that consider how gender relations in Asia - and indeed the very meaning of gender itself - are affected by neo-liberalism, globalization and economic growth; security in all of its meanings; multiculturalism, race and class; family life, power and intergenerational support; religious discourses and activism; and by male norms in politics.

  • 79. Sakhong, Lian H.
    In Search of Chin Identity: A Study in Religion, Politics and Ethnic Identity in Burma2003Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior to British annexation in 1896, Chinram was an independent country ruled by traditional tribal and local chiefs. Annexation saw the land divided between India and Burma and Chin society abruptly transformed, not least by the arrival of Christian missionaries. The conversion of the Chin to Christianity from traditional locally based Chin religion had unintended consequences as the Chin became involved in Burmese independence movements. They began to articulate their own Christian traditions of democracy and assert a burgeoning self-awareness of their own national identity. Moreover, the church has taken a key role in the struggle of Chin liberation movements in Burma and India. Just how Christianity has provided the Chin people with a means of preserving their national identity in the midst of multi-ethnic and multi-religious environments is the main focus of this study.

    Written by an exiled former Secretary General of the Chin National League for Democracy, this study contains valuable data on the Chin and their role in the history of Burma, and provides a clear analysis of the close relationship between religion, ethnicity and nationalism.

  • 80. Sareen, Siddharth
    Editorial Introduction2016In: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, no 3, p. 2-3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 81. Savinetti, Nicol Foulkes
    Letter from the Editor2015In: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, no 2, p. 1-1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 82. Savinetti, Nicol Foulkes
    et al.
    Blomkvist, Inga-Lill
    Lindholm, Christer Kold
    Kirkegaard, Julia Kirch
    Grünberg, Nis
    Nielsen, Kitt Plinia
    Raju, Emmanuel
    Corlin, Mai
    Zabiliute, Emilija
    Juego, Bonn
    Nielsen, Kenneth Bo
    Publishing with Asia in Focus:: Insights and Advice from the Editors2017In: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, no 4, p. 2-5Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 83. Schönbeck, Oluf
    All Religions Merge in Tranquebar: Religious Coexistence and Social Cohesion in South India2012Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With globalization helping those who assert incompatible differences between their respective faiths, clashes of faith are increasingly common in different parts of the world. As a result, the study of religious conflict is also increasing.

    This book reverses that perspective by addressing a case of peaceful religious coexistence and social cohesion, namely in the South Indian village of Tranquebar (Tharangambadi) in Tamil Nadu. The birthplace of the Lutheran mission to India in 1706, this former Danish colonial settlement is now a famous heritage site.

    Although badly hit by the 2004 tsunami and today numerically dominated by members of a Hindu fishermen’s caste, so far the town has managed to steer clear of the kind of religious conflicts too often found in a number of states in present-day India, including Tamil Nadu. This in-depth study, based on post-tsunami field studies in 2006 and 2007, examines the ways in which Hindus, Muslims and different Christian denominations interact in their day-to-day lives. Further, it demonstrates that the role played by religion – as far as social cohesion is concerned – is invariably tied up with several other factors (social stratification, economic development, educational institutions and such social communities as caste councils, etc.) and may serve as a basis for unity as well as division.

  • 84. Sercombe, Peter
    et al.
    Sellato, Bernard
    Beyond the Green Myth: Borneo’s Hunter-Gatherers in the Twenty-First Century2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Borneo with its tales of White Rajahs and tribes of headhunters, has long excited the Western imagination. Today, however, there is another green imagination at work. Mention of the island is more likely to evoke images of tropical deforestation and concern about the cruel dispossession and displacement of indigenous peoples who once lived in relative harmony with their environment.

    It is perhaps not surprising then that most books dealing with the nomadic hunter-gatherers of Borneo have principally been pictorial studies. There is indeed a dearth of scholarship regarding these peoples, a situation that this first ever, comprehensive review of nomadic groups in the Borneo rain forest aims to rectify.

    Presenting a wealth of new research contributed by an international team of scholars the volume covers all those parts of Borneo where nomads (called Penan, Punan or by various other names) are or were known to exist and provides a comparative historical-ecological study of these groups.

    The study is primarily concerned with issues of modernization (including the monetary economy formalised institutions centralized power structures, contractual relationships and extraction activities) and development policies. The impact of these policies is analysed with special regard to the natural environment inhabited by these small-scale societies as well as the use of its resources.

