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  • 1.
    Amdam, Synnøve
    Faculty of Arts and Physical Education, Volda University College.
    Media Education Goes Professional?: Media Teachers’ Self-Image, Positioning and Educational Focus2017Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 81-95Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractThis article explores how media teachers’ self-images, positionings and interpretative rep-ertoires inform educational practices in media education. Media education is viewed as a critical element of 21st century learning. However, we have very little knowledge of the im-plementers of this critical element, the media teachers. Based on a thematic literature review of historical positions of the Nordic media teacher, and supported by national survey data on the media teachers’ backgrounds, motivations and practices (n=383), the subject is explored through focus groups and individual interviews with media teachers at two case schools in upper secondary media education in Norway. The findings suggest that there are different and conflicting understandings about being media teachers, resulting in different educational practices with wider implications for the future implementation of media education. Keywords: media teachers, media education, media literacy, interpretative repertoires, pro-fessional cultures, communities of practice

  • 2.
    Andersson, Yvonne
    et al.
    Swedish Media Council..
    Dalquist, UlfSwedish Media Council..Ohlsson, JonasNordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Youth and News in a Digital Media Environment: Nordic-Baltic Perspectives2018Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Ongoing digitalization has fundamentally transformed the entire media landscape, not least the domain of news. The blurring of previously sharp distinctions between production, distribution and consumption have challenged the established news industry and brought into question long-held assumptions of what journalism is or should be, who is a journalist and how we define, consume and use “news”. This anthology aims to shed light on the implications of these transformations for young people in the Nordic and Baltic countries. It focuses on three themes: youth participating in news and information production; news production by established media organizations and novel information providers aimed at children and youth; news use among youth.

  • 3.
    Arvidsson, Kjell
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    ”Musikindustrin är död,länge leve musikindustrin!”: Eller historien om (hur) musikindustrinöverlevde digitaliseringen2016Inngår i: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 101-109Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den digitalisering som mediebranschen just nu genomgår har musikindustrin redanöverlevt. Denna artikel handlar därför om den svenska musikindustrins utvecklingfrån dess tillkomst 1903 fram till idag och hur man har hanterat förändringar orsakadeav bl.a. ny teknik genom åren. Nya aktörer har kommit med lösningarna och tagit enbetydande roll i branschen. När de gamla aktörerna anpassat sig har de lyckats bevakasina revir men med begränsad dominans.Eller sagt med en kunglig parafras; musikindustrin är död, länge leve musikindustrin.

  • 4.
    Axelson, Tomas
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Vernacular Meaning Making: Examples of Narrative Impact in Fiction FilmQuestioning the ‘Banal’ Notion in Mediatizationof Religion Theory2015Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 36, nr 2, s. 143-156Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The outcome of an audience study supports theories stating that stories are a primarymeans by which we make sense of our experiences over time. Empirical examples ofnarrative impact are presented in which specific fiction film scenes condense spectators’lives, identities, and beliefs. One conclusion is that spectators test the emotional realismof the narrative for greater significance, connecting diegetic fiction experiences with theirextra-diegetic world in their quest for meaning, self and identity. The ‘banal’ notion of themediatization of religion theory is questioned as unsatisfactory in the theoretical context ofindividualized meaning-making processes. As a semantically negatively charged concept, itis problematic when analyzing empirical examples of spectators’ use of fictional narratives,especially when trying to characterize the idiosyncratic and complex interplay betweenspectators’ fiction emotions and their testing of mediated narratives in an exercise to findmoral significance in extra-filmic life. Instead, vernacular meaning-making is proposed.

  • 5.
    Barland, Jens
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Tekstreklame: Digitaliseringen løfter frem igjenjournalistikkens eldste problem2016Inngår i: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 61-68Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [no]

    Tekstreklame var konflikten som startet diskusjonene om presseetikk for over 100 årsiden. I dag reduserer digitaliseringen journalistikkens fortrinn som annonsekanal ogmedienes inntekter krymper. Konkurransen i digitale mediemarkeder krever også merpublisering enn tidligere, og med færre ressurser. Slik åpnes dørene til redaksjonellespalter for eksterne bidrag. Denne artikkel påviser og drøfter hvordan den digitaleutviklingen påvirker gamle og nye forretningsmodeller for journalistikk, og hvordandet skaper konflikter om tekstreklame.

  • 6.
    Bastiansen, Henrik G
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Rethinking Mass Communications in Norway: The Neglected Power of the Centre-Left Alliance in the Early 20th Century and its Importance until the Present2014Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 35, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article discusses the importance of the early years of mass communications in order to understand the shaping of them – the power of creating mass media for whole nations. It begins with references to scholars studying large nations and asks whether their results can be generalized to smaller countries. Therefore, it uses Norway as a case study. To what degree were Norway’s four major mass media – press, film, radio and television – formed institutionally in their early years? And if they were formed in this way, how long did the consequences of such a formation last? These questions have been neglected topics in research, so in order to answer them we also need to rethink the connections between the different media.

  • 7.
    Bechmann, Anja
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Bilgrav-Nielsen, Kristine
    Korsgaard Jensen, Anne-Louise
    Data as a Revenue Model: Sharewall as a Payment Methodand Editorial Algorithm in the News Industry2016Inngår i: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 76-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Does data solve the crisis in legacy news companies? This article discusses data as arevenue model and the use of editorial algorithms to curate content and still meetpublic values. Furthermore, the article criticizes the news companies for using datain traditional advertisement revenue models, which have proved difficult to uphold.Instead we need to focus on public values along with micro segment data in what arehere termed social responsible algorithms. We also need to continue the discussion onthe very concept of news and to experiment with news ‘packaging’ that are not derivedfrom legacy news companies, but from born-digital ones.

