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  • 251. Holmberg, Kristina
    et al.
    Lagergren, Anniqa
    Bøen, Elin
    Lindberg, Hanna
    Lundkvist, Marina
    Tjäru, Sofie
    Pétursdóttir, Svava
    Hjartarson, Torfi
    Lagergren, Anniqa (Redaktör)
    Hjartarson, Torfi (Redaktör)
    Bøen, Elin (Redaktör)
    Lek och lärande med digitala verktyg i nordiska förskolor: Erfarenheter från två Nordplus-projekt 2015–20192019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    I boken "Lek och lärande med digitala aktiviteter i nordiska förskolor" kommer läsaren nära det som händer när barn och förskollärare möter den digitala teknologin. Författarna har under flera år följt utvecklingen i Norden och med den här boken delar de med sig av sina erfarenheter. Det är engagerande beskrivningar som synliggör de digitala verktygens möjligheter i arbetet med digitala kompetenser i förskolan. Genomgående med ett perspektiv på barn som aktörer och kunskapsproducenter, men också utifrån ett genuint intresse för att skapa goda förutsättningar för alla barn oavsett bakgrund. Med andra ord ger boken viktiga insikter för alla som är nyfikna på hur barns lärande och digital teknik med enkla medel kan knytas samman.

  • 252. Holmgaard Nielsen, Gert
    Walking a Tightrope: Defending Human Rights in China2014Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    How do Chinese people defend human rights in China without going to jail? How can they seek justice without the state hitting back at them? The human rights situation in China is not without its challenges but even so the last decades have seen marked improvements. Even so, much of the international attention on the issue is focused on human rights violations and the suppression of dissent; it is rare to find accounts of people inside China working on human rights who are not being harassed or put into jail.

     In what is probably the first Western book to see the Chinese human rights issue solely from a Chinese perspective, Walking a Tightrope gives voice to nine Chinese human rights defenders, describing their challenges, setbacks and progress. Although not denying the fact that human rights are often violated in China, the book points out that there are positive stories and that things are improving in certain areas. That said, many of the improvements described by the interviewees are minor (especially seen with Western eyes), and the book clearly shows that, right now, it is especially hard to promote human rights in China.

     What is essential to understand, however, is Chinese law offers extensive protection of human rights in almost every aspect of social life. What then many of the interviewees in this book are trying to do is to secure implementation of the law. This is the really hard part of their work. In this book they describe how and why hey do it – defending human rights, Chinese style.

  • 253. Horverak, Øyvind
    et al.
    Ólafsdóttir, Hildigunnur
    Österberg, Esa
    Hellman, Matilda
    Karlsson, Thomas
    Giesbrecht, Norman
    Wettlaufer, Ashley
    Walker, Emma
    Ialomiteanu, Anca
    Stockwell, Timothy
    Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs NAD 1/12 Volume 292012Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 254. Hovden, Jan Fredrik
    et al.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Becoming a Journalist: Journalism education in the Nordic countries2016Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    “This edited volume addresses journalism education as a central component of journalistic professionalization, making it necessary to understand what is a crucial period in most future journalists’ lives. Nowadays, journalism scholars are realizing the need for more sustained, in-depth and critical studies of why students embark on such degrees, how they develop their professional views and practices at universities, how the educational curricula of journalism programs match the needs of the labor market, and also, what the news industry thinks about journalism courses and their graduates. This volume addresses all of these important questions in-depth, with admirable attention to different elements that may explain all these issues.

    The comparative perspective of looking at the Nordic countries breaks new ground considering the paucity of comparative studies on journalism education in specific media systems. The authors that take part of this book employ an array of quantitative and qualitative approaches to study the field of journalism education, providing a rich account that, no doubt, will be essential reading for students, researchers, the media industry, policy-makers and all people interested in journalism education and professionalization.”

  • 255. Hudson, Chris
    Beyond the Singapore Girl: Discourses of Gender and Nation in Singapore2013Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The branding of Singapore International Airlines with the image of a beautiful, petite and servile ‘Oriental’ woman dressed in figure-huggingsarong-kebaya is one of the world’s longest running and most successful advertising campaigns. But this image does not simply advertise a service; it is part of a global and national regime of symbolic constructions of gender that today is seen as outdated and sexist, and bearing little relation to modern Singapore where women have good access to education and increased life choices resulting from engagement in the wage economy. The nation’s economic success has been a force for their liberation. One catastrophic consequence of women’s changed lives has been the plunge in fertility rates.

    Singapore has one of the world’s lowest despite energetic government campaigns encouraging women to have more babies – and men to be more ‘masculine’. The failure of these campaigns and rethinking of the Singapore Girl highlight a key premise of this book: there are limits to the power of discursive constructions of gender in the national interest.

  • 256. Hughes, Caroline
    et al.
    Un, Kheang
    Cambodia's Economic Transformation2011Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    From 2002, Cambodia underwent a visible economic transformation driven largely by such external factors as increased Chinese demand for primary commodities and a strong international demand for Cambodian garments. Apart from dramatic rates of economic growth, the boom involved the disappearance of forests and the decline of logging, the inflow of Chinese investment and the rise of indigenous capital, and the increased significance of remittances from garment workers and labour migrants. In addition, the impact of government policies on land registration and concessions transformed relations of production and, with them, the socio-economic and political environment in rural and urban Cambodia.

    Cambodia’s Economic Transformation examines the political economy of the Cambodian boom, analysing the changing structure of the economy, the relationship between state and market, and outcomes for the poor. Not least, it focuses the role of the state in facilitating and controlling the market, and the way that this has affected the life chances of the poor. In so doing, it situates Cambodian experience within key debates in the wider political economy of Eastern Asia, scrutinizing the relationship between class formation, structures of governance and resource distribution. The analysis gives rise to a deeper understanding of the nature of the market as it has emerged in Cambodia over the past decade, and the prospects for how much the poor might be able to constrain tendencies towards a disproportionate accumulation of wealth by the Cambodian elite.

