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  • 101. Chambers, Paul
    et al.
    Waitookiat, Napisa
    Khaki Capital: The Political Economy of the Military in Southeast Asia2017 (uppl. 1st)Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although Southeast Asia has seen the emergence of civilian rule, the military continues to receive a large chunk of the national budget and, with significant assets and economic activities, often possesses enormous economic clout – enhancing its political power while hindering democratization or civilian rule. The political economy of the military in less developed countries is thus a crucial subject area in terms of democratization. This study examines such ‘khaki capital’ in seven Southeast Asian cases – Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, the Philippines and Indonesia.

  • 102.
    Christensen, Christa Lykke
    Department of Media, Cognition and Communication, University of Copenhagen.
    Healthy Ageing and Mediated Health Expertise2017Ingår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 38, nr special issue 1, s. 9-23Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The media are, for many older people, one of the most important sources of information about health. In this article, I examine older people’s experiences and use of media to acquire knowledge about health issues relating to their own life. Key questions concern how media influence older people’s perceptions of health and to what extent they trust the media in relation to health issues. The study demonstrates that the media do not have a uniform influence among older people. For some, the media function as a guide to main-taining and experimenting with an active lifestyle in late life; for others, the media are met with a skeptical attitude as they are not trusted as a source of reliable and unequivocal information on health issues. The study is based on a qualitative interview study with men and women between 65 and 86 years.

  • 103. Cohen, Paul
    Charismatic Monks of Lanna Buddhism2017Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Lanna Buddhism is a variant of Theravada Buddhism that evolved between the 13th and 16th centuries in northern Thailand and spread to neighbouring areas of the Upper Mekong region. A salient feature is the belief in charismatic monks, some of whom are renowned for their asceticism, supernatural powers and strivings to recreate a utopian ‘Buddha-land’. Issues highlighted in the book are the relationship of these charismatic monks to the state and state-controlled monkhood (sangha), the tendency for religious construction to spill over into economic development activities, and the diversity of lowland and highland devotional communities from Thailand and Myanmar.

    The book also explores contemporary influences on this religious tradition: the continuing marginalization of highland minorities and consequent devotion to messianic leaders, the incorporation for Lanna holy men into a national constellation of popular charismatic monks, the commercialization of Buddhism, and the patronage of wealthy urban elites.

    Charismatic Monks of Lanna Buddhism will appeal to scholars within the fields of Buddhist studies, Thai studies and the anthropology of religion as well as to those with an interest in the study of contemporary religious change in Thailand.

  • 104.
    Copus, Andrew
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Randall, Linda
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Sigurjónsdóttir, Hjördís Rut
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Social innovation in local development: Lessons from the Nordic countries and Scotland2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents background research on the work carried out by Nordregio in the project “Social Innovation in Local Development in the Nordic Countries and Scotland”, which was commissioned by the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Working Group on Demography and Welfare. The main objectives of the project were to investigate the concept of social innovation in relation to local and rural development, study the governance context in social innovation in rural areas in the Nordics and Scotland, conduct case studies in rural areas in all the Nordic countries and Scotland, as well as study the existing support systems for social innovation in particular in rural areas. The case studies are summarised in a separate document and on the project’s website.

  • 105. Cornet, Candice
    et al.
    Blumenfield, Tami
    Doing Fieldwork in China ... with Kids!: The Dynamics of Accompanied Fieldwork in the People’s Republic2016Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    • Explores methodological issues related to accompanied fieldwork.• Points not just to pitfalls but also unexpected insights from having children present during the fieldwork process.

    While many anthropologists and other scholars relocate with their families in some way or another during fieldwork periods, this detail is often missing from their writings even though undoubtedly children can have had a major impact on their work. Recognizing that researcher-parents have many choices regarding their children’s presence during fieldwork, this volume explores the many issues of conducting fieldwork with children, generally, and with children in China, specifically. Contributors include well-established scholars who have undertaken fieldwork in China for decades as well as more junior researchers. The book presents the voices of mothers and of fathers, with two particularly innovative pieces that are written by parent–child pairs. The collection as a whole offers a wide range of experiences that question and reflect on methodological issues related to fieldwork, including objectivity, cultural relativism, relationships in the field and positionality. The chapters also recount how accompanied fieldwork can offer unexpected ethnographic insights. An appendix alerts future fieldworking parents to particular pitfalls of accompanied fieldwork and suggests ways to avoid these.

  • 106.
    Culver, Sherri Hope
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Kerr, Paulette
    Global citizenship in a digital world2014Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The MILID Yearbok 2014 brings together a range of reviewed articles, which articulate the theme of global citizenship from varied perspectives and regions of the world. The articles represent different expressions on media and information literacy from resear-chers and practitioners, who offer bold new strategies, share research findings and best practices, musing and reflections. The Yearbook is organized around five sections: Global citizenship; New media, new approaches; Youth engagement; Education and educators’ changing role, Media and information literacy: A worldwide selection from the UNITWIN partners. This second yearbook, MILID Yearbook 2014, is the result of a collaboration between the UNITWIN Cooperation Programme on Media and Information Literacy and Intercultural Dialogue (MILID) and NORDICOM’s International Clearinghouse on Children, Youth and Media.

