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  • 1.
    Ansebo, Lena
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Andréasson, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Christiansen, Hans Guldager
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Bjerregaard, Tino Hjort
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Kulturreliktväxter: Levande fornminnen och hur vi bevarar dem2013Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kulturreliktväxter – Levande fornminnen och hur vi bevarar dem handlar om kulturreliktväxter i Norden. Skriften best.r av tv. delar. Den första handlar om vad kulturreliktväxter är och varför de är intressanta och viktiga att bevara. Den andra delen, Skötsel av omr.den där det kan finnas kulturreliktväxter, är en skötselhandledning, som genom praktiska tips och r.d berättar hur man p. ganska enkla sätt kan anpassa skötseln av en plats s. att reliktväxter kan f. möjlighet att överleva och trivas där.

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  • 2.
    Asdal, Åsmund
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Brodal, Guro
    Norwegian Insititute of Bioeconomy Research, NIBIO.
    Solberg, Svein Øivind
    Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences.
    Yndgaard, Flemming
    von Bothmer, Roland
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SLU.
    Meen, Eivind
    Kimen Seed Laboratory.
    Seed Longevity and Survival of Seed Borne Diseases after 30 Years Conservation in Permafrost: Report from the 100 Year Storage experiment2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Gene bank established the 100 year seed storage experiment in Coal mine no. 3 outside Longyearbyen in 1986. Security duplicate samples of the Nordic seed collection had been deposited in permafrost in the coal mine since 1984. 

    The experiment was established with the aim to monitor the longevity of seeds in this Nordic back-up seed collection and to gain general knowledge about the longevity of seed stored under permafrost conditions, as well as studying the survival of seed borne plant pathogens.

    The experimental set up included in total 41 seed lots of 17 agricultural and horticultural crop species commonly grown in the Nordic countries. The seed germination experiment included two or three varieties of each crop. The experimental part dedicated to studies of pathogen survival included seeds from 11 crops naturally contaminated by pathogens.

    The test program comprises germination and pathogen survival tests every 2.5 years during the first 20 years and then every 5 years for the last 80 years. In total 25 identical sets of test seeds placed in sealed glass tubes were packed in wooden boxes, one box for each planned test year.

    The tests have been carried out according to schedule and this report sums up the results from the first 30 years of the experiment. All tests have been carried out in accordance with the same ISTA-protocols.

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  • 3.
    Asdal, Åsmund
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NordGen.
    von Bothmer:, Roland
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Brodal, Guro
    Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research, NIBIO.
    Carlson-Nilsson, Ulrika
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NordGen.
    Diederichsen, Axel
    Plant Gene Resources of Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.
    T.F. Endresen, Dag
    University of Oslo.
    Engels, Johannes M.M. Engels
    Bioversity International.
    Hägnefelt, Annette
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NordGen.
    El-Khalifeh, Mohammad
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NordGen.
    Knüpffer, Helmut
    Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK).
    Loskutov, Igor G.
    N.I. Vavilov Institute of Plant Genetic Resources (VIR) and St. Petersburg State University.
    Lundqvist, Udda
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NordGen.
    Meen, Eivind
    Kimen Seed Laboratory.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Palmé, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NordGen.
    Solberg, Svein Øivind
    Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences.
    Svensson, Jan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NordGen.
    Tigerstedt, Peter M.A
    Helsingfors University.
    Weibull, Jens
    Jordbruksverket.
    Yndgaard, Flemming
    Former employee at the Nordic Genebank.
    Yndgaard, Flemming (Redaktör)
    Former employee at the Nordic Genebank.
    40 Years of Nordic Collaboration in Plant Genetic Resources2019 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The current book is a celebration of 40 years of Nordic collaboration on plant genetic resources. International perspectives are highlighted and the first chapter is written with input from Axel Diederichsen from Plant Gene Resources of Canada and Igor G. Loskutov from the N.I. Vavilov Institute of Plant Genetic Resources (VIR), and the chapter traces lines back to the pioneers and with a specific focus on Vavilov and how he had influenced scientists in the Nordic countries. Roland von Bothmer and Peter Tigerstedt give an overview of the Nordic plant breeding and genetic resources. Jens Weibull discusses the role of NGB (and NordGen) in the European genebank collaboration. A special section is given to a historical recap of how NGB worked with the Gatersleben gene bank in the early 1980s, at a time when computers were large and collaboration with GDR was not straight forward for western countries, and this section is written with inputs from Jan Engels (former Bioversity International) and Helmut Knüpffer (former IPK Gatersleben). The data management systems at NGB and NordGen are discussed by inputs from Dag Endresen (former IT leader at NGB, now at University of Oslo). We also have chapters on the collaboration with VIR and the Baltic States, the 100-years experiment on seed longevity in permafrost, and the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. Regarding the collections, Roland von Bothmer gives the story of the international Hordeum and Triticeae project and Udda Lundqvist of the Swedish Barley Mutant Collection. The celebration book is finished by chapters on the NordGen's Plant Genetic Resource Collection of today with perspectives on conservation and use, amongst others the ongoing Public-Private Partnership project, written by the current staff at the genebank and Anders Nilsson at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp. A special thanks to Helmut Knüpffer, Kit Lundborg, Roland von Bothmer and Sara Landqvist for their comments and proof-readings of this book.