  • 257. Hujanen, Jaana
    Emerging Journalist Economist2016Ingår i: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 30-33Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article examines the reinvention of journalism and its business models fromthe perspective of Finnish newsrooms. In the light of the study, the role of the liquidmodern journalist may be evolving towards that of the liquid journalist economist. Ajournalist economist easily combines the journalistic ideals of public service, autonomyand objectivity with those of product development, marketing and advertisement.

  • 258.
    Hultqvist, Sara
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter. Linnéuniversitetet.
    Unga vuxna med nedsatt arbetsförmåga: En beskrivning av trygghetssystemen2015 (uppl. 100)Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Fokus i den här delen av projektet Unga in i Norden – psykisk hälsa, arbete, utbildning är de olika ekonomiska och sociala trygghetssystem riktade till unga som på grund av långvarig psykisk ohälsa inte kan försörja sig genom lönearbete. Med unga avses personer i åldrarna 19 till 29 år. Rapportens innehål lär en systematisk genomgång av de nordiska ländernas ekonomiska och sociala trygghetssystem riktade till denna grupp unga.De fem nordiska länderna disponerar i bokstavsordning framställningen i rapporten och följande frågeställningar har varit vägledande:

    1. Vilka konkreta delar av de ekonomiska och sociala trygghetssystemen är aktuella för gruppenunga med psykisk ohälsa?

    2. Vilka regler styr trygghetssystemen?

    3. Hur administreras trygghetssystemen?

    4. Hur ser det ekonomiska stödet ut?

    5. Hur ser eventuellt övrigt stöd ut (tjänster, insatser, aktiviteter)?

    Källmaterial till rapportens innehåll är hämtat från officiella hemsidor från de departement och myndigheter som ansvarar för systemen ifråga. Representanter från samma departement ochmyndigheter har bidragit med expertis och även faktagranskat texten.Den systematiska genomgången visar att samtliga nordiska länder har välfärdsystem riktade till gruppen unga med psykisk ohälsa. Danmark, Finland, Island, Norge och Sverige har alla socialpolitiska ambitioner om en välfärdsstat där det offentliga har ett ansvar för medborgarnas välfärd, i de fall ohälsa hindrar människor från att försörja sig genom lönearbete. De olika systemen i de olika länderna skiljer sig dock åt i sin uppbyggnad. Exempelvis gäller detta den så kallade inkomstbortfallsprincipen. Den är grundprincip i samtliga länders system, med undantag för Danmark. Det danska systemet är ett flat-ratesystem utan någon inkomstrelaterad del. Principen att beräkna ersättningen på grundval av tidigare arbetsinkomst får särskilda verkningar för gruppen eftersom de i många fall saknar tidigare arbetsinkomst, eller har en mycket begränsad sådan. Många unga tillerkänns garantiersättning och den inkomstbortfallsprincip som var tänkt som grundregel blir inte relevant för dem. Finland och Island har två parallella ekonomiska och sociala system riktade till gruppen unga med långvarig psykisk ohälsa. I Danmark, Norge och Sverige har nyligen genomförda lagändringar förändrat systemens funktionssätt. Dessa faktorer sammantagna gör att systemen är svåra att överblicka, vilket får till konsekvens att det blir svårt för gruppen unga med psykisk ohälsa att ta tillvara sina medborgerliga rättigheter. Med ovanstående två slutsatser som bas är den ekonomiska och den demokratiska aspekten av systemens funktionssätt angelägna teman att utforska vidare i projektets andra delstudie, som publiceras i november 2015.

  • 259.
    Hultqvist, Sara
    et al.
    Ph.D, lektor, Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Nørup,, Iben
    Post doc, Ph.D., Institut for Sociologi og Socialt Arbejde, Aalborg Universitet.
    Sjukskrivning och genus i Norden: Vad vi vet och vad vi inte vet2016Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Nordens välfärdscenter projekt Sjukskrivning och genus i Norden - vad vi vet och vad vi inte vet ärett uppdrag från Nordiska ministerrådet för social- och hälsopolitik. Projektets huvudsakliga syfteär att göra en nordisk forskningssammanställning om den psykiska hälsan utifrån ett genusperspektiv.

    Könsskillnader i sjukfrånvaron förekommer, om än i varierande grad, i samtliga nordiska länder.Avsikten med forskningsgenomgången är att få till stånd en bättre jämförande översikt över politikenpå området. Detta kan underlätta erfarenhetsutbyte om effekter av politik samt främjaytterligare samarbete på området. Det är vår förhoppning att rapporten ska bidra till en ökadkunskap om sambanden mellan psykisk ohälsa, arbetsliv och sjukfrånvaro i Norden och i vad månförekomsten av skillnader i sjukskrivningar på grund av psykisk ohälsa skiljer sig åt mellan ländernasamt huruvida det finns könsskillnader som i detta avseende bör beaktas.

    Vi hoppas att kartläggningen kan leda till fördjupade nordiska studier och insatser, både på gemensamnordisk nivå och i respektive land.

  • 260. Hussin, Nordin
    Trade and Society in the Straits of Melaka: Dutch Melaka and English Penang, 1780-18302006Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This pioneering work from a member of Malaysia’s new generation of historians is a tale of two very different cities, the one with a trading heritage dating back centuries, the other a new creation spawned by the declining fortunes of the once mighty Dutch East India Company. Melaka was an important commercial entrepot on the west coast of the Malay Peninsula long before it fell to Portuguese forces in 1511, but thereafter began an extended process of decline that would continue after the Dutch conquest of the city in 1641. Penang became a significant port after 1786 when ‘country traders’ created a base on the island to defy the Dutch monopoly, although it was quickly overshadowed by Singapore after the founding of a British settlement there in 1819.

