Change search
Refine search result
1234567 51 - 100 of 303
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 51. Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Brockett, Susan
    Damsgaard, Ole
    Framtidens Nordiska Stad2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Som ett svar på den rådande debatten om global uppvärmning och förändringar i klimatet har det nordiska samarbetsprojektet Framtidens Nordiska Stad bedrivits under 2007 och 2008. Städerna kommer att spela en viktig roll i den globala konkurrensen samtidigt som städernas fysiska och miljömässiga utveckling spelar en viktig roll i klimat politiken. De stora utmaningarna för framtidens stad är att hantera klimatförändringar i relation till fysisk stadsutveckling på ett konkurrens- och miljömässigt bra sätt. I arbetet med att påverka stadsstruktur, energianvändning och utsläpp från transporter samt medborgares värderingar och livsmönster, är strategisk fysisk stadsplanering, olika typer av ekonomiska incitament, lagstiftning, samt informationsspridning hos medborgare, viktiga verktyg för stat, region och kommun. Grundläggande förutsättningar är att arbetet organiseras på ett lämpligt sätt med tvärsektoriella samarbeten och samarbeten över de organisatoriska gränserna mellan stat, region och kommun. Genomgående i rapporten lyfts exempel fram som kan inspirera kommuner, regioner och statliga myndigheter i deras stadsplanering. Det avslutande avsnittet i varje kapitel – avslutande diskussion – vänder sig framförallt till regionala och statliga myndigheter i deras strävan att skapa förutsättningar och underlätta för kommuner att jobba mot ett klimatperspektiv i stadsutvecklingen. Projektet genomförs som en del av Nordiska Ministerrådets handlingsprogram Planläggning som instrument för hållbar utveckling i Norden och finansieras av Nordiska Ministerrådet och de deltagande nordiska länderna.

  • 52. Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Claessen, Haukur
    Reardon, Mitchell
    Hinder och potentiella framgångsfaktorer i bostadsbyggnadsprocessen : – En nordisk utblick2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nordregio has been commissioned by Boverket to perform a Nordic comparative study on strengths and weaknesses in the housing development and construction process in four urban regions: Stockholm, Copenhagen, Helsinki and Oslo. The working paper presents results from the study. It is based on a desktop study as well as interviews with urban planners, construction companies and other representatives for the housing construction sector. Focus is on the urban planning process, costs related to housing development and construction, as well as financial instruments. Based on our study as well as studies performed by Boverket, the following report was presented before the Swedish Government in 2011: Analys av bostadsbyggandet i Norden

  • 53. Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Henriksson, Anu
    Spatial Planning and its contribution to climate friendly and sustainable transport solutions2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses and further elaborates on the issue of how spatial planning can contribute to the development of climate friendly and sustainable transport solutions. Focus here is placed, primarily, on climate change mitigation – reducing the emission of greenhouse gases – though the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainability are also highlighted. In order for spatial planning to properly address a sustainable approach to climate change mitigation, the other dimensions of sustainability, such as climate change adaptation, have also to be addressed. To achieve this, spatial planning, it is argued, has to create synergies between the six different toolkits presented in this paper. An understanding of the three factors of time, space and the nature of the stakeholders involved is also crucial in the search for climate friendly and sustainable transport solutions. The paper introduces a theoretical framework and then presents three cases in the regions of Stockholm, Helsinki and on the island Bornholm. The paper concludes with a discussion of the findings arising from the previous sections.

  • 54. Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Henriksson, Anu
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Att stärka tryggheten i stads- och tätortsmiljöer ur ett jämställdhetsperspektiv : En förstudie av ett antal länders arbete2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under ett par månaders tid har Nordregio genomfört föreliggande uppdrag åt Boverket, med syfte att kartlägga intressanta exempel på trygghetsprojekt i stadsplanering utifrån ett jämställdhetsperspektiv. För att på ett effektivt sätt – givet en tidsbegränsad studie - kunna identifiera intressanta projekt och/eller exempel i de nordiska länderna samt Frankrike, Nederländerna, Tyskland, Storbritannien och Kanada, har vi använt oss av den så kallade snöbollsmetoden. Vi kontaktade ett antal relevanta kontaktpersoner i de olika länderna, som i sin tur kontaktade de rätta nyckelpersonerna. Fördelen med en sådan metod är att man på ett snabbt sätt kan få tillgång till relevant information i de olika länderna. Nackdelen är att det i vårt fall med begränsad tid inte varit möjligt att gå vidare i de fall där "snöbollen inte kastats vidare". Så är tyvärr fallet framförallt när det gäller Frankrike. Snöbollsmetoden verkar ha fungerat bra framförallt i Tyskland, Storbritannien och Kanada där e-post med intressanta projekt kontinuerligt nått Nordregio. Det kan även vara så att snöbollsmetoden fungerat bra i de länder där det pågår ett stort antal intressanta projekt utifrån vår frågeställning. Resultat från föreliggande förstudie visar att framförallt Kanada, Tyskland och Storbritannien är intressanta för fortsatta studier. Tyskland visar på en bredd av projekt vad gäller framförallt jämställdhetsintegrering i stadsplaneringen, vilket inbegriper trygghetsfrågor. Kanada har varit aktiva när det gäller trygghetsfrågor i stadsplaneringen från ett jämställdhetsperspektiv. Tendensen idag verkar dock vara att trygghetsfrågan skiftar fokus från ett jämställdhetsperspektiv till andra perspektiv såsom ungdomsperspektivet. I Storbritannien finns det idag ett stort antal projekt kring trygghet i stadsmiljöer från ett jämställdhetsperspektiv.