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  • 4. Börjeson, Agneta
    Sorter av köksväxter: Svenska priskuranter från 1800-talet till 19302015Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns idag ingen fullständig förteckning över sorter av köksväxter som odlats i Sverige samt vilka sorter som kan räknas som svenska. För att få svar på detta genomfördes 2012 och 2014 ett projekt med mål att få en förteckning på sorter av köksväxter som odlats i Sverige. Avsikter var också att ta reda på när de började säljas och när de försvann från marknadensamt om dessa sorter idag går att få tag på i genbank eller hos odlare. Beskrivning av sorterna var också önskvärt att få fram för att kunna skilja sorterna åt och, ifall de finns kvar, kunna utnyttja deras egenskaper, både i sin nuvarande form och i en framtida förädling. Tiden begränsades från 1800-talet fram till 1900-talets början. Den ursprungliga målsättningen att få en fullständig förteckning på sorter av köksväxter som odlats i Sverige från 1800-talet och framåt visade sig vara omöjligt. Det blev en förteckning (bilaga 2) men den har flera brister. Omfattningen av materialet bidrog till detta men ännu mer att det inte fanns en standardisering för sortnamn och sortbegrepp. Tonvikten i undersökningen skulle ligga på svenska sorter, vilket var ännu svårare eftersom det inte går att avgöra när en sort är svensk. Tydligt svenska sortnamn saknades nästan helt på 1800-talet men blev mer vanligt i början på 1900-talet. Det går också att konstatera att det var förvånansvärt många sorter som fortsätter att hänga med från mitten av 1800-talet till 1930.

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  • 5. Carlson-Nilsson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Aloisi, Karolina
    NordGen.
    Cultivation Manual: Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in the Nordic and Baltic Region2022Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Genetic Resource Centre (NordGen) is the Nordic countries’ gene bank and knowledge center for genetic resources. NordGen is an organisation under the Nordic Council of Minister and works with the mission of conserving and facilitating the sustainable use of genetic resources linked to food, agriculture and forestry. 

    "Cultivation Manual: Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in the Nordic and Baltic Region" provides knowledge on cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants. 

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  • 6.
    Fagerheim White, Ellen-Louisa
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Honkatukia, Mervi
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Peippo, Jaana
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Kjetså, Maria
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Equines in the Nordics: History, status and genetics2024Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    With roots as far as the Bronze age, equines have played an invaluable role in history, both with regards to agriculture and forestry, warfare, transportation and leisure, and therefore hold important cultural signi icance in the Nordics. The link between horses and the welfare bene its of their caregivers makes the species an important part of society as well. Since the agricultural and industrial revolution, the equine sector has been in luenced by a range of challenges due to the dramatic change in the role of horses in society, especially for the Nordic native breeds.

    However, as society adapts and finds new ways to use and protect them, there is a hope for the future. Although there has been cooperation between the Nordic countries in the horse sector, a collective report of the status of all the Nordic countries has been missing. This report marks a start for this type of effort by considering both commercial and native breeds. Further, it comprises the horse sector in the Nordics, with a special focus on the native horse breeds and the possibilities they carry for environmental sustainability, their socio-economic importance, their genetics as well as their risk status.