    Drawing on a large volume of archival records, many of them not used by earlier historians, Trade and Society in the Straits of Melaka examines the social and economic fabric of these two port cities, the one very much a Dutch town and the other British. Along the way, the author deals with a number of key questions. Did colonial port cities have a different character and structure from indigenous towns? Did the administrative style of the Dutch and English differ substantially? What was the economic basis of Melaka and Penang? What was the effect of the European presence on indigenous trade and society? The answers involve considerations of urban morphology, demographic characteristics and migration, property rights, and slave ownership. The author also provides a detailed account of shipping in the Straits of Melaka, and discusses how this information contributes to debates concerning the decline of the region’s ‘Age of Commerce’ in the face of imperialist competition.

  • 261.
    Huuva, Kaisa
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Montefusco, Maria
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Olsen, Terje
    Kunskapsläge: Personer med funktionsnedsättning och samisk bakgrund2014 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 262. Hyggen, Christer
    Unge utenfor utdanning og arbeid i Norden: Utfordringer, innsatser og anbefalinger2015Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [no]

    Barn og unge som vokser opp i Norden, skal ha gode vilkår for sine liv og gode muligheter for deltakelse på sentrale samfunnsarenaer. Unge generelt, også unge i Norden, står overfor mange utfordringer på sin vei fra ung til voksen. En hovedutfordring er overgangen fra utdanning til arbeidsliv. Rapporten ser på politikk, tiltak og innsatser i Norden som omfatter eller er rettet spesifikt mot unge med mål om å øke gjennomføringen i utdanningssystemet og sikre inkludering i arbeidsmarkedet. Her ser vi også på hvorvidt de eksisterende innsatsene og tiltakene kan sies å virke – og litt på hva som eventuelt virker og ikke virker. Rapporten munner ut i en rekke anbefalinger for videre forskning og politikk på feltet.

  • 263.
    Hörnström, Lisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Adapting to, or mitigating demographic change? National policies addressing demographic challenges in the Nordic countries2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic countries continue to experience the impact of the long term demographic trend of migration from rural areas and smaller communities to larger towns and cities. In addition, the share of the Nordic population aged over 65 is increasing. Ageing population is especially pronounced in areas outside the largest city-regions. Depopulation and having relatively fewer people in working age is expected to have a severe impact on many Nordic municipalities causing additional problems with the future provision of welfare services. In addition, these municipalities face challenges when it comes to accessing the labour force especially in the welfare sector. Moreover, while population decrease imposes particular challenges to rural and peripheral areas, the large city-regions in the Nordic countries are experiencing significant population growth, bringing an altogether different set of challenges.

  • 264.
    Hörnström, Lisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Local development initiatives2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Urbanisering, rörlighet och åldrande befolkning präglar den demografiska utvecklingen i de nordiska länderna. Många kommuner och samhällen – särskilt de som ligger långt från större städer – påverkas starkt av dessa förändringar och står inför stora utmaningar när det gäller till exempel kompetensförsörjning och tillgång till både offentlig och privat service. De nordiska länderna delar dessa utmaningar och därför finns det ett stort intresse av att lära av varandra i Norden när det gäller hur utmaningarna ska hanteras.

  • 265.
    Hörnström, Lisa
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordic ways of dealing with depopulation and ageing in rural and peripheral areas2015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 266.
    Hörnström, Lisa
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Tepecik Diş, Aslı
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Schwenke Fors, Bjarge
    Scott, James
    Cross-border co-operation: - still an undeveloped potential? Nordregio News Issue 1 20152015Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    In this issue of Nordregio News, we focus on cross-border co-operation and its impact on regional development in Nordicand European border regions. We have studied how crossborder co-operation is structured and managed, and whether its full potential for sustainable growth has been realized. Theadded value of cross-border  co-operation can be defined and measured in various ways, including improvement of crossborder infrastructure and increasing flows of tourists.

  • 267.
    Høj Anvik, Cecilie
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Holmen Waldahl, Ragnhild
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Når noen må ta regien: Om unge med psykiske helseproblemer: utfordringer, tiltak og samhandling på Island, Færøyene og i Norge2016Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [no]

    Rapporten bygger på kvalitative intervjustudier gjennomført på Island, Færøyene og i Norge, rundt unge som befinner seg i sårbare livssituasjoner med tanke på utdanning, arbeidslivsdeltakelse og psykisk helse. Rapporten beskriver og analyserer situasjonen til unge slik de selv forteller om den, samt hvordan myndigheter og tjenesteytere innenfor velferdsområdene i de tre landene beskrivelse utfordringer, innsatser og tiltak rettet mot denne gruppen. Rapporten er skrevet på oppdrag fra prosjektet ”Unga in i Norden – psykisk hälsa, arbete, utbildning” som koordineres av Nordens Välfärdscenter, Stockholm.

  • 268.
    Høj Anvik, Cecilie
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    Holmen Waldahl, Ragnhild
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    WHEN SOMEONE HAS TO TAKE CHARGE: Youth and Mental Health: Challenges, Policy and Collaboration in Iceland,the Faroe Islands and Norway2016 (uppl. 1000)Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This report is the result of a collaboration between the Nordland Research Institute and the Nordic centre for Welfare and Social Issues project, Youth in the Nordic Region - Mental Health, Employment and Education.

    The report is an abbreviated version of the research report, When Someone has to Take Charge. Youth and Mental Health: Challenges, Policy and Collaboration in Iceland, the Faroe Islands and Norway.