  • 8.
    Bengtsson, Mette
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Approaches to Political Commentary in Scandinavia: A Call for Textual, Evaluating Scholarship2015Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 5-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Political commentary is a contested genre that has attracted a great deal of attention in the Scandinavian public debate, whereas the scholarly literature on it is still in an initial phase. In order to strengthen future research, the present paper suggests a two-dimensional matrix indexing the research on Scandinavian political commentary along the dimensions text/context and descriptive/evaluative. The matrix enables us to see more clearly what we already know and where we lack knowledge. It enables us to see how each category can be developed, the interplay among them, and the obvious lack of textual, evaluative ap-proaches. The author argues that a joint, cross-disciplinary engagement is necessary if we are to adequately understand the potentials and problems of political commentary.K

  • 9.
    Bergström, Annika
    Journalism Media and Communication (JMG) University of Gothenburg.
    Digital Equality and the Uptake of DigitalApplications among Seniors of Different Age2017Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 38, nr Special Issue 1, s. 79-91Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Ageing societies are facing challenges from the perspective of the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs). There is an increase in online services relevant for the economic, political, cultural and private life. Those who participate more fully in a digi-tally mediated social life enjoy advantages over their digitally disadvantaged counterparts. Today’s digital divide is not first and foremost between pensioners and others, but between younger and older pensioners. Scholars identify the need for longitudinal research among younger and older seniors to understand the differences between more or less advantaged users. Based on longitudinal, representative surveys, the present study finds that there is a clear gap between younger and older seniors, and that it is closing only very slowly. Age and level of education are powerful explanatory factors whereas generational belonging and social capital contribute only to a limited extent to the understanding of Internet uptake among older adults.

  • 10.
    Bernhardsson, Bo
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Det fria ordets vanskliga väg2016Inngår i: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 52-55Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Grundlagsfäst yttrandefrihet och pressfrihet är nödvändiga förutsättningar för demokratin.Men inte nödvändigtvis tillräckliga för att resultatet ska bli en väl fungerandedemokrati. En sådan förutsätter allsidig information och opinionsbildning, att allaberättelser blir berättade och att alla medborgare blir sedda och kommer till tals. ISverige har presstödet funnits och gjort nytta i nära nog ett halvt århundrade, men isin nuvarande utformning har det nu tjänat ut. Det behöver reformeras och bli till ettmediestöd anpassat till det nya medielandskapet.

  • 11.
    Birkemose, Jan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Nogle medier vil overlevead blockerne2016Inngår i: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 56-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [no]

    Det er en alvorlig trussel mod nordiske netmedier, at op mod hver fjerde bruger filtrererannoncerne væk og dermed underminerer mediernes økonomi. Allerede nu eksperimenterermange medier med forskellige initiativer for at få brugerne til at betale ellerse annoncerne. For at kompensere for de tabte annonceindtægter, vil mange medierintroducere native annoncering. Og takket være ad blockerne vokser en ny annoncefripublicisme frem, hvor brugerne, og deres ønsker og behov, kommer i centrum, somaldrig tidligere. De medier, der ikke formår at omstille sig til de nye forhold, får sværtved at overleve.

  • 12.
    Bock Segaard, Signe
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Perceptions of Social Media: A Joint Arena for Voters and Politicians?2015Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 36, nr 2, s. 65-78Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    While observers have focused on the political use of social media when exploring theirdemocratic potential, we know little about users’ perceptions of these media. These perceptionscould well be important to understanding the political use of social media. Inexploring users’ perceptions, the article asks whether politicians and voters view socialmedia in a similar way, and to what extent they consider social media to be an apt arenafor political communication. Within a Norwegian context, which may prove useful as acritical case, and using the technological frames model, we find that although voters’ andpoliticians’ opinions are not that dissimilar overall, politicians are more likely to recognizethe political communicative role of social media. However, social media do indeed havethe potential to become arenas for political mobilization among groups that traditionallyare less visible in political arenas.

  • 13.
    Carlsson, Ulla
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM. JMG- Institutionen för journalistik, medier och kommunikation, Göteborgs universitet.
    Medie- och informationskunnighet (MIK) i den digitala tidsåldern: En demokratifråga -Kartläggning, analys, reflektioner2018Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Många av dagens samhällsfrågor är kopplade till digitaliseringen och dess konsekvenser. Inte minst ställs nya krav på medborgarna i en digitaliserad medie- och kommunikationskultur utifrån ett demokrati-perspektiv. Det är mot en sådan bakgrund denna kunskapsöversikt har utarbetats.Medie- och informationskunnighet (MIK) är tveklöst en nyckelkunskap i dagens samhälle – om det råder stor samstämmighet bland berörda aktörer. Men hur ett arbete rörande MIK ska kunna organiseras i Sverige för att nå reella resultat har diskuterats i flera år utan att ett samlat uttryck från politiken har kommit till stånd. En utgångspunkt i detta arbete har varit att betrakta MIK i ett helhets-perspektiv – som en del av många olika politikområden och inte minst demokratipolitiken. Samtidigt måste den nationella politiken mer än någonsin ha ett ömsesidigt utbyte med såväl europeisk som global politik. I dagens komplexa samhälle krävs också en konstruktiv dialog och samverkan mellan olika berörda aktörer inom såväl politiken som medieföretagen och det civila samhället för att nå fruktbara resultat. Kunskapsöversikten söker fånga utmaningar och möjligheter rörande MIK i digitaliseringens tid. Den baseras på en kartläggning av MIK i Sverige – insatser och aktörer, nedslag i såväl forskningen som praktiken samt europeiska och internationella utblickar. I ett avslutande kapitel redovisas de konklusioner som kan dras från kunskapsöversiktens olika delar och ett framåtblickande scenario presenteras.

  • 14.
    Carlsson, Ulla
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Culver, Sherri Hope
    Media and information literacy and intercultural dialogue2013Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This UNITWIN Network is composed of eight universities from different geographical areas. The main objectives of the Network are to foster collaboration among member universities, to build capacity in each of the countries in order to empower them to advance media and information literacy and intercultural dialogue, and to promote freedom of speech, freedom of information and the free flow of ideas and knowledge. Specific objectives include acting as an observatory for the role of media and information literacy (MIL) in promoting civic participation, democracy and development as well as enhancing intercultural and cooperative research on MIL. The programme also aims at promoting global actions related to MIL and intercultural dialogue. In such a context, a MILID Yearbook series is an important initiative. This first MILID Yearbook is a result of a collaboration between the UNITWIN Cooperation Programme on Media and Information Literacy and Intercultural Dialogue, and the International Clearinghouse on Children, Youth and Media at NORDICOM, University of Media and Information Literacy and Intercultural Dialogue are printed in a limited edition. It can also be downloaded as a PDF, free of cost.