    The report further evaluates the Domestic Animal Diversity Information System (DAD-IS) maintained and developed by FAO as a tool for gathering information about the development and current status of the native breeds. The goal of this report is to identify knowledge gaps and areas of improvement for the Nordic equine sector and the collected data of the native horse breeds. One of the biggest challenges has been to find validated information sources for the population numbers of the breeds in each country – there are varying estimates for both commercial and native breeds. The numbers have significant impact for the determination of managing strategies of the populations.

    Reports for each of the countries (Denmark, Finland, the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) are presented, and depict the current role of horses, breeding, population development and economic values of the equine sector are listed in each of the country-reports. The information in the country reports were derived from a questionnaire and by using DAD-IS.

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  • 7.
    Friis Proschowsky, Gunnar
    et al.
    Danish Nature Agency.
    Rusanen, Mari
    Luke.
    Tollefsrud, Mari Mette
    NIBIO.
    Sigurgeirsson, Adalsteinn
    Icelandic Forest Service.
    Kroon, Johan
    Forestry Research Institute of Sweden.
    Black-Samuelsson, Sanna
    Swedish Forest Agency.
    Fjellstad, Kjersti Bakkebø
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Solvin, Thomas
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Hagalid, Birgit
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Genetic Conservation of Forest Trees in the Nordic countries2020Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of conservation of forest genetic resources is widely recognized and efforts are needed on national, Nordic, European and global levels. The Nordic countries cooperate on exchanging information for the conservation of forest genetic resources through NordGen Forest, under the Nordic Genetic Resource Centre.

    The forest genetic resources are valuable at many levels and are critical for long-term forest sustainability in a changing climate. Consequently, the present and future human use of the ecosystem services provided by the forests depends on the genetic resources. The key objective of genetic conservation is to maintain the adaptive diversity of forest tree populations. Genetic diversity ensures that forest tree populations, and consequently species, adapt to and evolve under changing environmental conditions. Genetic diversity also provides resilience to pests and diseases, and by this maintains forest vitality.

    The aim of this report is to highlight the status of forest gene conservation in the five Nordic countries, how the conservation of forest genetic resources is implemented, as well as strengths and challenges ahead. The report focuses mainly on in situ conservation of forest trees, based on the agreed minimum requirements within the European Forest Genetic Resources Programme (EUFORGEN). Other types of gene conservation are described in general and are addressed for some countries, but not in a systematic comparative way and the level of detail may vary among countries. The commitments to implement the FAO Global Plan of Action for Forest Genetic Resources and the Pan-European strategy for genetic conservation of forest trees lie at the national level.

    Countries in the Nordic region do however support and complement each other when it comes to conserving genetic diversity. There is a need to further develop the European work at the Nordic and national level, including the development of more specific climatic zoning to assess the genetic diversity conserved. There is also a need for a systematic evaluation of how the so called Genetic conservation units (GCU) established under the European programme cover the species genetic diversity in the Nordic region. Evaluation, identification of conservation gaps, as well as characterisation of genetic variation captured by the GCU units, could be further developed in cooperation on a Nordic level.

    There is a question whether traditional in situ conservation efforts are enough to secure the genetic resources against future challenges, including climate change and pests and diseases. Cryo preservation and assisted migration have been mentioned as additional measures for some genetic resources at stake. The question on how to proceed and make the work as resilient as possible for the future, needs to be discussed at a Nordic and European scale.

    This document has been developed by the NordGen Forest Working Group on Genetic Resources, together with the secretariat of NordGen Forest .

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  • 8. Groeneveld, Linn
    et al.
    Berg, Peer
    Præbel, Anne
    Plan of Action for the Conservation of the Nordic Brown Bee2015Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The brown bee, Apis mellifera mellifera, is the honeybee subspecies that occurs natively in the Nordic and Baltic region. In the 20th century, other honeybee subspecies were introduced to this region by beekeepers. Today, the native brown bee is endangered due to displacement and introgression by these other subspecies. The conservation of genetic diversity is imperative for maintaining future adaptive potential. Bees are not only important farm animals due to their honey production, but also due to their pollination services. Roughly a third of the world’s crop production is based on insect-pollinated plant species and honeybees represent an important pollinator. In 2014 the Nordic Genetic Resource Center published a report on the current status and conservation of the Nordic Brown bee. Thisfinal report of an international ad-hoc working group, consisting of beekeepers, researchers and members of national beekeeping organizations came to the conclusion that cooperation amongst actors and coordination at the national and international level in the conservation of the brown bee is of utmost importance. More specifically, consistent characterization of bee populations in the Nordic-Baltic region to facilitate exchange of breeding material where necessary and development and promotion of brown bee specific management techniques were identified as important conservation measures.