    The theme of the study is young people in vulnerable situations in terms of education, work, participation and mental ill-health. The report also examines how public agencies and services in the three countries describe challenges, initiatives andmeasures relating to this group. The work is based on qualitative interviews held inIceland, the Faroe Islands and Norway.

    The researchers have interviewed 22 young men and women who, for various reasons, are at risk of exclusion from important societal arenas. They also interviewed 58 professionals working with the target group at national, municipal and projectlevels.

  • 269. Højlund Roesgaard, Marie
    Japanese Education and the Cram School Business: Functions, Challenges and Perspectives of the Juku2006Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Cram schools (in Japanese called juku) are often mentioned in passing as a phenomenon functioning mainly to exacerbate competition and pressure on children, but no thorough study has been carried out of their function and types. It is the author’s intention to contribute to a more nuanced understanding of this feature of education, which is not only important in Japan but increasingly so in other parts of the world as well.

    Roesgaard’s major conclusion is that a clear distinction between different types of juku is necessary so that their function as well as merits and demerits can be properly assessed. Although juku have often been decried as enhancing competition in the Japanese system of schooling, this study also provides evidence that without them, the regular system of schooling would not be able to function. In the modern polarized society that is Japan, juku are taking on a variety of new functions that this study aims to uncover.

    Part one sets the scene and presents a typology of juku. There follows a general description of the actors, juku, as well as descriptions of existing juku from the identified categories based on personal interviews. The final part discusses implications of the existence of juku in terms of political measures, their relation to particular new features of Japanese education (e.g. the 5-day school week) and the expenses and gains related to the juku.

  • 270. Ilkjær, Helene
    Reluctant Returnees:: Gender Perspectives on (Re) settlement Among Highly Skilled Indian Return Migrants in Bangalore2016Ingår i: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, nr Special Issue, s. 23-31Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking its point of departure in the personal story of Nalini, this article examines highly skilled Indian women’s experiences of moving back to India after years of working and living with their families abroad. The article touches on themes of gender relations, family commitments, career opportunities, and social and cultural conservatism within the context of recent waves of return migration to Bangalore, a prominent hub in the imaginary of a “new” globalising India. Tracing Nalini’s story in and out of states of depression, the article points to ways in which returnee women find their own, at times, unexpected ways of dealing with the upheavals of return migration.

  • 271. Ilpala, Aleksi
    Six years without constitution: The dampened expectations for Nepalese democracy2015Ingår i: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, nr 1, s. 39-44Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article peers into the anxieties of the democratic process in post-conflict Nepal. Today, while the recent elections gave Nepal’s politicians a new mandate to finish the constitution-drafting process, the negotiations surrounding the troubled issue continue. Despite the established formal democratic institutions and procedures, authoritarian legacies and pre-democratic political practices, values and attitudes co-exist with the new democratic establishment with negative consequences for governmental stability. The article shows how the existing Nepalese political culture reflects a contradictory mix of deference to senior leaders, but also distrust of their authority, and a culture of confrontation rather than compromise.

  • 272.
    Ilpala, Aleksi
    University of Helsinki.
    Six years without constitution: The dampened expectations for Nepalese democracy2015Ingår i: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, nr 1, s. 39-44Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This article peers into the anxieties of the democratic process in post-conflict Nepal. Today, while the recent elections gave Nepal’s politicians a new mandate to finish the constitution-drafting process, the negotiations surrounding the troubled issue continue. Despite the established formal democratic institutions and procedures, authoritarian legacies and pre-democratic political practices, values and attitudes co-exist with the new democratic establishment with negative consequences for governmental stability. The article shows how the existing Nepalese political culture reflects a contradictory mix of deference to senior leaders, but also distrust of their authority, and a culture of confrontation rather than compromise.

  • 273. Ingemann, Christine
    A scoping review: Well-being among indigenous children and youth in the Arctic – with a focus on Sami and Greenland Inuit2018Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Children and young people from the Inuit and Sami populations in the Nordic countries can be identified as a vulnerable group. Young Sami and Inuit experience a higher degree of violence, abuse, suicidal thoughts and suicide rates compared to their peers in the majority populations in the Nordic countries. Their living conditions are in most cases influenced by a limited access to welfare benefits such as the healthcare system, social services and educational opportunities. Career prospects in the Arctic region are also narrow compared to the more densely populated and central regions in the Nordic countries. In order to understand and act upon the challenges the populations face, an in-depth and systematic review of the existing literature and experiences of children’s and youth’s well-being and their existing living conditions in the Arctic Region is essential.

  • 274.
    Isotalus, Pekka
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Almonkari, Tanja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Political Scandal Tests Trust in Politicians: The Case of the Finnish Minister Who Resigned Because of His Text Messages2014Ingår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 3-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Political scandals have been observed to be increasingly common everywhere. In April 2008, the Finnish Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr. Ilkka Kanerva, was compelled to resign because of the sensation arising from the enormous number of suggestive text messages that he had sent to a young female erotic dancer. During the scandal, the media followed this episode intensively. The present article considers what kinds of qualities for political leadership the media called for during this scandal and how these qualities were justified. The paper is based partly on quantitative but mostly on qualitative content analyses of the four most read newspapers in Finland. The results show five categories, the qualities being professional competence, personal characteristics and behaviour, trustworthiness, maintenance of relations and communication skills. The results show that the require-ments imposed by the media are high, but that evaluation of professional competence is still crucial. Further, the occurrence of a scandal seems to trigger discussions on trust in politicians.