  • 15.
    Carlsson, Ulla
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM. UNESCO Chair on Freedom of Expression, Media Development and Global Policy, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Pöyhtäri, ReetaUniversity of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
    The Assault on Journalism: Building knowledge to protect freedom of expression2017Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    People who exercise their right to freedom of expression through journalism should be able to practice their work without restrictions. They are, nonetheless, the constant targets of violence and threats. In an era of globalization and digitization, no single party can alone carry the responsibility for protection of journalism and freedom of expression. Instead, this responsibility must be assumed jointly by the state, the courts, media companies and journalist organizations, as well as by NGOs and civil society – on national as well as global levels.To support joint efforts to protect journalism, there is a growing need for research-based knowledge. Acknowledging this need, the aim of this publication is to highlight and fuel journalist safety as a field of research, to encourage worldwide participation, as well as to inspire further dialogues and new research initiatives. The contributions represent diverse perspectives on both empirical and theoretical research and offer many quantitatively and qualitatively informed insights. The articles demonstrate that a new important interdisciplinary research field is in fact emerging, and that the fundamental issue remains identical: Violence and threats against journalists constitute an attack on freedom of expression. The publication is the result of collaboration between the UNESCO Chair at the University of Gothenburg, UNESCO, IAMCR and a range of other partners.

  • 16.
    Carlsson, Ulla
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM. Department of Journalism, Media and Communication, University of Gothenburg.
    Weibull, Lennart
    The SOM Institute.
    Freedom of Expression in the Digital Media Culture: A study of public opinion in Sweden2018Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Freedom of expression is fundamental to democracy, and media serve as custodians of that freedom. Prevailing norms and values among the populace constitute the preconditions for freedom of expression, but also determine its limits. Digital technology has democratized the public sphere, but the new technologies also imply problems concerning the limits of freedom of expression. Particularly problematic is the relationship between freedom of expression and personal integrity. 

    The present study reports on a national representative survey of Swedish citizens’ views on the limits of freedom of expression and on the areas in which limitations of freedom of expression may be acceptable. Public acceptance of possible curtailment of freedom of expression may be taken to represent dissatisfaction with the ways in which contemporary media operate.

  • 17.
    Christensen, Christa Lykke
    Department of Media, Cognition and Communication, University of Copenhagen.
    Healthy Ageing and Mediated Health Expertise2017Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 38, nr special issue 1, s. 9-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The media are, for many older people, one of the most important sources of information about health. In this article, I examine older people’s experiences and use of media to acquire knowledge about health issues relating to their own life. Key questions concern how media influence older people’s perceptions of health and to what extent they trust the media in relation to health issues. The study demonstrates that the media do not have a uniform influence among older people. For some, the media function as a guide to main-taining and experimenting with an active lifestyle in late life; for others, the media are met with a skeptical attitude as they are not trusted as a source of reliable and unequivocal information on health issues. The study is based on a qualitative interview study with men and women between 65 and 86 years.

  • 18.
    Culver, Sherri Hope
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Kerr, Paulette
    Global citizenship in a digital world2014Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The MILID Yearbok 2014 brings together a range of reviewed articles, which articulate the theme of global citizenship from varied perspectives and regions of the world. The articles represent different expressions on media and information literacy from resear-chers and practitioners, who offer bold new strategies, share research findings and best practices, musing and reflections. The Yearbook is organized around five sections: Global citizenship; New media, new approaches; Youth engagement; Education and educators’ changing role, Media and information literacy: A worldwide selection from the UNITWIN partners. This second yearbook, MILID Yearbook 2014, is the result of a collaboration between the UNITWIN Cooperation Programme on Media and Information Literacy and Intercultural Dialogue (MILID) and NORDICOM’s International Clearinghouse on Children, Youth and Media.

  • 19. Edström, Maria
    et al.
    Kenyon, Andrew T.
    Blurring the Lines: Market-Driven and Democracy-Driven Freedom of Expression2016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Blurring the Lines: Market-Driven and Democracy-Driven Freedom of Expression focuses on challenges from the market to free speech and how free speech can be protected, promoted and developed when lines between journalism and advertising are blurred. With contributions from 20 scholars in law, media studies and philosophy, it explores an issue deserving greater attention, market pressures on freedom of expression. The role of commercial constraints on speech, restrictions and control of media content and the responsibility of state institutions in protecting free speech are some of the topics scrutinized from a democratic free speech perspective.

  • 20.
    Edström, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Mølster, RagnhildNordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Making Change: Nordic Examples of Working Towards Gender Equality in the Media2014Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Who decides what you see on television? Which issues are important, and who gets to speak their mind in the news? How are women and men featured in texts, photos, computer games, advertising and movies?

    Questions like these are of great importance when it comes to gender equality in society, and therefore the media is a relevant sector to reach with gender mainstreaming efforts. The media can both hinder and accelerate the development towards gender equality. They can communicate results of gender equality efforts but can also contribute to the production of gender stereotypes. There is an increasing pressure on media to step up and take measures to ensure women’s access to the media industry and to combat gender stereotypes. The UN member states committed to this already in 1995 in the Beijing Platform for Action, but how gender equal is the media?

    Making Change. Nordic Examples of Working Towards Gender Equality in the Media presents a collection of inspiring media practices in the Nordic region and a compilation of comparative data on gender equality in the Nordic media sector (film, journalism, advertising and computer games). Contributing authors are representatives from academia, civil society, activism and industry.

  • 21.
    Enevold, Jessia
    et al.
    University of Lund Department of arts and cultural sciences.
    Thorhauge, Anne MetteUniversity of Copenhagen Department of media, cognition and communication.Gregersen, AndreasUniversity of Copenhagen Department of media, cognition and communication.
    What’s the Problem in Problem Gaming?: Nordic Research Perspectives2018Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    What’s the problem in problem gaming? is a valuable contribution to the debates about young people’s gaming habits and the highly contested concept of video game addiction. The chapters in the volume provide a number of perspectives on the issue, such as players’ life conditions and lifestyle choices, problem gaming from a family perspective, the voices of treatment professionals, and how game design can become problematic.