  • 55.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Aslı
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Langlais, Richard
    Larsson, Veronique
    City-region planning for everyday life: Experiences from four Nordic city-regions2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Whether cities can provide a high quality of life for their inhabitants is an increasingly pressing question, especially in the light of rapid urbanization and climate change. However, recent research from four Nordic city-regions —which include Malmö, Stavanger, Aalborg and Tampere, and the areas around them—shows that detailed knowledge about inhabitants—permanent, temporary, new, multi-generational, or otherwise—in every part and subset of the city-region is lacking in spatial planning. If knowledge about the lives of those living in the city-regions is insufficient, then, how can specific spatial structures for a city-region be proposed as responses to different sustainability chal­lenges?

    As a response, this policy brief proposes that, city-region planners should adopt Everyday Life Theory, (1) to influence everyday life practices in support of city-region sustainability; and (2) to better connect spatial structure/ urban form with existing sustainability challenges. By adopting Everyday Life Theory, we mean that planning should be based on empirical knowledge about the needs and experiences of different groups of people in relation to four different dimensions: employment, housing provision, mobility and social reproduction.

  • 56. Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Does Renewable Energy Provide New Rural Opportunities?2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In many countries, renewable energy is highly prioritized, not only as a means of addressing environmental and energy security issues, but also as a potentially significant source of new employment, especially in rural areas throughout the OECD. One of the most important questions for policymakers is whether renewable energy can assist the development of rural economies. In response, this brief presents the results of a two-year project led by the OECD. The findings indicate that policy focused on the potential for renewable energy in the process of rural development should be cross-sector and place based. This implies identifying local conditions and opportunities, and integrating and linking the potential of renewable energy with local rural economies, as well as adopting inclusive modes of governance to ensure social acceptance. The results also indicate that while renewable energy has the ability to create new jobs, we should not exaggerate its potential. Overall, renewable energy is potentially useful for all rural and low-population-density regions, but mainly in shifting a community facing structural economic downturn to a new lower economic equilibrium.

  • 57.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Reardon, Mitchell
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Supporting Inclusion: Steps to Resolve Poverty and Social Exclusion in one of Stockholm’s Most Diverse Municipalities2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Europe is currently dealing with a major influx of migrants and refugees. Every week, thousands of people are risking their lives for the opportunity to create a better future in Europe, notably in Germany and Sweden. Immigration is only the first challenge however. Once basic needs have been addressed, the arguably greater challenge of integration begins. This Nordregio policy brief presents a new way of measuring segregation – the diversity index – and outlines key steps that Botkyrka, a highly diverse municipality in the Stockholm County, has taken to alleviate Poverty and Social Exclusion, which could be instructive to municipalities across Europe, as they work to integrate new residents.

  • 58.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Aslı
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Weber, Ryan
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Smas, Lukas
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Larsson, Veronique
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Green growth and spatial planning in the Nordic city regions2014Report (Other academic)
  • 59. Egholt Søgaard, Jakob
    et al.
    Roine, Jesper
    Robling, P-O
    Pareliussen, Jon
    Orsetta, Causa
    Lindgren, Petter
    Langørgen, Audun
    Hermansen, Mikkel
    Gunnarsson, Kristin
    Calmfors, Lars
    Boschini, Anne
    André, Christophe
    Aaberge, Rolf
    Nordic Economic Policy Review 2018: Increasing Income Inequality in the Nordics2018Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The contributions document how income inequality in the Nordics in various dimensions have increased over recent decades. These developments are put in an international context. Developments in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden are compared. Important aspects analysed in detail are overall inequality of both market and disposable incomes, the redistribution through the tax and transfer system as well as through the provision of government welfare services, the importance of demographic factors, the developments of both relative poverty and top income shares, and gender inequality.

  • 60. Eðvarðsson, Ingi Runar
    et al.
    Heikkilä, Elli
    Johansson, Mats
    Persson, Lars Olof
    Stambøl, Lasse Sigbjørn
    Competitive capitals: Performance of Local Labour Markets2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An International Comparison Based on Gross-stream Data.

  • 61. Eðvarðsson, Ingi Rúnar
    et al.
    Heikkilä, Elli
    Johansson, Mats
    Jóhannesson, Hjalti
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Schmidt, Torben Dall
    Stambøl, Lasse Sigbjørn
    Wilkman, Sirkku
    Demographic Changes, Labour Migration and EU-enlargement2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Relevance for the Nordic Regions

  • 62. Foss, Olaf
    et al.
    Juvkam, Dag
    Patterns of Demographic Ageing and Related Aspects2005Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is a comparative study of some main features of Nordic demography, notably the demography of ageing in the periphery. The report will be relevant to anyone occupied with demographic and welfare policies and with studying regional demographic patterns.

  • 63.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Smas, Lukas
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Nordregio News 2 2015: Tensions in Nordic urban planning2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Urbanisation is strong in the Nordic countries, with people and capital being concentrated into growing, expanding city regions. These urbanisation processes of concentration and expansion, and explosion and implosion are challenging traditional forms of planning and creating tensions within current planning systems and procedures, along with new forms of urban governance and policies in a number of ways. In the current age of austerity, there is an increased interest and need in finding new solutions and alternatives to provide housing, offices and other services to the new citizens. In addition and in parallel to this, in postpolitical Europe, there is also an increased emphasis on citizen engagement and public participation because of the perceived gap between politics and people’s everyday lives. 