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  • 9.
    Kettunen, Anne
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NordGen.
    Berg, Peer
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NordGen.
    Faroese Horse: Population status & conservation possibilities2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Faroese horse (Føroysk Ross) is an integral part of agricultural history on the Faroe Islands. There is no unambiguous evidence of the origins of the Faroese Horse. It is believed, though, that the Faroese horse was brought to the islands by Celtic or/and Scandinavian settlers approximately 500-800 AD.

    Molecular genetic studies have indicated the closest genetic relationship with the Icelandic horse. Influences from Dartmoor and Exmoor ponies are also likely. Traditionally Faroese horses were kept free ranging in the mountains, and only gathered and brought to the villages when there was a need for transporting heavy goods. After finishing their duties, the horses were again turned out without supplemental feeding. This semi-domestic management contributed to the Faroese horse developing into a small, strong and feed efficient horse with a compact body and strong legs and hoofs, well adapted to the climate, terrain and vegetation. The population size of the Faroese horse was likely 600 to 800 individuals at its highest.

    Mechanisation of agriculture and heavy exportation of Faroese Horses to the British Isles as mining ponies resulted in a drastic decrease in population size. Currently a small population of Faroese horse exists on the Faroese Islands, which stems from a few horses born between the 1940s and 1960s. Today, the Faroese horse is used for recreational purposes. The objective of this study was to conduct a pedigree analysis of the current population of the Faroese horse, as well as to describe the possibilities for a sustainable management of the breed by using optimal contribution selection (OCS).

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  • 10.
    Kjetså, Maria Valkeneer
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Ólavsdóttir, Jóna
    Felagið Føroysk Ross.
    Joensen, Maria
    Felagið Føroysk Ross.
    Joensen, Signa Kallsoy
    Felagið Føroysk Ross.
    Honkatukia, Mervi
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Peippo, Jaana
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    White, Ellen-Louisa Fagerheim
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Action Plan for the Conservation of the Faroese Horse2024Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Horses were brought to the Faroe Islands by Norse settlers in the 9th and 10th centuries. Over the centuries, the geographical remoteness in the North Atlantic Ocean forced these horses to adapt to their surroundings. Only the horses that could withstand the weather survived, and the Faroe Islands became home to a horse breed that was small, strong, hardy, and agile. The small horses were used by farmers for agricultural purposes and occasionally for transport between villages. Most of them roamed the mountains all year and no targeted breeding took place. The oldest record available of horses on the Faroe Islands is from 1857, which counted 844 horses with 396 mares, and 476 foals and stallions.

    Exportation of the horses to coal mines in Britain combined with modernization of the agriculture on the Faroe Islands, resulted in a breed that nearly went extinct. By the 1960s, there were less than ten horses of the breed left alive. A rescue operation was initiated, and suitable horses for breeding were used, however many of them were already related. All Faroese horses alive today, are descendants of only four individual horses.

    In 1978, the Faroese Horse Association (Felagið Føroysk Ross) was established to conserve the Faroese indigenous horse breed and they have kept a studbook ever since. In 2018, the online pedigree registration system Føroya Fongur was created, in which online access is provided to the studbook with extensive information about the Faroese horse breed.

    By the end of 2023 there were 82 living Faroese horses. The breed can thank their survival to the hard work and dedication from individual horse owners and enthusiast through the years, and through the work of the Faroese Horse Association. You could say that the conservation of the Faroese horse this far is a success story as the breed has managed to survive and increase in numbers over the years. However, there are still several big challenges and threats facing this small and hardy breed. There is a critical need to act today to secure that the breed will be around for future generations as well. The Faroese horse is, after all, a living and breathing part of the Faroese cultural heritage.

    All Nordic countries, including the Faroe Islands, have adopted The Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources (GPA) established by FAO in 2007. This framework obligates all parties to contribute to the conservation, sustainable use and development of animal genetic resources. One of the main areas of concern expressed in the GPA, is that there is too little research and information about many of the native farm animal breeds. Increased characterization, involving phenotypic, genetic, and historical information on breeds is needed (FAO, 2007).

    The purpose of the Action Plan for the Conservation of the Faroese Horse is to highlight concrete actions and measures that need be implemented to conserve the horse breed for the future.