    How problem gaming is framed is a highly relevant issue that affects policies surrounding the consumption of videogames. This anthology is a just in time contribution and an essential read for researchers in the field as well as for policymakers, social workers, clinical psychologists, teachers and others who encounter problem gaming in their profession. 

  • 22.
    Engblom, Lars-Åke
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Minnesord på Island: Användarskapat innehåll som intäktskälla2016Inngår i: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 97-100Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Alltmer av mediernas innehåll produceras av användarna och på Island har det blivittidningen Morgunblaðiðs främsta tillgång i kampen om prenumeranterna. Cirka enfjärdedel av tidningens textinnehåll består idag av insänt materiel, främst nekrologer.Traditionen har funnits i flera decennier, men har på senare tid vuxit starkt i omfång.Islands mediemiljö har också andra särpräglade inslag. Gratistidningen Frettablaðiðhar nästan dubbelt så många läsare som den traditionella morgontidningen Morgunblaðið.Men Morgunblaðið är ensam om minnesartiklarna. Utan dem skulle hälftensluta prenumerera enligt en undersökning.

  • 23.
    Falkheimer, Jesper
    et al.
    The Department of Strategic Communication, Lund University.
    Blach-Ørsten, Mark
    Department of Communication and Arts Communication, Journalism and Social Change, Roskilde University.
    Kæmsgaard Eberholst, Mads
    Department of Communication and Arts Communication, Journalism and Social Change, Roskilde University.
    Möllerström, Veselinka
    The Department of Strategic Communication, Lund University.
    News Media and the Öresund Region.: A Case of Horizontal Europeanisation?2017Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 1-15Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a first attempt to investigate the news content and news routines of Danish and Swedish news media covering the Öresund region. From a theoretical per-spective, the Öresund region can be considered a possible best-case example of what is categorised as horizontal Europeanisation, in other words, of the potential for increased communication linkages in news media content among European Union (EU) member states. We investigate this topic by analysing news content published by selected media outlets from 2002 to 2012 and by interviewing Danish and Swedish journalists who cover the region. We find that most news content does not mention the Öresund region, and that one reason for this lack might be that neither Danish nor Swedish reporters consider the region to be newsworthy.

  • 24.
    Fernández-Ardèvol, Mireia
    et al.
    Universitat Oberta de Catalunya.
    Sawchuk, Kim
    Department of Communication Studies, Concordia University, Montreal.
    Grenier, Line
    Department of Communication Studies, Concordia University, Montreal.
    Maintaining Connections: Octo- and Nonagenarians on Digital ‘Use and Non-use’2017Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 38, nr Special Issue 1, s. 39-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The concepts of user and non-user are frequently deployed within media and communica-tions literature. What do these terms mean if examined regarding age and ageing? In this article we explore and trouble these notions through an analysis of twenty-two conversa-tions with a group of octogenarians and nonagenarians living in a retirement home. Their descriptions of their changing uses of media througout lifetime, and their encounters with mobile phones, computers, newspapers, television, radio and landline phones, are presented as a set of ‘techno-biographies’ that challenge binary divisions of use and non-use, linear notions of media adoption, and add texture to the idea of ‘the fourth age’ as a time of life bereft of decisional power. Speaking with octogenarians and nonagenarians provides in-sights into media desires, needs and uses, and opens up ‘non-use’ as a complex, variegated activity, rather than a state of complete inaction or disinterest.

  • 25.
    Florencia, Cristine
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    The Mediatized Zlatan,Made by Sweden: An Immigrant’s Path from Provincial Othernessto a Western Literary Space2015Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 36, nr 2, s. 3-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article analyses the mediatization of the brand and celebrity Zlatan Ibrahimovićusing the reception and marketing of the footballer’s life story and autobiography as itsmain case. It is shown that the construction of a myth such as Ibrahimović transcends themateriality of the book as well as geographical, vernacular and media boundaries, as it isconstituted as content in a digital network that produces signification. This ‘Zlatan content’is framed by national Swedish values and a traditional Western myth of individual masculineexcellence. It is also marked by emotions, class and race, telling a tale about the marginalizedemotive immigrant becoming both a national icon and part of an imaginary Westernghetto experience and global literary canon formation. It is argued that the performance ofexcitable speech acts is crucial in the mediatization and branding of mass market literatureand celebrities such as Ibrahimović.

  • 26.
    Givskov, Cecilie
    Department of Media, Cognition and Communication,University of Copenhagen .
    Growing Old with Mediatization: Reflexivity and Sense of Agency2017Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 38, nr Special Issue 1, s. 53-64Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Computers, tablets, smartphones and mobile phones enable people to act across contexts. For individuals born during the first half of the twentieth century, these social infrastruc-tures for agency arrived late in the life course. This article presents an analysis of a set of interviews that were thematically coded to reveal ways in which the infrastructures figured in reflexive practices among older single-dwelling women. The interviews were patterned by the shared image of a ‘media world’ and the hypothesis of the indispensability of newer media for living a socially integrated life in today’s society. Control of media connected with feelings of dis- or empowerment; ultimately media amplified the participants’ feelings of being autonomous actors. I argue that the newer media infrastructures extend the scope and need for reflexivity and augment the reflexive ageing associated with the continued activity and autonomy of the third age.

  • 27.
    Holm, Anna B
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Could Freemium Models Work for Legacy Newspapers?2016Inngår i: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 83-87Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The newspaper industry has long been looking for sustainable business models for theirdigital editions. One of their popular choices is the freemium business model based onfree and premium content with a paywall. However, freemium has not yet lived up tothe expectation of the industry and has not secured the revenues that industry playershoped for. This article discusses a number of the main principles of the freemium strategyand tactics, and highlights the critical points for legacy newspaper organisations.

  • 28. Hovden, Jan Fredrik
    et al.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Becoming a Journalist: Journalism education in the Nordic countries2016Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    “This edited volume addresses journalism education as a central component of journalistic professionalization, making it necessary to understand what is a crucial period in most future journalists’ lives. Nowadays, journalism scholars are realizing the need for more sustained, in-depth and critical studies of why students embark on such degrees, how they develop their professional views and practices at universities, how the educational curricula of journalism programs match the needs of the labor market, and also, what the news industry thinks about journalism courses and their graduates. This volume addresses all of these important questions in-depth, with admirable attention to different elements that may explain all these issues.