  • 85. Stensaker, Bjørn
    et al.
    Borgen, Jorunn Spord
    Schwach, Vera
    Evaluation of Nordplus2011Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Council of Ministers commissioned the Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education (NIFU) to conduct an evaluation of the Nordplus Framework Programme and of the Nordplus Nordic Languages and Culture Programme for the period 2008-2011.

    Nordplus is the Nordic Council of Ministers' largest education programme in the field of lifelong learning. The programmes consist of the Nordplus Framework Programme, in which the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania since 2008 have participated on an equal footing with the five Nordic countries Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland and Finland and the three autonomous territories Greenland, the Faroe Islands and Åland Isles. The Nordplus Framework Programme includes the three sectoral programmes: Nordplus Junior, Nordplus Higher Education and Nordplus Adult, as well as the inter-sectoral programme Nordplus Horizontal. Nordplus Nordic Languages and Culture, in which only the Nordic countries take part, is also associated with the Framework Programme.

    The aim of the evaluation was to provide basis for a possible continuation of the programmes after 2011, as well as to assess the need for changes. Key questions covered by the evaluation include:

    • How have the programmes functioned during the period, including the structure and the programme committees?
    • What results have been achieved in relation to the overall objectives of the new programmes?
    • To what extent has the integration of the Baltic States been successful?
    • How has the profiling, dissemination and follow-up of experiences and results from the programme been implemented?
    • How has the administration of the programmes functioned including the online application and reporting system (ARS)?

    The report identifies three possible scenarios for Nordplus and puts forward tangible proposals for changes in the programme.

  • 86.
    Stopniece, Santa
    University of Jyväskylä.
    “Opportunities, but Nothing Very Concrete”: The Challenge Finns Face with Chinese Delegations’ General Level of Interest in Finland2015In: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, no 1, p. 23-29Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the challenge of finding common ground between the Finns and the Chinese in the context of co-operation, trade and inward investment facilitation related to general lack of specific interest displayed by the Chinese. The article is ethnographic in nature and is mainly based on data obtained from interviewing individuals working for local governments in Finland and one of the state agencies responsible for attracting foreign investment. The study uses Speech Codes Theory (Philipsen, 1997) when analyzing the cultural aspects of expectations regarding communication between Chinese and Finns. According to interviewees, lack of serious interest, vague government guidelines, the longer time needed to build relationship, and involvement of intermediaries all contribute to the difficulty to move the discussions to a more specific level of focus. Finnish expectations regarding this type of communication are that it should be direct and task-oriented, because they feel pressure to yield real results quickly and efficiently. Suggested strategies to make the co-operation talks more specific are presenting the expertise areas of Finland, clarification regarding too general terms used by the Chinese, and investing into building personal relationships with them.

  • 87. Stopniece, Santa
    The Simple and the Complex Nature of Humor and Laughter in Finnish-Chinese Negotiations2016In: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, no 3, p. 26-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores humor and laughter as sites of the search for common ground and power positioning in the context of Finnish-Chinese co-operation. It is mainly based on data obtained by interviewing individuals who work in Finland either for local government or one of the state agencies responsible for attracting foreign investment. The study uses positioning theory by Harré (1991) and politeness theory by Brown and Levinson (1987) when analyzing expressions of humor between the Finns and the Chinese. Humor and laughter are seen as integral to co-operation and at times can assist in finding common ground and improving the atmosphere at meetings. At the same time, perceived differences in the sense of humor and the complexities of Chinese ‘face’ may render the use of humor during negotiations difficult. According to the interviews, both nationalities make adjustments in their humorous expressions for the sake of co-operation. However, in some situations, power positioning and autonomy are also asserted.

  • 88. Sutton, Deborah
    Other Landscapes: Colonialism and the Predicament of Authority in Nineteenth-Century South India2009Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the inhospitable climate and vastness of the native population, European settlement of India was never seriously considered apart from in selected upland areas with cooler climates and sparse native populations.

    One such area was the Nilgiri Hills of South India which, from the early 19th century, saw concerted efforts at European colonization and displacement of the local population as well as an attempt to visualize and recreate an English landscape in the area.

    Other Landscapes investigates the interfaces between indigenes, European settlers and the colonial state on the Nilgiri Hills, focusing on land disputes, regulation of land sales, regimes of forest management and ethnographic projects of cultural ‘preservation’. It examines the landscape as it was configured in the Imperial imagination, explores the corruption and manipulation of local administration and argues that rarely, if ever, did official intent correspond to the systems of reform, regulation and invigilation imposed over the local agrarian landscape.