  • 275. Israelsson, Berit
    Bidrag till barn- och ungdomsorganisationer2010Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Våren 2007 avsatte NORDBUK medel för att samlat beskriva och jämföra statligt stöd till barn- och ungdomsorganisationer i Norden. Initiativet kom till NORDBUK via de nordiska ländernas handläggare som arbetar med och fördelar de av staten sanktionerade medel till barn- och ungdomsorganisationer i respektive land. Norden omfattar länderna, Danmark, Finland, Norge och Sverige samt de själv-styrande områdena, Färöarna, Grönland och Åland. I studien ingår även NORDBUK:s bidragssystem till barn- och ungdomsorganisationer. Sammanlagt beskrivs åtta bidragssystem.

  • 276. Ivarsson, Søren
    et al.
    Isager, Lotte
    Saying the Unsayable: Monarchy and Democracy in Thailand2010Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Thai monarchy today is usually presented as both guardian of tradition and the institution to bring modernity and progress to the Thai people. It is moreover seen as protector of the nation. Scrutinizing that image, this volume reviews the fascinating history of the modern monarchy. It also analyses important cultural, historical, political, religious, and legal forces shaping the popular image of the monarchy and, in particular, of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.

    In this manner, the book offers valuable insights into the relationships between monarchy, religion and democracy in Thailand – topics that, after the September 2006 coup d’état, gained renewed national and international interest. By addressing such contentious issues as Thai-style democracy, lése majesté legislation, religious symbolism and politics, monarchical traditions, and the royal sufficiency economy, this volume will be of interest to a broad spectrum of academics, journalists and other interested readers outside academia.

  • 277. Iwanaga, Kazuki
    Women and Politics in Thailand: Continuity and Change2008Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This edited volume, including contributions from some of the leading scholars in the field, addresses the challenges, obstacles and opportunities for increased women’s political representation in Thailand.

    Will Thai politics be different with an increase in the number of women politicians? What are the possibilities for Thai women to take proactive initiatives that aim to transform Thai politics into being more gender aware and equal? In seeking to address these and related issues, the analysis brings together a complex interplay of factors, such as traditional Thai views of gender and politics; the national and local political context of the new Thai constitution of 1997; and recent experiences of selected women politicians in the legislative and executive branches of Thai government.

  • 278. Iwanaga, Kazuki
    Women’s Political Participation and Representation in Asia: Obstacles and Challenges2008Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Prominence has often been given to the lives and activities of such top female leaders in Asia as Indira Gandhi and Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Indeed, the ability of a small elite of highly educated, upper-class Asian women to obtain the highest political positions in their country is unmatched elsewhere in the world and deserves study. But, for those interested in a more detailed understanding of how women strive and sometimes succeed as political actors in Asia, there is a marked lack of relevant research as well as of comprehensive and user-friendly texts.

    Aiming to fill the gap is this timely and important study of the various obstacles and opportunities for women’s political participation and representation in Asia. It is a singularly coherent, comprehensive and accessible volume, even though it brings together an array of prominent European and Asian academicians and researchers working in this field.

    The book covers a wide range of Asian countries, offers original data from various perspectives and engages the latest research on women in politics in Asia. It also aims to put the Asian situation in a global context by making a comparison with the situation in Europe The volume will be invaluable in women’s studies internationally and especially in Asia.

  • 279. Jaakkola, Daniel
    e-ID and digital border obstacles in the Nordic region2018Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This report is about digital border obstacles in the Nordic region, with a specific focus on access to services that require a national e-ID for the general public. The report uses specific examples to show which digital border obstacles are experienced in cross-border movements and how many people are potentially affected by these.

  • 280. Jaakkola, Daniel
    E-legitimation och digitala gränshinder i Norden2018Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport handlar om digitala gränshinder i Norden, med specifikt fokus på tillgång till tjänster som kräver nationell e-legitimation för medborgarna. Rapporten visar med konkreta exempel vilka digitala gränshinder som upplevs vid gränsöverskridande rörlighet och hur många som potentiellt drabbas av dessa.

  • 281. Jackson, Gerald
    et al.
    Lenstrup, Marie
    Getting Published: A Companion for the Humanities and Social Sciences2011Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    An imperative element of the academic process is publishing research findings. Yet this is becoming increasingly difficult for authors to achieve as publishers are presented with growing numbers of manuscripts, decreasing library sales, and stronger demands on profitability.

    This book aims to maximise would-be authors’ chances of success in the race to get published. The key concerns are to increase authors’ knowledge and understanding of how the academic publishing industry works; to show authors how they can integrate this understanding into every stage of their work on a publication project; and through this to give them control over the fate of their work. The book also discusses the current state and challenges of academic publishing and indicates where new technology is taking the industry.

  • 282.
    Jacobsen, Anne
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Samarbeid som innovasjonskraft2016Ingår i: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [no]

    Rundt TV 2, som er en nasjonal og kommersiell kringkaster, med hovedkontor i Bergen,er det vokst frem et sterkt, internasjonalt medieteknologimiljø, drevet frem avTV 2 sitt behov for å være smarte og konkurransedyktige. Her har ulike bedrifter ogmiljøer innen medier og medieteknologi samlokalisert seg rundt TV 2, og med det søktsammen i nye samarbeidsformer, nettverk og fellesskap. Gjennom dette miljøet er detdannet en næringsklynge, bestående av medieindustri, teknologibedrifter, publisisterog forskningsmiljøer. Resultatet av samlokalisering og samarbeid er oppsiktsvekkendegode, og innovasjonstakten i medieklyngen er svært høy. Over 80 prosent av klyngensmedlemsbedrifter har det siste året lansert nye produkter på markedet, eller hatt viktigegjennombrudd innenfor sine felt. Ti av selskapene i klyngen har alene ansatt 70nye medarbeidere i 2015. Nøkkelen til vekst og suksess ligger i samarbeid, nærmerebestemt deling av felles ressursgrunnlag, tilgang på kompetanse, innovasjonssamarbeidog nettverksarenaer.