    The comparative perspective of looking at the Nordic countries breaks new ground considering the paucity of comparative studies on journalism education in specific media systems. The authors that take part of this book employ an array of quantitative and qualitative approaches to study the field of journalism education, providing a rich account that, no doubt, will be essential reading for students, researchers, the media industry, policy-makers and all people interested in journalism education and professionalization.”

  • 29.
    Isotalus, Pekka
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Almonkari, Tanja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Political Scandal Tests Trust in Politicians: The Case of the Finnish Minister Who Resigned Because of His Text Messages2014Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 3-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Political scandals have been observed to be increasingly common everywhere. In April 2008, the Finnish Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr. Ilkka Kanerva, was compelled to resign because of the sensation arising from the enormous number of suggestive text messages that he had sent to a young female erotic dancer. During the scandal, the media followed this episode intensively. The present article considers what kinds of qualities for political leadership the media called for during this scandal and how these qualities were justified. The paper is based partly on quantitative but mostly on qualitative content analyses of the four most read newspapers in Finland. The results show five categories, the qualities being professional competence, personal characteristics and behaviour, trustworthiness, maintenance of relations and communication skills. The results show that the require-ments imposed by the media are high, but that evaluation of professional competence is still crucial. Further, the occurrence of a scandal seems to trigger discussions on trust in politicians.

  • 30.
    Jacobsen, Anne
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Samarbeid som innovasjonskraft2016Inngår i: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [no]

    Rundt TV 2, som er en nasjonal og kommersiell kringkaster, med hovedkontor i Bergen,er det vokst frem et sterkt, internasjonalt medieteknologimiljø, drevet frem avTV 2 sitt behov for å være smarte og konkurransedyktige. Her har ulike bedrifter ogmiljøer innen medier og medieteknologi samlokalisert seg rundt TV 2, og med det søktsammen i nye samarbeidsformer, nettverk og fellesskap. Gjennom dette miljøet er detdannet en næringsklynge, bestående av medieindustri, teknologibedrifter, publisisterog forskningsmiljøer. Resultatet av samlokalisering og samarbeid er oppsiktsvekkendegode, og innovasjonstakten i medieklyngen er svært høy. Over 80 prosent av klyngensmedlemsbedrifter har det siste året lansert nye produkter på markedet, eller hatt viktigegjennombrudd innenfor sine felt. Ti av selskapene i klyngen har alene ansatt 70nye medarbeidere i 2015. Nøkkelen til vekst og suksess ligger i samarbeid, nærmerebestemt deling av felles ressursgrunnlag, tilgang på kompetanse, innovasjonssamarbeidog nettverksarenaer.

  • 31.
    Jansson, André
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Polymedia Distinctions: The Sociocultural Stratification of Interpersonal MediaPractices in Couple Relationships2015Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 36, nr 2, s. 33-50Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    “Polymedia”, a concept introduced by Madianou and Miller (2012), refers to the everydayconditions of abundant media resources. Whereas such conditions imply that the classificatoryprocesses concerning media as cultural properties become increasingly complex, fewstudies have tried to produce a general picture of how interpersonal media practices arepart of sociocultural reproduction. This study is based on a nationwide survey conductedin Sweden in 2012 and focuses on mediated communication among “polymedia couples”(39 percent of all Swedish couples). The article demonstrates that sociocultural factors areimportant for explaining media uses, also when media accessibility is more or less unlimited,and pinpoints how preferences for certain modalities of communication are linked toother lifestyle practices as markers of taste. Most notably, email communication attains ahigher sociocultural status than online chat functions and social media, testifying to theenduring significance of asynchronous, text-based communication in a longer format as aculturally distinctive mode of intimate communication.

  • 32.
    Johannessen, Jill
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Worldview Struggles under a New Climate Regime: South African and Norwegian Media Coverage of COP172015Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 35-49Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The UN summit on climate change in Durban constituted an important moment in the con - tinuous discourse on how to understand climate change and the framing of the problems and solutions. A new emergent frame of understanding could be detected in the press, which the author calls the ‘out-dated worldview’ frame. This frame contains a critique of the clear-cut division between developing vs. developed countries from the 1992 Rio Convention, and may influence how we understand burden-sharing roles in a new global climate deal. In an eager attempt to include all major polluters within a new climate regime, there is a danger that the principle of ‘common but differentiated responsibility’ will be ignored, which may be an attempt to excuse the rich industrialized countries from their responsibility after 150 years of benefitting from fossil-fuel-driven development.

  • 33.
    Jørgensen, Oluf
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM. Danish School of Media and Journalism.
    Access to Information in the Nordic Countries: A comparison of the laws of Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Norway and Iceland and international rules2014Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Freedom of information, openness and transparency are words that are freely used in public discourse. Public bodies and politicians are referred to as ‘open’ if they give information and are willing to enter into dialogue with the outside world. Politicians demonstrate openness when they make themselves available for interviews, attend public meetings and take part in discussions. There is typically a high degree of openness in the Nordic countries. The word ‘transparency’ is much used in an international context, with varying meanings. The word can have a broad meaning, in line with ‘openness’, or it can indicate a more specific requirement for authorities. ‘Transparency’ can also refer to clear and easily understood information. In ‘Access to information in the Nordic countries’ the term ‘access’ has a more specific meaning than ‘openness’ and ‘transparency’. ‘Access’ refers to the right to have access to authentic information about the activities of public bodies, their researches and bases for decisions etc., without the information being mediated or controlled by some authority or by politicians.