  • 89. Svantesson,, Jan-Olof
    et al.
    Ràw, Kàm (Damrong Tayanin)
    Lindell, Kristina
    Lundström, Håkan
    Dictionary of Kammu Yùan Language and Culture2014Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By retaining their orally based culture through to the present day, the Kammu of northern Laos and adjacent parts of Vietnam, Thailand and China have long been recognised as a repository for much that has been lost or ignored in the literate cultures of their lowland neighbours. Many studies of Kammu folklore, music and society have been published as a result. Arguably, its crowning achievement is finally to appear.

    Ostensibly, this is a dictionary of the Yùan dialect of Kammu but the reality is far more: a vast, encyclopaedic reference work that details not only some 13,000 words but also describes all aspects of Kammu life, including rites and ceremonies, implements, plants and animals. The richness of this detail is largely based on author Kàm Ràw’s personal knowledge and experience as a Kammu hunter, swidden farmer and shaman. The result is an essential reference work that not only details the life, language and culture of the Kammu but also offers a rich insight into the worlds of minority peoples elsewhere in upland Southeast Asia and southern China.

  • 90. Svensson, Thommy
    The Impossibility of Liberalism and Democracy in Indonesia 1840-19401994Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Explores this crisis of humanitarian liberalism and colonialism, focusing on the collapse of laissez-faire doctrines in the late 19th century and the unrecognised role that liberal humanitarian ideas played in the later colonial period.

  • 91. Tayanin, Damrong
    et al.
    Lindell, Kristina
    Évrard, Olivier
    Fiskesjö, Magnus
    Hunting and Fishing in a Kammu Village: Revisiting a Classic Study in Southeast Asian Ethnography2012Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This detailed and fascinating description of traditional hunting, trapping and fishing in northern Laos includes illustrations of traps, weapons, etc., an insight into rites and taboos pertaining to the work, and much more. First published in 1991 and quickly out of print, the book was hailed as ‘an outstanding contribution to Southeast Asian ethnography … [It] is highly recommended not only for specialists in traditional hunting and fishing but also for those readers who wish to gain some insight “from the native’s point of view” into a fascinating tribal minority culture of highland Southeast Asia’ (Roland Mischung, Asian Folklore Studies). The book’s vivid descriptions and illustrations were especially praised.  Over the years, the two authors wrote several books together, often with other partners. In this instance, the major contribution is by Damrong Tayanin, drawing on his earlier life as a Kammu farmer and hunter.

    This reproduction of Hunting and Fishing is augmented by new material on food cultivation and its preparation among the Kammu by Kàm Ràw (Damrong Tayanin) together with essays by Håkan Lundström, Olivier Évrard and Magnus Fiskesjö.

  • 92. Terwiel, Barend Jan
    Monks and Magic: Revisiting a Classic Study of Religious Ceremonies in Thailand2012Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    First published in 1975, B.J. Terwiel’s Monks and Magic remains a widely cited text. This is an absorbing study of Buddhism as practised at that time in a community in rural Central Thailand, describing how esoteric spells and magical diagrams were the main interest of children and adolescents but full ritual knowledge was obtained in adulthood and tempered by life experiences. As death approaches, the Buddhist world view stimulates merit-making.

    This reproduction of the 1979 second revised edition is augmented by new material on magic and Buddhism in Southeast Asia by Professor Terwiel, a renowned specialist on the social and cultural history of Thailand.

  • 93. Voetmann, Per
    et al.
    Goldin, Angela
    Mäenpää, Marjo
    McAtackney, Laura
    Rekola, Sanna
    Lind, Ulrika
    Culture and sustainability2015Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 94. Wagenaar, Wester
    Wacky Japan:: A new face of orientalism2016In: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, no 3, p. 46-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The way that Japan has been represented in the West has been problematic, the West is considered the norm, and Japan is set aside as the Other. Since Edward Said’s (1978) Orientalism was published in the late seventies, the concept of orientalism has been used by scholars to better understand how these kinds of representations work. In the case of Japan, academics have tended to agree that there are two models of orientalism: traditional orientalism and techno-orientalism. This paper claims that in the twentyfirst century, these two models are still applicable but that there is a new framework through which Japan is perceived, most notably in popular culture and the media. The West increasingly judges Japan and its people as weird and this phenomenon can be understood with a third model: wacky orientalism. By using this framework of Japan as bizarre, the West confirms what is normal.