  • 283.
    Jakobsen, Vibeke
    et al.
    The Danish Center for Social Science Research.
    Tranæs, Torben
    The Danish Center for Social Science Research.
    How should the integration effort be organised?2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    How should labour-market integration for immigrants be organised in order to make it successful? We compare what contract theory suggests with the empirical research on the topic. We compensate for the scarce empirical literature by looking at the larger group of hard-to-place unemployed persons, as well as at employment services more generally. We find that for-profit private service providers are not more effective than public ones when it comes to improving employment outcomes and they are often more costly to use. The policy brief is produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre and the project Nordic collaboration for integration. More information at www.integrationnorden.org

  • 284. Janowski, Monica
    et al.
    Kerlogue, Fiona
    Kinship and Food in South East Asia2011Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Food has an important role in establishing and structuring social and kin relations in Southeast Asian societies. For this reason, there is growing interest within anthropology in understanding how the production, processing and consumption of food is one important basis for the construction of ties of relatedness, so-called ‘kin’ ties. These are often based at least partly on ‘shared substance’. In this respect, a book on Southeast Asia is especially interesting in understanding kinship since the region is generally taken to include a number of distinct types of kin structure.

    This book offers eleven chapters covering a range of societies in different parts of Southeast Asia. It examines ways in which food is used to think about and bring about ties between generations and within generations - including between the living and the dead - in particular through the feeding relationship. Significant parallels emerge between the societies covered: in the role of rice especially; in gender complementarity in relation to different foods; in the belief that food and drink carry fertility, ‘blessings’ or ‘life force’ from ascending to descending generations; and in the use of the feeding relationship to generate hierarchy. These parallels suggest that there may be underlying similarities in cosmology between these widely varying societies.

  • 285.
    Jansson, André
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Polymedia Distinctions: The Sociocultural Stratification of Interpersonal MediaPractices in Couple Relationships2015Ingår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 36, nr 2, s. 33-50Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    “Polymedia”, a concept introduced by Madianou and Miller (2012), refers to the everydayconditions of abundant media resources. Whereas such conditions imply that the classificatoryprocesses concerning media as cultural properties become increasingly complex, fewstudies have tried to produce a general picture of how interpersonal media practices arepart of sociocultural reproduction. This study is based on a nationwide survey conductedin Sweden in 2012 and focuses on mediated communication among “polymedia couples”(39 percent of all Swedish couples). The article demonstrates that sociocultural factors areimportant for explaining media uses, also when media accessibility is more or less unlimited,and pinpoints how preferences for certain modalities of communication are linked toother lifestyle practices as markers of taste. Most notably, email communication attains ahigher sociocultural status than online chat functions and social media, testifying to theenduring significance of asynchronous, text-based communication in a longer format as aculturally distinctive mode of intimate communication.

  • 286. Jarebrant, Caroline
    et al.
    Hanse, Jan Johansson
    Harlin, Ulrika
    Ulin, Kerstin
    Winkel, Jörgen
    Edwards, Kasper
    Birgisdóttir, Birna Dröfn
    Gunnarsdóttir, Sigrún
    Ergonomic Value Stream Mapping (ErgoVSM): Tool and User Guide2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    ErgoVSM is an intervention process tool stimulating a dialogue for creating more sustainable value streams at hospital wards. It represents a complement to traditional Value Stream Mapping. Work environment issues are integrated in the Lean-management method Value Stream Mapping. The focus is to describe the current state through dialogue and visualisation followed by designing a future state and developing an action plan. During this process, performance, physical ergonomics and work content are considered.

  • 287. Jiang, Junxin
    Rightful Resistance through Public Interest Litigation in China2015Ingår i: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, nr 1, s. 13-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the rightful resistance in the form of public interest litigation (PIL) in China from three aspects, including broader public involvement with urbanites at the forefront, challenging the government and state-owned monopolies, and an alternative channel for rights claims and public participation. The paper argues that PIL is a rightful resistance under the authoritarian regime in which Chinese people are making use of the law and judicial system to fight against rights infringement and make their voices heard.

  • 288.
    Jiang, Junxin
    University of Turku.
    Rightful Resistance through Public Interest Litigation in China2015Ingår i: Asia in Focus: A Nordic journal on Asia by early career researchers, ISSN 2446-0001, nr 1, s. 13-21Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the rightful resistance in the form of public interest litigation (PIL) in China from three aspects, including broader public involvement with urbanites at the forefront, challenging the government and state-owned monopolies, and an alternative channel for rights claims and public participation. The paper argues that PIL is a rightful resistance under the authoritarian regime in which Chinese people are making use of the law and judicial system to fight against rights infringement and make their voices heard.

  • 289.
    Johannessen, Jill
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM.
    Worldview Struggles under a New Climate Regime: South African and Norwegian Media Coverage of COP172015Ingår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 35-49Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The UN summit on climate change in Durban constituted an important moment in the con - tinuous discourse on how to understand climate change and the framing of the problems and solutions. A new emergent frame of understanding could be detected in the press, which the author calls the ‘out-dated worldview’ frame. This frame contains a critique of the clear-cut division between developing vs. developed countries from the 1992 Rio Convention, and may influence how we understand burden-sharing roles in a new global climate deal. In an eager attempt to include all major polluters within a new climate regime, there is a danger that the principle of ‘common but differentiated responsibility’ will be ignored, which may be an attempt to excuse the rich industrialized countries from their responsibility after 150 years of benefitting from fossil-fuel-driven development.