  • 34.
    Keinonen, Heidi
    et al.
    Turku Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Turku.
    Klein Shagrir, Oranit
    College and Open University of Israel.
    From Public Service Broadcasting to Soci(et)al TV: Producers’ Perceptions of Interactivity and Audience Participation in Finland and Israel2017Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 65-79Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractIn a changing media environment, television is being transformed by the adoption of prac-tices such as audience participation and interactivity. This article analyses the ways in which managers and producers in Finnish and Israeli public service and hybrid television companies perceive participation and interactivity. We suggest that while these concepts can be de-scribed by hybrid broadcasters using the technologically- and commercially-oriented concept of ‘social TV’, the term does not adequately address the perceptions of socially-oriented public service broadcasters (PSBs). Hence, we propose the society- and value-oriented concept of ‘soci(et)al TV’ in an effort to conceptualise the PSBs’ perceptions concerning the adoption of interactivity and participation practices while they seek to fulfil their social commitments and objectives. Our argument is based on a comparative study of two different broadcasting models (public service vs. hybrid) in two national media systems and cultures.

  • 35.
    Lennie, Jennie
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Tacchi, Jo
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Tensions, Challenges and Issues in Evaluating Communication for Development: Findings from Recent Research and Strategies for Sustainable Outcomes2015Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 36, nr Special Issue, s. 25-39Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The complexity of development and social change and growing tensions between dominant results-based and emerging learning and improvement-based approaches to evaluating de-velopment interventions have created major challenges for the evaluation of communication for development (C4D). Drawing on our recent research, we identify significant tensions, challenges and issues in evaluating C4D. They include contextual and institutional chal-lenges, problems with attribution and unrealistic timeframes, a lack of capacities in both evaluation and C4D, and a lack of appreciation, funding and support for approaches that are more appropriate for the evaluation of C4D. We propose various strategies that can help to address these challenges and issues, including using a rigorous mixed methods approach, and implementing long-term, holistic evaluation capacity development at all levels and our new framework for evaluating C4D. These and other strategies can help to create a supportive environment in which new ideas and approaches can flourish, more sustainable outcomes of C4D can be achieved, and C4D organisations can become more sustainable and effective. The implications for C4D policy are considered

  • 36.
    Lenstra, Noah
    Noah Lenstra Home Research Publications Teaching Service Events People Noah Lenstra Assistant Professor Department of Library and Information Studies School of Education The University of North Carolina - Greensboro (UNCG).
    Maintaining Connections: Octo- and Nonagenarians on Digital ‘Use and Non-use’2017Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 38, nr Special Issue 1, s. 39-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the United States of America, senior centers and public libraries are ubiquitous social institutions found in virtually every municipality. This article analyses these institutions as community-based information infrastructure in the digital learning practices of older adults. Older adults turn to these institutions to learn technology in retirement. How learning takes place in these spaces is shaped both by the institutions, and by the older adults. Negotiations between institutions and older adults shape digital learning. These negotiations are shaped by societal ageism. This article shows that older adults are not passive participants in tech-nology learning, using services provided for them by others, but instead actively shape both how learning services are proffered and the institutional contexts in which these services exist. By learning to embrace the agency of older adults, these under-funded public institu-tions could powerfully reconfigure themselves for an information society that is also ageing.

  • 37. Lowe, Gregory Ferrell
    Crossing Borders and Boundaries in Public Service Media2016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The seventh RIPE Reader investigates cross-boundary influences affecting publicservice media. PSM institutions remain domestically grounded and orientated,but must cope with international influences and the impact of globalisation. This presentssignificant environmental challenges keyed to policies that support networkedcommunications which have important implications for the future of broadcasting.Meanwhile, internal institutional boundaries pose challenges to internal collaborationand synergy, and to achieving greater openness and cultivating public participation inPSM. Traditional boundaries between professional and non-professional productionare often problematic, as well, for external collaboration. And there are enormouschallenges in efforts to bridge boundaries between PSM and other public institutions(public sector), social movements (civil and volunteer sector) and companies (privatesector). Cross-boundary phenomena offer tremendous opportunities for ensuringpublic service provision in the emerging media ecology, but managers and policymakersmust grapple with a range of dualities that require critical examination: public/ private, national / international, broadcast / print, linear / non-linear, audience /user, production / distribution, citizen / consumer, and market / society. The scholarlycontributions in this volume address issues that are relevant for improved understandingsabout Public Service Media Across Borders and Boundaries – a contemporary topic ofkeen theoretical and strategic importance.

  • 38. Lykke Christensen, Christa
    et al.
    Jerslev, Anne
    Media Presence Mobile Modernities2016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 39. Láb, Filip
    et al.
    Štefaniková, Sandra
    Photojournalism in Central Europe: Editorial and Working Practices2017Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 38, nr Special Issue 2, s. 7-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The adoption of digital technologies, along with current economic realities, has affected the entire process of visual news production. It has also influenced the traditional concept of photojournalism. As a result, news photographers face multiple new challenges. Although visual news material is becoming ever more important, news organizations have cut back on employment, leaving those few who remain employed with additional workload and responsibilities. Based on interviews with photojournalists and photo editors, this article examines the current state of photojournalism and editorial processes in three Central European countries – the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia. Findings indicate that photojournalists and photo editors face ongoing developments in the photographic medium that significantly affect their working practices and routines. At the same time, they must deal with increasing workload, new responsibilities, competition and the challenges of maintaining quality in the digital age.

  • 40. Mascheroni, Giovanna
    et al.
    Ponte, CristinaJorge, Ana
    Digital Parenting: The Challenges for Families in the Digital Age2018Konferanseproceedings (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It is with great pleasure that we present the 2018 Yearbook from the International Clear-inghouse on Children, Youth and Media at Nordicom: Digital Parenting: The Challenges for Families in the Digital Age.The topics addressed in the 2018 Yearbook – how to relate to or mediate children’s use of digital media, generational gaps in the use of media and the use of social media to display or seek support in parenthood – are timely and relevant in many respects and have engaged many qualified scholars from around the world. Parenting in the digital media environment is a theme often discussed in news media and among parenting groups. Balancing the opportunities of digital media and at the same time considering potentially unwanted and/or negative effects can be a challenge, both for adults and for the younger generation. There are no established policies, long traditions or experience to turn to and many are seeking advice. The 2018 Yearbook is the result of a great collaborative effort. Nordicom is deeply grateful to the editors of this new anthology, Giovanna Mascheroni, Cristina Ponte and Ana Jorge, as well as to all the contributors who have made this publication possible. It is our hope that the collection of articles will make interesting reading all around the world, stimulate new research and debate and provide new ideas regarding the topical and highly relevant issue of being a parent in the digital age. In the work of the Clearinghouse, the global dimension is a core principle, both with respect to the content we publish and distribute and to the contributors who produce it. Digital Parenting represents this principle by presenting contributions and examples and involving authors from many areas of the world. All books published by the Clearinghouse aim to shed light on different aspects concerning children, youth and media, spread current information and knowledge and hopefully stimulate further research. Various groups of users are targeted; researchers, policymakers, media professionals, voluntary organizations, teachers, students and in-terested individuals. It is our hope that this new Yearbook will be of interest and provide new insights on the topic of digital parenting to a broad range of readers.