  • 107.
    Dahlberg, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Montefusco, Maria
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Hur gör grannarna?: Strategisk funktionshinderspolitik i Norden2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Nordens länder samt Färöarna, Grönland och Åland arbetar med inkludering av och delaktighet för personer med funktionsnedsättning på liknande, men ändå skilda, sätt.

    Det strategiska arbetet för ökad delaktighet och ett samhälle för alla anknyter också till FN:s konventionom rättigheter för personer med funktionsnedsättning.

    Under 2016 pågår utvärderingar av nuvarande strategier på flera håll i Norden. Det finns samtidigt ett intensivt arbete med utformning av kommande strategier och/eller handlingsplaner för funktionshinderspolitiken.

    Mot bakgrund av det intresse som finns och behovet av överblick har vi i detta häfte samlat basfakta om strategiskt funktionshindersarbete på nationell nivå.

  • 108.
    Dahlberg, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Montefusco, Maria
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    What are the neighbours doing?: Strategic Disability Policy in the Nordic region2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic countries as well as Faroe Islands, Greenland and Åland are working on inclusion of and participation for persons with disabilities - in similar, yet different, way.

    The strategic work for increased participation and an inclusive society is also linked to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

    In view of the interest in and need for oversight we have in this booklet gathered basic information on strategic disability work at a national levels. 

  • 109. Danbolt, Iselin Løvslett
    All about Business: Nordic women on boards and in leadership2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Nordic approaches to ensure gender equality in the labour market are garnering more and more interest the world over. This think-piece, written by Iselin Løvslett Danbolt, reviews and discusses Nordic solutions for boosting gender balance in leadership. While it is no longer possible to ignore the benefits of gender diversity in business and politics, the Nordic countries have used different approaches to get more women than ever into leadership positions and company boards, such as gender parity quotas and corporate governance codes. However, there is more work to be done, as prevailing mind-sets and practices are still barriers for women to crack the glass ceiling.

    The think-piece raises key points for discussion on gender equality in the Nordic region, giving input into ongoing Nordic cooperation and the International Labour Organization’s Women at Work Centenary Initiative.

  • 110. Danbolt, Iselin Løvslett
    The Ultimate Balancing Act: Work and family in the Nordic region2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Nordic approaches to ensure gender equality in the labour market are garnering more and more interest the world over. This think-piece, written by Iselin Løvslett Danbolt, reviews and discusses Nordic approaches to facilitate the often elusive work-family balance. Investments made in care and leave schemes for parents and their children have led to high labour forces participation rates for both women and men, while also ensuring a more equal balance of responsibilities, at work and at home. However, the Nordic labour markets continue to be sex-segregated, with a persistent gender pay gap.

    This think-piece raises key points for discussion on gender equality in the Nordic region, giving input into ongoing Nordic cooperation and the International Labour Organization’s Women at Work Centenary Initiative.

  • 111.
    Danielsson Öberg, Anna
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Rolfer, Bengt
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Demens - möjligheter till livskvalitet2016 (uppl. 700)Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Demens har länge antagits ha främst med åldrandet att göra. Steg för steg har dock insikten om att det handlar om en sjukdom ökat. Om det är både vårdpersonal och forskare överens.

    Var tredje sekund beräknas en människa insjukna i en demenssjukdom. Forskarna är överens om att antalet demenssjuka kommer att fortsätta öka. Sjukdomen är en global utmaning och dramatiska ökningstal väntar även Norden. I dag beräknas cirka 418 000 människor i Norden vara demenssjuka. År 2050 väntas siffran ha ökat till cirka 778 000 personer. När representanter från olika nordiska organisationer har träffats i olika arbetsmöten som Nordens Välfärdscenter har arrangerat har en tydlig bild utkristalliserats: de siffror som används är förmodligen i underkant. Många som är demenssjuka får inte någon diagnos. En annan sak som uppmärksammats är att de vård- och omsorgsmetoder som har bäst effekt inte finns sammanställda. För att öka kunskapsutbytet mellan olika nordiska aktörer har ett gemensamt nordiskt demensnätverk inrättats med Nordens Välfärdscenter som sekretariat.

    I den rapport du nu håller i din hand kan du läsa om hur vi i Norden agerar, var för sig och tillsammans, för att möta utmaningarna med demens

  • 112. Danielsson Öberg, Anna
    et al.
    Rolfer, Bengt
    Persson Göransson, Ewa (Redaktör)
    Vågar man åldras i Norden2013Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 113. Danish Police Directorate, National Centre of Investigation
    Exchange of Information in Cases of Trafficking in Human Beings: An Inter-Nordic Analysis2016Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report covers the findings of a project that uncovers which potentially human trafficking-related information is processed by a number of public authorities across five Nordic countries in their daily case processing and how this information is exchanged between the participating public authorities and the police. Based on this, a short good practice guide is developed and distributed to relevant public authorities. The report concludes that three cornerstones are essential in order to exchange information concerning trafficking in human beings: training and education in the indicators of trafficking in human beings, clear channels of communication between the public authorities and the police, and organizational priority towards trafficking within each public authority and police authority.