  • 64. Fredricsson, Christian
    et al.
    Smas, Lukas
    Damsgaard, Ole
    Harbo, Lisbeth Greve
    Wimark, Thomas
    En granskning av Norges planeringssystem2013Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    How to make planning processes more efficient and plan for new housing continues to be crucial topic in throughout Europe, especially in metropolitan regions with high growth. During recent years evaluations and reforms of planning systems have been carried out throughout Europe. While the complete abolishment of the U.K.'s regional tier of government is likely the most significant change, reforms in the Scandinavian states have taken place as well, for example a new Norwegian Planning Act from 2009. In this context, Norway's Ministry of Environment (Miljøverndepartement) has commissioned Nordregio to review its planning process for housing development, including a comparison to the systems in place in neighbouring states. Consequently, the aim of this report has been to compare the effectiveness and efficiency of urban planning systems with regards to both the formal system (i.e. legal and institutional frameworks) and actual planning practices and how they are implemented 'on the ground'. The study has focused on how detailed/local/regulatory plans for housing developments are produced in selected Scandinavian and European states. The Norwegian planning system has been the focal point for the project, which has been compared and contrasted through case studies conducted in Sweden (Malmö), Denmark (Aalborg), Germany (Munich) and United Kingdom (Cambridge). Key findings The review has shown that there are three clear aspects that distinguish the Norwegian detailed development planning practise: relations between the municipality and developer relations between the municipality and the state and the detailed (time) regulation of detailed development planning. The first distinctive characteristic of the Norwegian planning system is the right for private actors to develop proposals for detailed plans. This has a long tradition in Norway, and means that the municipality's role in the planning process is slightly different than in other cases it has a more of a guiding and controlling function compared to other Scandinavian states. The second characteristic is the state (and regional) influence in the planning process and importance of spatial planning. The national level in Norway provides municipalities with detailed guidance material and the 22 sectorial authorities have the possibility to make objections on detailed plans. The Norwegian system is also characterised by a detailed (time-) regulation of its detailed development planning process. This is particularity evident by several formal time limits in the planning process, including municipal consideration of private proposals and as well for political handling and public consultation. These unique features of the Norwegian planning system have direct consequences both for the time spent for making a plan, as well as for the efficiency, and potential bottlenecks that can be encountered. Learning's Firstly, the initiation and start-up phase is a very significant, and often underestimated, period of the overall planning process, partially because it is relatively unregulated and informal. The case studies showed that this phase is time-consuming and that there are different incentives to facilitate this phase. In Norway for instance, the process is initiated with a start-up meeting, but there are often discussions between the municipality and the developer even before that. Secondly, the design of the plan and the level of detail are important issues that need to be addressed. A detailed plan is a prerequisite for planning new buildings but what such a plan should contain is partly an open question, as is its relation to overarching municipal plans and strategies. It seems that there are some benefits to develop robust municipal plans with clear guidelines to avoid uncertainty and create better conditions for an efficient detailed planning process. The third issue regards the importance of coordination and synchronization, including internal coordination between departments within municipalities, among other public authorities, with relevant private actors and among other stakeholders. In this sense, improving the process of feedback between the different levels of government can improve the efficiency of the planning process. This is especially evident in the possibility for state authorities in Norway to make objection on a detailed plan, which is not always coordinated among state authorities.

  • 65. Galera Lindblom, Patrick
    et al.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Bioenergy and Regional Development in the Nordic Countries2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to provide a preliminary overview of the potential inherent in the sustainable production of biomass and bioenergy, while, in addition,providing an analysis of their regional impacts in the Nordic countries. Over the last twenty years the Nordic regions have witnessed both the expansion of the bioenergy market and increasingly polarized economic development. Urban areas are rapidly growing while sparsely populated areas continue to face difficulties in finding new sources of income, and thus becoming ever more dependant on activenational and EU support. Given the desire to find new ways to restore and improve regional economic structures and provide additional income for these areas, theexpansion of the bioenergy market, in particular through first and second generation biofuels, is viewed as a potentially beneficial strategy towards the realisation of this ambition. The aim of this study is to provide a preliminary overview of the potential inherent in the sustainable production of biomass and bioenergy, while, in addition, providing an analysis of their regional impacts in the Nordic countries. Which Nordic regions are more suitable for biomass- and bioenergy production? Which bioenergyalternatives are likely to be more sustainable, and what are the likely social and environmental consequences of an increase in bioenergy production? These are thecentral questions this study attempts to investigate.

  • 66. Galera Lindblom, Patrick
    et al.
    Weber, Ryan
    Reardon, Mitchell
    Schmitt, Peter
    Planning for resource efficient cities : Application of the Metabolic Impact Assessment tool in Stockholm and Newcastle2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This working paper is based on the results of two case studies completed by Nordregio researchers for the EU FP7 project: Sustainable Urban Metabolism for Europe (SUME). The working paper presents the so-called Metabolic Impact Assessment (MIA) as an evaluation of two urban development projects: in Stockholm, the first phase of the Stockholm Royal Seaport development, and in Newcastle, England, the development of Newcastle Great Park. A synthesis of the two projects, including their local policy and socioeconomic contexts, are provided to complete a comparative analysis on the "metabolic" performance of each development. The MIA as a planning and appraisal tool is also evaluated according to experiences obtained during the two assessments. It is compared to the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) legislation in Sweden and the UK with a specific focus on the decision making criterion applied in EIA. The goal is to identify potential synergies and prevailing contrasts between EIA and MIA. This provides an ability to ultimately assess the potential of MIA for becoming a mainstream planning tool for assessing resource performance of prospective urban development projects.

  • 67.
    Geissler, Jean-Baptiste
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Vecchio, Giovanni
    Politecnico di Milano.
    The construction of a tradingzone as political strategy: a review of London Infrastructure Plan 20502017In: European Journal of Spatial Development, ISSN 1650-9544, E-ISSN 1650-9544, Vol. 64, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent London Infrastructure Plan 2050 appears as an attempt for coming up with innovative answers to infrastructure issues, aiming at providing new spaces where different actors can collaborate, defining adequate visions and governance bodies. Our hypothesis is that the plan can be interpreted through the relevant and yet ambiguous concept of ‘trading zone’, which highlights the setting up of new spaces for confrontation but also shows their use as political vehicles to advocate for increased powers and resources. To investigate the issue, the paper reviews the literature on the concept of trading zone in order to discuss in this perspective the London Infrastructure Plan planning process. The analysis is developed as follows: after a theoretical discussion of trading zones and their relationship with infrastructure planning processes, two significant aspects of the London Infrastructure Plan are examined: the stakeholders’ engagement required by strategic planning processes, and the ongoing planning processes of London, influenced by the Localism agenda. Consequently, the London Infrastructure Plan 2050 is described and reviewed in the light of its political strategic meaning, providing a discussion of its vision, contents and planning process. The analysis uses and rediscusses the concept of trading zone by observing how local authorities may use planning processes to strategically position themselves and influence the complex governance of infrastructure planning.