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  • 11.
    NordGen,
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    NordGen Annual Review 20212022Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Genetic Resource Centre (NordGen) is the Nordic countries’ gene bank and knowledge center for genetic resources. NordGen is an organisation under the Nordic Council of Minister and works with the mission of conserving and facilitating the sustainable use of genetic resources linked to food, agriculture and forestry. 

    NordGen Annual Review 2021 provides a review of NordGen's work done in the past year.

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  • 12.
    NordGen, (Nordic Genetic Resource Centre)
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen). NordGen.
    NordGen Annual Review 20222023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Genetic Resource Centre (NordGen) is the Nordic countries’ gene bank and knowledge center for genetic resources. NordGen is an organisation under the Nordic Council of Minister and works with the mission of conserving and facilitating the sustainable use of genetic resources linked to food, agriculture and forestry. 

    NordGen Annual Review 2022 provides a review of NordGen's work done in the past year.

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  • 13.
    Nordic Genetic Resource Centre, NordGen
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Access and Rights to Genetic Resources: A Nordic Approach (II)2023Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    In 2003, the Nordic Council of Ministers issued the report “Access and Rights to Genetic Resources: A Nordic Approach”. Considering the international framework developed on access to genetic resources and benefit sharing from its use, the report and the ministerial follow-up, the Kalmar Declaration, provided a set of recommendations on how the Nordic countries and the Nordic Gene Bank should respond to this development regarding different types of genetic resources.  Since then, several new and relevant international developments have occurred. This has created a need for renewed awareness and new recommendations on the Nordic approach to access and rights to genetic resources by the Nordic countries and The Nordic Genetic Resource Center (NordGen). In this updated report, several new issues are addressed such as for example the digitalization of genetic information and new international agreements like the Nagoya Protocol and the implementation of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

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  • 14. Palmé, Anna
    et al.
    Fitzgerald, Heli
    Weibull, Jens
    Bjureke, Kristina
    Eisto, Kaija
    Endresen, Dag
    Hagenblad, Jenny
    Hyvärinen, Marko
    Kiviharju, Elina
    Lund, Birgitte
    Rasmussen, Morten
    Þorbjörnsson, Hjörtur
    Nordic Crop Wild Relative conservation: A report from two collaborative projects 2015–20192019Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The report summarizes results from a cooperation among all the Nordic countries during the period 2015 – 2019 (two projects). The work has focused on the conservation of Crop Wild Relatives (CWR), i.e. wild plant species closely related to crops. They are of special importance to humanity since traits of potential value for food security and climate change adaptation can be transferred from CWR into crops. The projects represent the first joint action on the Nordic level regarding in situ conservation of CWR. Substantial progress has been made regarding CWR conservation planning, including development of a Nordic CWR checklist and identification of suitable sites for CWR conservation. A set of recommended future actions was developed, with the most important one being initiation of active in situ conservation of CWR in all Nordic countries.

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  • 15. Ruottinen, Lauri
    et al.
    Berg, Peer
    Kantanen, Juha
    Kristensen, Torben
    Præbel, Anne
    Status and Conservation of the Nordic Brown Bee: Final report2014Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Apis mellifera mellifera, the Nordic brown bee, was the first honeybee subspecies to colonize the Northern European region and honey has been collected and consumed in this region for about 8000 years. In 2011, the Nordic Genetic Resource Center (NordGen) established an ad hoc working group to clarify the current status of the Nordic brown bee in the Nordic and Baltic countries,to summarize the current in situ and ex situ conservation of A. m. mellifera and to provide suggestions for future research activities and initiatives. A main result of this work was that the Nordic brown bee suffers from a bad reputation within the beekeeping community. Additionally, due to their sex determination mechanism, small populations of these haplodiploidbees are at a higher risk of extinction than comparable diploid populations. Future conservation and sustainable use of A. m. mellifera calls for comprehensive phenotypicand genetic characterisation, and if possible, performance testing and selective breeding forgenetic improvement. Additionally, more effort should be put into the development and read option of management techniques suitable for A. m. mellifera, especially those concerning queen rearing. Efficient in situ conservation work should be combined with research activities,education and practical beekeeping.The in situ conservation work of A. m. mellifera in Nordic and Baltic countries has been carried out by public organizations and private people. Enhancement of conservation and expansion of the existing populations should include international cooperation, first and foremost coordinated exchange of genetic material. Financing of the conservation efforts ought to bediversified to include funding from national and/or international research grants, governmentalagencies and private businesses. However the most essential component is coordination of the national and international resources, and cooperation between actors. Based on the results of this project, we propose the establishment of a Nordic-Baltic network for in situ conservation of A.m. mellifera.