  • 114. Danish Police Directorate, National Centre of Investigation
    Good practices - Exchange of Information in  Cases of Trafficking in Human Beings: Good practices in the exchange of information between public authorities and the police in cases of trafficking in human beings2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This short paper is based on a report covering the findings of a project financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers and executed by the Danish Police Directorate, National Centre of Investigation between 2015 and 2016. The project uncovers which potentially human trafficking-related information is processed by a number of public authorities across five Nordic countries in their daily case processing and how this information is exchanged between the participating public authorities and the police. Based on this, a short good practice is developed and distributed to relevant public authorities. This short paper presents the good practice and the main findings from the report.

  • 115.
    Davidse, Bart Jan
    et al.
    HafenCity University Hamburg.
    Othengrafen, Meike
    HafenCity University Hamburg.
    Deppisch, Sonja
    HafenCity University Hamburg.
    Spatial planning practices of adapting to climate change2015Ingår i: European Journal of Spatial Development, ISSN 1650-9544, nr 57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although spatial planning is considered as crucial for climate change adaption, e.g. in the EU White Paper on Adaptation, there are uncertainties regarding the role of adaptation strategies in spatial planning practices. In this paper the potential role of spatial planning for climate change adaption is investigated by distinguishing between two adaptation strategies: avoidance and minimisation. A case study in Stockholm, Sweden, serves to analyse the implementation of these ways of adaptation in the strategic and detailed planning stages. Spatial planning documents reveal a mix of avoidance and minimisation strategies. Expert interviews were used for further analyses of the spatial planning processes around these documents. It was found that minimisation measures prevail, and that only under extraordinary circumstances, avoidance measures could be implemented. A conclusion is that a more prominent focus on avoidance measures is needed to utilise the full potential of spatial planning and to ensure more robust adaptation measures. In order to achieve this, a normative adaption hierarchy is proposed as a guiding spatial planning principle in decision making about adaptation to the effects of climate change.

  • 116. De Marchi, Serena
    The EU’s Human Rights Dialogue with China:: Quiet diplomacy and its limit2016Ingår i: Asia in Focus, ISSN 2446-0001, nr 3, s. 58-59Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 117. Dedering, Stig
    et al.
    Henning, Cecilia
    Simic, Nino (Redaktör)
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens Välfärdscenter.
    Så bor 80+ i Norden2013 (uppl. 500)Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 118. Derichs, Claudia
    et al.
    Heberer, Thomas
    The Power of Ideas: Intellectual Input and Political Change in East and Southeast Asia2011Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The traditional approach to studying the politics of a region is to focus on events, personalities, issues – the mechanics of the political process. What this volume looks to do is to step back and examine ideas and visions, as well as those who articulate them and/or put them into operation. The contributors thus aim to conceptualize what discourse means for political change in East and Southeast Asia, and how ideas in discourses affect political practice. As well as theorizing on the roles of intellectuals, ideas and discourses for processes of democratization, reform and change, the chapters also offer deep insights into the national and local, into the general and the specific situation of the selected countries.

    The volume touches upon three themes. One reflects the relationship of different actor groups – such as the state, NGOs, social movements, and intellectuals. Another reveals the multi-layered structure of discourses, which emerge from different opportunity structures of public discussion and may overlap with regard to certain topics. These differences reflect, thirdly, the various directions and types of change a discourse hints at – incremental change, radical change, ‘customized’ change, patterned change etc. These issues are analyzed in the case of two authoritarian states (China, Vietnam), a multi-ethnic, formally democratic state with strong authoritarian leanings (Malaysia), and two democratic states with significant parochial structures and patterns of behaviour (South Korea, Japan).

  • 119. Drange, Ida
    et al.
    Egeland, Cathrine
    Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region II: A research review on important reasons2014Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender equality in the labour market is a key topic in the Nordic cooperation on gender equality. The Nordic Council of Ministers has asked NIKK, Nordic Information on Gender, to coordinate the project Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region. The aim of the project is to shed light on and analyse part-time work in the Nordic region, develop reports and arrange conferences.

    During the Icelandic presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2014, the project followed up the earlier study. This second report is a research overview on the arguments used to explain part-time work and gender in the Nordic countries. Further, the report describe relevant measures taken by different actors in the labour market and the political sphere in order to reduce foremost women's part-time work. The researchers Ida Drange and Cathrine Egeland wrote the report on a request by NIKK.