  • 68.
    Giacometti, Alberto
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Building Economic and Social Resilience in the Nordic Regions: What are Nordic regions at risk of? What makes them resilient?2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Building regional resilience is vital in an interconnected global economy where external events have significant impact on regional and local communities. Resilience thinking gives regions the possibility to anticipate and respond to unexpected events.  

    This policy brief examines different types of risks and a series of factors that help building resilience in the Nordic regions. This research is part of the work of the Nordic Thematic Group on Innovative and Resilient Regions established by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

  • 69.
    Giacometti, Alberto
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Regional Economic and Social Resilience: An Exploratory In-Depth Study in the Nordic Countries2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How capable are local and regional economies of recovering from global and local shocks and threats and ensure resilient long-term development paths?

    Answering this question was the challenge of the Nordic Thematic Group on Innovative and Resilient regions, set by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

    Thus, from 2017 to 2018, an exploratory in-depth study was conducted on economic and social resilience in the Nordic regions.

    The empirical research included a close examination of a variety of threats as well as factors driving resilience in regions in all five Nordic Countries.

  • 70.
    Giacometti, Alberto
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Teräs, Jukka
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Aalto, Heikki
    Social and Economic Resilience in the Bothnian Arc Cross-Border Region2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What global and local risks and long-term challenges is the Bothnian Arc cross-border area exposed to? And how can societies and economies in this area anticipate and respond to them to ensure resilient long-term development paths? Answering these questions was the challenge of Nordregio together with the Bothnian Arc association on behalf of the Nordic Thematic Group on Innovative and Resilient regions, set by the Nordic Council of Ministers from 2017 to 2020. For this purpose, an exploratory study was conducted in a participative manner in 2018-2019, including key experts from across the region to provide input on challenges and potential threats as well as factors driving resilience in the Bothnian Arc cross-border area.

  • 71. Gløersen, Erik
    Strong, Specific and Promising : Towards a Vision for the Northern Sparsely Populated Areas in 20202009Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The political ambition expressed by the NSPA through the Vision is to ensure that its growth potential and general importance for European economic development is recognised. At the same time, it needs to be acknowledged that sparse population patterns can require regulatory special treatment, measures to preserve local communities from external shocks and relatively higher costs in terms of infrastructure investments and public service provision. Taken in combination, these elements form the basis for the branding of the NSPA as a 'Strong, Specific and Promising' European macro-region.

  • 72. Gløersen, Erik
    et al.
    Dubois, Alexandre
    Copus, Andrew
    Schürmann, Carsten
    Northern peripheral, sparsely populated regions in the European Union2005Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to make an assessment on the socio-economic impacts of low population density, peripherality and cold climate in the Northern regions of Sweden and in Northern and Eastern regions of Finland. The study has focused on demographic sparsity as a core element for understanding of the specific needs of these regions. Sparsity has indeed been defined as characterising regions where extremely low population densities and disperse settlement patterns create specific challenges for economic activity and public service provision. A central question is the scale at which one should approach demographic sparsity in order to give the most accurate account of economic challenges connected to low population densities. A second main characteristic of these regions is peripherality, as reflected by the distance to the main European markets. This induces additional transport costs both for individuals and industries, and makes it difficult to access good and services produced in European core areas. Cold climate constitutes an additional challenge for these Northern Nordic regions, which can easily be observed at the scale of individual persons or companies. While it is generally not meaningful to seek to quantify the general macroeconomic impact of this factor, some narrower economic approaches of cold climate have been developed.

  • 73. Gløersen, Erik
    et al.
    Dubois, Alexandre
    Copus, Andrew
    Schürmann, Carsten
    Northern Peripheral, Sparsely Populated Regions in the European Union and in Norway2006Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study was commissioned by the Executive Committee for Northern Norway, as an extension of the Study on Northern peripheral, sparsely populated Regions in theEuropean Union (Nordregio report 2005:4), so as to take into account Norwegian regions facing similar challenges as those that have previously been described in Finland andSweden. This previous report was commissioned by the North Finnish (Lapland, Northern Ostrobothnia, Central Ostrobothnia and Central Finland), East Finnish (Kainuu, North Karelia, Pohjois-Savo and Etelä-Savo) and North Swedish (Norrbotten, Västerbotten, Jämtland, Västernorrland) regions. The purpose of the study is to make an assessment on the socio-economic impacts of low population density, peripherality and cold climate in the Northern and Eastern regions of Finland, the Northern regions of Norway and in the Northern regions of Sweden.

  • 74. Gløersen, Erik
    et al.
    Dubois, Alexandre
    Roto, Johanna
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Sterling, José
    Development perspectives for the NSPA : Opportunities and challenges2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Analytical report. This analytical report is one of three deliveries produced as part of the foresight and visioning exercise for the Northern Sparsely Populated Areas (NSPA). The two other outputs are a Vision report entitled "Strong, Specific and Promising: Towards a Vision for the NSPA in 2020" (Nordregio WP 2009:4) and a policy road map for their future development and positioning in the European and global perspectives. This report has mainly functioned as an input to the discussions in the Foresight workshops that were organised in Stockholm September, 11th and 12th and October 16th and 17th, 2008. The objective was to allow each participant to relate her or his own region to the NSPA as a whole, answering questions such as: what is different? What is similar? How does the NSPA make sense as a spatial context to understand ongoing processes and to design development strategies? This is however a revised version of the report initially distributed to the workshop participants, taking into account comments made on the maps and correcting and complementing some initially results.