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  • 16.
    Solberg, Svein Øivind
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Løjtnant, Bernt
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Ansebo, Lena
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Leo, Jonathan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    More than just weeds: NordGen’s work with Bernt Løjtnant’s inventories from Denmark2014Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The report is about cultural relict plants – which are remaining populations of plants once introduced or cultivation and used as food, spice and medicine, fibres, colours, or other purposes. Such plants are often regarded as weeds, but they are rather part of a biocultural heritage. Some plants can be part of a place’s history and identity. The main part of the report is given to Bernt Løjtnant’s list of species and the inventories he has done on 100 Danish medieval locations as well as a red list of cultural relict plants in Denmark (in Danish text). The report also includes chapters on relict plants in other Nordic regions and NordGen’s collection missions and conservation efforts as well as a discussion of challenges and future perspectives related to conservation of such plants.

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  • 17. Solvin, Thomas
    Statistics: Forest Seeds and Plants in the Nordic Region2021Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Genetic Resource Center (NordGen) is the joint genebank and knowledge center for genetic resources in the Nordic countries. Our mission is to conserve and promote the sustainable use of genetic diversity among animals, forests and plants that are important for Nordic agriculture and forestry.

    Statistics: Forest Seeds and Plants in the Nordic Region is a report with statistics on forest seeds and plant material in the Nordic countries. The report is primarily based on country reports (2013-2020), from the Nordic cooperation, through NordGen Forest Regeneration Council.

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  • 18.
    Solvin, Thomas
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Sundheim Fløistad, Inger
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    Statistics: Forest Seeds and Plants in the Nordic Region – Version 20232023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Genetic Resource Center (NordGen) is the joint genebank and knowledge center for genetic resources in the Nordic countries. Our mission is to conserve and promote the sustainable use of genetic diversity among animals, forests and plants that are important for Nordic agriculture and forestry.

    Statistics: Forest Seeds and Plants in the Nordic Region – Version 2023 is the second edition in a biennial statistics report on forest seed and plant material in the Nordic countries. The first edition was published in 2021. This edition has been expanded by including more statistics and more species than the first report, as well as including more recent data from the years 2020 and 2021. The report compiles statistics and reports contributed by representatives of each country in the NordGen Forest Regeneration Council.

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    omslag
  • 19.
    Åsmund, Asdal
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen). NordGen.
    Seed Longevity and Survival of Seed Borne Diseases After 35 Years Conservation in Permafrost: – Report From the 100 Year Storage Experiment2024Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Gene Bank (predecessor to today's plant section of The Nordic Genetic Resource Center, NordGen) established the 100 year seed storage experiment in Coal mine no. 3 outside Longyearbyen, Svalbard, in 1986. The experiment was established with the aim to monitor the longevity of seeds in this Nordic back-up seed collection that were deposited in the coal mine from 1984 and to gain general knowledge about the longevity of seed stored under permafrost conditions, as well as studying the survival of seed borne plant pathogens.

    Seed samples have regularly been withdrawn for analysis according to a fixed withdrawal and analyze plan, that will continue until the last samples are analyzed in 2086.

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  • 20.
    Access and Rights to Genetic Resources 2023 – The Kalmar II Declaration2024Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Genetic resources are genetic material of actual and potential value that may be important to humans and life on earth. A great variety of genetic resources is a prerequisite for natural selection, adaptation, and evolution. Access to the world’s genetic resources and a fair and equitable sharing of the benefits that arise from their use are therefore important matters that are regulated in several national and international forums. 

    The Nordic countries have a long history of more than 50 years of collaboration within conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources.

    The technological and political advancements since the adoption of the Kalmar Declaration twenty years ago have made it evident that a new Nordic take is needed. The Nordic Council of Ministers Declaration on Access and Rights to Genetic Resources 2023 – The Kalmar II Declaration, address these changes.

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  • 21.
    NordGen Annual Review 20182019Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
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  • 22.
    NordGen Annual Review 20192020Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Genetic Resource Center (NordGen) is the joint genebank and knowledge center for genetic resources in the Nordic countries. Our mission is to conserve and promote the sustainable use of genetic diversity among animals, forests and plants that are important for Nordic agriculture and forestry.