  • 290.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    et al.
    School of Social Sciences at Södertörn University, Stockholm.
    Nygren, GunnarSchool of Social Sciences at Södertörn University, Stockholm. .
    Close and Distant: Political Executive–Media Relations in Four Countries2019Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This book explores the interplay between government and media drawing on unique evidence from, and in-depth analysis of, four national cases: Finland, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden. Based on the chapters dedicated to each country, five additional chapters address the following cross-national themes: government communication, social media, formality/informality in journalist-source relations, mediatisation of politics, and political communication culture.

    The book reveals what really goes on between the political executive and the media in everyday practices within these countries. First, it uncovers a process of mediated political-cultural change within media-political systems. Second, it illustrates the workings of prime ministerial power and communication aides at this apex of political power and the media and those who work there. Third, it examines both the struggle within governing institutions to control the flow of information and the tensions between civil servants and political aides, and takes the reader through the four media-political contexts rooted in a deep knowledge of these relationships.

    The result is an illuminating and original analysis of politics, political communication, media and journalism, and offers greater understanding of the realities of government – and democracy – and media in practice as well as the role of media within contemporary politics.

  • 291.
    Johnsen, Ingrid H G
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Berlina, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Mikkola, Nelli
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Smed Olsen, Lise
    Reindeer husbandry in Sápmi: How can we support a prosperous future for reindeer herding through research?2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report summarises and categorises those studies that have focused on socio-economic aspects of reindeer husbandry. The Nordic Joint Committee for Agricultural and Food Research (NKJ) has commissioned Nordregio to provide an overview of research completed within the last 10 years in the field of reindeer husbandry in the Nordic countries. Based on the literature overview and consultations with the experts and researchers, the report then provides a platform for proposals for further research that may be carried out within the NKJ framework.

  • 292.
    Johnsen, Ingrid H G
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Kristensen, Iryna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Green transition in Nordic regions: State of play, practices and needs2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Promoting green transition and building greener economies is currently high on the policy agenda in the Nordic countries. But how can we make it happen in practice? To answer this question, Nordregio went directly to those working with green growth at the regional level. We asked them about the main challenges that impede green growth in Nordic regions, and sought their ideas about potential ways to overcome these challenges and drive the green transition forward. These responses were then combined with the findings from a national policy review to inform a detailed analysis of the state of play, practices and needs of Nordic regions with respect to promoting green growth. This policy brief presents the findings of this analysis along with recommendations designed to support regional policy makers in their work towards a greener economy.

  • 293.
    Johnsen, Ingrid H G
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Perjo, Liisa
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Local and regional approaches to demographic change2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    As a follow-up to the Handbook on Demographic Challenges in the Nordic countries, the Nordregio Working Paper Local and Regional Approaches to Demographic Change looks closer at examples of how to meet demographic challenges at local and regional levels.

  • 294.
    Johnsen, Ingrid H.G.
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Berlina, AnnaNordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.Lindberg, GunnarTeräs, JukkaNordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.Smed Olsen, LiseNordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.Mikkola, NelliNordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    The potential of industrial symbiosis as a key driver of green growth in Nordic regions2015Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study shows that there are differences in approaches to industrial symbiosis in the Nordic countries. In Finland and Denmark, there is generally a strong top-down approach to industrial symbiosis, accompaniedby a clear vision and comprehensive strategies for a CE/industrial symbiosis at the national and regional levels. Industrial symbiosis exchanges have been actively facilitated by municipal and regional actors and networks in combination with key private companies. In Iceland, Sweden and Norway, industrial symbiosis initiatives are often characterized by a bottom-up approach, where private companies and business parks are driving the development, while industrial symbiosis is largely missing from the national-level policy agenda. In the Icelandic and Swedish regional case studies, there are no local policy instruments that directly support industrial symbiosis or a CE, and industrial symbiosis activities are not explicitly a part of regional and municipal development strategies. In order to utilize the full dynamic and regional potential of industrial symbiosis in these regions, there is a need to develop coherent policies and support schemes for industrial symbiosis activities to fill this gap. According to the study, a key motivation for companies to engage in industrial symbiosis activities has been the desire to increase profitability and competitiveness. Business opportunities are the major driving force behind the development of industrial symbiosis. Among the main hindrances to industrial symbiosis development identified in the regional case studies has been companies’ lack of time and resources to implement new business models such as industrial symbiosis, as well as a lack of industrial symbiosis expertise in the region and low awareness about the opportunities provided by industrial symbiosis. In this regard, the presence of a cluster, network or other co-ordinating body that can facilitate collaboration helps to organize exchanges across companies. Disseminating information about industrial symbiosis solutions has played an important role in the Danish, Finnish and Norwegian cases. Overall, the regional cases showed similarities and differences with regard to the organization of industrial symbiosis networks, the type of support instruments in place to stimulate industrial symbiosis activities, adoption of the term industrial symbiosis and the potential for economic growth. Regarding the potential for new businesses and jobs to arise from industrial symbiosis activities in Nordic regions, exact numbers or quantitative estimates are difficult to obtain. It can be stated, however, that there is significant future potential to expand industrial symbiosis activities and develop new industrial symbiosis-related businesses in Nordic regions.

  • 295. Jordal-Jørgensen, Jørgen
    et al.
    Kveiborg, Ole
    Friis-Jensen, Sandra
    CO2 emissions and economic incentives: Recent developments in CO2 emissions from passenger cars in the Nordic countries and potential economic incentives to regulate them2017Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The CO₂ emissions from passenger cars is declining. Some changes are due to ever improved technology provided by car manufacturers and others induced by political regulation. The report investigates the recent changes in CO₂ intensity in the car fleets in the Nordic countries. The trends in the car sales are presented and the impacts on overall CO₂ intensity are outlined. All Nordic countries have in the past ten years changed the national regulation of passenger cars through different economic incentives and various schemes making low emissions vehicles more favourable. The report describes these changes and complement with an overview of international empirical findings concerning the main tax instruments (purchase-, annual-, fuel tax and road user charges). The potential impact of these taxes are reviewed and recommendations for future uses of the various instruments are provided.