  • 95. Wagner, Donald. B.
    A Mencius Reader: For Beginning and Advanced Students of Classical Chinese2004Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This textbook contains material for students of Classical Chinese at three different levels of difficulty:

    The first chapter of Mencius, reproduced from a modern punctuated edition, with very detailed notes and glosses intended for students in their second semester of Classical Chinese.

    The same chapter, reproduced from a Song wood-block edition, which beginning students who are more ambitions may wish to use instead of the punctuated edition.

    Notes and glosses on the Eastern Han commentary of Zhao Qi (included in the Song edition), intended for more advanced students.

  • 96. Wainikka, Christina
    Nordic Version of the OECD Report “Intellectual Assets and Innovation The SME Dimension"2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report, created by Dr. Christina Wainikka for KreaNord in 2011, is part of the OECD initiative, “SME Innovation and Management of Intellectual Assets in Selected Creative and Manufacturing Industries”. It conveys research on IPRs from the creative industries that came out as a result of the Nordic initiative. In addition to the results from the OECD, the following insights can be found in the Nordic version: “What purposes IPR could serve within the creative industries?”, “What could be protected – and how?”, and “Conclusions regarding who could/should do what in the field of IPRs”.

    Republished in 2015 following the end of KreaNord, the Nordic Council of Ministers’ initiative on cultural and creative industries (2008–2015).

  • 97. Wang, David D.
    Clouds over Tianshan: Essays on Social Disturbance in Xinjiang in the 1940s1999Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 1940s saw the outbreak of the so-called Yili rebellion which led to the collapse of Chinese state authority over a wide area of Xinjiang in the chaotic years of the later 1940s. Much of the story has been told before but what is especially interesting here is Wang's demonstration that the rebellion was not an internal Chinese matter but very much an international affair.

    Here he looks not just at the ethnic and religious dimensions which of course had many international ramifications. But what is not generally recognized is that, politically, there were three external actors in the affair: the Guomingdan government, Chinese communists and (especially) the Soviets. The dynamics between these actors, as World War II came to an end and the Chinese civil war gathered pace, had a major impact on the course of events in Xinjiang between 1944 and 1949. The scant details of the Uighur unrest emerging from Xinjiang in 1997 suggest that the ethnic, religious and political dynamics behind the events of the 1940s are similar to those behind today's events.

  • 98. Wroldsen, Kim Jarle
    The Dispute Over the Diaoyu/ Senkaku Islands:: How media narratives shape public opinion and challenge the global order2016In: Asia in Focus, ISSN 2446-0001, no 3, p. 56-57Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 99. Åstedt, Erik
    et al.
    Hallin, Göran
    Strömblad, Johan
    Utvärdering av KreaNord: Nordiska ministerrådets initiativ för kulturella och kreativa näringar 2008–20152015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    KreaNord kom till år 2008 som en del av Nordiska ministerrådets globaliseringsarbete, med syftet att utveckla och profilera Norden som en arena för kreativa näringar. KreaNord har sedan dess etablerat ett tvärsektoriellt policysamarbete mellan kultur- och näringsdepartement och myndigheter, tagit fram kunskapsunderlag, samt drivit flera projekt kring bland annat entreprenörskap i konstnärliga utbildningar och finansieringsfrågor. Programmet avslutades under 2015.

    Analys- och strategiföretaget Kontigo AB har under våren 2015 utvärderat KreaNord. Utvärderingen fokuserar på resultat och måluppfyllelse, men även aspekter såsom organisation, varumärke och lärdomar för framtiden. Utvärderingen visar bland annat att KreaNord har skapat ett tvärsektoriellt samarbete på policynivå, samt har bidragit till utvecklingen av strategier för stöd till kreativa näringar i flera av de nordiska länderna

  • 100.
    7 Nordic Stories: The Nordic Council and the Nordic Council of Ministers annual report 20132014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Council and the Nordic Council of Ministers annual report 2013.

    Content

    • Opening a window to the world
    • The spirit, the flesh and the Northern Lights
    • Festivals of politics
    • Politics in 140 characters
    • Together for security
    • United against food waste
    • From white papal smoke to TV spectacular
123 51 - 100 of 115
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