  • 75.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    A new wave of reforms sweepingover the Nordic countries? Nordregio News 3 20152015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Municipal reforms are gaining political momentum in the Nordic countries, which all face great social changes. Some countries have already pushed their reforms through; others are still struggling with decisions on the matter. Finland has failed after several years of trying to implement a renewed reform process. Norway is in the midst of such a process, and Greenland is reconsidering the reform it undertook in 2009. In this issue of Nordregio News, we review current initiatives on municipal reforms in the Nordic countries. What exactly is happening now, and why?

  • 76.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Ström Hildestrand, Åsa
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Oliveira e Costa, Sandra
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Huerta Morales, Alberto
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    From migrants to workers: Regional and local practices on integration of labour migrants and refugees in rural areas in the Nordic countries2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The increase in immigration has been especially large since 2000 driven in part by several expansions of the European Union. At the same time, some of the Nordic countries have been the destination of large numbers of asylum seekers and refugees. While there has been increased immigration into the Nordic countries, there has been also population decline and rapid population ageing in the remote rural regions, outside of the large urban centres. This publication reports on the outcomes of a project which addresses regional and local practices on integration of labour migrants and refugees in six rural areas across the Nordic countries. The project was commissioned by the Nordic Working Group on Demography and Welfare under the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Committee of Senior Officials for Regional Policy, and carried out by Nordregio.

  • 77.
    Grunfelder, Julien
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Norlén, Gustaf
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Wøien, Mari
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    The value of high-speed trains in intermediate regions: a cross-border perspective along the Oslo-Stockholm corridor2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This policy brief examines how small and medium-sized (SMS) cities can benefit from the introduction of a high-speed train connection. Our results indicate that such transport infrastructure projects might not be the best fit for all SMS cities, even though they can contribute to local urban developments, especially in medium-sized cities.

  • 78. Grunfelder, Julien
    et al.
    Roto, Johanna
    Rispling, Linus
    Dubois, Alexandre
    Johnsen, Ingrid H.G.
    Olsen, Lise Smed
    Weber, Ryan
    State of the Nordic Region 20132014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    State of the Nordic Region 2013 gives a comprehensive status of the latest development in the Nordic region, with a specific focus on both regional and municipal levels. It incorporates the latest available statistics with analyses on population structure, migration, labour market trends as well as economy. In order to develop and implement successful regional development strategies Nordic professionals and policymakers need to see their area in a larger context. One of the main prerequisites for this is the ability to access up to date and reliable statistical information. Such information is available in Nordregio's database, which is the only complete database that covers the whole Nordic region with regard to comparable socio-economic data on the municipal and regional levels. This report is the thirteenth volume in the series "Regional Development in the Nordic countries", which has, since 1981, supplied practitioners with comprehensive analyses of the Nordic regional development scene. It incorporates the latest available statistics with analyses on population structure and migration and labour market trends as well as economic status and performance. The themes of the chapters have been selected in relation to Nordregio's thematic focus areas, database activities and to existing development patterns as described in the Nordic cooperation programme for regional policy 2013 – 2016. Each of the chapters can be read either as an independent article, thus giving the reader the opportunity to focus on topics of particular interest, or as part of a coherent report. The State of the Nordic Region 2013 divides the Nordic countries into 1221 municipalities and 78 regions. Division into labour market and NUTS2 regions has also been used when insufficient data was available at the municipal or administrative regional level. In order to set the development status and trends in a wider perspective, comparisons with Nordic and European averages are presented when relevant. The chapters on demographic development describe the main driving forces behind trends in population change in the Nordic countries during the last decade; and how changes in age structure, especially the increasing share of elderly people, are distributed and how they affect the dependency ratio. Elements on international migration and its regional distribution can also be found. The chapters on labour market trends focus on levels of employment and unemployment, sickness and activity leave. One chapter also provides insight on highly educated people and their localisation in the Nordic region. The chapters on economic performances include elements on regional differences in GDP and productivity, aspects of the economic crises, regional innovation and entrepreneurship, research and development as well as a discussion on green growth as a policy concept in the Nordic region.

  • 79. Grönqvist, Mikaela
    Partnerskap - från princip till praktik2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En jämförande studie i hur partnerskapsprincipen tolkats i praktiken i ett regionalt strukturfondsprogram i Sverige och i Finland.

  • 80. Hanell, Tomas
    et al.
    Neubauer, Jörg
    Cities of the Baltic Sea Region - Development Trends at the Turn of the Millennium2005Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The cities and urban areas of the Baltic Sea Region are the main engines of its development. The concentration of economic activity, corporate decision-making, labour, foreign direct investment, knowledge, and innovation to its metropolitan regions is substantial. As such, the demographic magnetism of larger cities is also considerable, while rural areas in general and peripheral areas in particular continue to be underexploited resources. Spatial polarisation is increasingly dividing cities and regions into "actors" and "reactors". Small and peripherally located settlements that lack the necessary levers to actively take part in the international division of labour are affected most. Moreover, many of the Baltic Sea Region countries are relatively small in economic terms and are thus often simply unable to compete on a par with the major European economies, let alone globally. As such then, the concentration of effort into the promotion of a select few urban centres seems rational. This volume makes a specific effort to deal comparatively with a wide range of issues pertaining to the structure of the urban system in the Baltic Sea Region, and to present a comprehensive picture of its recent development patterns. The similarities and differences between the countries of the region are analysed here in a comparative manner, while the relationships between urban and rural areas are also highlighted.