  • 120. Duedal Pedersen, Claus
    et al.
    Bohn, Lea
    Hasenkam, J Michael
    Winther Wehner, Lasse
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Lagercrantz, Helena
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Lybeck, Martina
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Vidje, Gerd
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Simic, Nino
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Winther Wehner, Lasse
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Vidje, Gerd
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Lagercrantz, Caroline
    Engum, Bjørn
    Kayser, Lars
    Nøhr, Christian
    Vingtoft, Søren
    Lagercrantz, Helena
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Winther Wehner, Lasse
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Winterberg, Erland
    Empowerment og velfærdsteknologi til kronikere2013 (uppl. 1000)Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 121.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Aslı
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Langlais, Richard
    Larsson, Veronique
    City-region planning for everyday life: Experiences from four Nordic city-regions2015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Whether cities can provide a high quality of life for their inhabitants is an increasingly pressing question, especially in the light of rapid urbanization and climate change. However, recent research from four Nordic city-regions —which include Malmö, Stavanger, Aalborg and Tampere, and the areas around them—shows that detailed knowledge about inhabitants—permanent, temporary, new, multi-generational, or otherwise—in every part and subset of the city-region is lacking in spatial planning. If knowledge about the lives of those living in the city-regions is insufficient, then, how can specific spatial structures for a city-region be proposed as responses to different sustainability chal­lenges?

    As a response, this policy brief proposes that, city-region planners should adopt Everyday Life Theory, (1) to influence everyday life practices in support of city-region sustainability; and (2) to better connect spatial structure/ urban form with existing sustainability challenges. By adopting Everyday Life Theory, we mean that planning should be based on empirical knowledge about the needs and experiences of different groups of people in relation to four different dimensions: employment, housing provision, mobility and social reproduction.

  • 122.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Reardon, Mitchell
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Supporting Inclusion: Steps to Resolve Poverty and Social Exclusion in one of Stockholm’s Most Diverse Municipalities2015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Europe is currently dealing with a major influx of migrants and refugees. Every week, thousands of people are risking their lives for the opportunity to create a better future in Europe, notably in Germany and Sweden. Immigration is only the first challenge however. Once basic needs have been addressed, the arguably greater challenge of integration begins. This Nordregio policy brief presents a new way of measuring segregation – the diversity index – and outlines key steps that Botkyrka, a highly diverse municipality in the Stockholm County, has taken to alleviate Poverty and Social Exclusion, which could be instructive to municipalities across Europe, as they work to integrate new residents.

  • 123.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Aslı
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Fredricsson, Christian
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Weber, Ryan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Smas, Lukas
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Larsson, Veronique
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Green growth and spatial planning in the Nordic city regions2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 124. Dølvik, Jon Erik
    et al.
    Jesnes, Kristin
    Nordic labour markets and the sharing economy: – Report from a pilot project2018Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a preliminary knowledge status about implications of the sharing economy for labour markets and employment relations in the Nordic countries. It also reviews how the Nordic countries and their social partners approach the sharing economy and issues relating, amongst other, to its legality, regulation, taxation, and terms of competition. There is so far scant supply of statistics, data and research in this field. The employment potentials and consequences of the sharing economy will, amongst other, depend on the governments’ and the organized actors’ responses to these challenges. Currently, all the actors seem to be in a phase of knowledge gathering and deliberation of possible policy options, cautiously avoiding taking steps that might obstruct the development of the sharing economy.

  • 125. Dølvik, Jon Erik
    et al.
    Jesnes, Kristin
    Nordic labour markets and the sharing economy: – Report from a pilot project2017Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a preliminary knowledge status about implications of the sharing economy for labour markets and employment relations in the Nordic countries. It also reviews how the Nordic countries and their social partners approach the sharing economy and issues relating, amongst other, to its legality, regulation, taxation, and terms of competition. There is so far scant supply of statistics, data and research in this field. The employment potentials and consequences of the sharing economy will, amongst other, depend on the governments’ and the organized actors’ responses to these challenges. Currently, all the actors seem to be in a phase of knowledge gathering and deliberation of possible policy options, cautiously avoiding taking steps that might obstruct the development of the sharing economy.

  • 126. Edberg, PO
    et al.
    Jensen, Geir
    Mortensen, Ole E
    Rouvinen, Ritva
    Svingen, Else Marie
    Stefánsdóttir, Valgerður
    Nordisk vejleder om erhvervet døvblindhed2012Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 127.
    Editorial Group, NOSOSCO
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NOMESKO-NOSOSKO.
    Social Protection in the Nordic Countries 2012/13: Scope, Ependiture and Financing2014Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    In this annual report NOSOSCO publishes social statistics for the Nordic Countries, with a comparison of the rules governing social benefits and the expenditure on these.

    Chapter 1 highlights the most significant changes in social and financial policy since the last edition. Chapter 2 provides demographics and income distribution. Cash benefits and services for families and children are treated in Chapter 3, whereas Chapters 4 and 5 describe benefits in the event of unemployment and illness, respectively. Chapter 6 concerns benefits for the elderly, disabled and survivors, whereas housing benefits for families and pensioners are described in Chapter 7. Social benefits not covered by the previous chapters are featured in Chapter 8. Chapter 9 provides a survey of the scope and financing of the total social expenditure.

  • 128.
    Editorial Group, NOSOSCO
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NOMESKO-NOSOSKO.
    Social tryghed i de nordiske lande 2012/13: Omfang, udgifter og finansiering2014Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [da]

    NOSOSKO offentliggør i denne årlige publikation socialstatistik for de nordiske lande, med sammenligning af udgifter og regler for og udgifter til kontantydelser og service.