  • 41.
    Moe, Hallvard
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Van den Bulck, Hilde
    Teletext in Europe: From the Analog to the Digital Era2016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is about teletext: a “broadcast service using several otherwise unusedscanning lines (vertical blanking intervals) between frames of TV picturesto transmit information from a central data base to receiving television sets”(http://www.nielsentam.tv/glossary). To the contributors to this book andpossibly to many readers, this technical definition will feel out of place as itobscures the rich history of a formidable if forgotten medium. Nevertheless,it is the basic technology of teletext that sets it apart from other media andthat, in part, has been the basis for much of what did and did not happen toteletext in terms of policy, institutional setting, content, users and scholarlyinterest. Many contributions in this book will provide similar definitions, butmostly as a stepping-stone to explore all that has so far been left unsaid bythis technical description. It is this gap in our knowledge of teletext in Europethat this book aims to fill.

  • 42. Moe, Halvar
    Teletext in Europe: From the Analog to the Digital Era2016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is about teletext: a “broadcast service using several otherwise unusedscanning lines (vertical blanking intervals) between frames of TV picturesto transmit information from a central data base to receiving television sets”(http://www.nielsentam.tv/glossary). To the contributors to this book andpossibly to many readers, this technical definition will feel out of place as itobscures the rich history of a formidable if forgotten medium. Nevertheless,it is the basic technology of teletext that sets it apart from other media andthat, in part, has been the basis for much of what did and did not happen toteletext in terms of policy, institutional setting, content, users and scholarlyinterest. Many contributions in this book will provide similar definitions, butmostly as a stepping-stone to explore all that has so far been left unsaid bythis technical description. It is this gap in our knowledge of teletext in Europethat this book aims to fill.

  • 43.
    Mörner, Cecilia
    et al.
    School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University.
    Olausson, Ulrika
    School of Education and Communication , Jönköping University.
    Hunting the Beast on YouTube: The Framing of Nature in Social Media2017Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 17-29Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    17Mörner, Cecilia & Olausson, Ulrika (2017). Hunting the Beast on YouTube. The Framing of Nature in Social Media. Nordicom Review 38(1): 17-29. doi:10.1515/nor-2016-0038Hunting the Beast on YouTube The Framing of Nature in Social MediaCecilia Mörner & Ulrika OlaussonAbstractHumans’ perceived relationship to nature and non-human lifeforms is fundamental for sustainable development; different framings of nature – as commodity, as threat, as sacred etc. – imply different responses to future challenges. The body of research on nature repre-sentations in various symbolic contexts is growing, but the ways in which nature is framed by people in the everyday has received scant attention. This paper aims to contribute to our understanding of the framing of nature by studying how wild-boar hunting is depicted on YouTube. The qualitative frame analysis identified three interrelated frames depicting hunting as battle, as consumption, and as privilege, all of which constitute and are consti-tuted by the underlying notion of human as superior to nature. It is suggested that these hegemonic nature frames suppress more constructive ways of framing the human-nature relationship, but also that the identification of such potential counter-hegemonic frames enables their discursive manifestation.

  • 44.
    Nissen, Christian S
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    En kundskabsressource for nordisk kulturpolitik: Forundersøgelse om behov, muligheder og barrierer for en bedre samordning af nordisk kulturstatistik2014Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Nordicom har under 2013-2014 haft Nordiska Ministerrådets uppdrag att utreda frågan om en nordisk kunskapsresurs inom kulturpolitikens område. Uppdraget innefattade en förstudie och ett nordiskt  expertmöte.Förstudiens resultat redovisas i  Christian S. Nissens rapport En nordisk kundskabsressource for nordisk kulturpolitik. Forundersøgelse om behov, muligheder og barrierer for en bedre samordning af nordisk kulturstatistik

    Viktiga utgångspunkter för projeket, som startade hösten 2013, var Strategin för det nordiska kultursamarbetet 2013-2020  och Essnet-CULTURE: European Statistical System Network on Culture (oktober 2012) samt beaktande av  initiativ i Norden rörande kunskapsutveckling inom kulturområdet.  Särskild vikt lades vid behovsinventeringen, d v s kontakter med potentiella intressenter gällande en nordisk kunskapsresurs med tyngdpunkt på samnordisk kulturstatistik.

  • 45. Nohrstedt, Stig A
    New Wars, New Media and New War Journalism: Professional and Legal Challenges in Conflict Reporting2014Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    IN THIS BOOK, the authors discuss media coverage of major conflicts, from the Gulf War in1990/91 to the NATO military operations in Libya in 2011 and the now ongoing civil war inSyria. Through in-depth analysis of Norwegian and Swedish media coverage of the Kosovoconflict in 1999, the Afghanistan War from 2001, the Iraq War from 2003 as well asmore recent conflicts, the authors claim that legal issues are poorly covered in the runningnews coverage of major conflicts. Underreporting of legal issues is especially problematicin relation to new forms of warfare involving extra-judicial killing by drones of targetsin Pakistan, Afghanistan, Yemen and Somalia. While historically Sweden and Norwayhave had different security policy orientations, the tendency is toward the two countriesbecoming more closely oriented through Nordic defense cooperation and participation inthe wars in Afghanistan and Libya.The authors criticize mainstream media for under-communicating what security risks thissupport for the regime change strategies pursued by the US/NATO in the so-called ‘globalwar on terror’ implies for the Nordic countries. The book further discusses the challengeswar and conflict reporting face when confronted with major security leaks throughWikiLeaks and the classified information revealed by Edward Snowden. Theoretically, thefindings are related to the theories of threat society, new wars and risk-transfer warfare aswell as to Johan Galtung’s theory of war and peace journalism. Analyses are inspired bycritical discourse analysis as elaborated in Norman Fairclough’s and Ruth Wodak’s works.