  • 81. Hanell, Tomas
    et al.
    Neubauer, Jörg
    Geographies of knowledge production in Europe2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In current discourse the knowledge economy is viewed as the primary saviour of European competitiveness. By increasingly focusing on economic activities that utilise knowledge and innovation as the primary value-adding feature rather than cheap labour or available raw materials the EU should be able to increase its constantly weakening competitive position vis-à-vis North America and the fast growing economies in South and Southeast Asia. In the Lisbon European Council in March 2000, the European Union set a strategic goal for the next decade "of becoming the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion". There is thus an implicit expectation that an increasingly knowledge-based economy would automatically generate larger economic growth and prosperity. Before trying to illuminate further on that issue there is however a need to establish exactly how the knowledge economy could be operationalised to quantifiable measures. A generally utilised option here is the division of the knowledge economy into input and output variables. The former could be characterised as the actual endowments of the knowledge production system and include such issues as the educational level and knowledge of the population, the social capital of the population, the amount of money invested into education or the number of students, investments into research and development (R&ampD), etc. Output variables could be regarded as measurements of the economic or other output of the regional research environment and include, in addition to direct economic measurements such as GDP, issues such as the number of issued patents or patent applications or employment within certain knowledge-intensive branches. Thus the main question here centres on the patterns of knowledge economy inputs and outputs in Europe and how are these distributed among the regions of the continent.

  • 82. Hansen, Klaus Georg
    et al.
    Bitsch, SørenZalkind, Lyudmila
    Urbanization and the role of housing in the present development process in the Arctic2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report has in its offset a focus on understanding changes in housing structures and how these structures are reflecting many of the changes which have characterized the Arctic during several decades. The report provides an overview of internal as well as external processes of change: Internally by analysing issues such as market characteristics, community development and the role of the public and the private sector, and externally with globalization processes impacting life due to changes in a broad spectrum of economic, political and social structures. The photo on the front page is from Nuuk, the capital of Greenland. A photo like this illustrates many layers of the history of housing in the Arctic. It tells about the small individual houses dating back to pre-WWII. Another layer is the large concrete apartment blocks from 1950s and 1960s illustrating the first waves of modernisation and urbanisation that swept over the Arctic ensuring two functions: The new accommodation was centrally heated and healthier than the individually headed sod houses. At the same time the new apartment blocks were intended to generate a "sense" of the upcoming modern lifestyle. The following decades – 1970s and 1980s – continued with mass produced dwellings to serve the inflow of new urban dwellers but they were larger and based on a diverse selection of building materials intended to fit more organic into the environment. Then 1990s and 2000s contributed on one hand with a new modern "black cubes" look for the growing middle class and on the other hand with terraced housing for the those with a modest income and with larger single houses for the wealthy part of the population. The front page photo shows the diachronic history of housing as well as the synchronic and current diversity among the citizens now becoming widespread in larger Arctic settlements. The photo shows how in the case of Nuuk the previous segregation between different population segments now in some parts of the town has changed into a more integrated reflecting the footprint of a welfare society. In other parts of Nuuk and in other Arctic settlements another reality could easily be revealed. As reflected in this report a discussion of what can be considered to be a safe and sustainable development of human settlements in the Arctic has been a key point in the project. The project has aimed at identifying common concerns and differences in what could be key directions of the sustainable social and economic development of an Arctic urban lifestyle.

  • 83. Hansen, Klaus Georg
    et al.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Olsen, Lise Smed
    Roto, Johanna
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Megatrends in the Arctic : - New inspiration into current policy strategies2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Report from Nordic Council of Ministers' seminar at Nordregio 29th May 2012. At the Ministerial meeting at the Arctic Council in Nuuk in May 2011 the book was presented as an input to the discussions concluding Denmark's chairmanship of the Arctic Council. As a follow up on the Megatrends book the Nordic Council of Ministers' Secretariat took the initiative for a seminar where the megatrends could be discussed. The seminar was arranged by Nordregio and the Nordic Council of Ministers and held on&nbspMay 29th 2012 at Nordregio in Stockholm. In this report the presentations, discussions and conclusions from the seminar are presented. One of the aims of the seminar was that the results from the seminar can lead to developing exciting new projects and cooperation on a Nordic level about the Acrtic.

  • 84. Hansen, Klaus Georg
    et al.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Roto, Johanna
    Coastal Societies and Urbanisation in the North Atlantic Rim2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Policy recommendations from the project "Coastal societies and demography" Many rural areas are exposed to situations where schools are being closed due to the declining number of children, local shops are disappearing in the smaller towns, while local governments are struggling with pressure on the local public budgets. Parallel to this new residential areas are shooting up in the urban areas. This is just a small glimpse of the visible consequences of the on-going global urbanisation trend. In the Nordic coastal societies the urbanisation is also visible and the consequences are often even more pronounced.

  • 85. Hansen, Klaus Georg
    et al.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Roto, Johanna
    Demography in the Nordic countries : – A synthesis report2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis report introduces a set of tools to get a better overview over the mechanisms in the demographic change. Further the connections between the research based process of analysis and the administrative process of policy development is discussed. A general demographic trend is the migration from smaller places to larger towns and cities. Besides that we tend to live longer and we tend to produce fewer children per woman. The consequence of this trend is that the population is gradually growing older. The main challenge in respect of gender is the uneven settlement pattern. With the exception of some major city areas few places see a surplus of women. The rest of the regions have a surplus of men. Another trend in the policy of the Nordic countries has in the recent years been to focus on attracting international migrants with a higher education. Thus, the value of international migration is seen more and more as an investment in human capital in the same way as investments are made in education itself. These are only some of the demographic challenges being discussed in the synthesis report. The report is based on the most up to date demographic data from the national statistical agencies in the Nordic countries and on the numerous research rapports recently produced by Nordregio, the OECD and other institutions on various demographic themes. A draft was discussed on a workshop in August 2011. The purpose of conducting this knowledge overview on demography in the Nordic countries is to use this as a basis for creating a handbook with tools and 'good practice' descriptions enabling national, regional and local authorities to work more effectively with issues in relation to the emerging demographic challenges they face and the future possibilities that stem from this.

  • 86. Hansen, Malin
    et al.
    Böhme, Kai
    Jørgensen, John
    Ringö, Sara
    Stadspolitik i Norden – Fallstudier kring Hållbar stadsomvandling2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förtätning med kvalitet. De fallstudier, som läggs fram här, är utvalda så att de visar hur det har arbetats med hållbarhetsprincipen i de nordiska länderna. Gemensamt för de utvalda projekten är, att de alla har för avsikt att arbeta med kvalitetsmässig förtätning i samband med omvandling av äldre, stadsnära hamn- och industriområden. Syftet med fallstudierna är att försöka få en första inblick i vilka metoder och verktyg som används i det praktiska arbetet som pågår runt om i Norden kring förtätning med kvalitet.