    I Kapitel 1 belyses de vigtigste ændringer i den økonomiske politik og socialpolitikken siden sidste udgave. I Kapitel 2 redegøres for demografi og indkomstfordeling. Kontantydelser og service til familier og børn behandles i Kapitel 3, mens kapitlerne 4 og 5 belyser ydelser ved henholdsvis arbejdsløshed og sygdom. Kapitel 6 omhandler ydelser til ældre, funktionshæmmede og efterlevende, mens boligydelser er beskrevet i Kapitel 7. Kapitel 8 behandler sociale ydelser, som ikke dækkes i de foregående kapitler. Kapitel 9 giver en oversigt over de samlede sociale udgifters omfang og finansiering.

  • 129. Edström, Maria
    et al.
    Kenyon, Andrew T.
    Blurring the Lines: Market-Driven and Democracy-Driven Freedom of Expression2016Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Blurring the Lines: Market-Driven and Democracy-Driven Freedom of Expression focuses on challenges from the market to free speech and how free speech can be protected, promoted and developed when lines between journalism and advertising are blurred. With contributions from 20 scholars in law, media studies and philosophy, it explores an issue deserving greater attention, market pressures on freedom of expression. The role of commercial constraints on speech, restrictions and control of media content and the responsibility of state institutions in protecting free speech are some of the topics scrutinized from a democratic free speech perspective.

  • 130.
    Edström, Maria
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Mølster, RagnhildNordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Making Change: Nordic Examples of Working Towards Gender Equality in the Media2014Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Who decides what you see on television? Which issues are important, and who gets to speak their mind in the news? How are women and men featured in texts, photos, computer games, advertising and movies?

    Questions like these are of great importance when it comes to gender equality in society, and therefore the media is a relevant sector to reach with gender mainstreaming efforts. The media can both hinder and accelerate the development towards gender equality. They can communicate results of gender equality efforts but can also contribute to the production of gender stereotypes. There is an increasing pressure on media to step up and take measures to ensure women’s access to the media industry and to combat gender stereotypes. The UN member states committed to this already in 1995 in the Beijing Platform for Action, but how gender equal is the media?

    Making Change. Nordic Examples of Working Towards Gender Equality in the Media presents a collection of inspiring media practices in the Nordic region and a compilation of comparative data on gender equality in the Nordic media sector (film, journalism, advertising and computer games). Contributing authors are representatives from academia, civil society, activism and industry.

  • 131. Egholt Søgaard, Jakob
    et al.
    Roine, Jesper
    Robling, P-O
    Pareliussen, Jon
    Orsetta, Causa
    Lindgren, Petter
    Langørgen, Audun
    Hermansen, Mikkel
    Gunnarsson, Kristin
    Calmfors, Lars
    Boschini, Anne
    André, Christophe
    Aaberge, Rolf
    Nordic Economic Policy Review 2018: Increasing Income Inequality in the Nordics2018Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The contributions document how income inequality in the Nordics in various dimensions have increased over recent decades. These developments are put in an international context. Developments in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden are compared. Important aspects analysed in detail are overall inequality of both market and disposable incomes, the redistribution through the tax and transfer system as well as through the provision of government welfare services, the importance of demographic factors, the developments of both relative poverty and top income shares, and gender inequality.

  • 132. Eide, Elisabet
    et al.
    Skare Orgeret, KristinMutluer, Nils
    Transnational Othering – Global Diversities: Media, extremism and free expression2019Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This anthology addresses complex, interconnected issues, such as the rise of extremism and terrorism, diversity and minority rights, as well as the situation for freedom of expression in eight different countries, most of them with a Muslim majority population. Extremists recruit terrorists through social media, and target minorities as well as freedom loving people by utilizing their freedom of expression to threaten the rights of others. This happens not least in countries with a long experience of dictatorship. Journalists face huge challenges when reporting on these issues. The contributors are both academics and journalists, conveying their experiences from transnational research co-operation as well as reporting from the ground in conflict areas. Thus, this volume addresses itself to journalism students as well as professional journalists and others who need to navigate in a world in which both extremists and authoritarian states may stifle gender and minority rights, as well as the right to report and express oneself freely.

  • 133.
    Ek, Simon
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Skedinger, Per
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) and Centre for Discrimination and Integration Studies, Linnaeus University Växjö.
    Wage policies and the integration of immigrants2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Most Nordic countries struggle to integrate low-skilled immigrants. High wage floors increase the risk of adverse employment effects for this group, as employers may not find it profitable to hire them. Reductions to the minimum wage could improve labour market prospects for low-skilled immigrants, but in order to have discernible effects, such cuts would need to be significant in scale. Targeted reductions in the minimum wage for new, previously non-existing jobs, along with increased differentiation of minimum wages, may provide an appropriate balance between the conflicting goals of high employment and low wage inequality. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

  • 134. Ekendahl, Mats
    et al.
    Kuusisto, Katja
    Saarnio, Pekka
    Demant, Jakob
    Houborg, Esben
    Oksanen, Atte
    Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs NAD 4/11 Volume 282011Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 135. Eklöf, Stefan
    Indonesian Politics in Crisis: The Long Fall of Suharto, 1996-981999Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a severe economic crisis, social unrest and growing pressure for political change in Indonesia, President Suharto’s hold on power seemed secure. Recent events have proved this otherwise. By describing the unfolding events since 1996, tracing the economic and social background, analysing the government's response and evaluating the actors most likely to shape Indonesia's future, this study provides key insights for understanding current and imminent processes of political change in Indonesia.