    NordGen Annual Review 2019 provides a review of NordGen's work done in the past year.

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  • 23.
    NordGen Annual Review 20202021Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Genetic Resource Centre (NordGen) is the Nordic countries’ gene bank and knowledge center for genetic resources. NordGen is an organisation under the Nordic Council of Minister and works with the mission of conserving and facilitating the sustainable use of genetic resources linked to food, agriculture and forestry. 

    NordGen Annual Review 2020 provides a review of NordGen's work done in the past year.

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  • 24.
    NordGen Annual Review 20232024Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Genetic Resource Centre (NordGen) is the Nordic countries’ gene bank and knowledge center for genetic resources. NordGen is an organisation under the Nordic Council of Minister and works with the mission of conserving and facilitating the sustainable use of genetic resources linked to food, agriculture and forestry. 

    NordGen Annual Review 2023 provides a review of NordGen's work done in the past year.

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  • 25.
    Jacobson, Jonatan (Redaktör)
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordisk Genressourcecenter (NordGen).
    NordGen PPP-report 2018-20202021Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic Genetic Resource Center (NordGen) is the joint genebank and knowledge center for genetic resources in the Nordic countries. Our mission is to conserve and promote the sustainable use of genetic diversity among animals, forests and plants that are important for Nordic agriculture and forestry.

    NordGen PPP-report 2018-2020 provides a information about projects conducted within the framework of The Nordic Public-Private Partnership (PPP) for pre-breeding during the years 2018-2020. 

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  • 26.
    Nordic Agriculture and Climate Change - Mitigation and Adaptation: Recommendations from leading researchers and private companies within the Nordic plant breeding.2019Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change has already resulted in challenges for Nordic agriculture and the difficulties will continue to increase in the future. It is therefore important to act now to adapt our agriculture to future conditions, especially since the development of new crop varieties takes a long time (8-15 years).

    In this report, based on a workshop with the leading researchers and plant breeders in the Nordic region, nine specific recommendations are listed. The recommendations have the main goal to support future food security in the Nordic countries by facilitating the development of new crop varieties adapted to our future needs. Special attention is given to the challenge of adaptation to climate change and high-quality food and feed production.

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  • 27.
    Nordic Cooperation on Genetic Resources: What's the point?2018Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    NordGen is the Nordic Countries' common gene bank and knowledge centre for genetic resources. This brochure collects examples of how the Nordic seed collection is being used and why it's important to preserve a genetic diversity within cultivated plants, farm animals and in forests. 

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  • 28.
    Nordiskt samarbete om genetiska resurser: varför behövs det?2018Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    NordGen är de nordiska ländernas gemensamma genbank och kunskapscenter för genetiska resurser. Denna broschyr samlar exempel på hur den nordiska frösamlingen kommer till nytta och varför det är så viktigt att bevara genetisk mångfald inom våra odlade växter, våra jordbruksdjur och i vår skog. 

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  • 29.
    Second Plan of Action for the Conservation of the Nordic Brown Bee2019Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The brown bee, Apis mellifera mellifera, is the honey bee subspecies that occurs natively in the Nordic region. In the 20th century, other honey bee subspecies were introduced to this region by beekeepers. Today, the native brown bee is endangered due to displacement and introgression by these other subspecies.The conservation of genetic diversity is imperative for maintaining future adaptive potential. Bees are not only important farm animals due to their honey production, but also due to their pollination services. Roughly a third of the world’s crop production is based on insect-pollinated plant species and honey bees represent an important pollinator.

    In 2014, the Nordic Genetic Resource Center published a report on the current status and conservation of the Nordic brown bee. This final report of an international ad-hoc working group, consisting of beekeepers, researchers and members of national beekeeping organizations came to the conclusion that cooperation amongst actors and coordination atthe national and international level in the conservation of the brown bee is of utmost importance. More specifically, consistent characterization of bee populations in the Nordic region to facilitate exchange of breeding material where necessary and development and promotion of brown bee specific management techniques were identified as important conservation measures. The ultimate goal is to have viable populations of brown bees, with characteristics that beekeepers value, in each of the Nordic countries. A priority list of recommended actions for the conservation of the brown bee in the Nordic region was compiled for the first time in 2015 and updated in this second version in 2019. 

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