  • 87. Harbo, Lisbeth Greve
    Nordic Cross-border Cooperation Committees and Cross-border Authority Integration2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Working Group on Globalisation and Cross-border Cooperation has published a paper which gives an overview of the current eleven Nordic Cross-border Cooperation Committees and their work. Part one of the paper gives an overview of the geographic context, organisational structures and project activities of the eleven Nordic Cross-border Cooperation Committees, as well as a comparison of the similarities and differences between the cross-border committees. Part two elucidates some key elements concerning the work of the cross-border committees: border obstacles, the integration of public authorities, as well as the importance of the Nordic Council of Ministers and the Interreg programmes. The appendix of the paper contains fact sheets from each of the eleven cross-border cooperation committees which present their organisation and work in more detail. The paper is published in Swedish, English, and Finnish.

  • 88. Harbo, Lisbeth Greve
    Nordiska gränskommittéer och gränsöverskridande myndighetsintegration2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den nordiska arbetsgruppen för globalisering och gränsöverskridande samarbete har publicerat en rapport som ger en överblick över dagens elva nordiska gränsöverskridande kommittéer och deras arbete. Rapportens första del ger en sammanfattning av de elva gränsöverskridande kommittéernas geografiska kontext, organisationsstruktur och projektaktiviteter. Den ger även en jämförelse av likheter och skillnader mellan kommittéerna. Rapportens andra del belyser viktiga frågor som gränskommittéerna arbetar med: gränshinder, integrering av offentliga myndigheter samt vikten av Nordiska ministerrådet och Interreg-program. Rapporten innehåller även bilagor med fakta om var och en av de elva gränskommittéerna. Dessa presenterar kommittéernas respektive organisation och arbete i detalj. Rapporten publiceras på svenska, engelska och finska.

  • 89. Harbo, Lisbeth Greve
    Pohjolan rajakomiteat ja rajat ylittävä viranomaisten integrointi2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [fi]

    Elinkeino-, energia- ja aluepolitiikan ministerineuvoston (ÄK-R) alainen globalisaation ja rajat ylittävän yhteistyön työryhmän julkaisema raportti on katsaus Pohjolan yhteentoista rajakomiteaan ja niiden työskentelyyn. Raportin osa yksi käsittelee Pohjolan yhdentoista rajakomitean maantieteellistä kontekstia, organisaatiorakennetta ja projektitoimintaa. Lisäksi se vertailee eri rajakomiteoiden yhtäläisyyksiä ja eroja. Osa kaksi käsittelee rajakomiteoiden keskeisiä toimialueita: rajaesteitä, rajakomiteoiden merkitystä viranomaisintegraation kannalta sekä Pohjoismaiden Ministerineuvoston ja Interreg-ohjelmien merkitystä rajakomiteoiden rajaalueeseen liittyvän työn kannalta. Raportin liitteenä on yhteenveto kustakin raja-alueyhteistyökomiteasta organisaatio- ja työkuvauksen kera. Tämä raportti on julkaistu suomeksi, ruotsiksi ja englanniksi.

  • 90. Hedin, Sigrid
    et al.
    Dahlström, Margareta
    Metzger, Jonathan
    Regional Development policies - messages from a Nordic research programme2010Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Internationalisation of regional development policies - Needs and demands in the Nordic countries. The research programme Internationalisation of Regional Development Policies—Needs and Demands in the Nordic Countries was commissioned by the Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM) in the spring of 2005. The aim of the programme was to undertake research on key issues, where it was identified that new knowledge was needed and where such knowledge could benefi t the development and implementation of regional development policies in the Nordic countries. Three prioritised themes for the research programme have been identifi ed namely, "regional governance", "innovation and regional growth", and "demography and labour migration". In addition, two crosscutting topics were defi ned: "enlargement of the EU and the challenges for Nordic regional development policies" and the broad topic of "three dimensions of sustainable regional development" i.e., social, economic and environmental sustainability. In all, 10 projects were funded during the programme period 2005–2009, and the research results were published in 10 separate reports. In this eleventh report of the programme, the three prioritised themes and two cross-cutting topics are revisited. In this report, key findings of the research projects are linked with trends to draw attention to issues of particular relevance for policymakers and practitioners working within the broad field of regional development.

  • 91. Hedin, Sigrid
    et al.
    Dubois, Alexandre
    Ikonen, Riikka
    Lindblom, Patrick
    Nilsson, Susanna
    Tynkkynen, Veli-Pekka
    Viehhauser, Michael
    Leisk, Ülle
    Veidemane, Kristina
    The Water Framework Directive in the Baltic Sea Region Countries : Vertical implementation, horizontal integration and transnational cooperation2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union Water Framework Directive (WFD) was adopted in 2000. The WFD takes an integrated approach of water management and the overall objective is to achieve "good water status" for all waters in Europe by 2015. In the following report we investigate how the WFD has been implemented in 11 countries in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR). The aim here is to investigate the influence of the WFD implementation on the national spatial planning systems and to take a closer look at the relationship between spatial planning and water management. The investigated countries are Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, and Sweden. In addition, we have investigated whether, and how, WFD ideas are applied in three non EU Member States in the BSR Belarus, Norway and the Russian Federation.