  • 136. Eklöf, Stefan
    Power and Political Culture in Suharto's Indonesia: The Indonesian Democratic Party (PDI) and Decline of the New Order (1986-98)2011Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Under Indonesia's authoritarian New Order regime, the continued existence of the Indonesian Democratic Party (PDI) was meant to demonstrate the ostensibly democratic character of the regime. In essence, this small nationalist-Christian coalition was meant to rfill the role of pliant state corporatist party. From the later 1980s, however, the PDI became more openly critical of government policies and came to stand out as the major proponent of reform within the formal politica system. The govenrment responded in 1996 by engineering the removal of the populat Megwati Sukarnoputri as PDI leader, a move that significantly damaged the popular legitimacy and moral standing of the regime.

    Against this background, the book assesses broader questions of political culture, political participation, regime maintenance and opposition in the late Suharto era. The political culture perspective provides a fresh understanding of politics under the New Order and its influence on the systems of power and political relations in post-Suharto Indonesia.

  • 137. Elken, Mari
    et al.
    Hovdhaugen, Elisabeth
    Wiers-Jenssen, Jannecke
    Higher Education in the Nordic Countries: Evaluation of the Nordic agreement on admission to higher education2015Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic agreement on admission to higher education aims to ensure that in all the Nordic countries applicants to higher education from another Nordic country should be considered for admission on the same or equivalent basis as local applicants. In 2014 the Nordic Institute of Studies in Innovation, Research and Education (NIFU) evaluated the agreement.  In the report the evaluators give a description and a mapping of Nordic student mobility in a European context, as well an evaluation how appropriate and effective the agreement is. It is concluded that the agreement and Nordic cooperation is largely taken for granted and that the agreement has both a practical and symbolic value for Nordic cooperation.  For the future development four possible scenarios and a set of general recommendations are given.

  • 138. Ellonen, Noora
    et al.
    Aaltonen, Mikko
    Koski-Jännes, Anja
    Hirschovits-Gerz, Tanja
    Pennonen, Marjo
    Nyyssönen, Milla
    Söderström, Kerstin
    Skolbekken, John-Arne
    Svensson, Bengt
    Andersson, Magnus
    von Greiff, Ninive
    Skogens, Lisa
    Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs NAD 2/122012Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 139.
    Enevold, Jessia
    et al.
    University of Lund Department of arts and cultural sciences.
    Thorhauge, Anne MetteUniversity of Copenhagen Department of media, cognition and communication.Gregersen, AndreasUniversity of Copenhagen Department of media, cognition and communication.
    What’s the Problem in Problem Gaming?: Nordic Research Perspectives2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    What’s the problem in problem gaming? is a valuable contribution to the debates about young people’s gaming habits and the highly contested concept of video game addiction. The chapters in the volume provide a number of perspectives on the issue, such as players’ life conditions and lifestyle choices, problem gaming from a family perspective, the voices of treatment professionals, and how game design can become problematic.

    How problem gaming is framed is a highly relevant issue that affects policies surrounding the consumption of videogames. This anthology is a just in time contribution and an essential read for researchers in the field as well as for policymakers, social workers, clinical psychologists, teachers and others who encounter problem gaming in their profession. 

  • 140. Engberg, Johanna
    Rekrytering, genomströmning och relevans: en studie av yrkes- och lärlingsutbildningssystemen i Norden2014Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Faugert & Co Utvärdering har genomfört en studie om yrkes- och lärlingsutbildningar i de nordiska länderna, Färöarna, Grönland och Åland. I studien beskrivs de reformer som genomförts i de nordiska länderna då det gäller kvalitet, tillgänglighet och insatser för att minska antalet avhopp. Studien belyser även frågor om samverkan mellan utbildningsanordnare och arbetsmarknadens parter liksom vikten av att skapa en smidig övergång till arbetsmarknaden. Det finns en mängd utmaningar i arbetet med att utveckla yrkes- och lärlingsutbildningssystemen i riktning mot högre kvalitet, minskade avhopp och ökad samverkan med arbetslivet. Ska utbildningarna förhindra utanförskap eller ha hög status? Ska utbildningarna ta till vara individens intresse eller arbetsmarknadens behov? Det finns emellertid goda förutsättningar att skapa ett nordiskt mervärde genom att utbyta kunskap och erfarenheter, trots ländernas olika system för yrkes- och lärlingsutbildningar.

  • 141.
    Engblom, Lars-Åke
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Minnesord på Island: Användarskapat innehåll som intäktskälla2016Ingår i: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 97-100Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Alltmer av mediernas innehåll produceras av användarna och på Island har det blivittidningen Morgunblaðiðs främsta tillgång i kampen om prenumeranterna. Cirka enfjärdedel av tidningens textinnehåll består idag av insänt materiel, främst nekrologer.Traditionen har funnits i flera decennier, men har på senare tid vuxit starkt i omfång.Islands mediemiljö har också andra särpräglade inslag. Gratistidningen Frettablaðiðhar nästan dubbelt så många läsare som den traditionella morgontidningen Morgunblaðið.Men Morgunblaðið är ensam om minnesartiklarna. Utan dem skulle hälftensluta prenumerera enligt en undersökning.