  • 46.
    Noske-Turner, Jessica
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    10 Years of Evaluation Practice in Media Assistance: Who, When, Why and How?2015Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 36, nr Special Issue, s. 41-56Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Evaluating the impact of media assistance is challenging for several reasons. Primary among them is that these kinds of initiatives operate in a complex political, social, and cultural environment. Although there has been increased attention to evaluation of media assistance, with a series of international conferences, funded research projects, and publications ad-dressing this topic, it remains a problematic area of practice. This paper provides a survey of recent media assistance evaluation practices through an analysis of 47 evaluation documents of programs and projects from 2002-2012, identifying trends in methodology choices, and critiquing the quality of the evidence enabled through different evaluation approaches. It finds clear patterns in how, when and by whom evaluations are undertaken, but finds that these practices rarely generate useful, insightful evaluations.

  • 47.
    Nybro Petersen, Line
    University of Sothern Denmark.
    ‘Generation Conviviality’: The Role of Media Logicin Television Production for Elderly Audiences2017Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 38, nr Special Issue 1, s. 25-38Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a production study of two talk shows for the Danish television channel, TV2 Charlie: Meyerheim’s Talk Show (2006-) and Cecilie’s Book Show (2015-). TV2 Charlie is a niche channel (part of the TV2 network) that set out to target a mature and elderly audience when it started in 2004. The aim is to bring together mediatization research with produc-tion studies and cultural gerontology, and I argue that media logic is a useful analy tical concept that allows us to describe production processes in concrete ways and, at the same time, understand the context-specific ways in which media play a role in societal changes. Thus, through a logic of operationalising convivialityat the channel level, the production level and the programme level, the programmes contribute to perceptions of ageing and old age that emphasise an increased need for stability and safety, on one hand, and a desire for feel-good moments, on the other. Furthermore, the programmes promote positive and active ageing in some instances while keeping old age invisible in other instances.

  • 48.
    Nørgaard, Nete
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM. Department of Media, Cognition and Communication, Section of Film, Media and Communication, University of Copenhagen.
    Riegert, KristinaDepartment of Media Studies/JMK section, Stockholm University.
    Cultural Journalism in the Nordic Countries2017Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is the outcome of a series of explorative workshops on Cultural Journalismin the Nordic Countries, funded by The Joint Committee for Nordic Research Councilsin the Humanities and Social Sciences (NOS-HS) from 2014 to 2015. These workshopswere led by Nete Nørgaard Kristensen, University of Copenhagen, in collaborationwith Kristina Riegert, Stockholm University, Leif Ove Larsen, University of Bergen,and Heikki Hellman, Tampere University.We would like to thank NOS-HS for supporting the workshops, which have beenthe starting point for a Nordic network of scholars with an interest in cultural journalismresearch. We would like to thank all who participated in the workshops, manyof whom have also contributed to this book. We would especially like to thank JanFredrik Hovden and Silje Nygaard who have contributed greatly to the completionof one of the national Nordic perspectives of this book. Furthermore, we would liketo thank all the Nordic and international colleagues who served as reviewers of thebook chapters for their valuable comments and feedback. The Department of MediaStudies, Stockholm University gave the financial support necessary for publishing thisbook, which we are grateful for. Finally, we would like to thank Ingela Wadbring andKarin Poulsen from Nordicom for giving us the opportunity to do this book and notleast for a smooth and efficient production process.Cultural Journalism in the Nordic Countries is a landmark in positioning Nordicresearch at the centre of the emerging international research agenda on the studyof cultural journalism. We hope the book will inspire more media and journalismscholars to engage with this intriguing field of study.

  • 49.
    Ohlson, Jonas
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Facht, Ulrika
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    AD WARS: DIGITAL CHALLENGES FOR AD-FINANCED NEWS MEDIA IN THE NORDIC COUNTRIES2017Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalisation has changed how we communicate with one another, how we search for in-formation, how we use media and, not least, how media are financed. This report focuses on media financing, specifically the portion of financing that comes from advertisers. Global companies such as Google and Facebook are increasingly challenging domestic media companies’ position in their national advertising markets. The growing influence of foreign advertising platforms is an expression of a more far-reaching transformation that encompasses both audience and advertisers and is being propelled by technological developments in the media area.This book presents an analysis of how the digitalisation of the advertising market has im-pacted the business model of Nordic news media companies. As the competition for the advertising investments has been increasing, many media companies have been forced to see their ad revenues decline, in some cases dramatically. Is the financing model that has supported Nordic commercial news journalism for at least 150 years breaking up? Or are there differences between the Nordic countries that mean the situation is different in dif-ferent places and in different media? Ad Wars builds on a rich empirical dataset from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, which includes both industry statistics and interviews with a large number of actors on and around the Nordic advertising markets. The study has been commissioned and financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers and the Norwegian Ministry of Culture. The data collection and the analysis have been conducted by Jonas Ohlsson and Ulrika Facht at Nordicom.

  • 50.
    Ohlsson, Jonas
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Den svenska mediemarknaden: Ägare Företag Medier 20162016Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska mediemarknaden genomgår just nu en genomgripande strukturomvandling. I takt med att internet är på god väg att utvecklas till den huvudsakliga spelplanen för såväl innehållsproducenter som annonsörer förändras förutsättningarna för att bedriva medieföretagande. Svenska medieföretag konkurrerar inte längre enbart med varandra. Globala aktörer som Google, Facebook och Netflix har på kort tid kommit att kapa åt sig betydande andelar av pengaflödena på den svenska mediemarknaden. Den svenska mediemarknaden 2016 är den åttonde upplagan av Nordicoms rapportserie över den ekonomiska och strukturella utvecklingen på medieområdet i Sverige. Rapporten är skriven av fil. dr Jonas Ohlsson, forskare vid Nordicom.

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