  • 296.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Youth perspectives on their future in the Nordic Arctic2015Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The questions of how to retain and attract young populations are central issues for regional policy development in the Nordic Arctic. Nordregio and the Nordic working group on sustainable regional development in the Arctic have carried out an analysis to uncover young people's own perspectives of their future possibilities in Arctic communities. This policy brief summarises the main findings of a number of qualitative case studies about young people living in remote locations. The aim is to voice the ambitions and future expectations of the young generation.

  • 297.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Karlsdóttir, Anna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Nordregio News 2 2016: Community involvement in the Nordic Arctic2016Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This issue of Nordregio News focuses on the Nordic Arctic. The area shares a number of common features, such as low population density, low accessibility, low economic diversity and abundant natural resources. It is also an area of increasing international attention, due to the effects of climate change and expectations about future exploitation of raw materials and the opening of new sea routes.

  • 298.
    Jungsberg, Leneisja
    et al.
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Turunen, Eeva
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Heleniak, Timothy
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Wang, Shinan
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Ramage, Justine
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Roto, Johanna
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordregio.
    Atlas of population, society and economy in the Arctic2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the Atlas of Population, Society and Economy in the Arctic is to provide an in-depth overview of the changes that are affecting populations in the circumpolar North. Continuous environmental, economic and social changes are currently underway in the Arctic regions. Global warming, for example, is challenging traditional livelihoods, accessibility and economic activities. The atlas presents a collection of standardised indicators that illustrate the state of the Arctic regions focusing on demography, society, economy, production, accessibility and infrastructure as well as physical conditions and resources in the Arctic. As part of Nunataryuk’s research, this working paper examines the environmental challenges related to permafrost by combining geographical data with demographic data in order to describe coastal and inland settlements. Permafrost thaw is a challenge for many Arctic communities, as it has an impact on infrastructure, economy and the health of Arctic populations.

  • 299.
    Jönsson, Ann
    Nordiska ministerrådet, Nordens välfärdscenter.
    En bättre plats att åldras på: Arbete för åldersvänliga städer i Norden2017Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi lever allt längre i Norden och andelen äldre personer i befolkningen ökar. Att allt fler lever längre är naturligtvis mycket positivt, men innebär också stora utmaningar. Det gäller boende och transporter, stadsplanering, hälso- och sjukvård och omsorg. Det handlar om att skapa samhällen som är goda att åldras i, där vi kan uppleva livskvalitet långt upp i åren.

    För att möta det som brukar kallas för ”den demografiska utmaningen” behövs förebyggande arbete. Vi måste skapa samhällen där alla är inkluderade, tas i anspråk och kan leva aktivt och så långt möjligt kunna skjuta upp behovet av vård och omsorg. Detta är betydelsefullt, både för individen och för samhället.

    Nordens välfärdscenter har tagit initiativ till ett projekt om livskvalitet för äldre kvinnor och män i Norden. Projektet fokuserar på de faktorer som ofta brukar lyftas fram när man talar om livskvalitet och god hälsa – möjligheten till fysisk aktivitet, bra matvanor, social gemenskap, meningsfullhet. Detta är lika viktigt för en nybliven pensionär som för en mycket gammal människa.

    Många kommuner i Norden arbetar ambitiöst för att bli en bättre plats att åldras på. I denna skrift har vi närmare undersökt de nordiska städer som valt att ansluta sig till Världshälsoorganisationens (WHO) nätverk Age-friendly cities and communities. Det är Oslo, Trondheim, Uppsala, Göteborg, Tammerfors och Reykjavik. Mycket av det som görs där förekommer säkert också på andra håll i Norden. Anledningen till att just dessa städer har valts ut är att de bestämt sig för att arbeta brett och strukturerat med frågorna utifrån de åtta temaområden som WHO lyft fram. Vi skildrar även Aarhus, som inte ingår i WHO-nätverket men som i samarbete med olika aktörer bedriver ett omfattande arbete för att skapa social gemenskap och motverka ensamhet i alla åldersgrupper.

    Denna skrift bygger på information från möten och studiebesök i städerna samt på skriftligt material. Den vänder sig i första hand till beslutsfattare på lokal nivå och till pensionärsorganisationer. Förhoppningen är att skriften ska tjäna som inspiration i kommunernas arbete för att bli en bättre plats att åldras på.

  • 300.
    Jørgensen, Oluf
    Nordiska ministerrådet, NORDICOM. Danish School of Media and Journalism.
    Access to Information in the Nordic Countries: A comparison of the laws of Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Norway and Iceland and international rules2014Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Freedom of information, openness and transparency are words that are freely used in public discourse. Public bodies and politicians are referred to as ‘open’ if they give information and are willing to enter into dialogue with the outside world. Politicians demonstrate openness when they make themselves available for interviews, attend public meetings and take part in discussions. There is typically a high degree of openness in the Nordic countries. The word ‘transparency’ is much used in an international context, with varying meanings. The word can have a broad meaning, in line with ‘openness’, or it can indicate a more specific requirement for authorities. ‘Transparency’ can also refer to clear and easily understood information. In ‘Access to information in the Nordic countries’ the term ‘access’ has a more specific meaning than ‘openness’ and ‘transparency’. ‘Access’ refers to the right to have access to authentic information about the activities of public bodies, their researches and bases for decisions etc., without the information being mediated or controlled by some authority or by politicians.

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