  • 142. Engh, Helene
    et al.
    Göransson, Lena
    Henningsen Rönnblom, Gunilla
    Lorentzen, Vibeke
    Rud Jørgensen, Anette
    Livsomstilling ved kombinert syns- og hørselsnedsettelse/døvblindhet.: EN VEILEDER TIL PRAKSIS SOM STØTTERPROSESSEN2016 (uppl. 400)Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [no]

    indre arbeid over tid». Dette var resultatet av et skandinavisk prosjekt som med utgangspunkt iAnn-Christine Gullacksens modell for livsomstilling ved langvarig sykdom og funksjonsnedsettelse,undersøkte hvordan livsomstilling arter seg for personer som utvikler en alvorlig grad av kombinertsyns- og hørselsnedsettelse / døvblindhet. Kunnskapen vi fikk gjennom undersøkelsen, resulterte ien modell for livsomstilling ved kombinert syns- og hørselsnedsettelse / døvblindhet. Informantene iprosjektet var i alderen 25 til 65 år. Det vil si at kunnskapen om livsomstilling i denne sammenhengprimært er relatert til denne aldersgruppen.Livsomstillingsmodellen gir en tankeramme som kan hjelpe oss til å forstå det omfattende og komplekseforandringsarbeidet som personer med syns- og hørselsnedsettelse / døvblindhet gjennomgår.Den kan være til hjelp både for den enkelte og pårørende, der man kjenner seg igjen i en prosesssom til tider kan oppleves som uoverskuelig. Når man er kjent med hvor en person befinner segi omstillingsprosessen, har fagpersoner større mulighet til å kunne tilby riktig støtte til rett tid. Itillegg kan en felles tankeramme som tar utgangspunkt i den individuelle prosessen, være til hjelp idet tverrfaglige samarbeidet.Denne veilederen bygger på kunnskap fra prosjektet. I tillegg har vi bragt inn kompetanse som eropparbeidet om kombinert syns- og hørselsnedsettelse / døvblindhet gjennom mange års arbeid ipraksisfeltet. Sist, men ikke minst har referansegruppen vært viktig i arbeidet med veilederen.

  • 143. Enghel, Florencia
    Towards a Political Economy of Communication in Development?2015Ingår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 36, nr Special Issue, s. 11-24Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the development communication equation, whether more theoretical, empirical and analytical attention is given to ‘development’ or to ‘communication’ makes a difference: where the emphasis is on development, it is at the expense of communication. Since com-munication and media arguably play an increasingly pervasive role in the everyday life of citizens and in the politics, economies and governance of most societies, the characteristics and role of specific forms of applied communication strategies in the context of the neolib-eral project merit critical scrutiny. Given a complex global scenario, what can a political economy approach bring into an agenda for the future of development communication as a field of study, a practice and an institutional project? This article outlines ways in which a focus on political economy dimensions may contribute to understanding the obstacles and limits to a transformative practice of international development communication.

  • 144. Eriksen, Jakob
    et al.
    Välimaa, Anna
    Hammer, Kate
    Vold, Vivi
    Árnadóttir, Valdís Ösp
    Heiene, Tone
    Liebst, Anna Sophie
    Blomqvist, Bent
    Kronvall, Alf
    Hallo Nordens årsrapport 20172018Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Hallå Norden är Nordiska ministerrådets informationstjänst och har kontor i de nordiska länderna samt på Färöarna, Grönland och Åland. Vår uppgift är att förenkla privatpersoners möjligheter att röra sig fritt i Norden. Det gör vi genom att informera om gällande nordiska regelverk vid flytt, pendling och annat. 

  • 145. Faber, Stine Thidemann
    et al.
    Nielsen, Helene Pristed
    Bennike, Kathrine Bjerg
    Place, (In)Equality and Gender: A Mapping of Challenges and Best Practices in Relation to Gender, Education and Population Flows in Nordic Peripheral Areas2015Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This mapping presents a selected overview of existing research on gender, education and population flows in the Nordic peripheral areas. These areas are faced with a series of challenges that cannot be analyzed nor solved without taking a gender perspective into account. The challenges relate to, for instance, altered living conditions caused by global changes, stagnated or negative economic development, decrease in the amount of workplaces (particularly in the traditionally male-dominated professions) as well as, not least, migration and depopulation which is partly due to the fact that the young people of the area (especially the women) move to bigger cities to educate themselves. The challenges in question are not only significant in relation to the viability and cohesion of the areas, but also for the men and women who live there and their mutual social relations.