  • 92. Hedin, Sigrid
    et al.
    Dubois, Alexandre
    Ikonen, Riikka
    Lähteenmäki-Smith, Kaisa
    Neubauer, Jörg
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Tynkkynen, Veli-Pekka
    Uhlin, Åke
    Regionally Differentiated Innovation Policy in the Nordic Countries : - Applying the Lisbon strategy2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report provides an analysis of the Nordic innovation policies of relevance for regional innovation systems. The central question addressed is how national policy makers can best apply the broad Lisbon strategy goals to the specific creation of regional innovation policies adapted to the Nordic context. Meeting the ideals and goals of the Lisbon Agenda may imply significant changes in the Nordic countries. Specifically, if innovation is to be stimulated in the public sector this demands an increased role for the market in the production of goods and services produced by the public sector. The data available tends to highlight the fact that the metropolitan areas dominate in terms of innovation performance and potential across the Nordic countries. Regional differences must thus be considered in the context of the development of innovation policy instruments, while more sophisticated enabling instruments will undoubtedly also be needed. In the EU context the regions are viewed as being the actors best able to appreciate local and regional needs and thus best placed to develop innovation policies. Historically, the state has controlled innovation policy in the Nordic countries. The regional level may therefore need to be granted formal competence for the development of regional innovation policies. The EU commission has asked for the application of a broad view of innovation. Innovation policy in the Nordic countries has traditionally however been concerned, predominantly, with research and development policies, though all of the Nordic countries are currently in the course of adopting a broader approach to innovation. By its very nature this broader approach ensures that a wider and ever expanding range of policy fields address the notion of innovation. Better coordination between the various policy fields addressing innovation may thus be needed in order to avoid competing or overlapping measures at the national and regional levels.

  • 93. Hedin, Sigrid
    et al.
    Ikonen, Riikka
    Tynkkynen, Veli-Pekka
    Edvardsson, Ingi-Runar
    Gunnarsdottir, Regina
    National overviews of regional innovation policies and case studies in the Nordic countries2008Report (Other academic)
  • 94. Hedin, Sigrid
    et al.
    Jóhannesson, Hjalti
    Steineke, Jon Moxnes
    Niinikoski, Eija-Riitta
    Smas, Lukas
    Olsen, Lise Smed
    Interaction between higher education institutions and their surrounding business environment : Six Nordic case studies2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This electronic working paper is a result of the project "Regional universities and university colleges, their regional impact on innovation, attractiveness and economic performance" commissioned by the Nordic Senior Officials' Committee for Regional Policy, the Nordic Council of Ministers. The overarching question for the case studies presented was to discuss how universities and university colleges can work as an active instrument in regional development policy in the Nordic countries and illustrate how some Nordic higher education institutions collaborate with the surrounding business environments. The case studies cover the Aalborg University in Denmark, the Oulu Southern Institute, Oulu University, in Finland, the School for Renewable Energy Science (RES) in Akureyri, Iceland, the University of Agder in Norway, Jönköping University in Sweden, Dalarna University in Sweden.

  • 95. Hedström, Moa
    et al.
    Littke, Helene
    Perspectives on rural development in the Nordic countries : - Policies, governance, development initiatives2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on discussions and presentations at seminars held by the Nordic working group 1b: Future rural areas. As part of the work of the Nordic working group Future rural areas (appointed by the Nordic Council and the Nordic Council of Ministers), a series of seminars were held during 2009 and 2010. All in all four seminars were organised – one in each of the continental Nordic countries. The seminars focused on service provision, governance and business development in rural areas. This report functions as a documentation of the presentations given and the discussions held during the seminars. It is designed to provide an overview of Nordic rural development policies, to highlight the work of the various actors and initiatives at the centre of rural development work and to present ideas for future Nordic cooperation in the field of rural development. Four of the Nordic countries Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden constitute the geographical focus of the work as these countries provided the active members of the working group and the venues for the seminars.

  • 96. Heikkinen, Timo
    et al.
    Sairinen, Rauno
    Social Impact Assessment in Regional Land Use Planning2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Best practices from Finland.

  • 97.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    From Migrants to Workers: International migration trends in the Nordic countries2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is one of several outputs of a project called From Migrants to Workers: Immigrants’ Role in Local Labour Markets in the Nordic Region for the 2013–2016 Nordic Working Group on Demography and Welfare (Nordregio, 2016). This paper analyses data on recent migration flows into the Nordic countries. Another working paper analysed case studies of the process of integration in selected Nordic regions (Harbo, Heleniak, & Hildestrand, 2017). The paper also provides additional detail for the chapter on migration in the State of the Nordic Region 2018 report.

  • 98.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Nordregio News 3 2016: Migration and integration2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The old age dependency rate is a ticking time bomb that threatens to blow the Nordic welfare model into pieces. Old age dependency rates are rising across the Nordic countries as in most parts of Europe. Due to a selective outmigration of young people towards the cities, the dependency rates are particularly high in rural municipalities, where access to healthcare services is one of the major issues. This issue of Nordregio News focuses on recent migration flows and the Nordic societies’ readiness to welcome the newcomers.

  • 99.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Oliveira e Costa, Sandra
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    From migrants to workers: Immigration and integration at the local level in the Nordic countries2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1990, the population of the Nordic countries has grown by 15 percent up to 26.5 million people, mainly due to immigration from abroad. Still many Nordic municipalities struggle with declining and ageing populations, and labour shortages. In this extended policy brief, Nordregio compares the process of integration of labour migrants and refugees into local communities and labour markets in five rural and rather remote Nordic regions, and the Faroe Islands. The aim has been to identify both good practices and barriers to successful integration, and to understand the roles of labour migrants and refugees in these local labour markets. Nordregio has conducted the research on commission by the Nordic Working Group on Demography and Welfare.

  • 100.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Sanchez Gassen, Nora
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Scenarios for 2015-2080: The impact of migration on population and ageing2016Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    One possible policy option for countries concernedabout declining or aging populations is replacementmigration – allowing or even encouraginginternational migration in order to counteract declineand aging of native populations. In the pasttwo decades, net international migration into theNordic region has been a much larger contributorto population growth than natural increase. Thispolicy brief explores the likely demographic contributionof migration to population growth in theNordic countries in the future and the extent that itcould compensate for population decline or aging.

1234567 51 - 100 of 303
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf