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  • 1. Benediktsson, Karl
    et al.
    Skaptadóttir, Unnur Dís
    Coping Strategies and Regional Policies - Social Capital in the Nordic Peripheries : Country report Iceland2002Report (Other academic)
  • 2. Berger, Sune
    et al.
    Tryselius, Kristina
    De perifera regionernas roll i de nordiska ländernas IT-stragegier2000Report (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Perspectives on labour mobility in the Nordic-Baltic region: Mobility trends between the Baltic and Nordic states and different national policy approaches to the increased mobility in the macro-region2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication is one outcome of a project on labour mobility between the Nordic-Baltic countries: “Enhanced Nordic-Baltic co-operation on challenges of labour mobility in the Nordic-Baltic region” that the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Offi ce in Lithuania led during 2014-2016 in co-operation with the the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Offi ces in Estonia and Latvia, and Nordregio in Sweden. Th e overall objective of the project was to facilitate understanding and strengthen co-operation within the Nordic-Baltic region on labour mobility and demographic development across Nordic and Baltic municipalities and regions. Th e project is a follow-up of the initiative “Challenges of Migration in the Nordic-Baltic Region: Impact on National Labour Markets, Welfare State and Demographic Situation” implemented by the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Offi ces in the Baltic States in 2013. Among other activities realized within the framework of this 2014-2016 initiative are the following conferences: • Family and Migration in the Baltic-Nordic Region: Challenges and Solutions, Vilnius, 21 November 2014 • Labour Migration in the Nordic-Baltic Region: Trends of Labour Migration - Ready for Changes? Tallinn, 27 March 2015 For a full overview of the project and related publications, please see Nordregio’s website: www.nordregio.se/BLAM

  • 4.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Huerta Morales, Alberto
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Bioenergy Development in Finland and Sweden: The cases of North Karelia, Jämtland, and Västernorrland2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This working paper looks into rural bioenergy development in Finland and Sweden.The first chapter provides insight into bioenergy development in North Karelia in Finland. It aims at identifying the enabling factors behind the relatively successful local bioenergy development and considers how the bioenergy development has impacted sustainable local and regional development in North Karelia. The working paper is based on desk studies and interviews conducted with stakeholders in North Karelia in 2016.The second chapter provides insight into bioenergy development in Jämtland region, Sweden. It highlights the key drivers as well as factors impeding bioenergy development, the key actors involved and bioenergy embeddedness in the community. The chapter is based on desk studies and interviews conducted in 2015.The third chapter provides insight into bioenergy development in Västernorrland region, Sweden. It highlights the key drivers as well as factors impeding bioenergy development, the key actors involved and bioenergy embeddedness in the community. The chapter is based on desk studies and interviews conducted in 2015–2016.This working paper is one of the outputs of the TRIBORN project: Triple Bottom Line Outcomes for Bioenergy Development and Innovation in Rural Norway. The project investigates how to increase the production of bioenergy in ways that promote sustainable rural development understood as positive economic, social and environmental outcomes. The Working Paper provided valuable input into the development of the Policy recommendations on Bioenergy and rural development in Europe (Nord­regio Policy Brief 2017:3).The TRIBORN (Securing triple bottom line outcomes from bioenergy development and innovation in rural Norway, project no 233640/E50) is a research project funded by the Research Council of Norway (2014-2017). Read more about the TRIBORN Project here: http://www.nibio.no/prosjekter/triborn

  • 5.
    Berlina, Anna
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Asli
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    LOCAL FOOD SYSTEMS FORMATION: The potential of local food initiatives in the Baltic Sea Region2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This working paper describes the state of play of local food initiatives in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) by examining EU and national policy contexts and by highlighting good practices of local food initiatives in Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Sweden and Belarus. The working paper investigates the key drivers and factors impeding the development of these initiatives. The working paper is based on desk studies, input received during meetings with stakeholders and researchers from the BSR, and interviews with good practice initiators in 2016–17. This working paper is one output of the Local food: Formation of local food markets project financed by the Swedish Institute. The overall aim of the project was to strengthen co-operation and to build knowledge of local food system formation by various actors working on rural development issues in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR). Another objective of the project was to investigate and share good practices in building, shaping, reproducing and promoting alternative food networks and markets over time and space in the BSR countries (Sweden, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Belarus).

  • 6. Björklund, Hanna
    et al.
    Damsgaard, Ole
    Knudsen, Jon P.
    Nordiske prioriteringer og satsninger i Østersjøregionen2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [da]

    Denne rapporten er skrevet som et underlag til arbeidet med fjerde generasjons interregprogram som vil løpe av stabelen fra 2007 av. Nordisk ministerråd ved NERP har ønsket innspill til dette arbeidet for Østersjøregionen. Rapporten tar utgangspunkt i allerede etablerte samarbeidsmønstre i regionen og gir en kortfattet gjennomgang av hovedtendenser og utviklingstrekk i dette arbeidet. Generelt har det vært en tendens til å bevege seg fra et bistands- til et samarbeidsperspektiv i de årene østersjøsamarbeidet har eksistert. Det har også skjedd en tematisk utvikling ved at allment demokratiarbeid og generell erfaringsutveksling er tonet ned til fordel for et bredere samarbeid innenfor en rekke sektorer. De enkelte landenes interesser og temaønsker gjennomgås. Det er betydelige nyanser landene i mellom, men dette bør ikke fremstå som noe hinder for å kunne utvikle relativt entydige prioriteringer rundt et knippe oppgaver for videre arbeid.

  • 7. Bærenholdt, Jørgen Ole
    Coping Strategies and Regional Policies - Social Capital in the Nordic Peripheries : Country report Greenland2002Report (Other academic)
  • 8. Böhme, Kai
    et al.
    Josserand, François
    Haraldsson, Pétur Ingi
    Bachtler, John
    Polverari, Laura
    Trans-national Nordic-Scottish Co-operation2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Lessons for Policy and Practice. In co-operation with the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC) Nordregio has analysed experiences from inter-regional co-operation projects under the previous North Sea and Northern Periphery programmes, to disseminate learning from the projects, to highlight the practical results achieved and to identify policy lessons with regard to effective project co-operation for the new programmes.

  • 9. Böhme, Kai
    et al.
    Lange, Burkhard
    Hansen, Malin
    Property Development and Land-Use Planning around the Baltic Sea2000Report (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Copus, Andrew
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Randall, Linda
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Social innovation in local development: Lessons from the Nordic countries and Scotland2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents background research on the work carried out by Nordregio in the project “Social Innovation in Local Development in the Nordic Countries and Scotland”, which was commissioned by the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Working Group on Demography and Welfare. The main objectives of the project were to investigate the concept of social innovation in relation to local and rural development, study the governance context in social innovation in rural areas in the Nordics and Scotland, conduct case studies in rural areas in all the Nordic countries and Scotland, as well as study the existing support systems for social innovation in particular in rural areas. The case studies are summarised in a separate document and on the project’s website.

  • 11. Damsgaard, Ole
    The role of urban areas in regional development : European and Nordic perspectives2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Proceedings of the Nordic Working Group on Cities and Regions. This working paper is the outcome of a Nordic working group established by NÄRP (Nordic Committee of Senior Officials for Regional Policy) in 2005. The task was to look into the various urban and regional development strategies currently utilised in the Nordic countries. Important aspects were related to systems, structures, and the physical and functional aspects of city development in a regional development context, based on threes city levels major, medium-sized and small cities/regional centres.

  • 12. Damsgaard, Ole
    et al.
    Dubois, Alexandre
    Gløersen, Erik
    Hedin, Sigrid
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Roto, Johanna
    Schmitt, Peter
    Steineke, Jon Moxnes
    Nordic inputs to the EU Green paper on Territorial Cohesion2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the project was to provide input for Nordic stakeholders in the wake of the finalisation of the Green paper on European Territorial Cohesion, which is to be drafted by the European Commission. Nordic inputs to the EU Green paper on Territorial Cohesion.&nbsp

  • 13. Damsgaard, Ole
    et al.
    Lindqvist, Maria
    Roto, Johanna
    Sterling, José
    Territorial potentials in the European Union2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper which was commissioned by the Swedish Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications during the current Swedish EU presidency aims to identify and discuss some of the most important territorial potentials in the European Union. According to the EU Green Paper on Territorial Cohesion, the territorial diversity of European regions is a vital asset in economic development and competitiveness. The purpose of EU Cohesion Policy at the European level is to contribute to the Lisbon and Gothenburg objectives for growth, jobs and sustainable development. More specifically, the Cohesion Policy should promote the cohesion of the EU-territory by improving the use of all available resources in Europe's regions. The concept of territorial potential relates to numerous factors. These factors can be divided into tangible assets, such as natural and human resources, and intangible assets, like organisation, culture, social issues and governance. Un-mobilised territorial assets constitute territorial potentials that may be realised through policies and actions at various administrative levels. Seen against the backdrop of the deepest global economic slowdown in generations the identification of regional potentials and, furthermore, the elaboration of strategies and policies that might enable and facilitate the European regions to fully exploit these potentials, is more important than ever. To strengthen competitiveness one of the main challenges facing policy-makers and other concerned actors across the regions of Europe is to identify and mobilise the territorial potentials necessary for the creation of new jobs and sustainable economic growth. Understanding the nature of territorial potentials requires a process of analysing access to different types of resources in order to gain a more detailed knowledge of the economic base of the region. However, it also requires a regional process for prioritising and coordinating relevant stakeholders and policy-fields in order to implement the necessary policy initiatives.

  • 14. Damsgaard, Ole
    et al.
    Reardon, Mitchell
    Renewable Energy and Clean Technology Tools for Regional Development2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Conclusions from the Mid Sweden Conference 20 – 21 July 2009 on renewable energy, clean technologies and regional development. The conference was organised in connection with the Swedish EU presidency by the county administrative boards and county councils of Jämtland and Västernorrland in Sweden. An overall message from the conference is that climate policy and cohesion policy are interrelated. Increased use of renewable energy and clean technology will help the shift from the recent development model to a future low carbon economy and decouple economic growth from energy consumption. Investment in these sectors will at the same time be vital for the future competitiveness of Europe. In order to successfully implement this strategy, the inclusion of the regional level in the implementation process is imperative because regions and municipalities are well placed to translate the EU- and national policy into practice and also to foster innovative practices and influence consumer behaviour as well.

  • 15. Damsgaard, Ole
    et al.
    Tepecik Diş, Aslı
    Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth : How Renewable Energy and Clean Tech can contribute to the Europe 2020 Strategy.2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Main messages from the Mid Sweden Conference 14 – 15 June 2011. The County Administrative Boards and County Councils of Jämtland and Västernorrland in Sweden organized the second Regional Development Conference aimed at addressing the objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy in the context of renewable energy and clean technologies. The conference was held in Östersund on the 14th and 15th of June, 2011 with participants from different levels of governmental units, public and private sector, academia and NGOs in Europe as well as Canada. Main messages from the conference emphasized synergies between the clean technologies and renewable energy sectors that will help regional development strategies promote the EU 2020 strategy 'Smart, sustainable and inclusive Europe'. To reach the ambitious objectives set in the EU 2020 strategy, it is essential to have a bottom up approach while the objectives, strategies and measures need to be deeply rooted in strong communication among the local, regional and national levels. The role of regional and local authorities in this regard, is imperative to make use of the regional and local conditions and to establish innovative methods for integrating and utilizing local strengths and possibilities.

  • 16. Dubois, Alexandre
    et al.
    Hedin, Sigrid
    Schmitt, Peter
    Sterling, José
    EU macro-regions and macro-regional strategies2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A scoping study discusses the understanding of the macro-regional approach now being developed within the context of EU cooperation from a territorial development perspective and particularly in relation to transnational cooperation and territorial cohesion. The process of regional integration has implied that a broader scope of themes is included in EU transnational cooperation. The macro-regional approach includes several types of actors, state and non-state, public and private all of whom are equally interested in the process of regional integration and cooperation. Macro-regional cooperation can be based on heterogeneous structures where shared challenges are the common denominator. In brief, macro-regional strategies may be seen as a tool of European integration and increased territorial cohesion. A certain amount of added-value can be foreseen from the development and implementation of macro-regional strategies. The message from the Commission that work must take place within the existing structural framework as regards the development and application of the strategy, moreover, implies that three fundamental questions must be posed in order to develop a successful strategy. On what themes can added-value be gauged in the development of macro-regional actions? What are the instruments at hand for implementing these actions (how)? What organisational capacity (who) is available for driving the process within the macro-region concerned? A macro-regional strategy thus needs a multi-sectoral, multi-instrumental and multi-actor approach in order to ensure that the novel use of existing structures helps to release undeveloped potential within a macro-region.

  • 17. Dubois, Alexandre
    et al.
    Roto, Johanna
    Making the best of Europe’s Sparsely Populated Areas2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    On making geographic specificity a driver for territorial development in Europe. As part of the ESPON project Geospecs delving deeper into the issue of geographic specificities and development potentials in Europe, this Working Paper presents analytical material and conclusions aiming at feeding the policy debate on local development challenges and opportunities in Europe's sparsely populated areas. After characterizing Sparsely Populated Areas in Europe in terms of demographic and socio-economic structures and trends, the authors propose a discussion that aims at inspiring the elaboration and implementation of local and regional development strategies in these territories. As a basis for dialogue, the authors developed a specific Nexus Model for Sparsely Populated Areas that illustrate how the spatial effects of sparsity impact 'soft' and 'hard' development factor in those areas leading to the identification of specific challenges and opportunities. An important conclusion of the report is that regional policies should more proactively promote the more efficient use of these areas' assets to grasp new development opportunities, for instance via reinforced Territorial Cooperation and expanded Business Networks, instead of excessively focusing on 'overcoming' their permanent locational disadvantage through 'hard' infrastructure.

  • 18. Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Brockett, Susan
    Damsgaard, Ole
    Framtidens Nordiska Stad2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Som ett svar på den rådande debatten om global uppvärmning och förändringar i klimatet har det nordiska samarbetsprojektet Framtidens Nordiska Stad bedrivits under 2007 och 2008. Städerna kommer att spela en viktig roll i den globala konkurrensen samtidigt som städernas fysiska och miljömässiga utveckling spelar en viktig roll i klimat politiken. De stora utmaningarna för framtidens stad är att hantera klimatförändringar i relation till fysisk stadsutveckling på ett konkurrens- och miljömässigt bra sätt. I arbetet med att påverka stadsstruktur, energianvändning och utsläpp från transporter samt medborgares värderingar och livsmönster, är strategisk fysisk stadsplanering, olika typer av ekonomiska incitament, lagstiftning, samt informationsspridning hos medborgare, viktiga verktyg för stat, region och kommun. Grundläggande förutsättningar är att arbetet organiseras på ett lämpligt sätt med tvärsektoriella samarbeten och samarbeten över de organisatoriska gränserna mellan stat, region och kommun. Genomgående i rapporten lyfts exempel fram som kan inspirera kommuner, regioner och statliga myndigheter i deras stadsplanering. Det avslutande avsnittet i varje kapitel – avslutande diskussion – vänder sig framförallt till regionala och statliga myndigheter i deras strävan att skapa förutsättningar och underlätta för kommuner att jobba mot ett klimatperspektiv i stadsutvecklingen. Projektet genomförs som en del av Nordiska Ministerrådets handlingsprogram Planläggning som instrument för hållbar utveckling i Norden och finansieras av Nordiska Ministerrådet och de deltagande nordiska länderna.

  • 19. Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Claessen, Haukur
    Reardon, Mitchell
    Hinder och potentiella framgångsfaktorer i bostadsbyggnadsprocessen : – En nordisk utblick2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nordregio has been commissioned by Boverket to perform a Nordic comparative study on strengths and weaknesses in the housing development and construction process in four urban regions: Stockholm, Copenhagen, Helsinki and Oslo. The working paper presents results from the study. It is based on a desktop study as well as interviews with urban planners, construction companies and other representatives for the housing construction sector. Focus is on the urban planning process, costs related to housing development and construction, as well as financial instruments. Based on our study as well as studies performed by Boverket, the following report was presented before the Swedish Government in 2011: Analys av bostadsbyggandet i Norden

  • 20. Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Henriksson, Anu
    Spatial Planning and its contribution to climate friendly and sustainable transport solutions2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses and further elaborates on the issue of how spatial planning can contribute to the development of climate friendly and sustainable transport solutions. Focus here is placed, primarily, on climate change mitigation – reducing the emission of greenhouse gases – though the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainability are also highlighted. In order for spatial planning to properly address a sustainable approach to climate change mitigation, the other dimensions of sustainability, such as climate change adaptation, have also to be addressed. To achieve this, spatial planning, it is argued, has to create synergies between the six different toolkits presented in this paper. An understanding of the three factors of time, space and the nature of the stakeholders involved is also crucial in the search for climate friendly and sustainable transport solutions. The paper introduces a theoretical framework and then presents three cases in the regions of Stockholm, Helsinki and on the island Bornholm. The paper concludes with a discussion of the findings arising from the previous sections.

  • 21. Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Henriksson, Anu
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Att stärka tryggheten i stads- och tätortsmiljöer ur ett jämställdhetsperspektiv : En förstudie av ett antal länders arbete2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under ett par månaders tid har Nordregio genomfört föreliggande uppdrag åt Boverket, med syfte att kartlägga intressanta exempel på trygghetsprojekt i stadsplanering utifrån ett jämställdhetsperspektiv. För att på ett effektivt sätt – givet en tidsbegränsad studie - kunna identifiera intressanta projekt och/eller exempel i de nordiska länderna samt Frankrike, Nederländerna, Tyskland, Storbritannien och Kanada, har vi använt oss av den så kallade snöbollsmetoden. Vi kontaktade ett antal relevanta kontaktpersoner i de olika länderna, som i sin tur kontaktade de rätta nyckelpersonerna. Fördelen med en sådan metod är att man på ett snabbt sätt kan få tillgång till relevant information i de olika länderna. Nackdelen är att det i vårt fall med begränsad tid inte varit möjligt att gå vidare i de fall där "snöbollen inte kastats vidare". Så är tyvärr fallet framförallt när det gäller Frankrike. Snöbollsmetoden verkar ha fungerat bra framförallt i Tyskland, Storbritannien och Kanada där e-post med intressanta projekt kontinuerligt nått Nordregio. Det kan även vara så att snöbollsmetoden fungerat bra i de länder där det pågår ett stort antal intressanta projekt utifrån vår frågeställning. Resultat från föreliggande förstudie visar att framförallt Kanada, Tyskland och Storbritannien är intressanta för fortsatta studier. Tyskland visar på en bredd av projekt vad gäller framförallt jämställdhetsintegrering i stadsplaneringen, vilket inbegriper trygghetsfrågor. Kanada har varit aktiva när det gäller trygghetsfrågor i stadsplaneringen från ett jämställdhetsperspektiv. Tendensen idag verkar dock vara att trygghetsfrågan skiftar fokus från ett jämställdhetsperspektiv till andra perspektiv såsom ungdomsperspektivet. I Storbritannien finns det idag ett stort antal projekt kring trygghet i stadsmiljöer från ett jämställdhetsperspektiv.

  • 22.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Aslı
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Weber, Ryan
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Smas, Lukas
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Larsson, Veronique
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Green growth and spatial planning in the Nordic city regions2014Report (Other academic)
  • 23. Eðvarðsson, Ingi Runar
    et al.
    Heikkilä, Elli
    Johansson, Mats
    Persson, Lars Olof
    Stambøl, Lasse Sigbjørn
    Competitive capitals: Performance of Local Labour Markets2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An International Comparison Based on Gross-stream Data.

  • 24. Galera Lindblom, Patrick
    et al.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Bioenergy and Regional Development in the Nordic Countries2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to provide a preliminary overview of the potential inherent in the sustainable production of biomass and bioenergy, while, in addition,providing an analysis of their regional impacts in the Nordic countries. Over the last twenty years the Nordic regions have witnessed both the expansion of the bioenergy market and increasingly polarized economic development. Urban areas are rapidly growing while sparsely populated areas continue to face difficulties in finding new sources of income, and thus becoming ever more dependant on activenational and EU support. Given the desire to find new ways to restore and improve regional economic structures and provide additional income for these areas, theexpansion of the bioenergy market, in particular through first and second generation biofuels, is viewed as a potentially beneficial strategy towards the realisation of this ambition. The aim of this study is to provide a preliminary overview of the potential inherent in the sustainable production of biomass and bioenergy, while, in addition, providing an analysis of their regional impacts in the Nordic countries. Which Nordic regions are more suitable for biomass- and bioenergy production? Which bioenergyalternatives are likely to be more sustainable, and what are the likely social and environmental consequences of an increase in bioenergy production? These are thecentral questions this study attempts to investigate.

  • 25. Galera Lindblom, Patrick
    et al.
    Weber, Ryan
    Reardon, Mitchell
    Schmitt, Peter
    Planning for resource efficient cities : Application of the Metabolic Impact Assessment tool in Stockholm and Newcastle2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This working paper is based on the results of two case studies completed by Nordregio researchers for the EU FP7 project: Sustainable Urban Metabolism for Europe (SUME). The working paper presents the so-called Metabolic Impact Assessment (MIA) as an evaluation of two urban development projects: in Stockholm, the first phase of the Stockholm Royal Seaport development, and in Newcastle, England, the development of Newcastle Great Park. A synthesis of the two projects, including their local policy and socioeconomic contexts, are provided to complete a comparative analysis on the "metabolic" performance of each development. The MIA as a planning and appraisal tool is also evaluated according to experiences obtained during the two assessments. It is compared to the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) legislation in Sweden and the UK with a specific focus on the decision making criterion applied in EIA. The goal is to identify potential synergies and prevailing contrasts between EIA and MIA. This provides an ability to ultimately assess the potential of MIA for becoming a mainstream planning tool for assessing resource performance of prospective urban development projects.

  • 26. Gløersen, Erik
    et al.
    Dubois, Alexandre
    Roto, Johanna
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Sterling, José
    Development perspectives for the NSPA : Opportunities and challenges2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Analytical report. This analytical report is one of three deliveries produced as part of the foresight and visioning exercise for the Northern Sparsely Populated Areas (NSPA). The two other outputs are a Vision report entitled "Strong, Specific and Promising: Towards a Vision for the NSPA in 2020" (Nordregio WP 2009:4) and a policy road map for their future development and positioning in the European and global perspectives. This report has mainly functioned as an input to the discussions in the Foresight workshops that were organised in Stockholm September, 11th and 12th and October 16th and 17th, 2008. The objective was to allow each participant to relate her or his own region to the NSPA as a whole, answering questions such as: what is different? What is similar? How does the NSPA make sense as a spatial context to understand ongoing processes and to design development strategies? This is however a revised version of the report initially distributed to the workshop participants, taking into account comments made on the maps and correcting and complementing some initially results.

  • 27.
    Greve Harbo, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Ström Hildestrand, Åsa
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Oliveira e Costa, Sandra
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Huerta Morales, Alberto
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    From migrants to workers: Regional and local practices on integration of labour migrants and refugees in rural areas in the Nordic countries2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The increase in immigration has been especially large since 2000 driven in part by several expansions of the European Union. At the same time, some of the Nordic countries have been the destination of large numbers of asylum seekers and refugees. While there has been increased immigration into the Nordic countries, there has been also population decline and rapid population ageing in the remote rural regions, outside of the large urban centres. This publication reports on the outcomes of a project which addresses regional and local practices on integration of labour migrants and refugees in six rural areas across the Nordic countries. The project was commissioned by the Nordic Working Group on Demography and Welfare under the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Committee of Senior Officials for Regional Policy, and carried out by Nordregio.

  • 28. Grönqvist, Mikaela
    Partnerskap - från princip till praktik2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En jämförande studie i hur partnerskapsprincipen tolkats i praktiken i ett regionalt strukturfondsprogram i Sverige och i Finland.

  • 29. Hanell, Tomas
    et al.
    Neubauer, Jörg
    Geographies of knowledge production in Europe2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In current discourse the knowledge economy is viewed as the primary saviour of European competitiveness. By increasingly focusing on economic activities that utilise knowledge and innovation as the primary value-adding feature rather than cheap labour or available raw materials the EU should be able to increase its constantly weakening competitive position vis-à-vis North America and the fast growing economies in South and Southeast Asia. In the Lisbon European Council in March 2000, the European Union set a strategic goal for the next decade "of becoming the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion". There is thus an implicit expectation that an increasingly knowledge-based economy would automatically generate larger economic growth and prosperity. Before trying to illuminate further on that issue there is however a need to establish exactly how the knowledge economy could be operationalised to quantifiable measures. A generally utilised option here is the division of the knowledge economy into input and output variables. The former could be characterised as the actual endowments of the knowledge production system and include such issues as the educational level and knowledge of the population, the social capital of the population, the amount of money invested into education or the number of students, investments into research and development (R&ampD), etc. Output variables could be regarded as measurements of the economic or other output of the regional research environment and include, in addition to direct economic measurements such as GDP, issues such as the number of issued patents or patent applications or employment within certain knowledge-intensive branches. Thus the main question here centres on the patterns of knowledge economy inputs and outputs in Europe and how are these distributed among the regions of the continent.

  • 30. Hansen, Klaus Georg
    et al.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Olsen, Lise Smed
    Roto, Johanna
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Megatrends in the Arctic : - New inspiration into current policy strategies2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Report from Nordic Council of Ministers' seminar at Nordregio 29th May 2012. At the Ministerial meeting at the Arctic Council in Nuuk in May 2011 the book was presented as an input to the discussions concluding Denmark's chairmanship of the Arctic Council. As a follow up on the Megatrends book the Nordic Council of Ministers' Secretariat took the initiative for a seminar where the megatrends could be discussed. The seminar was arranged by Nordregio and the Nordic Council of Ministers and held on&nbspMay 29th 2012 at Nordregio in Stockholm. In this report the presentations, discussions and conclusions from the seminar are presented. One of the aims of the seminar was that the results from the seminar can lead to developing exciting new projects and cooperation on a Nordic level about the Acrtic.

  • 31. Hansen, Klaus Georg
    et al.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Roto, Johanna
    Demography in the Nordic countries : – A synthesis report2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis report introduces a set of tools to get a better overview over the mechanisms in the demographic change. Further the connections between the research based process of analysis and the administrative process of policy development is discussed. A general demographic trend is the migration from smaller places to larger towns and cities. Besides that we tend to live longer and we tend to produce fewer children per woman. The consequence of this trend is that the population is gradually growing older. The main challenge in respect of gender is the uneven settlement pattern. With the exception of some major city areas few places see a surplus of women. The rest of the regions have a surplus of men. Another trend in the policy of the Nordic countries has in the recent years been to focus on attracting international migrants with a higher education. Thus, the value of international migration is seen more and more as an investment in human capital in the same way as investments are made in education itself. These are only some of the demographic challenges being discussed in the synthesis report. The report is based on the most up to date demographic data from the national statistical agencies in the Nordic countries and on the numerous research rapports recently produced by Nordregio, the OECD and other institutions on various demographic themes. A draft was discussed on a workshop in August 2011. The purpose of conducting this knowledge overview on demography in the Nordic countries is to use this as a basis for creating a handbook with tools and 'good practice' descriptions enabling national, regional and local authorities to work more effectively with issues in relation to the emerging demographic challenges they face and the future possibilities that stem from this.

  • 32. Hansen, Malin
    et al.
    Böhme, Kai
    Jørgensen, John
    Ringö, Sara
    Stadspolitik i Norden – Fallstudier kring Hållbar stadsomvandling2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förtätning med kvalitet. De fallstudier, som läggs fram här, är utvalda så att de visar hur det har arbetats med hållbarhetsprincipen i de nordiska länderna. Gemensamt för de utvalda projekten är, att de alla har för avsikt att arbeta med kvalitetsmässig förtätning i samband med omvandling av äldre, stadsnära hamn- och industriområden. Syftet med fallstudierna är att försöka få en första inblick i vilka metoder och verktyg som används i det praktiska arbetet som pågår runt om i Norden kring förtätning med kvalitet.

  • 33. Harbo, Lisbeth Greve
    Nordic Cross-border Cooperation Committees and Cross-border Authority Integration2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Working Group on Globalisation and Cross-border Cooperation has published a paper which gives an overview of the current eleven Nordic Cross-border Cooperation Committees and their work. Part one of the paper gives an overview of the geographic context, organisational structures and project activities of the eleven Nordic Cross-border Cooperation Committees, as well as a comparison of the similarities and differences between the cross-border committees. Part two elucidates some key elements concerning the work of the cross-border committees: border obstacles, the integration of public authorities, as well as the importance of the Nordic Council of Ministers and the Interreg programmes. The appendix of the paper contains fact sheets from each of the eleven cross-border cooperation committees which present their organisation and work in more detail. The paper is published in Swedish, English, and Finnish.

  • 34. Harbo, Lisbeth Greve
    Nordiska gränskommittéer och gränsöverskridande myndighetsintegration2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den nordiska arbetsgruppen för globalisering och gränsöverskridande samarbete har publicerat en rapport som ger en överblick över dagens elva nordiska gränsöverskridande kommittéer och deras arbete. Rapportens första del ger en sammanfattning av de elva gränsöverskridande kommittéernas geografiska kontext, organisationsstruktur och projektaktiviteter. Den ger även en jämförelse av likheter och skillnader mellan kommittéerna. Rapportens andra del belyser viktiga frågor som gränskommittéerna arbetar med: gränshinder, integrering av offentliga myndigheter samt vikten av Nordiska ministerrådet och Interreg-program. Rapporten innehåller även bilagor med fakta om var och en av de elva gränskommittéerna. Dessa presenterar kommittéernas respektive organisation och arbete i detalj. Rapporten publiceras på svenska, engelska och finska.

  • 35. Harbo, Lisbeth Greve
    Pohjolan rajakomiteat ja rajat ylittävä viranomaisten integrointi2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [fi]

    Elinkeino-, energia- ja aluepolitiikan ministerineuvoston (ÄK-R) alainen globalisaation ja rajat ylittävän yhteistyön työryhmän julkaisema raportti on katsaus Pohjolan yhteentoista rajakomiteaan ja niiden työskentelyyn. Raportin osa yksi käsittelee Pohjolan yhdentoista rajakomitean maantieteellistä kontekstia, organisaatiorakennetta ja projektitoimintaa. Lisäksi se vertailee eri rajakomiteoiden yhtäläisyyksiä ja eroja. Osa kaksi käsittelee rajakomiteoiden keskeisiä toimialueita: rajaesteitä, rajakomiteoiden merkitystä viranomaisintegraation kannalta sekä Pohjoismaiden Ministerineuvoston ja Interreg-ohjelmien merkitystä rajakomiteoiden rajaalueeseen liittyvän työn kannalta. Raportin liitteenä on yhteenveto kustakin raja-alueyhteistyökomiteasta organisaatio- ja työkuvauksen kera. Tämä raportti on julkaistu suomeksi, ruotsiksi ja englanniksi.

  • 36. Hedin, Sigrid
    et al.
    Ikonen, Riikka
    Tynkkynen, Veli-Pekka
    Edvardsson, Ingi-Runar
    Gunnarsdottir, Regina
    National overviews of regional innovation policies and case studies in the Nordic countries2008Report (Other academic)
  • 37. Hedin, Sigrid
    et al.
    Jóhannesson, Hjalti
    Steineke, Jon Moxnes
    Niinikoski, Eija-Riitta
    Smas, Lukas
    Olsen, Lise Smed
    Interaction between higher education institutions and their surrounding business environment : Six Nordic case studies2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This electronic working paper is a result of the project "Regional universities and university colleges, their regional impact on innovation, attractiveness and economic performance" commissioned by the Nordic Senior Officials' Committee for Regional Policy, the Nordic Council of Ministers. The overarching question for the case studies presented was to discuss how universities and university colleges can work as an active instrument in regional development policy in the Nordic countries and illustrate how some Nordic higher education institutions collaborate with the surrounding business environments. The case studies cover the Aalborg University in Denmark, the Oulu Southern Institute, Oulu University, in Finland, the School for Renewable Energy Science (RES) in Akureyri, Iceland, the University of Agder in Norway, Jönköping University in Sweden, Dalarna University in Sweden.

  • 38. Hedström, Moa
    et al.
    Littke, Helene
    Perspectives on rural development in the Nordic countries : - Policies, governance, development initiatives2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on discussions and presentations at seminars held by the Nordic working group 1b: Future rural areas. As part of the work of the Nordic working group Future rural areas (appointed by the Nordic Council and the Nordic Council of Ministers), a series of seminars were held during 2009 and 2010. All in all four seminars were organised – one in each of the continental Nordic countries. The seminars focused on service provision, governance and business development in rural areas. This report functions as a documentation of the presentations given and the discussions held during the seminars. It is designed to provide an overview of Nordic rural development policies, to highlight the work of the various actors and initiatives at the centre of rural development work and to present ideas for future Nordic cooperation in the field of rural development. Four of the Nordic countries Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden constitute the geographical focus of the work as these countries provided the active members of the working group and the venues for the seminars.

  • 39.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    From Migrants to Workers: International migration trends in the Nordic countries2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is one of several outputs of a project called From Migrants to Workers: Immigrants’ Role in Local Labour Markets in the Nordic Region for the 2013–2016 Nordic Working Group on Demography and Welfare (Nordregio, 2016). This paper analyses data on recent migration flows into the Nordic countries. Another working paper analysed case studies of the process of integration in selected Nordic regions (Harbo, Heleniak, & Hildestrand, 2017). The paper also provides additional detail for the chapter on migration in the State of the Nordic Region 2018 report.

  • 40.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Sanchez Gaussen, Nora
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    The impact of migration on projected population trends in Denmark, Finland,Iceland, Norway and Sweden: 2015–20802016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One possible policy option for countries concerned about declining or aging populations is replacement migration – allowing or even encouraging international migration in order to counteract decline and aging of native populations. In the past two decades, net international migration into the Nordic region has been a much larger contributor to population growth than natural increase. This policy brief explores the likely demographic contribution of migration to population growth in the Nordic countries in the future and the extent that it could compensate for population decline or aging.

    The population of a country grows or declines as a result of thecombination of two trends. One is natural increase, the difference between the number of births and deaths. A number of European countries have been experiencing ‘negative naturalincrease’ (i.e. more deaths than births) because women havehad fertility rates well below two children per woman and olderage structures. In recent decades, the Nordic countries have had positive natural increase as a result of having relatively higher fertility rates of just below two children per woman and relatively younger age structures.

  • 41.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Sánchez Gassen, Nora
    THE NORDIC POPULATION IN 2040: Executive Summary2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is one output of the 2017 to 2020 Nordic Thematic Group for Sustainable Rural Development. The purpose of this project is to provide policy makers at the national, regional, and municipal levels an idea of what the size, composition, and geographic distribution of the rural populations in the Nordic countries might look like in 2040. It does this by compiling the population projections done by the national statistical offices of the Nordic countries to examine the size, regional concentration, age distribution, and other characteristics of the rural populations in the Nordic countries in the future. The future size of the both the urban and rural populations are examined to provide context for the expected population trends in rural areas.

  • 42. Hellström, Elsie
    et al.
    Johansson, Björn
    Lesjø, Trond
    Olsen, Hans-Petter
    Schöldberg, Per
    Snekkestad, Jarle
    Tangen, Odd
    Fungerande partnerskap för regional utveckling 2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Erfarenheter från tre regioner i Sverige och Norge.

  • 43. Henning, Roger
    Regional Governance in the Nordic Capital Areas2001Report (Other academic)
  • 44. Hovgaard, Gestur
    Coping Strategies and Regional Policies - Social Capital in the Nordic Peripheries : Country report Faroe Islands2002Report (Other academic)
  • 45. Hörnström, Lisa
    EGTS - Europeiska grupperingar för territoriellt samarbete2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) is a new EU legal instrument established in 2006 to enhance and facilitate cross-border cooperation throughout the EU. Partners in an EGTC can be local or regional authorities or organisations as well as national authorities. The EGTC instrument differs from previous regulations of cross-border cooperation as it makes it possible to create a legal entity across national borders that can own property and have employees. The Nordic working group on globalisation and cross-border cooperation has published a paper which gives a background on the instrument and describes existing EGTCs. Most importantly, the paper discusses the possibilities to establish EGTCs for cross-border co-operation in the Nordic Countries. The paper is only published in Swedish.

  • 46. Hörnström, Lisa
    Krishantering, sårbara regioner och framtidens regionalpolitik2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Which policy responses that can and will be used to tackle consequences of economic crisis is a constantly debated and highly relevant topic. Seen from a territorial perspective economic crisis tend to have the most severe consequences on regions with a small labour-market, strong dependence on one or a few branches and limited access to surrounding labour-markets due to long distances and poor communications. More robust regions better prepared to handle economic crisis are those with a diversified labour-market and also a good access to surrounding labour-markets. The Nordic Working Group on Third Generation Regional policy arranged a seminar at Nordregio on January 26th 2011 where public officials from both national and regional levels in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden participated. The first part of the seminar consisted of a discussion of the overall consequences of the economic crisis in the Nordic countries and what policy tools were used nationally to respond to the crisis. The second part of the seminar consisted of presentations from three Nordic regions that have found ways of tackling the economic crisis in an efficient way. The report contains a summary of the presentations and discussions from the seminar as well as a part where conclusions from the discussions are drawn to serve as an input to formation of future regional policy in the Nordic countries.

  • 47.
    Hörnström, Lisa
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Local development initiatives2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Demographic trends in the Nordic countries are characterised by urbanisation, mobility and ageing population. Many municipalities and societies – especially those that are distant from large cities – are deeply affected by these changes, and they are facing serious challenges when it comes to issues such as ensuring a population of skilled people and access to both public and private services. The Nordic countries share these challenges, and therefore there is great interest in learning from one another in the Nordic region when it comes to how to meet the challenges.

  • 48. Hörnström, Lisa
    et al.
    Olsen, Lise Smed
    Van Well, Lisa
    Added Value of Cross-Border and Transnational Cooperation in Nordic Regions2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Transnational and cross-border cooperation play a central role in EU Cohesion Policy. The European Territorial Objective, one of three overall objectives of EU Cohesion Policy, and the programmes initiated to reach this objective have had an important impact on cooperation and networking across borders in the Nordic countries. In the new EU programming period 2014-2020, there will be a greater demand for thematic concentration within the cross-border and transnational programmes. The European Commission calls for a closer coordination between the five different EU funds. Each of the CSF Funds shall support a limited number of thematic objectives in order to contribute to the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Nordregio has been commissioned by the Nordic Committee of Senior Officials for Regional Policy (EK-R), to develop a method which could facilitate the selection of themes and ensure territorial added value in the coming programming areas involving the Nordic countries. The process of concentrating resources, while at the same time coordinating actions with a number of strategies and other funding programmes, makes the added value of the impact of cross-border and transnational cooperation programmes even more vital than ever. Thus through this assignment guidelines will be set up that programme areas can use to concentrate their resources and priorities within the ETC Objective.

  • 49.
    Johnsen, Ingrid H G
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Smed Olsen, Lise
    Reindeer husbandry in Sápmi: How can we support a prosperous future for reindeer herding through research?2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report summarises and categorises those studies that have focused on socio-economic aspects of reindeer husbandry. The Nordic Joint Committee for Agricultural and Food Research (NKJ) has commissioned Nordregio to provide an overview of research completed within the last 10 years in the field of reindeer husbandry in the Nordic countries. Based on the literature overview and consultations with the experts and researchers, the report then provides a platform for proposals for further research that may be carried out within the NKJ framework.

  • 50.
    Johnsen, Ingrid H G
    et al.
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio.
    Local and regional approaches to demographic change2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As a follow-up to the Handbook on Demographic Challenges in the Nordic countries, the Nordregio Working Paper Local and Regional Approaches to Demographic Change looks closer at examples of how to meet demographic challenges at local and regional levels.

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