  • 146. Faber, Stine Thidemann
    et al.
    Nielsen, Helene Pristed
    Bennike, Kathrine Bjerg
    Sted, (U)lighed og Køn: En kortlægning af udfordringer og best practices i relation til køn, uddannelse og befolkningsstrømme i Nordens yderområder2015Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [da]

    Denne kortlægning præsenterer en selekteret oversigt over eksisterende forskning og faglitteratur om køn, uddannelse og befolkningsstrømme i yderområderne i de nordiske lande. De nordiske lande står overfor en række udfordringer, som ikke bør/kan forstås, og ej heller løses, uden at medtænke et kønsperspektiv. Det drejer sig bl.a. om ændrede levevilkår som følge af globale forandringer, stagnerende eller negativ økonomisk udvikling, nedgang i antallet af arbejdspladser (især i de traditionelle mandefag) samt ikke mindst migration og affolkning, hvilket blandt skyldes, at områdernes unge (især kvinderne) flytter til de større byer for at tage en uddannelse. Der er tale om udfordringer, som ikke bare har stor betydning for områdernes levedygtighed og sammenhængskraft, men også for de mænd og kvin der, der bor her, og for deres indbyrdes sociale relationer.

  • 147.
    Falkheimer, Jesper
    et al.
    The Department of Strategic Communication, Lund University.
    Blach-Ørsten, Mark
    Department of Communication and Arts Communication, Journalism and Social Change, Roskilde University.
    Kæmsgaard Eberholst, Mads
    Department of Communication and Arts Communication, Journalism and Social Change, Roskilde University.
    Möllerström, Veselinka
    The Department of Strategic Communication, Lund University.
    News Media and the Öresund Region.: A Case of Horizontal Europeanisation?2017Ingår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 1-15Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a first attempt to investigate the news content and news routines of Danish and Swedish news media covering the Öresund region. From a theoretical per-spective, the Öresund region can be considered a possible best-case example of what is categorised as horizontal Europeanisation, in other words, of the potential for increased communication linkages in news media content among European Union (EU) member states. We investigate this topic by analysing news content published by selected media outlets from 2002 to 2012 and by interviewing Danish and Swedish journalists who cover the region. We find that most news content does not mention the Öresund region, and that one reason for this lack might be that neither Danish nor Swedish reporters consider the region to be newsworthy.

  • 148. Falkheimer, Jesper
    et al.
    Heide, Mats
    From Public Relations to Strategic Communication in Sweden: The Emergence of a Transboundary Field of Knowledge2014Ingår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 123-138Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this conceptual article, we argue that strategic communication is a transboundary concept that captures, better than public relations does, the complex phenomenon of an organiza-tion’s targeted communication processes in contemporary society. The aim of the article is twofold. First, the purpose is to describe and reflect the development and institutionalization of public relations education and research in Sweden. Second, based on the transboundary changes we see in industry, education and research, we argue that strategic communication is a conceptual and holistic framework that is more valid and relevant than public relations. Moreover, we suggest that strategic communication also integrates organizational (internal) communication as well as aspects of management theory and marketing, thus allowing us to understand, explain and criticize contemporary communication processes both inside organizations and between organizations and the surrounding society. The article is mainly based on secondary data about the public relations industry, earlier research and a mapping of public relations education and research in Sweden.

  • 149.
    Fernández-Ardèvol, Mireia
    et al.
    Universitat Oberta de Catalunya.
    Sawchuk, Kim
    Department of Communication Studies, Concordia University, Montreal.
    Grenier, Line
    Department of Communication Studies, Concordia University, Montreal.
    Maintaining Connections: Octo- and Nonagenarians on Digital ‘Use and Non-use’2017Ingår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 38, nr Special Issue 1, s. 39-51Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The concepts of user and non-user are frequently deployed within media and communica-tions literature. What do these terms mean if examined regarding age and ageing? In this article we explore and trouble these notions through an analysis of twenty-two conversa-tions with a group of octogenarians and nonagenarians living in a retirement home. Their descriptions of their changing uses of media througout lifetime, and their encounters with mobile phones, computers, newspapers, television, radio and landline phones, are presented as a set of ‘techno-biographies’ that challenge binary divisions of use and non-use, linear notions of media adoption, and add texture to the idea of ‘the fourth age’ as a time of life bereft of decisional power. Speaking with octogenarians and nonagenarians provides in-sights into media desires, needs and uses, and opens up ‘non-use’ as a complex, variegated activity, rather than a state of complete inaction or disinterest.

  • 150.
    Ferrell Lowe, Gregory
    et al.
    Northwestern University-Qatar.
    Van den Bulck, HildeFaculty of Social Sciences, University of Antwerp.
    Public Service Media in the Networked Society2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The ‘networked society’ has become a popular idea in national media policy and cor-porate strategy, including for public service media at national and European levels. It is equally notable in academic discourse about changing media-society relations as the emerging media structure of the twenty-first century de-emphasises mass media and prioritises networked communications. This transformation is generally considered to be important and urgent, but also rather vague and fraught with hype that is typical for buzzwords and catch phrases. This chapter provides a context for the collection that comprises this book. We clarify and critique the networked society notion with spe-cific focus on the role and place of public service media. Our contribution situates the public service orientation in media historically in order to demonstrate contradictions and challenges involved with development of the enterprise in the networked society framework and context.

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